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COST 332
Transport and Land-use Policies

COST 332 image
© Jan Kofod Winther

Chairman : Mr. Jean-Marc Offner (F)
Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées
Fax: +33 1 64153600
Email: (email removed)

Vice-Chairmen : Mr Christian Wichmann Matthiesen (DK)
University of Copenhagen
Fax: +45 35322501
Email: (email removed)

Mrs Lidia Diappi (I)
Politechnico di Milano
Fax : +39 223995454
Email: (email removed)

Scientific Secretary:
European Commission
Directorate General for Energy and Transport
Fax: +32 2 296 37 65
Email: (email removed)

Duration

4 years; to June 2000.

Participation

12 COST Countries: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Italy, The Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

Objectives

To evaluate innovative institutional co-ordination arrangements which contribute to greater coherence between the decision-making processes in the fields of transport and regional planning. Local effects will be emphasised.

Programme/Deliverables

A workshop in Barcelona in October 1996, which included local representatives and researchers, served as a starting point for COST 332. Its programme covered the following:

  • literature based studies of institutional arrangements for co-ordination, and of interactions between transport and land-use policies, including comparison and validation of national approaches
  • case studies (around ten) involving the selection of institutional arrangements for co-ordination, assessment of case study feasibility, inquiries, comparison of initial results and drafting of case study reports
  • synthesis of the case studies and inquiries, leading to a theoretical model and operational conclusions and recommendations.

The case studies will include, among others:

  • assessment of French administrative procedure to ensure the consistency of road projects with urban land-use plans
  • study of the planning institutions in charge of managing the spatial effects of the Øresund bridge between Copenhagen and Malmö
  • assessment of a new legal provision in Italy, ‘agreement of programme’, aimed at fostering concertation between local bodies involved in transport and land-use policies
  • assessment of the ‘plan Delta’ programme in Barcelona, which groups a set of land-use and transport projects.

Background

The importance of the interactions between spatial planning and management, and design and operation of transport systems, is fully recognised. Many studies, for example, have highlighted the influence of land use and urban patterns on the split between modes of transport. Similarly, the spatial organisation engendered by the evolution of the production process increases mobility requirements, for both people and goods. The development of the suburban habitat has favoured the growth of multi-car households. The growing polarisation of commercial structures has also led to an increase in car use.

At the same time, transport networks contribute to a country’s dynamics. High speed travel, in particular, whether regional or national, road or rail, enables transport networks to be organised on the basis of connectivity rather than proximity. At urban management level, construction norms for residential and professional parking places will be a key factor in the use of public transport.

Progress in the field of transport economics and geography has led to a better understanding of the mechanisms of the interactions between transport systems and spatial organisation, and has highlighted the dangers of a strictly sectorial approach to transport and planning policies.

Public action needs coherence; sectorial coherence between the various technico-administrative fields, regional coherence between the various politico-administrative levels and temporal coherence between the various time-scales of the administrative and planning procedures. Innovative approaches to ensure such coherence have been developed in European countries and may take the shape of administrative procedures, legal provisions or frameworks encouraging better governance (that is, co-ordination between participants’ networks instead of intervention by hierarchical authorities).

By inventorying and analysing these various approaches, COST 332 will address institutional, organisational and human issues that influence such coherence.

Benefits to Different Users

COST 332 aims to promote better understanding by public authorities of the potential and conditions for successful co-ordination between transport planning and land-use policies, in order to avoid the many costly dysfunctions resulting from the absence of spatial and temporal coherence between sectorial policies.

Related Activities

Publications

Proceedings of the Seminar held in Barcelona on 24-25 October 1996
Manuscript completed in January 1998
1998 - 202 pp - 21.0 x 29.7 cm
ISBN 92-828-3675-4
Compressed Word file for download (871 KB)

Final Report of the Action
Manuscript completed in December 2000
2000 - 309 pp - 21.0 x 29.7 cm
PDF file for download (47 MB)

Image Last Updated: 17-05-2001
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