During the Fourth Framework programme (1994-1998) the Biotechnology programme (BIOTECH 2) implemented research, technological development and demonstration activities in line with the priorities established by the Council Decision of 15 December 1995 (Official Journal No L 361 of 31.12.1994). It covered the period from December 1994 to December 1998, and was one of the three specific programmes implementing the Life sciences and technologies domain of the Fourth RTD Framework Programme. During that period the total EU contribution for research activities in the biotechnology sector was ECU 595.5 million.
BIOTECH 2 aimed to improve our basic biological knowledge of living systems and to increase productivity in a sustainable fashion, with respect to applications in agriculture, industry, health, nutrition and the environment. It also considered the ethical and socio-economic implications of biotechnology.