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ESPRIT Project 24127 - COMPASS
Centres of Multimedia Promotion and Support Services for Textile & Clothing

Keywords: Multimedia Support Network
Technical - Virtual mall, Textile, Clothing, multimedia,CD-ROM, Internet, e lectronic publishing and electronic commerce, multimedia databases and multimedia catalogues, training.
User - Textile, Clothing, Retail, Multimedia Support Network, MSN, multimedia producers, information providers, consultancy.
S ector - Textile, Clothing, Retail, Multimedia, Consultancy.

The COMPASS-TEXTILE AND CLOTHING, Centres Of Multimedia Promotion, and Support Services for Textile & Clothing, have as objectives to create a permanent self-supporting Multimedia Service Network for the textile and clothing sector, to develop multimedia systems and applications designed by the consortium for the well known specific needs of the Small and Medium Enterprises of this sector and to create a model of a support network for the textile industries which, thanks to the joint work done with other European centres will give support to this same sector and with the collaboration of other Multimedia Support Networks (MSN), will be transferable to other similar sectors.

The multimedia systems and applications to be developed during the project, will give rise to an immediate improvement in the design processes of European textile and clothing industries and will facilitate their access to the market, and will reinforce their competitive position within the market. It will also contribute to the development of the multimedia industry. The product and services that will result from the project will be of key importance for the multimedia industry for two reasons: Firstly, due to the large number of enterprises in the project’s targeted market (more than 125,000 enterprises in the European Union) and, secondly, the common needs of the textile sector with other industrial sectors such as leather, jewellery and shoe sectors among others.

The COMPASS- Textile & Clothing will be developed by a consortium formed by representatives of the multimedia industry (XTEL, Italy and COSTAISA, Spain), of the textile industry AGRUPACIÓN ESPAÑOLA DE GÉNERO DE PUNTO (SPANISH KNITWEAR ASSOCIATION, Spain) and of two centres specialised in providing technical services to the textile and clothing sector (CITER, Italy, and CETEMMSA, Spain). The participation in the consortium of the consultancy company KURT SALMON Associates (United Kingdom), experts in the textile sector, will guarantee the establishment of an optimum market oriented project strategy.

The services that the centre will offer can be divided into two different groups. The first one is a group of services that respond to the user needs, which were clearly identified before the conception of the project. These services are: multimedia virtual textile-trade centre; multimedia central point for purchasing of raw-material and contracting services including teleworking; legal dispositions, technical norms and export opportunities on-line information service; permanent multimedia exhibition-centre; on-line and off-line multimedia training and assessment; and creation of multimedia presentations of fashion collection service. The second group will include those services which are the result of new demands of the textile industries once the first needs are satisfied by the first group of services provided. The use of any synergy with other projects of the ESPRIT programme, might also give rise to this second group of services.

The COMPASS Textile & Clothing project will last 24 months. Its initiation will be in March 1997 and services will be available for SMEs use from July 1997 (first group of services); the development of new services and systems will start during month 11, and this second group of services will be available from June 1998 onwards.

The project will be developed in collaboration with and compliment the MULTIFAST project. (EP 24372).

Contact Point

Ms. Montse Morón


C/ Balmes, 37 Tel.:

E - 08301 Mataró Fax:

Spain E-mail: cetemmsa @

Participants Country Role








Start Date Duration

01 March 1997 24 months

ESPRIT Project 24294 - MENON
Multimedia Educational Innovation Network

Keywords: educational multimedia, good practice, good quality
Technical - off- and on-line multimedia, customisation, quality assurance
User - multimedia industry, educational community, publishers, schools, teachers
Sector - educational multimedia market


The main objective of the project is the establishment and operation of a Multimedia Support Network for Education in Europe, with the name MENON (the work of Plato presenting Socrates "Meeftiki", as an effective learning procedure), to contribute to the uptake of the multimedia industry, by supporting the competitive production and delivery of educational multimedia products of real "usage value", ie. of real learning value.

In order to proceed with this objective the project aims at:

the rationalisation of the educational multimedia development procedures (production and customisation), in order to meet the needs of a fragmented and highly demanding market (see "Statement No.2" of the Intermediate Report of the Task Force on "Educational Software and Multimedia"), and

the increase (maturity) of the demand of educational multimedia software, by promoting changes and good practice of use of the new learning media in the educational environment as well as by upgrading the human resources in the education sector ("state-of-the-art" information, training, guidance, etc. to teachers, decision-makers, national and/or regional educational authorities, Schools of Education, etc.), particularly in the environment of Primary and Secondary Education, as the latter corresponds to a major potential (see "Statement No.3" of the Intermediate Report of the Task Force on "Educational Software and Multimedia") for the materialisation of the "Information Society" in Europe.

The project will:

establish a networked operational framework to provide multimedia support services of high quality standards to both the industry and the educational community

develop and provide the support services, in a business-oriented way, ensuring flexible and cost effective delivery platforms (one-stop service, digital forms, on-line distribution,etc.)

establish an organisation structure, in the form of a European Economic Interest Group (EEIG), to run the MENON Network from project year 2 and onwards.

The work to be done is divided into six Workpackages:

· WP1 for the project Management and Evaluation,

· WP2 for the project awareness and the promotion of the Network and its services (marketing),

· WP3 devoted too the work for the establishment of the EEIG,

· WP4 for the development of the services targeted to the multimedia industry (producers),

· WP5 for the development of the services targeted to the educational community and

· WP6 for the development and delivery of the services targeted to both sides (horizontal type).

The partners of MENON are not strategically and/or exclusively oriented towards the development and delivery of multimedia products, thus being able to find common fields of collaboration with the multimedia industry, to achieve mutual benefits. On the contrary, they have acquired experience and know-how not only on the production, but also on the pilot use of these products in the educational environment, thus consisting a very competitive network of knowledge, skills and competencies, covering both the needs of supply and of the demand side of the educational multimedia market.

Contact Point

Dr Nikitas Kastis (Research & Development Director) tel. +30 -1. 33 11 848/49/50/51,


3, J. Paparigopoulou St, E-mail: email removed

Athens 105 61, GREECE

Participants Country Role






FIM-Psychologie (Univ. Erlangen) D P


Start Date Duration

01 April 1997 24 months

ESPRIT Project 24372 - MULTIFAST - Multimedia Support Network for Fashion and Style

Technical - Fashion, Textile, Clothing, Trade Center, Internet .
User - Multimedia Support Network, MSN, Multimedia services, Fashion and Style.
Industrial application - electronic publishing and electronic commerce.

MULTIFAST aims to develop a business organisation based on the provision of services, strictly related to the production of multimedia application for Fashion and Design, with particular regard to:

the electronic publishing and electronic commerce,

personalised multimedia services,

brokerage of advanced multimedia products/services.

Through the provision of services, MULTIFAST intends to become a co-producer of the titles, owning rights over their economic results.

The major objectives of MULTIFAST are:

- To provide services to the multimedia industry and to the users of multimedia applications operating in the Fashion and Industrial Design sectors.

- To launch electronic commerce applications for the sale of products and services in the 2 targets.

- To become profitable and achieve break-even-point after two years period through the production and sale of its services/products.

To offer a brokerage service for the commercialisation of multimedia products/services

To directly produce and commercialise original content multimedia products.

MULTIFAST will act on a brokerage basis when supplies and services exist and on a consulting basis when new or better services have to be developed: technological and manufacturing services, training, access to multimedia databases, consulting activities, information desk, etc.

The final products/services that will be promoted for the Design and Fashion industries are:

Internet-based information/consulting innovative services for Design available upon subscription, where information about new technologies, trends, fairs and news about Design will be presented

Internet based information services for Fashion offering infomation on trends and news and multimedia content on Fashion (images, video, etc.)

CD-ROM on Design and on Fashion

Tailor-made multimedia services

Wide dissemination will be given to the project results both on the Fashion and Design side through the participation to international fairs and direct marketing actions.

The project will be developed in collaboration with and complementary to the COMPASS project (EP 24127).

Contact Point

Ms. Paola Vulcano - 230 10 90

MULTIMODA Fax: - 230 13 77

Rue Belliard, 201 E-mail: email removed

B-1040 Brussels


Participants Country Role








Start Date Duration

01 June 1997 24 months

ESPRIT Project 24378 - MENHIR
Multimedia European network of high quality image registration

Technical - multimedia, Internet

User - publishing

Industrial application - Telepublishing


Museums On Line intends to become a leading company in the licensing business of high quality electronic images. Therefore, it is developing with Internet Technology a Multimedia European Network - MENHIR. First, it will increase the number of valuable high quality image archives (digitisation, indexing, registration and identification for the protection of high quality images). Second, it will set up business partnerships for efficient marketing of these archives through diversified products in different sectors.

Museums On Line basic activity is the creation of high quality image databases for image right holders. It will promote and market these images according to the needs of each different sector. The publishing sector being the main target, MENHIR partners assist publishing companies, either traditional publishing houses or multimedia producers (DVB and TV products, CD-ROMS, CD-Is, Laserdiscs, etc.), advertisers and other companies, to locate and acquire content and educational material in these archives through Museum On Line’s "TelePublishing service". Then, it addresses the growing market of electronic distribution of contents through increasing number of channels.

After a nine month period of development and installation of MENHIR in eight European countries, the protected high quality images is being promoted and marketed through the following services:

Free access service to vignettes.

Pay per view service to display the images.

Licensing or "TelePublishing service" to sell the images.

and, in partnership with key players of the :

Education sector, a "TeleEducation service"

Cultural sector, a "TeleResearch service"

Consumer market sector, a "TeleMuseum service" and a "Teleshopping service".

In addition to these services developed using the same archives, the project will provide:

a full software and hardware package to digitise, identify and market digital images on the Web, which is compliant with the ISO International Standards and with the rules on the Intellectual Property Rights - IPR harmonised at the European level,

at least 230,000 high quality images in nearly two years, and a significant volume of copyright sales.

To achieve the above plan, Museums On Line as the promoter of the project has built a Consortium gathering museums and photo archives/agencies as providers of digital contents and publishers as users of those contents. In addition, collective rights societies act as legal advisers and developers build the system on a subcontract basis.

Contact Point

Dominique DELOUIS
Rue Sainte Marthe, 24
F-75010 Paris E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role











Start Date Duration

01 February 1997 18 months

ESPRIT Project 24909 - MUSTUTOR
Interactive music tuition

Keywords : Interactive structured music lessons, Music recognition, Voice recognition, Graphical representation of Notated music through interpretation of the MIDI/NIFF Standard, Optical Image recognition of printed music, Audio/Video, Multimedia
User - Music teachers, Musicians, Composers, Individual music learners, artists
Sector - Music education, Home studies


The few Multimedia music tutors currently on the market lack the "interactive" element in their products. Due to their limitations in providing audio recognition know how, they are geared towards theory or providing a course of instruction through video without consideration to the actual progress of the student. The exceptions are products aimed solely at the keyboard/piano learning market where due to the architecture of the instrument the software is able to receive MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital interface) information through mechanical means to determine what the student has played.

The proposed project would result in a greatly improved environment for music tuition through audio recognition of non MIDI instruments such as flute, violin, saxophone including voice and incorporate video of real teachers demonstrating exercises. Through analysing the student’s performance and with the benefits of manipulating audio and MIDI in a multimedia environment the teaching system would be capable of intelligent feedback leading the student through various levels of instruction determined by the progress achieved.

The objectives of the start-up phase of Mustutor will be to demonstrate key technologies successfully interacting in a multimedia environment within the context of a interactive Structured Music Lesson.

These key technologies are:

Music Recognition

Voice Recognition

Graphical Representation of Notated music through interpretation of the MIDI/NIFF Standard

Optical Image Recognition of Printed Music


As a measure of the successful integration and interaction of these technologies the consortium will demonstrate the course structure of a single lesson for a beginner learning to play.

Contact Point

Prof. G. Carayannis

Institute for Language for Speech Processing (ILSP)

Margari 22, tel +30 -1 6712250

Athens 11525, fax +30 -1 6741262

Greece E-mail (E-mail removed)

Participants Country Role





Start Date Duration

15 October 1997 12 months

ESPRIT Project 24956 - DIVAN
Distributed audio-visual library system with efficient content-based video indexing and retrieval

Keywords : Multimedia access, storage and retrieval
Technical - content-based video indexing and retrieval, MPEG-4/7, distributed digital library, interoperability
User - TV broadcasters, Video Archives owners, Multimedia post production houses

Sector - Audio-visual archives, Television, Video post production


The DiVAN project aims at building and evaluating a distributed audio-visual archives network providing a community of users with facilities to store raw material, and access it in a coherent way, on top of high-speed wide area communication networks. Specifically, the major objectives of the DiVAN project are:

To build a distributed audio-visual digital library system providing TV broadcasters and video archives owners with facilities to effectively digitise, annotate, organise and store raw material.

To provide coherent content-based access to large organised repositories of audio-visual information via user-friendly interface paradigms, on top of high-speed wide area communication networks, in an efficient, effective, flexible, and secure way, paying specific attention to interoperability issues and considering the upcoming content-based MPEG-4 video compression standard.

To demonstrate and assess the applicability and acceptability of the DiVAN system through experiments and involvement of real actors, through the establishment and population of a distributed audio-visual digital library using material lying on the traditional archives of major European Broadcasters and audio-visual Institutions.

These objectives imply:

Development, integration, and demonstration of advanced multimedia technology. Specifically, the key technological areas include digitisation-compression standards, multimedia storage servers, high-speed networks, video annotation and retrieval techniques, and distributed object technologies.

Selection of a considerable amount of representative audio-visual material that will be used as the basis for experimentation.

Definition of realistic application scenarios that will fully exploit the opportunities offered by the materials that are in digital format.

The development of the DiVAN system will focus on emerging standards. Specifically, MPEG-4 and MPEG-7 will be examined for their content-based functionality’s, and OMG-CORBA for the interoperability issues and DAVIC compliance.

An initial prototype of the system is expected to be operational in the middle of the project. This will be based on existing video compression standards, whereas the final system will be based on emerging content-based video compression standards (MPEG-4/MPEG-7). Useful feedback by end users obtained after trials of the initial prototype will influence the final version of the system. In the mean time tools based on MPEG-4 that are expected to appear in the market will appropriately be integrated in the final version. Evaluation of the final prototype digital library system will follow, and finalisation of the exploitation strategy towards a successful commercialisation of a complete operational product will derive.

Contact Point

Dr Andreas TIRAKIS

Intracom SA, Development Programmes Dept

Markopoulou Ave (19.5 Km), PO Box 68 tel +30 -1 6690436

GR-19002 Peania fax +30 -1 686 0312

Greece E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role









Start Date Duration

01 September 1997 30 months

ESPRIT Project 24969 - OPENMATH
Accessing and using mathematical information electronically

- MathML, World Wide Web
User - Electronic publishing, Mathematical Software
Industrial application - Multimedia computing environments

The aim of the OpenMath Project is to develop the standards and technology required to exchange semantically-rich representations of mathematical objects between software packages and on the worldwide web. Currently there is no general mechanism which permits the interactive manipulation of mathematical objects inside a web browser, despite the overwhelming prevalence of web-based technology. The results of this project will be as follows:

The OpenMath Standard: a mechanism for representing mathematical objects and describing their semantic content; and a mechanism for introducing new content and user-extension of the standard. A range of Content Dictionaries : accepted collections of definitions of mathematical concepts.

Tools for manipulating OpenMath objects and Content Dictionaries.

A range of applications and plug-ins which use OpenMath in several areas, in particular electronic publishing, mathematical software packages and the worldwide web.

Exploitation of these results will occur through the commercial partners (with the involvement of the academic partners) and will take the form of new highly-interactive electronic books and journals, improved mathematical software which exploits a "plug-and-play" paradigm similar to that which exists in modern office software, suites of authoring tools aimed at developers of mathematical material, and the software which facilitates collaborative working and distance learning.

There is a strong connection with the emerging MathML de-facto standard, but while that provides a mechanism for exchanging presentations of mathematical objects and a limited amount of semantic information, it is not directly extensible and in many cases is insufficient to ensure that objects will maintain their full semantics when transferred between systems. OpenMath does not aim to supplant or compete directly with MathML, but rather is a complementary technology which is designed to appeal to users with more sophisticated requirements. This fact is recognised in the charter of the MathML Working Group. To allow for a seamless integration, our intention is that there will be a direct mapping from MathML content markup to the corresponding OpenMath objects, and as far as possible from OpenMath objects to MathML. OpenMath itself does not seek to provide a mechanism for rendering mathematics and so the existence of MathML, which is principally designed for this purpose, is a significant advantage.

Contact Point

Dr. Mike Dewar


Wilkinson House, Jordan Hill Rd.

UK - Oxford OX2 8DR E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role










Start Date Duration

01 September 1997 36 months

ESPRIT Project 24984 - SAMOA Server Architecture for Multimedia Over ATM

Keywords :

Technical - Multimedia server, video server, ATM, DAVIC, DSM-CC, MPEG, cabled networks, Teleshopping.

User - Interactive multimedia services providers, TV operators, Telecom operators, Retailers.

Industrial application - Teleshopping, Video On Demand, Interactive multimedia services, Electronic commerce.


The aim of the SAMOA project is to develop a new server architecture for multimedia over ATM that can bring low prices and high performance to service providers. By taking full advantage of the ATM networks and removing internal bottlenecks, this architecture offers scalability without degrading performance and will give an important economic advantage. The design of this architecture includes both hardware and software developments to fully demonstrate its benefits for multimedia applications.

The SAMOA server will be compliant to the DAVIC standards and will be validated in the project with a teleshopping pilot application. Beside this application, the SAMOA architecture will have a multi purpose dimension to ensure its use on the European and world market.

The main objectives are:

to design a new architecture for multimedia/video servers based on a parallel module architecture using ATM technology performance and reliability;

to implement a DAVIC compliant server software;

to set up one demonstration platform (with hardware and software integration);

to validate this work and to demonstrate the technical and economical interest of such a platform with a teleshopping application which is fully part of the project;

to establish the base of the future exploitation of the server within the multimedia/video servers market.

The market of multimedia/video ATM servers is an emerging market and the network infrastructure deployment is just beginning. Today, potential users of ATM are awaiting cost effective solutions and the needs are not matched by the current video servers. These ones are still expensive, and all technical and interoperability problems are not solved yet.

SAMOA architecture will enable to build really competitive multimedia/video servers that will target the medium size server segment markets (50 to 500 simultaneous multimedia/video access involving MPEG1/2 streams).




29, avenue de la Baltique tel : +33 -1 69 82 20 11

91953 LES ULIS CEDEX fax : +33 -1 64 46 45 50

FRANCE E-mail : email removed

Consortium Country Role




Start Date Duration

15 August 1997 24 months

ESPRIT Project 25016 - VIVA
Visual Identity Verification Auditor

Technical - IPR (Intellectual Property Right) protection, Watermarking, Broadcast Monitoring, Verification, Multimedia Assets

User - Broadcasters, Advertisers, Sponsors, Distributors, Archives, IPR owners

Industrial application - Broadcast Monitoring (Terrestrial, Cable, Satellite)


The main objective of the VIVA project (Visual Identity Verification Auditor) is to investigate and demonstrate a professional broadcast surveillance system.

Broadcast material will be pre-encoded with an invisible unique watermark identifier. By automatically monitoring television broadcasts and registering which assets have been pre-encoded, a mechanism for IPR protection will be provided.

In this project algorithms for digital watermark embedding and extraction will be developed and implemented in hardware and embedded software using existing components. Field trials will demonstrate the feasibility of the system.

The applications of such a system include copyright protection and proof of ownership, verification of commercial transmissions, assessment of sponsorship effectiveness, protection against illegal transmission, statistical data collection and analysis of broadcast content.

The watermarking technology to be developed in this project by Philips Research will be optimised for the high picture quality needed in the broadcast environment and will avoid the introduction of visible artefacts into the picture. At the same time, the watermark should survive signal processing operations, which routinely occur in broadcasting systems, such as digital to analogue conversion, editing, compression and standards conversion.

WTN and Philips BTS intend to exploit the results of the project by setting-up a global automated monitoring system for copyright protection surveillance using detection of the embedded watermark as a unique identifier.

Contact Point

Dr. ir. G.F.G. (Geert) DEPOVERE
Philips Research Laboratories Eindhoven
Building WY 82

Room WY 8.053 +31 -40 2743042 (dir.)

Prof. Holstlaan 4 +31 -40 2742370 (secr.)

NL-5656 AA Eindhoven fax: +31 -40 2744675
The Netherlands E-mail: email removed


Participants Country Role







Start Date Duration

01 September 1997 24 months

ESPRIT Project 25024 - VRShop - Virtual Reality Electronic Shopping System

Technical - virtual reality, virtual malls, electronic shopping, electronic commerce, ordering, payment, Internet

User - Internet service providers (ISP), companies offering electronic commerce activities, stores with an interest in running an Internet store

Industrial application - VRMall, a set of tools for setting up, administering and maintaining a VR mall on the Internet and VRStore, a set of tools and templates for setting up, administering and maintaining a VR store on the Internet.

The objective of VRShop is the creation of an integrated toolset for the set-up of interactive virtual reality malls on the Internet, which encompasses the latest technology in electronic commerce, VR, VRML, 3D multi-user worlds, and multimedia, enhanced, adapted, and integrated into a single environment.

VRShop produces two complementary products:

VRMall, a set of tools for setting up, administering and maintaining a VR mall on the Internet, and

VRStore, a set of tools and templates for setting up, administering and maintaining a VR store on the Internet.

To produce the above, VRShop takes advantage of emerging technologies and trends in order to create virtual reality life-like trading environments. Currently, there are no such integrated tools in the market.

To create and validate the two VRShop products, the project develops:

An integrated Tools Environment for the easy set-up of VR malls on the Internet. This environment includes tools for the creation and management of VR stores, and tools for the creation of an overall VR mall on the Internet, enabling customers’ interaction and communication with each other, as well as with shop representatives through avatar technology.

The following tools and functions are integrated and/or developed: VRML and interactive world technology for the Internet; VR model design and development tools and methods; electronic commerce tools and procedures; multimedia and management tools; digitising and cataloguing tools; telecom and site administration tools.

VRShop templates, including guidelines and methodology for setting up VR stores, based on the above tools. These include: templates for various stores, and tools for inserting (new) consumer products in a VRShop (including 3D representation); templates for electronic ordering and payment; templates for various avatars (3D body icons), in order to represent the current visitors "walking" into a VR store, virtual electronic guides through the store, which gives assistance for the store consumer products, virtual electronic clerks, which establish communication between a real store clerk, and the buyer; applets for consumers’ assistance (like a calculator for various currencies, or a private goods basket to check what has already been bought, how much it costs, etc.); templates for entertainment, in order to attract and keep customers in the mall, as well as templates for advertising.

The pilot VR mall , based on the VRShop tools and templates, in which the pilot applications VR stores are built. The feedback from the pilot mall will lead to commercialisation of the VRShop results, after the project’s end.

Four pilot application spread throughout Europe prove the validity of the system in various areas of commerce.

Contact point

Stefanos Karapetsis

Mellon Technologies tel +30 –1 3312500

59, Panepistimiou Ave fax +30 -1 3223694

GR-10564 Athens E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role













Start Date Duration

01 November 1997 18 months

ESPRIT Project 25029 - GEOINDEX Geographical Index System

Keywords: geographical index system, dynamic map, 3D index, 3D maps, cartographic projections, search geographical data, display geographical data

The objective of GEOINDEX is to :

Conduct a feasibility study of creating a platform for integrating information in existing databases with a dynamic map based three-dimensional index.

Perform a market analysis in order to define and quantify the potential demand for and impact of such a platform.

The platform will allow developers, authors etc. of SMEs as well as super users of larger organisations to create specific applications for searching and displaying data from existing sources in a user friendly manner.

The platform gives an opportunity to create relationships between external databases from different providers.

The platform will also give the opportunity to display the result of these queries on 3D maps.

The display tools will therefore have the ability to integrate vector and bitmap information in various cartographic projections and combine them with elevation data to give the ability to display the results in 3D fly through.

Throughout the years numerous organisations have undertaken the task of collecting tremendous amounts of alphanumeric and map data. It is obvious that society would benefit from an easy and standardised method of accessing and integrating this data.

GEOINDEX will investigate which specific tools are needed in order to meet such a

market requirement.

GEOINDEX will additionally quantify the size and segment of such a potential market.

Contact :

Mr Birger Eng


P.O. Box 1138 +45 -36 39 09 00

Stamholmen 112 fax: +45 -36 77 24 21

DK-2650 Hvidovre E-mail: email removed


Consortium Country Role






Start Date Duration

01 August 1997 12 months

ESPRIT Project 25046 - CATSERVER
CATV networks: Demonstration of a new generation of multimedia Internet SERVERS

Technical - CATV, HFC, IpNG, QoS, Video/Audio Compression.
User - On-line travel agencies, Internet access.
Industrial application - Multimedia services, interactive video.

CATSERVER’s goal is to demonstrate new distributed applications over cable TV networks. It is based on the latest innovations in terms of multimedia servers, INTERNET real-time protocols and compression and decompression techniques.

Bringing high speed communication data links to the home is a key point to provide enhanced services with a high level of interactivity like full video on demand, home shopping, teleworking, visioconference or high speed INTERNET access. Although situations may differ from one European country to another, TV cable residential networks relying on technologies such as Hybrid Fibre Coax, Fibre To The Curb, Fibre to The Home or Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Loop have already been largely deployed to support non interactive high quality TV programmes broadcasting.

The availability of these distribution networks is a great opportunity to bring new services down to the home. Indeed, channelization schemes have been reserved in cable data pipes to provide users with a 10 Mbps bandwidth in reception and with roughly a 1 Mbps bandwidth in transmission. This level of performance has to be compared with the few tens of Kbps available on a standard telephone line, which is, so far, the only interactive channel embodied within set-top boxes to deliver interactive digital services.

Unfortunately, although regulatory process have been initiated, highly interactive services are still waiting for the adequate protocol stacks and server architectures to make full use of this readily available information super-highway.

Thanks to a representative multimedia application, the CATSERVER project aims at demonstrating the capabilities of a global network solution mixing the throughput of the cable network, the improvements of the new generation of INTERNET protocols (including real-time and quality of service features) and the capabilities of the newest software video compression and decompression algorithms. Therefore, distributed applications based on multimedia servers and well suited to a cable network topology are implemented in the project to make full use of the two-ways multimedia capabilities of the network (video, voice, data). The project also develops the required multimedia server architecture (servers installed at information providers’ premises).

The targeted demonstration concerns on-line sightseeing of vacation areas. Choosing tour programmes or checking hotels locations thanks to video transmission instead of paper brochures, booking journeys interactively at home, avoiding misunderstandings between agencies and customers, are some examples of the near-future services made possible thanks to the CATSERVER architecture.

This application concerns the professional market as well as the consumer market. Therefore, the project intends to liaise with other European projects that could either bring in complementary technology or that could make use of CATSERVER capabilities for their own multimedia applications.

Contact Point

Dassault Electronique
Quai Marcel Dassault, 55
F-92214 SAINT-CLOUD. E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role









Start Date Duration

01 Decembre 1997 24 months

ESPRIT Project 25048 - WINHOME - Wireless Innovation in the Home

Technical - Digital home, Firewire, Hiperlan, Home distribution systems, Set-top boxes, Wireless, Networks, Lan, Internet.
User - Home automation, signal distribution, Internet.
Industrial application - TV signal distribution, Satellite TV, Cable TV.

The WINHOME project is a very innovative concept bringing together the Information Superhighway coming into the home, a powerful way to provide high quality interactive television, Internet access, videophone communications via Set-Top Box or other Multi-Media Server equipment, and a flexible home distribution via HIPERLAN products , based on the wireless non licensed high throughput communication standard issued by ETSI (ETS 300.652) .

This application will contribute to bring HIPERLAN to the mass market and to dramatically decrease the price of this WLAN technology, as well as a way to place the Europe in a leading position due to its pioneering role in wireless high performance standards. It is also a splendid way to promote the new Multi-Media services by bringing a very flexible and powerful wireless data network inside the home.


The main benefits are:

no wired cabling needed,

transportability, flexibility, upgradability of systems,

high performance and bandwidth,

seamless way to provide a multiple output Multi-Media hub,

lower price resulting from a system composed of a number of peripherals (several TV sets, PCs, videophone,...) interfaced through a wireless link to a system-base like a Set-Top Box and sharing a number of peripheral resources like a printer.

This system will pave the way to a seamless connection between the Information Superhighway and Multi-Media devices in the Home.


The customers . Each user will gain considerable advantage in using a powerful seamless Multi-Media system. Due to the adoption of existing standards, each new product will be plugged and played into the home system «whenever necessary» when peripherals, customer budget and new services are required.

The citizens. They will get direct benefits from the technology derived from the WINHOME project. The whole family will access the new services coming from the Information Superhighway in a transparent and friendly way for many purposes: leisure, shopping, tele-working, self-education, and information.

The European Multi-Media industry:

technology providers will benefit from the opportunity to bring a large added value to the emerging Multi-Media systems and peripherals,

HIPERLAN industry, will get the opportunity to open a true mass market to HIPERLAN. This will potentially include the United States were bandwidth allocation should enable dissemination of HIPERLAN-based systems,

telecommunications operators, content and service providers, offering Multi-Media applications over a flexible, upgradable and cost effective HOME MULTI-MEDIA SYSTEM.

Project objectives

The WINHOME project aims at building a comprehensive Multi-Media concept based on wireless home distribution, using existing standards and benefiting from the tremendous work previously carried out on HIPERLAN.

At an early stage, the project will use the next generation of digital Set-Top Boxes from GRUNDIG, prototypes of the PCMCIA HIPERLAN products from Dassault, and various standard components figuring the home Multi-Media peripherals, all fitted with the FIREWIRE (IEEE 1394) interface.

A large part will be devoted to the system demonstration. The major experiments will be :

to characterise the wireless transmission in a home-like environment,

to carry out simultaneous interactive video transmission, videophone and data transmission (like Internet Web demonstration over a portable PC) ,

to demonstrate the global service with end user application representatives.

to carry real size trials while monitoring the customer behaviour.

EUTELSAT, the International Organisation which embeds a large number of telecommunications operators within 45 countries, is deeply involved in Multi-Media activities and in standardisation bodies like DVB, and will actively participate in the consortium as an active Sponsor

Contact Point

Mr. Philippe ROUZET
Dassault Electronique,
Information Technology and Systems,
Quai Marcel Dassault, 55, +33 -1 3481 4577
F - 92214 SAINT-CLOUD, fax: +33 -1 3481 6165
France E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role





Start Date Duration

01 November 1997 24 months

ESPRIT Project 25075 - DFC - Digital Film Center

Keywords : Demonstration Actions
Technical - Film, Broadcast, Video, Multimedia, Digitizing, Databank, Copyright Clearance, Compression, DVD, CD-ROM, Documentary, Annotation, Archives, Digital Cinema


In the music world, information on authors’ rights and remuneration are established. There is no elementary intermedium for content consultation in the film / video industry.

DFC objective is to create this intermedium for copyright information, moving image browsing, and copyright clearance and quality delivery transactions. Project result is a Databank comprising information relevant to the production of DVD, CD-Rom, Century retrospectives, television Documentaries and other subjects.

The Digital Film Center project will develop a Databank with moving image content, annotated materials and copyright information. The technical commercial, financial cultural societal and legal aspects implicate stimuli for domains such as digital author films, interactive documentaries, effective and efficient information brokerage, digital cinema, interactive television, employment (content annotation via Internet), cultural information exchange (New views on the world e.g. time in different perspectives).

The specific objective of the Digital Film Centre Europe is to set up a dedicated and highly specialised infrastructure. This includes a complex chain of technical and administrative treatments resulting in several turnkey services.

DFC NL is planning to scan at least 600.000 meters of film materials in the first year; this equals approximately 365 hours of moving image to supply to the project. The materials are nitrate and acetate; wetgate and electronic noise reduction will be applied. The images will be stored in the NL based Server.

At least 60% of the DFC scanned materials will be annotated, according to specifications.

The development of the software for the elementary Databank (pilot) will take twelve months. After completion the Databank will be upgraded.

Contact Point

Drs. Floris Kolvenbach

Kolvenbach Beheer II BV


Janspoort 1234 +31 -26 44 232 44

Gelderland, Arnhem NL 6801 BE fax: +31 -26 44 612 81

The Netherlands E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role












Start Date Duration

01 April 1997 12 months

ESPRIT Project 25231 - CINEMA
Chaplin interactive network of multimedia applications

Technical - Videoprojectors, audio systems, mediaspot box
User - Consumers, mass market
Industrial application - Electronic cinema, edutainment centres


The final goal of the Chaplin Interactive Network of Multimedia Applications aims to create an international network of Edutainment Centres.

In this preliminary phase, the feasibility of a technical solution for an electronic cinema will be demonstrated. At the premises of Barco a demo theatre will be built. This theatre will integrate low-end videoprojectors, a surround sound audio installation and a satellite receiver integrated in the mediaspot box. The aim is to demonstrate that at affordable cost a medium sized theatre can be turned into an electronic cinema. A trade-off between quality and cost that satisfies the need of the end-users will be investigated. However it will also be demonstrated which future developments on videoprojectors, audio systems and mediaspot box are necessary to make the complete business model work.

The end users will also make a preliminary market research on the concept of an edutainment centre. The idea is that existing cinemas can be turned into edutainment centres and later on in electronic theatres. The market study will clearly outline the difference of a profitable and a non-profitable goal as a function of the needs of education, formation, entertainment, social objectives, etc.

Contact Point

Alexandra LYBAERT
Noordlaan, 5
B - 8520 Kuurne E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role






Start Date Duration

01 November 1997 6 months

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ESPRIT Project 25282 - HELPMATE - Hypermedia with Enhanced Linking Providing Maintenance and Analysis Tools for Engineering

Keywords: Intelligent manufacturing, Automated fault diagnosis, Pre-emptive maintenance
Technical - Hypermedia, Case-based reasoning
User -
Maintenance, Fault diagnosis, Robot welding
Sector -
Manufacturing, Engineering

Reliable, effective maintenance support is a vital consideration for the suppliers of modern industrial machinery. Maintenance is now a strategic issue that brings competitive advantages for equipment manufacturers. Companies frequently gather extensive data to track the history of their machines, but this data is rarely used for trouble shooting. The issues associated with the maintenance of complex machinery are many and complex.

The HELPMATE project demonstrates that the combination of advanced hypermedia information management tools and case-based reasoning tools can reduce the costs associated with maintenance of industrial machinery in two ways:

increasing the reliability of the machinery, and thereby decreasing down-time;

increasing the quality of the work performed by the machine.

This will be achieved by combining proven, leading edge multimedia and hypermedia information management technology with case-based reasoning tools, to provide a sophisticated system, which can deliver all the relevant information at the point of use. The trial application supports operator-minded maintenance within a high technology production facility—a robot welding installation—at Odense Steel Shipyard.

The technologies required to provide this support already exist in the form of two ITEA ‘95 finalists—Microcosm is a hypermedia information management system, and KATE is a set of case-based reasoning tools, both of which have already been used in isolation to provide partial solutions for industrial maintenance tasks. The combination of these two award-winning technologies significantly increases the functionality available from such systems.

The HELPMATE Consortium brings together organisations from three EU nations; all are leaders in their fields with international reputations and highly complementary business and technical objectives. Odense Steel Shipyards (DK) is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of large commercial ships and provides a very strong end-user drive for the project, as maintenance support systems for its advanced production facilities is an absolute requirement for effective operation. Technological input comes from AcknoSoft (F) and Multicosm (UK). Both provide software products, which have been, recognised as excellent by the European IT community. The PAC (UK) provides skills to enable the effective deployment of leading-edge information technologies, and provides project management and systems integration expertise.

Contact Point
Mr Rob McKendrick

Parallel Applications Centre

2 Venture Road, Chilworth

UK – Southampton, SO16 7NP

+44 -1703 760834
Fax: +44 -1703 760833
E-mail: (E-mail removed)
















Start Date Duration

01 September 1997 24 months

ESPRIT Project 25364 - TEST
Training Electrical Systems

Technical - Electrical installations, fault detection training, CBT, Computer Based Training
User - registered electricians, utilities, professional technical schools.
Industrial application - safety procedure, domestic electrical installations, on the job training, service to customers.

There is an increasing push in Europe towards regulating safety procedures for the installation of domestic utilities. For instance, the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation (CENELEC) issued a decree for the standardisation of all electrical installation work. All European countries have to conform to this standard since the end of 1996. This requires all practising electricians, technicians and inspectors to refresh and to bring up-to-date their background knowledge of inspecting existing installations and to adopt new procedures complying with the European standards. Training organisations are required to prepare new training programmes and to issue a diploma that will be a requisite for all registered electricians before they can undertake installation works, and the professional technical schools are asked to prepare the students to work as the new standardisation requires. This is a massive training initiative and one that requires a technological solution, to have any chance of being efficient and effective.

The TEST project will develop and evaluate pilot applications of a Multimedia Intelligent Training System (MITS) for the training of domestic electrical installation procedures. The training application will be focused on a number of practical exercises that will assess the basic concepts and the level of expertise of the trainee. It will be a computer-based laboratory where the trainee will be asked to design schemes for solving a number of exercises following an increasing level of complexity. The system will include a graphical facility that allows the trainee to design the circuits according to data and constraints imposed by the exercise, and an on-line simulator to compute variable values and detect violations. The pilot application will be subject to an extensive evaluation by the end-users to determine the effectiveness of the system in improving the skills of the trainees. In particular the use of the World Wide Web to provide a single validated source for certifying the competency will be investigated.

The project involves developers, suppliers and end-users of training systems in a combined effort of 15.7 man-years over 27 months. The consortium consists of a unique combination of the relevant skills. CISE and Heriot-Watt University have extensive expertise in the development of ITSs, whereas Giunti and Skillchange are market leaders in the supply of multimedia training systems, and AEM and Eastern Electric are large scale employers of electrical technicians and users of CBTs. The consortium also has extensive experience of European collaboration and of effective management of such projects.

The work will be divided into three different phases:

The first phase will be devoted to establish the user requirements and to define the content of the pilot application both for the industrial and educational markets. This two activities will be carried out taking into consideration differences in the Italian and British cultural backgrounds and languages. This phase includes also a thorough marketing analysis in order to evaluate the supportable costs and a technology survey finalised to the selection of the hw/sw target platforms.

The second phase consists in the specification, design and implementation of the pilot applications, and the localisation of the application for one/two additional European countries.

In last phase an extensive evaluation of the target software products will be undertaken by the end-users and commercial opportunities consolidated. Also the potential for extending the scope to other domestic utility will be determined.

The TEST project is expected to have a major impact on the quality of training and education, will significantly reduce the time off the job and the cost of training delivery (i.e. instructors, training facilities and laboratory equipment, travel and subsistence).

The Consortium plans to introduce the TEST products in the market place soon after project completion. The target market is twofold: professional operators and technical schools. In the first sector, the product will be of interest to utilities, professional associations, and individuals. Two of the partners, AEM and Eastern Electric, supply installation and refurbishment services to their customers. To this aim they rely on professional subcontractors who have to be qualified by the Company. This is significant of an increasing trend for utilities to provide services to their customers. Skill Change and CISE will capitalise the project experience to introduce TEST products in their respective market segments. In the education sector, exploitation will be pioneered by Giunti, an outstanding Italian school books publisher, which is represented in the Consortium through its affiliated company Giunti Multimedia. The TEST product will be customised for scholar education in the UK market by Heriot-Watt, which will rely on their links to Scottish technical schools. Giunti will take profit of this development to introduce a similar product in the Italian market first, and to produce customised versions for other national markets soon after.

Contact Point


Guinti Multimedi tel

Ripa di Porta Ticinese, 91 fax +39-02-58 10 34 85

I - 20143 MILANO E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role







Start date Duration

01 January 1998 27 months

ESPRIT Project 25389 - OPAL
On-line Programs, Digital Archives and Distributed Editorial Collaboration - An Advanced Multimedia System for the Production of Current Affairs Magazines in Europe

Keywords: Business Best Practice Pilot …
Technical - On/off line Multimedia Program Exchange, Collaborative WWW-Presence
User - TV Current Affairs magazines, General Public
Sector - Broadcasting

OPAL applies an advanced multimedia system to support collaboration between editorial offices in distributed media content production and delivery for broadcasting and on-line services. OPAL focuses on current affairs TV magazines across Europe, and is to be used primarily by editors and journalists. A user group and an advisory board under the umbrella of the International Magazine Pool Association (INTERMAG) attend OPAL. OPAL shall support the business processes of media content creation, media content exchange, media content packaging (including structuring, layout and formatting the media product) and media product distribution. OPAL shall support the re-engineering of business processes covering the whole sequential production flow - ranging from the pre-production phase, to the production phase, the transmission phase and the post-production phase.

OPAL aims at facilitating programme exchange between editors of current affairs TV magazines on a pan-European level (business-to-business)

OPAL aims at designing new (multi) media (on-line) products crossing accustomed media borders (business-to-consumer)

OPAL aims at improving the effectiveness and the efficiency of targeted business processes in media production.

Objective 1 shall be accomplished by implementing Intranet solutions among a range of European current affairs magazines under the umbrella of INTERMAG. Objective 2 shall be achieved by implementing the OPAL Multimedia Production Environment (MPE) and by subsequently stress testing and refining it through creating EUROCAST – a joint Internet platform of European Current Affairs TV Magazines. Objective 3 shall be achieved by introducing, testing and trialing the overall OPAL platform - a networked journalist’s multimedia workplace system.

In a limited pilot , OPAL will implement the OPAL platform for the editors and journalists of the European current affairs magazines KONTRASTE, NOVA, PRIMETIME, DER SCHILLING and EUROPA AKTUELL. The OPAL-system will facilitate collaboration between them, will support information retrieval and compilation from internal and external sources and will enable them to package their media products for distribution via different distribution channels (Internet presence). The OPAL limited pilot will be based on a client/server system providing five basic services and applications:

an interface to existing news and documentation systems,

a shared environment for editorial collaboration with GroupWare functionality,

multimedia e-mail services,

video analysis functionality to quickly evaluate incoming audio-visual footage and

a video on demand service in preview quality.

The OPAL limited pilot will comply with applicable ISO standards like MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 and Internet conventions like HTTP and TCP/IP.

In an extended pilot , the limited OPAL system will be scaled towards a European-wide, distributed platform for (1) the co-operative production of current affairs magazines and (2) their joint representation on the Internet. The OPAL extended pilot will give the participating editorial offices the opportunity to co-operate more effectively and efficiently in creating, packaging and distributing current affairs magazines. The full-fledged functionality of the OPAL platform, of the OPAL programme exchange system (PES) and EUROCAST will be finally demonstrated in the demonstration pilot.

The OPAL objectives comply with the objectives of the International Magazine Pool Association (INTERMAG), an international partnership of current affairs TV magazines’ editorial staffs. INTERMAG will monitor the OPAL work and members of it will be actively involved in the project itself.

Contact Point

Mr. Thomas Kruithof .
Sender Freies Berlin Tel.: + 49 -30 30 31 50 45
Masurenallee 8 - 14 Fax: + 49 -30 30 31 50 49
D-14057 Berlin E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role

Sender Freies Berlin D C

Österreichischer Rundfunk A P
Bonnier Interaktiv S P
Deutsche Welle D P
NOS Hilversum NL A
London Business School UK A - Radio Telefis Eireann IE A

Start Date Duration

01 December 1997 24 months

ESPRIT Project 25416 - GOTHERE Global travel hotel and entertainment resources

Technical – Multimedia Database, Multilingual Search Engine, Image Bank, Multimedia Kiosk

User - Travel Agencies, Tour Operators, Tourism Promoters, Travelers

Industrial Application – Telematic Tourist Services, Unattended Tourist Information Retrieval

Mission Statement:

‘To demonstrate the business processes improvements in the Tourism sector by exploiting the competitive advantage provided through Internet-based multimedia services’

Project Summary

The project will be based upon the creation of a large central multimedia database that will be populated with tourist information and with electronic versions of major tour operators’ brochures. A significant sample of travel agencies will be used to check the actual impact of the system on the current business practices. Each travel agency will receive a local PC with modem and a color printer that will allow the browsing of the multimedia brochures as well as the printing of selected subsets of information (Web pages) configuring a personalised brochure for each customer. Additionally, a self-service multimedia kiosk, that will access the same database with a modified man-machine interface, will be installed in selected travel agencies and in some public places to test the acceptance of such a system. The cultural aspects related to tourism will be one of the key elements to be considered in the multimedia content selection.

The Tourism industry represents a growing business area fostering the economic growth of countries world-wide and very especially in Europe. Spain and Italy are two of the most visited countries in the world and there is an ever-growing demand for tourism services in the Mediterranean area both from inside and outside the European Union.

The end users (tourists) are becoming more and more demanding in the type and quality of services required. Currently, most of the agencies offer similar packages and in many instances the only real differentiation in the customer’s eyes is price. In addition, higher levels of customisation are being demanded since each traveller tries to organise his/her trip with more and more variations from the basic package.

A set of parameters both for business and technical aspects as well as the metrics needed to check the impact and success of the system will be defined during the early phases of the project. These parameters will be monitored from the deployment of the system onwards to check the validity and acceptance of the system.

GOTHERE’s implementation and exploitation will allow a higher perceived added value from the travel agencies and, as a result, it will promote the growth of the Tourism industry. This is particularly important for the EU country members represented in the proposal since Tourism is one of the most important sources of revenue for these countries.

GOTHERE pursues the following objectives :

Convert the Internet threat into a source of competitive advantage for the travel agencies (the majority of which are SMEs)

Demonstrate the achievable cost reductions in information dissemination introducing the concept of the electronic multimedia catalogue with on-site printing capabilities

Improve the existing last minute offer distribution system both from a cost and from a reliability standpoint

Improve personnel productivity and reduce training costs for the travel agencies through the introduction of specialised browsing and package selection software (search engine)

Generate a baseline on the issues related to multimedia introduction in the tourism business value chain

Obtain detailed information on the tourists’ response to multimedia self-service terminals

Test the advantages of multimedia systems as a tourism promotion tool sponsored by the Public Administrations.

Create a framework of multimedia tourist information that can be easily used for cultural tourism package creation and promotion

Contact Point


ALITER MERCO +34 -91 803 72 44

C/ Isaac Newton, 1 fax: +34 -91 803 99 69

E-28760 Tres Cantos – MADRID E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role












Start Date Duration

15 August 1997 18 months

ESPRIT Project 25513 - MOCA
MOtion CApture

Technical - motion capture, human modeling, tracking markers
User - Post-production houses, games developpers, film industry
Sector - Special effects for filmsand games


There are three main objectives in MOCA :

To enhance the field of application of optical motion capture

To enhance the performances and the realism achieved by motion capture

To make motion capture systems more robust and more user-friendly so that a lot of multimedia companies can acquire such a system.

To achieve these objectives, two main approaches are used :

To enhance the performances of motion capture acquisition :

The capture field will be drastically enlarged by allowing the use of moving cameras which make permanent recalibration in order to know the relative position of all the cameras. Special techniques will be used for the capture of some detailed parts of the human body

To use human modelling for improving motion capture :

A model of the human body will be used whose complexity will be adapted following some criteria that can change from one pilot to another. This model will give instructions for the positioning of the markers, which is still experimental today. The tracking of the markers will be far better by using a mathematical model for predicting the temporal evolution of their position. An anatomic converter will be designed in order to adapt the tracks of the markers to models with different topologies and/or different morphologies (other humans, robots, monsters...).

The two technological providers (ACTISYSTEM and EPFL) will perform those developments during the first phase of the project so that a first evaluation of the expected progress will be available very soon.

Afterwards, 3 pilots will be designed, each being part of a commercial product belonging to a major segment of the multimedia market. They will allow the end-users to improve their know-how related to motion capture and to address their respective markets with very high-level products.

The design of the pilots will also allow a very valuable feedback to the technological providers and the project will handle further modifications of the motion capture system during its last months.

Contact Point

Mr Christian DUTILLEUX
Arts & Magic
Espace Ans Tel.: + 32 -4 239 78 81

Rue Gilles Magnée, 92/6 Fax: + 32 -4 239 78 89
B-4430 Ans E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role

Arts & Magic B C
Actisystem F P
Bits UK P
Duran F P


Start Date Duration

01 October 1997 24 months

ESPRIT Project 25652 - SIT-MOON
Advanced environment for publishing of multimedia content for on-line and off-line delivery

Keywords : Business Best Practice Pilot
Technical - Multimedia, Digital Media archive, authoring tools
User - electronic publisher, multimedia content provider
Sector - electronic publishing industry, Internet service provider

SIT-MOON is providing the electronic publishing industry with a modular multimedia authoring environment suited to multimedia production for on-line (small and broadband) and off-line (e.g. CD-ROM, DVD) delivery. The integration of digital media archives into the authoring environment for storage, management and retrieval of multimedia content is a key issue in that project.

SIT-MOON supports the creation, management and re-use of multimedia assets and applications. It fosters the creative process for content creators and publishers by providing authors with multimedia authoring tools along with multimedia assets for re-use It shortens the production time and at the same time increases the quality of final published products.

SIT-MOON concentrates on implementing a pilot-authoring environment for electronic interactive publishing products by integrating existing methodologies, standards and technologies.

The electronic publishing domain is tremendously influenced by the recent convergence of telecommunication and multimedia technologies. A changing technological environment makes it very hard for companies in the publishing sector to follow the latest developments while concentrating on the quality of the editorial content of their products. Europe has a clear advantage over competitors in the content-provision field due to its rich cultural heritage. Still without accompanying measures to secure the effective exploitation of this content, European companies will not be able to use this advantage.

The exploitation results are the evaluated pilot authoring environment along with the pilot multimedia applications showing new business opportunities for multimedia content owners. Therefore the project also includes:

the setting-up and evaluation of quality criteria against both the production environment and the final multimedia publications

a prototyping tool for early quality evaluation of the final production based on the quality criterias

the support of the publishing on optical storage devices or network services while optimising the application according to the quality of service supported by the chosen medium

proper multimedia authoring from one-time application design to re-use of multimedia assets trough interfaces to private and public digital media archive.

Contact Point

Dr. Stiller-Erdpresser Elisabeth

SIEMENS AG Österreich, Marketing Department

Erdbergerlände 26

A-1030 Vienna

E-mail email removed

Participants Country Role

SIEMENS AG Österreich A C



TU Wien A P





Start Date Duration

01 September 1997 24 months

ESPRIT Project 25693 - MERCADO
Multimedia electronic commerce and information

Technical - Multimedia, Smartcard, Internet, Kiosks

User - On-line public services
Industrial application - Electronic commerce, virtual office, virtual retail

Public Authorities are faced with a number of problems that require multimedia support. They need, among others, to increase the dialogue between the citizens and the democratic bodies and to deal with disadvantaged people. They also have to provide accurate and up to date information in an easy to read and accessible format.

Whilst public authorities are considering the social impact of the technologies, the industrial and commercial areas are also facing challenges. These include the use of electronic commerce as an alternative selling channel, the identification of new products suitable for such a sales technique and the promotion of this method of sale.

MERCADO provides access to electronic commerce and on-line public services for all citizens showing the benefits of a common platform for both applications. Pilots are being set up in which new public service products, based on multimedia information, are accessed interactively from networked public access points such as kiosks and voice-activated teleservices. Regionally focused electronic commerce services for local retailers are implemented and evaluated. The pilot implementations allow the citizens to get acquainted with the new services and networks and to benefit from them. The pilot also breaks the barriers for those individuals who are not able to fully participate in the move towards an information society by examining their requirements and adapting the systems to incorporate them.

To find solutions for these challenges the technology needs to be deployed and integrated into a framework of teleservices. The project resolves the following issues as part of this framework. The design and configuration of public access points, the implementation of a mix of services that strikes the right balance between required return on investment and free access, the design of easy to use interfaces, the development of search and retrieval functions, the integration of electronic payment technology and the provision of one framework as a platform for all teleservices both commercial and public.

Consequently, the multimedia pilot project MERCADO addresses the social, commercial and technical challenges indicated by providing a selected set of new teleservices:

on-line public transactions

virtual office of economic affairs

virtual retail store

cyber space pop festival

Contact Point

Robert Alan STEAD
Guildhall, Burton Street

UK - Nottingham NG1 4BT E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role










Start Date Duration

01/12/97 12 months

ESPRIT Project 25720 - THE EVA-CLUSTER II - The EVA-CLUSTER of Cultural Systems Projects (Working group)

Keywords : Culture, Visual Arts

The "EVA-CLUSTER" continuation project extends the work in the first EVA Cluster Project (EP 21671) to also assist Cultural Systems projects to promote their results for commercial advantage in order to help Europe become a world-leader in the market exploitation of cultural systems as well as an international R&D leader in this field.

In particular, the project:

Helps build a community of interest and promote the results of EC Cultural Systems Projects to support their increased exploitation across Europe and internationally.

Facilitates more active collaboration and synergy between EC supported projects in the cultural systems area and help reduce duplication of efforts.

Provides assistance, e.g. withexploitation planning and user studies.

Creating a critical mass of European Cultural Systems initiatives supports competitiveness with even the largest international competitors (e.g. Corbis/Microsoft). Specifically this proves useful to:

Assist international market access.

Assist job creation.

Support European social and political aims to provide improved wider access to the European cultural heritage.

Promote the "life-long learning" concept by disseminating the use of multimedia skills for the arts and humanities fields.

In addition to the co-ordinator VASARI Enterprises, tasks are subcontracted to Florence University (I), Athens Technology Centre (GR), GFaI (D) and AVELEM (F).

The project aims are realised by a combination of means including:

EVA Conferences, Symposia Workshops & Training. EVA participants are key people interested in shaping future developments from a range of both users and supplier sectors (culture to technolgy and business, with a targeted total of 1,500 in 1997 and 2,000 in 1998 plus "knock-on" dissemination via journalists thus enabling to reach over I million people). EVA events build on seven years successful conferences and related events.

Special Work Groups, e.g. user studies

Creation of an EC Cultural Systems Projects Compendium

Traditional and electronic publishing including use of internet an World Wide Web.

Key actions are undertaken in Benelux, France, Germany, Greece, Iberia, Italy and the UK. In addition, events have been organised in Japan and Russia, others are planned to be held in the Americas and Asia Pacific to support world-wide exploitation of EC Cultural Systems projects results.

Contact Point

Mr. James Hemsley
VASARI Limited tel + 44/ 1252 664 358
44A Florence Road fax + 44/ 1252 664 359
Fleet, Hants E-mail: email removed
UK – GU13 9LQ

Participants Country Role


Start Date Duration

01 August 1997 24 months

ESPRIT Project 26069 - FIWG
Financial Issues Working Group

Keywords: Business best practice Network
Technical : Electronic commerce, payment systems, electronic purse, Internet banking.
User : financial institutions, merchants, regulatory authorities, technology suppliers.
Sector : Financial Services


Electronic commerce creates new distribution channels and new approaches to seller-buyer interaction. In turn, these changes entail a significant evolution of payment systems. New payment instruments, transaction mechanisms and settlement procedures are likely to emerge, combining technological and institutional innovation. They will affect the cost structure and the competitive position of participants in the payment systems: merchants, financial institutions and technology providers. They also raise substantive regulatory and public policy issues of disintermediation, monetary control or consumer protection.

The full-scale deployment of innovative payment systems has been hampered by lack of standardisation, market fragmentation and regulatory uncertainties.

The Project Objective:

The main objective of FIWG is to stimulate the deployment of innovative payment systems and transaction mechanisms, such as electronic purse, Internet banking, or micropayments necessary for the development of electronic commerce within the European Union. Such systems constitute a vital ingredient of a successful growth of electronic commerce. They also constitute an essential feature of financial institutions’ strategies of movement toward electronic finance, seen both a cost-effective distribution channel and a delivery platform of new financial products and services. Smart card and assimilated embedded microprocessor technologies, which combine the functions of stored value, access control and identification, are considered critical to the widespread deployment of electronic finance. European suppliers and users have acquired a global competitive advantage of those technologies. However, it is the way in which they will be deployed and integrated with other aspects of financial services delivery (distribution channels, pricing systems, etc.) that will determine the customer acceptance and their success in the marketplace.

Working within the context of the IT Programme of DG III, the FIWG aims to create a strong and mutually reinforcing link between technology and business applications in the financial sector. The goal of FIWG is

to provide the focal point for exchange of experiences and discussion of key issues between different parties involved in, or concerned by, financial aspects of electronic commerce: technology suppliers, financial services suppliers, merchants and regulatory authorities. On the technology side, it promotes interoperability, portability and system integration, notably through a common terminology and analytical understanding of key concepts and issues. On the business side, it will endeavour to create conditions for an economically viable, large-scale transborder deployment of new financial products and services such as electronic purses, Internet banking or secure electronic commerce transactions.

to play an active role in the promotion and implementation of testbeds and pilot projects in the area of electronic payment systems and transaction mechanisms. Priority will be given to transborder projects leveraging the smart cards and assimilated embedded microprocessor systems technology into pathbreaking financial services applications. Such applications would capitalise on the multifunctional nature of smart cards and their mobility to reduce delivery costs or enhance functionality of service offerings. Pilot projects will be chosen according to their business relevance, based on criteria consistent with the objectives and principles of G7 Pilot Projects.

to highlight key issues which are critical to the development of financial infrastructure for electronic commerce. The FIWG seeks to make explicit interactions between different categories of issues and to highlight the key characteristics of new business models. Its scope comprises both consumer-to-business and business-to-business dimensions of electronic commerce. The FIWG also covers the payment aspects of the MoU on Open Access for SMEs.

to formulate recommendations concerning possible approaches to solving these issues. Particular emphasis will be given to the recommendations to the authorities, responsible for the oversight and the regulation of financial services at the European level (DG XV, EMI,…).

to co-operate with similar groups in the United States and Japan, within the broad context f the G7 Global Information Society Initiative, particularly G7-10 Pilot Project (Global Marketplace for SMEs).

Contact Point

Mr. Charles Goldfinger +32 -2 763 12 70

GEF fax:+32 -2 763 09 47

412 av. de Tervuren E-mail : email removed

B-1150 Bruxelles


Start Date Duration

04 July 1997 24 months

ESPRIT Project 26501 - DE.BU.T

Development of a Multimedia Support Networks Business cooperation model

Technical – Accompanying measures.
User - Multimedia Support Network, MSN, Multimedia services, Business model.
Industrial application – Business co-operation.

The aim of the DE.BU.T project is the co-ordination of 12 Multimedia Support Networks in addressing the needs of European Industry for multimedia systems and applications through the co-operative development of an innovative Business Co-operation Model (BCM).

Based on Business Co-operation Model, concrete activities will be encouraged to implement it. The main activity will be the participation of MSNs to information dissemination actions including participation in the MILIA.

DE.BU.T will undertake the following:

develop a Business Co-operation Model that will stimulate co-operation, complementarity and synergies among the on-going MSNs

to encourage cost-saving co-operation actions among MSNs favouring joint promotions, events and mailings

favour the development and increase the competitiveness of the European multimedia industry by providing it with specific tailor-made services through the MSNs’ activity

The aim of DE.BU.T is to promote a stronger relationship between all the on-going MSNs in order to exploit the different skills and experiences by creating a co-ordinating infrastructure that could favour information and practices exchange and sharing and improve the MSNs relevance in the multimedia market in Europe. Because each MSN represents the interests of the multimedia industry itself, its customers and service providers, the potential impact on the competitiveness of multimedia industry in general will be thorough thanks to this new role of interaction with the market played by the MSNs.

Contact Point

Aleardo Furlani
Innova S.r.l.
Salita de’ Crescenzi, 30, tel.: +39 06 6880 3253
I - 00186 ROME
Italy e-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role





Start Date Duration

1 November 1997 12 months

ESPRIT Project 26503 - CYBERCINEMA 97
Electronic distribution of film by satellite

Keywords : Demonstration Action
Technical - Electronic Cinema, Multimedia, Interactivity

User - Communities, Artists, Film distributors and exhibitors
Sector - Cinema, Audio-visual, Film


The electronic distribution of film per satellite represents a tremendous opportunity for the European film industry. It opens a unique chance to cope with the film distribution problem and gives European companies a sustained technological, commercial and operational edge. CyberCinema 97 will demonstrate the value of electronic distribution of moving images to remote cinema via satellite.

This Demonstration Action consists of the following elements:

Installation of electronic cinemas in 5 European cities;

Transmission of 10 films via satellite from a central station for a period of 5 weeks;

Staging of a small ‘high profile’ film festival featuring children films to demonstrate the potential of CyberCinemas to general public, politicians and industry leaders.

The demonstration action will raise public awareness for electronic film distribution and exhibition and the unique opportunities they present

for the European film industry

for industries that will find a new field of application for their technologies

for audiences who will benefit from the creation of new viewing opportunities and the speedy delivery the new medium permits

The demonstration action CyberCinema 97 is part of the broader CyberCinema initiative launched by the EFB to foster the establishment of a network of new electronic cinemas in small cities and remote areas throughout the European Union (and possibly extendible to Eastern European countries).

The partners have been chosen because they hold relevant technology or know-how and just as importantly, on the ground of their commitment to the cultural, technical and industrial exploitation basis of electronic Cinema.

Contact Point

Europäisches Filmzentrum Babelsberg e.V.

Peter Fleischmann

August-Bebel-Str. 26-53

D-14482 Potsdam

Germany e-mail 100070, email removed

Participants Country Role

Europ. filmzentrum babelsberg d c

media salles i P

pathe e.i. f P

aerospatiale mse f P

Hewlett-packard gmbh d P

philips bts gmbh d P

fera b ap

High tech center Babelsberg d ap

barco n.v. b ap


Start Date Duration

01 November 1997 12 months

ESPRIT Project 26747 - ECADEC
Electronic Commerce Applications in the Distribution of Editorial Content

Keywords : Electronic Commerce
- electronic copyright systems, secure transactions, digital content
User - publishing industry, legal, educational and insurance professionals, students
Sector - legal, insurance, education


The objective of the ECADEC project is to develop innovative ways to distribute editorial products. The electronic marketplace will provide the environment to broaden product design, quality and distribution standards, allowing interactive technologies to redefine the competitive criteria within the industry. The project results in 3 distinct businesses, each selling pieces of editorial content over the World Wide Web on a transaction basis.

The project focuses on obstacles, which have historically proven problematic in the commercialisation of electronic content over public networks. Issues of copyright applied to digital content are addressed in conjunction with the results of other ESPRIT projects. These project results are used to address both technological and legal issues inherent in the procurement and distribution of the appropriate royalties, as well as the management and administration of copyrights.

Additionally, the issue of secure payment systems over public networks are addressed by incorporating the accepted market standards and the results of other ESPRIT projects. The approach involves assessment of the acceptance of various hardware and software systems, and quantitative and qualitative testing of the same.

The technical components are implemented to facilitate distribution of legal, insurance and educational content in Spain and the Netherlands. The regional markets are assessed, and appropriate business models are being created. Subscription-based sales, lump sum payments, down payments, etc. are assessed and recommended according to industry requirements. Objectives on the industry level include exposure of opportunities, creation of new, effective models, providing a comprehensive report on the standards and challenges, providing examples to support non-traditional publishing methods, involving people in the process of change to innovative ways of delivering and receiving content.

Commercialisation is currently planned in a three-tiered approach: public, subscription and pay-as-you-go. This will relies on the industry networks of the consortium, including ECSA in the educational sector and Wolters Kluwer in the insurance and legal sectors. Pilots will be established, and feedback loops will allow an iterative approach to address critical issues. In particular, the results will be assessed as they impact industry-wide concerns such as decreasing margins and the establishment of more cost-effective ways of content delivery.

Contact Point

Prof. Brian Subirana


Avenida Pearson, 21

08034 Barcelona

Spain e-mail email removed

Participants Country Role

Inst. De Estudios Superiores de la

Empresa E C

Enciclopedia Catalana SA E P

Professional pages NL P

Eindhoven University of Technology NL P

Information Highway Group E P

Start Date Duration

01 March 1998 24 months

ESPRIT Project 26765 - FLIRT Flexible Information and Recreation for Mobile Users


Technical - GSM, HDML, WAP, Content Description Language, Transfer Protocol

User - Mobile Phone, Networked Services, Entertainment, Information

Industrial Application - Access to networked services from GSM handsets


FLIRT aims to improve the state of the art in service-delivery mechanisms to mobile handset users. The improvements to standards and technologies will enable innovative recreational and informational services to be provided to handsets of varying capabilities, over variable available bandwidth, without the need to re-engineer the service for each handset. By reducing the high content preparation overhead, and offering mechanisms to deliver rich interactive content, many more service providers will be interested in mobile phone users as a market for their services. Existing mobile users will benefit from the wider range of services, and many new customers (teenagers, women and older people) will be attracted.

Main Results

An analysis of users and trends in the domain of mobile services will underpin the design of innovative services, which capitalise on the characteristics of cellular communications and capture the interest of customers. Using emerging standards as a basis (e.g. HDML, WAP), these services will be described in a form, which can be delivered to handsets of varying capability. Server software and browsers will be developed to demonstrate and evaluate the concept on a live network. The findings from the trial will support input to standardisation activities in content mark-up languages and transfer protocols for mobile services. Publication of the specifications (APIs) necessary to implement the protocol to access these services will help other handset manufacturers to develop compatible browsers.

Contact point

Dave Bell

Philips Research Laboratories,

Cross Oak Lane,


Surrey, RH1 5HA, U.K.




+44 -1293 815 150

+44 -1293 815 500

(E-mail removed)




Philips Research Laboratories

PhilipsConsumer Communications

Helsinki Telephone Company

Infogrames Entertainment

The Royal College of Art











Start Date (planned)



24 Months

ESPRIT Project 26769 - BRAND NEW
Business Reference Architecture for Retailing on the Web

Keywords: Enterprise Systems Integration project

Technical - Electronic Commerce Infrastructure, Electronic Front Store

User - Business Models for Electronic Commerce
Sector - Retailing

Project Summary

The retailing sector produces a major part of the total economic output in Europe. Electronic commerce (in particular Internet and the World-Wide-Web) represents a threat but at the same time an opportunity for the retailing sector. An obstacle to the process of going "on-line" with key business processes, from sales to production control, is the need to master the possibilities offered by technologies such as electronic transactions, E-mail, electronic documents etc since such technologies become all part of the daily activities and key elements of the operations in even the smallest company that wants to adopt the electronic model of business. The other obstacle is the need of the retailing sector to redesign their existing business processes. There is currently lack of evidence of effective Internet-commerce business models. Companies that choose to regard the Web only as an "add on" to their existing ways of doing business will gain only limited benefit. The major benefits will accrue to those retailers that are willing to change their organisations and business processes to fully exploit the opportunities offered by the Web. In particular successful retailers should use the Web to leverage their unique strengths and assets such as in depth (through close interaction) understanding of the consumer, marketing expertise etc.

The BRAND NEW project aims to assist retailing sector organisations to evolve towards electronic management of their marketing, sales and support activities. The objective of the project is to develop and validate a business and technical reference architecture for retailing on the Web. The business architecture will exploit the potential of Internet and the World-Wide-Web to promote new paradigms for interacting with the consumers. To support the business architecture, a technical architecture based on Web technologies such as Java enabled browsers, secure transaction servers and relational database management systems will also be designed and implemented. Both the business and technical aspects of the architecture will be designed according to principles of reusability and customisability enabling the retailing organisations to respond to continuous changes occurring through market environment, product positioning, economic and social trends. The business architecture will be defined by Emphasis Systems, taking into consideration existing proven Web-based business models. The technical architecture will be implemented as a prototype system that will be developed by Intershop Communications, a German software house, which has pioneered the development of electronic front store systems. The business and technical architectures will be further validated in selected Greek and Italian user sites covering different types of retailers (furniture and food/beverages). The integration of the users’ new retailing systems with their legacy ones (non-Web) will be carried out by the Italian systems house AAT. The project results will be disseminated across Europe through publications, demonstrations of the BRAND NEW prototype and establishment of Web sites promoting the BRAND NEW approach.

Contact Point

Mr. Jan Onken
INTERSHOP Tel.: +49 -3641 89 41 74
Leutragraben 2-4. Fax: + 49 -3641 89 42 22

D - 07743 JENA, E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role



Start Date Duration

01 April 1998 24 months

ESPRIT Project 26800 - TOSCA - Tourist Orientation and Support in Cultural Assisted tours

Keywords :
Technical - Information system
Users – Museums, Archaeological sites, Municipalities
Sector –
Tourist orientation in cultural tours

Project Summary

Cultural Tourism in Europe represents a phenomenon of great economic and social relevance, which will certainly expand in the near future.

In fact there are annually, about 500 millions visitors in the main historic cities.

Tourists interested in visiting the historical sites traditionally use guides in paper form or as speaking persons. This approach to the problem is non-exhaustive since tourists cannot access the information they need, personally and in real-time and also because this way is not completely satisfactory in order to ensure a more efficient use of resources and a deeper consciousness of the whole Cultural Heritage.

Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) are a viable alternative solution for visitors, providing audio narrative and guidance through Museums or Galleries.

Such PDAs were developed by two previous projects ESPRIT VAMP and ESPRIT GUIDE.

Taking the benefit of previous developments, this project introduces a new strategy in the field of electronic aids for tourist, by means of an information system, T ourist O rientation and S upport in C ultural A ssisted tours ( TOSCA ), capable of providing visitors with all needed information, accessing to remote database, connecting to service centres, and executing electronic payment.

TOSCA is based on a Multimedia Personal Terminal (MPT) supplying visitors with audio or graphic image information through a simple and intuitive user-interface

The MPT is connected to platforms (mobile radio, wireless/contactless local loops), which allow a regular information. As opposed to PDAs, the operability of which is restricted to a particular site, the MPT should accompany the visitors during their visits in a town or a whole country.

The MPT pre-defines consistent an,d flexible cultural tours, allowing tourist flow distribution, cultural Heritage enhancement not restricted to the most popular sites only. Another benefit for the local authorities could be an increased tourists frequentation in places offering such a facility.

The forthcoming Jubilee in the city of Florence represents a unique opportunity to implement a test in real conditions. The Florence City Administration, a TOSCA partner, will play an important role in the organisation of this Florence test site.

TOSCA integrates current Information Technologies: audio/video terminals, speech recognition, radio-mobile & wireless communication and electronic payment to answer specific tourism requirements in Europe.

The developed technology is not restricted to the Cultural Heritage area and could be applicable, with appropriate modifications and extensions, to other fields such as for supporting patients and medical personnel in hospitals and for security in unattended oil-pump stations.

Contact Point

Prof G.Manes
University of Florence Tel.: +39 -055 4796369

Via S.Marta n.3. Fax: + 39 -055 494569

50139 - Florence E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role


Start Date Duration

01 May 1998 28 months

Managing Brands Distributed Online

Keywords: Enterprise Interaction Protect
Technical: Internet, world-wide Web, Data Warehouse, Data Analysis Tools, Flexible Online Storefront, Online Information System, Electronic Commerce.
User: Marketing agencies, Online vendors (products and information).
Sector: Retailing


The Cyberbrand project focuses on consumer merchandising and on the way online vendors can leverage their brand image and market position thus supporting their marketing strategy through Internet. With numerous business actors going online to enter the potential market of electronic commerce, the ability to build strong Internet based brands (cyberbrands) and to rise their awareness will very likely be a key competitive driver. Leaning on the fact that Internet allows the unbundling of products or services sold from their image, the Cyberbrand project offers a solution for creating and managing online storefronts’ brands. This solution will have to support:

1. Fast creation of a series of alternative online storefronts to a unique store in order to convey distinct brand images


2. Field tests to scan consumers’ behaviour and to survey the customers’ perception of online storefronts

3. Analysis of field test information to identify worth market segments and to ultimately selects the storefronts to develop commercially and promote

By offering an environment that embeds marketing decision support tools in the operational information systems of online storefronts, Cyberbrand intends to spill over the traditional market of market analysis tools (marketing research agencies) and to appeal to online vendors through their marketing department or through external marketing communication agencies.

Project end-results will be:

An IT solution positioned as a toolkit to be commercialised bundled with customisation services to marketing communication agencies and to online vendors

Two pilot applications conducted in Germany and in Italy

A business plan that will describe the market, the business impact on pilot users, and will specify the marketing mix of each IT supplier for the Cyberbrand solution

The consortium basically consists of a core development team of four IT companies, a marketing communication agency and a business school supplying academic guidance. A User Group will be set up in Germany and Italy with customers of consortium members and 2 pilot users will be selected from this User Group for the pilot applications that will take place during the 2 nd year of the project.

Contact Point

Ms Tony Burgess Greenwood


Cerisaie 207 - Rue de Chevilly 8/10



tel.: +33 -1 49 84 63 00
fax.:+33 -1 49 84 63 01

E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role



Start Date Duration

01 March 1998 24 months

ESPRIT Project 26942 - TRIMEDIA An advanced electronic commerce environment for bi/trimedial programming, delivery, interaction, co-operation and commercial transaction in the broadcasting sector (radio, TV, on-line)

Keywords: Electronic Commerce Pilot

Technical – Electronic Commerce, On-line Services, Audio/Music on Demand, Programme Exchange

User – Radio Journalists, Consumers

Sector – Audio Industry, On-line Services, Music Industry

The TRIMEDIA project is a best business practice pilot for advanced electronic commerce (EC) in the broadcasting industry. It combines issues of business electronic commerce, programming electronic commerce and Interactive Electronic Commerce within a comprehensive EC environment for the three media Radio, TV and On-line.

The TRIMEDIA approach reflects the merging of different media industries and the rapidly emerging on-line broadcasting market.

TRIMEDIA will provide a comprehensive EC environment for Radio, TV and On-line (<> and <>, embodying three subset environments – inter-linked through networking facilities such as ATM, etc. Each focuses on different aspects of EC in the broadcasting industry:

Subset Environment 1 focuses on programming EC (PEC) (ORB) and PEC issues such as audio/video on demand, web-casting (Radio/TV), background/service information. It is targeted at improving the on-line related editorial workflow in large broadcasting stations.

Subset Environment 2 focuses on business electronic commerce (BEC) (Public Voice Labor) and BEC issues such as on-line merchandising, on-line selling, on-line payments. It is targeted at combining the spatially distributed co-operative production of media products (pre-production and production phases) with media related on-line merchandising issues and commercial by-products of TV/Radio stations (post-production). Issues such as IPR (management), information transfer, electronic payment, security, pre- and post sales support will also be looked at.

Subset Environment 3 focuses on interaction electronic commerce (IEC) (RTE) linking cable modems and ADSL with the Internet and trialing related business, consumer and interaction strategies.

Building and trialing the three EC-environments will be accompanied and fostered further by three additional strands of activity:

Concerned with the creation of new forms of content, TRIMEDIA will develop TV formats for WEB-TV and on-line broadcasting (Planet 24).

Large-scale trialing of ATM technology will support the spatially distributed production of media products (subset environment 2), the improvement of the editorial workflow within large broadcasting organisations (subset environment 1) and the development of interaction electronic commerce strategies (subset environment 3). For this strand of activity, Deutsche Telekom will provide know-how and the tele-communications infrastructure while AVID will provide the necessary software facilities.

The further development of visual/graphical 3D Internet facilities and the integration of high-end Virtual Reality means and 3-D Authoring tools into the three EC environments (Art+Com) will provide additional features to TRIMEDIA.

TRIMEDIA will result in improved shared business processes among European broadcasters. The results will be consolidated in an advanced EC business model for the broadcasting industry (interrelation of business, programming, media/sale). TRIMEDIA is embedded into a longer-term development and realisation model for advanced EC in European broadcasting. This concept has been designed by a pioneering European consortium representing different segments of the broadcasting industry: two large broadcasting companies (ORB, RTE), one independent production company (PLANET 24), one major telecommunications company (DEUTSCHE TELEKOM) and three software providers (ART+COM, AVID TECHNOLOGY and PUBLIC VOICE LABOR).

The concept tackles issues such as cross-publishing, trialing of different levels of interactivity and the merging of different media. The concept is based on the assumption that interactive multimedia programming (WWW) holds the key to the successful introduction of EC in broadcasting – in technological and editorial aspects.

Contact Point

Mr. Nawid Goudarzi
Ostdeutscher Rundfunk Brandenburg Tel.: +49 -331 731 36 40
August Bebel Str. 26 - 53 Fax: + 49 -331 731 36 41
D-14482 Potsdam-Babelsberg E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role

Ostdeutscher Rundfunk Brandenburg D C


Art+Com. D C

Planet 24 UK P

Public Voice Labor A P-

Deutsche Telekom D A

AVID Technology UK A

Start Date Duration

01 July 1998 24 Months

ESPRIT Project 26996 - SIROCCO
Mobility enhancement with interoperable smart card applications using Combicards

Keywords: Enterprise Systems Integration project

Technical – Electronic ticketing, electronic purse, contact/contactless smart cards, Combicard, POS terminal devices

User - Public transport operators, banking institutions, merchants

Sector - Transport and banking sectors

Project Summary

SIROCCO aims at developing an integrated electronic ticketing, payment and information access application based on state of the art information technology, which will enhance the physical mobility of the users and supports a new business model for the co-operation of banking institutions and transport operators.

SIROCCO builds on a market opportunity created by the emergence of four factors :

· Public transport operators must improve their business performance to cost-efficiently handle the ever-increasing number of passenger transit transactions. Ticket issuing and payment processes are a key factor. State-of-the-art information technology provides an answer to these needs.

· Banks want to promote Electronic Purse schemes for payment of small cash amounts, which cannot be cost-efficiently handled by credit/debit cards. To develop a large-scale market acceptance, the Electronic Purse must be directly linked to other applications, which generate large number cash payments, such as payment for transport tickets.

· Smart cards support to the user's by facilitating access to services and to inform when he or she is on the move. The current scheme of one card per application is not convenient for the user who ends up with carrying too many cards.

· The evolution of smart card technology now enables the integration of various applications in a single card. The Secure Combicard supports contact operation and security standards required for electronic payment and contactless operation needed for "touch and pass", 10 cm distance operation suitable for transport ticketing applications.

There is an opportunity for Europe to improve performance of its passenger transport service industry and to improve the quality of service provided to the mass transit users with a new business model based on the collaboration of banks and transport operators and a new technology of integrated transport ticketing and payment applications.

SIROCCO aims at providing a validation of this business model and the associated technology, which will be, based on the Secure Combicard, as developed in the Esprit project COCLICO EP23246, by achieving in particular the following main objectives:

· To develop, implement and evaluate a new business model for a collaboration of financial institutions and public transport operators, who will be co-branding an innovative smart card combining transport ticketing, electronic payment and information services access.

· To carry out the developments required for adaptation of the system components to SIROCCO, i.e. system and application software for the Combicard, the terminals, the transport management and the banking system and to integrate the required hardware and software into a consistent application system

· To provide a benchmark of this application in real world conditions in a medium scale pilot, to evaluate user acceptance, demonstrate benefits for user and operators, demonstrate and promote the extendibility and transferability of the concept to other sites in Europe.

The project will be carried out by a consortium of companies, who combine the required expertise and have a strategic interest in result exploitation: DGPT (regional transport authority of Catalunya), Banco Sabadell (a leading Spanish group of banks), Sistema 4B (service provider for 38 banks), Gemplus (leading smart card manufacturer who develops the COCLICO Combicard), Almex/Metric (specialist of transport ticketing applications) and Dassault AT (manufacturer of banking and point of sales terminals).

Contact Point

Mr Carlos Triay
ARTTIC Tel.: +33-1 45 15 24 72
5, avenue de Verdun
F-94204 Ivry-sur-Seine E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role

Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat /
Direccion General de Transports E P
Gemplus F P

Start Date Duration

01 March 1998 24 months

ESPRIT Project 26984 - ARGOS
ARGOS Centre Project for IPR Data Collection and Management

Keywords :
Technical - ECMS, IPR
User – Copyright management
Sector – Electronic Commerce

Project Summary and Objectives

The possibility of transmitting and trading all sorts of digitised information results in the emergence of new challenges to the world of copyright. The legal framework behind this development is in a process of continuous transition and discussion as a result of the rapid changes in the areas in which it is arising. There are a great number of different interests, on one hand, the authors and artists, with rights over their creations, on the other, the consumer public looking for vast quantities of information, which it is ready to obtain.

In this respect, the overall objectives of the ARGOS Centre Project are as follows:

To assure an effective management of the Intellectual Property Rights for all parties involved in the Electronic Commerce field.

To provide the right holders with secure ways of dissemination and marketing of cultural works in digital format.

To improve the access to electronic distribution services of cultural works over both public and private networks.

These objectives can be achieved if the individual right holders and Collecting Societies can count on a technical infrastructure that can provide them with effective monitoring tools and assure them a fair remuneration for the use of their works.

The technical infrastructure, which we refer to, is precisely the ARGOS Centre, which will address the following technical objectives:

To develop a state-of-the-art management system to process all the information related to the use of copyrighted works in electronic formats and to improve the communication between the entities using these works electronically and the individual right holders and authors right societies.

To establish a standard Communication Protocol for the flow of information between the parties involved in the Electronic Commerce of copyrighted works. This is the core of the ARGOS Centre Project and its main technological risk.

The development of the ARGOS Centre Project will follow the following phases:

Specification Phase : It comprises technical and content specifications and the guidelines for establishing a limited number of pilots ARGOS Centres. The results of this phase will be a precise and detailed definition of all aspects of both an ARGOS Centre and an ARGOS Confederation of Centres.

Design and Implementation Phase : it includes the design and prototyping of the ARGOS User Interfaces, the ARGOS Converters and the ARGOS Communication Protocol. A Quality Assurance Manual, including a complete set of management and operational procedures for both an ARGOS Centre and an ARGOS Confederation, will be delivered.

Validation Phase : this will be the operational phase of the pilot ARGOS Centres, in which a complete quality control activity of the functionality and interoperability of the system will be conducted. It will also include a broad range of tests to check and validate the service provided and the maintenance and operational procedures.

Dissemination and Business Plan Phase: this phase comprises the development of a complete framework and methodology for the most appropriate dissemination and marketing of the economically exploitable outcomes of the Project. A strategy to fully exploit the results and a Business Plan for a future commercial corporation will be designed.

The ARGOS Centre project shall both demonstrate state-of-the-art technology, and observe and adapt major legal and business issues addressed by individual copyright holders and Collecting Societies world-wide. Therefore, the project will arrange a self-assessment and redefinition work-shop every six months, where the results will be monitored in co-operation with external experts selected by the partners. If the consortium finds it necessary, there will be a revision of the Technical and Financial Annex.

Contact Point

Mr. Jose Neri
SGAE I+D Tel.: +34 -91 391 32 32
C/ Hortaleza 118, 1º puerta 2 Fax: + 34 -91 310 29 12
E – 28004 Madrid E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role


Start Date Duration

01 May 98 24 months

ESPRIT Project 27052 - BaptiSME
Business applications and tools for SMEs to cope with the EURO event

Keywords: Business Best Practice, EURO, Enterprise Dynamic Management and Control system, Business Intelligent system
Technical : Euro, industry benchmark ,competitiveness and performance, market globalisation, legal and economic guideline for SMEs, financial planning system, modelling by business processes
User : sample case of SMEs
Sector : small and medium enterprises

Project Summary

The introduction of the Euro in the European market is an historical event that will have a profound impact on the micro- and macro- economic developments in Europe and possibly also beyond Europe. Several conditions will create uncertainty and stress but also opportunities during this time of changes:

the transition period form 1998 to 2001 will creates a "floating" situation in some markets

several countries are not certain yet to fulfil the Maastricht Treaty parameters for the adoption of the Euro

single currency will ease access to the international financial marketplace, changing the rules of financial managing and planning

opening the marketplace and eliminating competitive advantages linked to favourable exchange rates will force companies in many industries to improve efficiency and effectiveness of their business processes.

human resources compensation policies will evolve rapidly in the wider market, generating possible adjustments in salaries and living standards, especially in the countries considered in this project. This will obviously be affecting industrial competitiveness

According to a report by the Economist Intelligence Unit, " the adoption of the Euro may be a disorientating and disturbing process: not so disturbing as to swing the larger arguments for or against EMU one way or the other, but enough to raise doubts over whether the three-year, multi-currency interregnum will proceed as smoothly as currently planned".

Unfortunately, there is a quite widespread underestimation of the significance of the work required to implement the changes related to the Euro, especially in the IT industry. According to the Gartner Group, there is a common feeling that multi-currency features are all is needed to cope with the introduction of the Euro.

This project is based on the assumption that the approach described above is a dangerous oversimplification of an event, which will transcend by far a relatively trivial introduction of a new currency.

The main aim of BaptiSME is to provide effective tools to assist managers of SMEs in order:

to understand the legal, economic and business impact of the change over to the Euro

to operate and compete in the global European market resulting from introduction of the Euro

The Project Objectives

The project has five key objectives:

to identify the new requirements for effective economic and financial management of SMEs in the new environment;

to provide SME-oriented legal frameworks (one for each country involved in the project) in order to help the companies to understand the relevant legislative aspects of Euro;

to set up a reference framework allowing benchmarking and an effective performance comparison within companies operating in the same industries within the European Union. This task will establish the foundations on which a future "industry performance" database will be built, generating a valuable and lasting tool for any company operating in Europe. The establishment of such a data base will also be the starting point of another project in the future

to identify and possibly design some software tools supporting the new user requirements emerging from the single currency situation.

to produce training and learning material based on the results of the economic and legal analysis.

Contact Point

Mrs. Rosanna Duce
Gruppo Formula Tel.: + 39 -011 9500 500
corso IV Novembre 57 Fax: + 39 -011 9500 555
10090 Cascine Vica, Rivoli E-mail: email removed


Participants Country Role

Gruppo Formula I C
Novatrix S P
Syndesis GR P
Nomisma I P
Cirfid I P

Start Date Duration

01 June 1998 12 months

ESPRIT Project 27100 - EUROSTILL
A concerted European initiative towards the standardisation of the next generation still image compression - JPEG 2000
(Working Group)

Keywords : Standardisation, JPEG2000
Technical - Multimedia, image compression, architectures, features and functionality’s
User -Multimedia content providers, publishers, Internet users
Sector - Internet, mobile and wireless communications, medical, publishing


The project will set up a Working Group due to an urgent need for companies, research centres, and the European Union, to develop a consensus on the optimum standard (scope, content and boundaries) for the next generation still image compression algorithm - JPEG 2000 - which will best serves the short, medium and longer term interests of the European economy

The Working Group will arrange three European seminars in line with the JPEG 2000 standardisation process in order to

Co-ordinate the European dimension of JPEG2000.

Ensure support for European initiatives in the standardisation process.

Align with similar initiatives within the European Commission.

Establish links to planned activities within the European Commission.

Consider possible related impacts on the 5 th framework programme.

The Working Group will be involved in preparatory and support activities in order to increase interaction between European inputs to the global standardisation (ISO) of JPEG2000. To achieve this we will be organising 3 European seminars and participating in the global ISO meetings. There are 3 ISO meetings planned within the project duration, March 1998, July 1998 and November 1998. The European seminars will be arranged prior to the ISO meeting and are scheduled as follows:

- March 1998. First European JPEG 2000 seminar

- June 1998. Second European JPEG 2000 seminar

-October 1998. Third European JPEG 2000 seminar

Contact Point

Professor Andrew Perkis

The Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Department of Telecommunications Tel. +47 - 73 592383

N-7034 Trondheim Fax. +47 -73 592640

Norway e-mail. email removed

Participants Country Role


Canon C.R.F. F P



Elysium UK P




Phillips Research NL P


Netimage F P

Start Date Duration

01.March 1998 18 months

ESPRIT Project 27289 - VIP +
Virtual plane

Technical - Horizontal planes, rear-projection, liquid crystal spectacles, stereo headsets, virtual reality, augmented reality, 3-D interactive images, stereo camera, CAVE .
User - Architects, medical professionals, games players, jeweller.
Industrial application - Architectural projections, design and testing of medical implants, arcade games, jewellery.

During the VIP Esprit project n.20642 two major enhancements of the VIP technology have emerged leading to a new version of the display that could be of great interest in specific market segments. The VIP demonstrator will integrate the VIP technology with live video images transmitted over geographic network onto an "L" shaped interactive display for the sale of jewellery over the network. Moreover these two new features combined could lead to a very powerful tool for the sale of expensive goods over the network; also pilot applications under development in the VIP project will be ported onto the demonstrator and take advantage of the wider 3D visualisation space available.

Two Partners, Tiltan and Aerodiam, will join the group of companies that are already working on the VIP project to achieve the VIP demonstrator. Aerodiam, an Israeli company specialised in the electronic commerce of jewellery, will be supported by Tiltan, another Israeli company specialised in video capture and image compression. Capturing jewellery is not a trivial task: most pieces of jewellery are of small size but rich of details and round shapes. 3D digitizers rather than 3D optical scanners, even if very sophisticated, might not be precise enough to capture all details, especially hidden ones. Moreover the 3D model of a jewel, in order to be realistic, needs a number of polygons that most PCs, even if customised with powerful graphics boards, can not manage in real time. In order to overcome these problems, a stereo camera will be used to capture video images that will then be compressed and sent over the network not to loose any detail of the original jewel. Video stereo images will allow the necessary quality on standard PCs without any loss in detail.

In order to maintain real time visual interactivity between the user and the object a major activity will be represented by the customisation of a standard stereo camera together with the realisation of the setting to achieve real time capture of objects from all necessary point of views. The object will need to lie on an "n" degrees of freedom platform, while the stereo camera will be integrated with an "m" degrees of freedom system, where minimal "n" and "m" will be defined after analysis of end user requirements.

The additional 3D space on the VIP will be achieved by adding a vertical screen to the horizontal one, forming a 90º angle between the two in an ‘L’ shaped configuration. Using ‘L’ shaped screens both the horizontal and vertical 3D images need to be merged, so that the user perceives non-discontinuity. Such techniques, already applied to the CAVE, where 3D images are the result of merging from up to five screens, should be evaluated in reference to the VIP modified graphic render in order to understand and experiment their applicability in the VIP case, and identify the modifications that very likely will be required.

In order to integrate live video and still images within the VIP technology, the rendering algorithms specially developed for computer generated 3D models have to be modified in order to retain the same 3D realism typical of the original image. Inputs from stereo cameras will be required in order to feed the VIP display.

Also in order to be able to share images in real time on networked Virtual Planes, it is necessary to use special compression algorithms which will preserve the quality of the original image, and compress/decompress in real time still and motion stereo input images.

Further more, both the modified graphic render for the 3D images and the compression algorithms should be able to deal simultaneously with the computer generated 3D models, merging both the rendering and the compression of video and synthetic images.

A similar approach will be addressed in the case of sound, both in the case of real sound and synthetic sound.

Contact Point

Prof. Francesco GARDIN



Via Esterle 9,

I-21032 Milano E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role









Start Date Duration

01 May 1998 12 months

ESPRIT Project 28176 - ADPS
Advanced Digital Video Broadcast Production System

Keywords: Multimedia Systems
Technical - Digital Video Broadcast, MPEG, high capacity video storage server
User - TV Broadcaster, Digital Video ,
Sector - Television, video post production and broadcast


The ADPS project is a 18 months project that targets to build a DVB production system for highly demanding TV broadcast applications like creating, storing and assembling DVB streams, Digital Video Broadcast, localisation of TV programs... This server will use standard technologies such as DVB interfaces, MPEG2 encoder and decoder, HTTP, ATM networking, video databases, all integrated and optimised for maximum throughput and inter-activity. It will be based on a parallel approach using standard PC platforms, ATM high throughput interconnect, and the AMS multimedia server from CSTI which supports high performance video database and storage system coupled with a high throughput interconnect (155/622 Mbps). It will be applied to a DVB application representative of the level of performance expected by video producers and TV channels. A real world experimentation will validate the results of the project.

More precisely, the implementation of the DVB production system will aim at achieving three characteristics:

as many as possible standard software and hardware components, allowing to interface the system to the outside world through common transmission protocols and standards (DVB, MPEG2, VTR input, output and control),

very high level of performance and inter-activity, i.e. high throughput and very short response times, both for playing, recording video documents, editing, scheduling and/or replacing on the fly MPEG2 streams, multiplexing and de-multiplexing DVB streams,

high availability, i.e. a high reliability of all components, combined with hardware redundancy and software techniques, in order to reduce down times and increase the dependability of the system.

On this system, a video management software will be designed and written to take advantage of these characteristics and achieve the following functionality:

creation and administration of video sequence contents,

capture of video streams in a DVB stream, creation, management and administration of a video archive,

DVB streams production and distribution using dedicated DVB interfaces, management and administration of dedicated interfaces and protocols to interface with existing and future innovative technologies (protocol and format transform, broadcasting, ...),

TV program editing for local replacement of TV programs in a DVB multiple program transport stream (MPTS).

Relying on these components, an application of DVB production and archiving will be written dedicated to the needs of the users of the project. An experimentation will be carried out on a typical user (Canal +), in order to test and evaluate the system and its components in the real world.

No product exists today that integrates a large capacity storage system, DVB and video interfaces and applications dedicated to the world of broadcasting. CSTI, EVS and SHS believe that the combination of their expertise and experience can bring such a system to the market, with a high level of performance at an attractive price.

The Consortium is composed of CS Technologies Informatiques (CSTI) (F), EVS Broadcast Equipment (EVS) (B), SHS Multimedia (SHS) (I), and CANAL+ Belgique (C+) (B).

CSTI, a high tech company developing fast computer clusters using ATM (ANTARA servers), is the co-ordinator and the provider of the AMS multimedia server. CSTI will provide the server and networking technology used as the base of the ADPS platform,

EVS is a broadcast manufacturer developing digital disk recorders with JPEG and MPEG2 compression. EVS will provide several workstations as the VTR and the VDR emulators.

SHS, which in Italy is one of the reference companies for broadcasters (RAI, MEDIASET, STREAM) as an MPEG integrator. SHS resources and knowledge in MPEG2 will be directed towards the development of de-multiplexing and re-multiplexing software.

Canal+ Belgique is a pay television company who transmits programs composed of fictions, documentaries, sport events, own productions, and promotion tapes. Digital transmission of three different programs will be starting in March 1998 from a newly built transmission facility located in Charleroi (Belgium). As such Canal+ Belgique will pioneer digital transmission over cable in Belgium . In this broadcast centre, Canal+ will issue at least 3 programs, mainly from video servers. Several of these programs are coming from France and are transmitted as such. Currently, Canal+ Belgique is using several unautomated solutions. The ones that are proposed in this project

could achieve a sufficiently good result by inexpensive and automated solutions.

Contact Point

Mr. Christian TRICOT
CSTI Tel.: + 33 -4 72 15 56 73
3, rue Maryse-Bastié Fax: + 33 -4 72 15 56 99
F-69500 BRON E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role

EVS Broadcast Equipment B P
SHS Multimedia SRL I P

Start Date Duration

15 July 1998 18 months

ESPRIT Project 28220 - HEROE


Keywords: Multimedia Systems and Devices for Electronic Commerce.

Technical – interactive kiosk, broadband, ADSL, cable, satellite
User - banking, retail, employment agencies, disabled
Sector – multimedia, telecommunications, R&D

HEROE was born from the idea of developing a high performance scalable interactive kiosk that will enable general public, including disabled, and companies to exploit a wide variety of commerce, business and network applications and services through an extended set of the kiosks functional capabilities and networking solutions, including ADSL, satellite and cable access.


The technical objective is to develop a high performance multimedia Point of Sale/Point Of Information (POS/POI) and to trial and demonstrate the most innovative and promising broadband technologies for on-line multimedia and electronic commerce. Kiosks will be designed to cover a wide range of user applications and requirements, as well as communications and networks access and with this aim the kiosks will be scalable and configurable, enabling multiple networking solutions deployed upon requirements of user applications and location sites. From high speed ADSL networking over normal telephone lines to SATELLITE access through a low cost set top box, to alternatively accessing information through ISDN or PSTN. The POS/POI will also be equipped with low speed GSM link. Thus kiosks will cover a wide range of connectivity options and user applications, including services demanding high quality video (MPEG I/II) & video conferencing. These networking solutions will be demonstrated through differently focused pilot applications in Belgium, Portugal and Spain.

The business objective of HEROE is to commercially address the increasing market of interactive kiosks by developing a high performance POS/POI to exploit a wide variety of commerce, business and network services, supported by an attractive and easy-to-use man machine interface apt to various users including some groups of disabled.


Focus of HEROE is threefold: on the kiosks, on the broadband technologies trialed and on the application of an advanced multimedia device for electronic commerce in the business-to-consumer field. In order to achieve competitive price-to-market/performance ratios and flexible configuration capabilities, the kiosk will be engineered & designed for scalability and, thus, for adaptability to users in a broad spectrum of applications and price. It will be based on a low cost terminal plus various integrated peripherals and the necessary management SW and user interface. Multiple networking solutions will be demonstrated through three differently focused pilot applications.

Expected results

Within the addressable market for interactive networked kiosks the most promising areas are retailing (supermarkets, fast food, restaurants, department and HW stores) and banking sectors. There are significant user benefits and those sectors will be the most profitable and rapidly moving ones (cfr Booz, Allen and Hamilton). Other sectors where networked kiosks provide a solution are medical sector, tourism, academic, pubs, utility/energy (oil stations, gas stations and refineries), the financial sector (stock exchanges, financial information and dealership companies) and the automotive sector. Owing to the interactive kiosks market growth and to the development and expansion of new broadband communications technologies, HEROE consortium believes in new opportunities for interactive networked kiosks coming in the field of electronic commerce and business services.

Contact Point

Mr. Jose Manuel Gil
COMUNICACIÓN INTERACTIVA Tel.: + 34 -91 662.20.00
Ctra. Fuencarral-Alcobendas KM 14,500 Fax: +34 -91 662.27.59
28108 – MADRID – SPAIN E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role











Start Date Duration

01 October 1998 18 months

ESPRIT Project 28265 - NEMESIS-2
NEw MultimEdia ServIces using analysIs Synthesis

Keywords: Multimedia, Postproduction, Imaging, Video manipulation, Digital TV
Technical: Motion analysis, Image Analysis, 3D, Mosaicking, Movakeying, Keying,

Object video
User : Compositing, Editing, Augmented reality, Virtual reality, Special effects
Sector : Postproduction, Optronics, Image, Video, Broadcast, TV

NEMESIS project aims at developing a plug-in suite for professional digital video special effects and multimedia content creation software. These products will allow accessing, displaying, manipulating, altering and storing 2D and 3D visual data, on a content basis. They will feature advanced 2D and 3D functionality. This will be possible through a new object model of data representation, the 3D wide sense object model .

NEMESIS proposes to develop and integrate semi-automatic, interactive analysis/synthesis tools allowing to ease day to day postproduction work, provide unattained functionality's, save time and reduce costs in the creation of special effects for video. These tools will generate 3D wide sense objects (regions, layers, partial 3D object models, 3D object models) from real video. These objects will be combinable to generate new video streams. The package will integrate functionality's of advanced spatio-temporal segmentation, called movakeying (alternative to existing keying techniques), layering, interactive off-line camera calibration, 3D/2D registration, modification of camera framing and angle of view and static image segmentation.

This offer answers major professionals demand for integrated platforms facilitating the most tedious tasks (at pixel level) and allowing user to work at conceptual level such as objects in sequences of images.

Commercial objectives of the consortium are to implement a plug-ins suite that will be sold by TCO and exploited by Mikros and ArtBIT to develop new services in postproduction.

To ensure the successful achievement of the project, the consortium is composed of 1 co-ordinator (Thomson-CSF Optronique) ; 2 end-users partners (Mikros Image and ArtBit) and of 3 academic partners (INRIA, HHI, ICS).

Resulting commercial products/services.

Products developed in the context of NEMESIS will be a plug-in suite for professional digital postproduction software.

Contact Point
Dr. Jean FIGUE Tel.: +33 -1 30 96 76 21
Thomson-CSF Optronique Fax: +33 -1 30 96 72 31
Rue Guynemer E-mail: email removed
78283 WWW:

Participants Country Role

Thomson-CSF Optronique F C






Start Date Duration

01 September 1998 24 months

ESPRIT Project 28360 - MAD
Multimedia Access and Distribution

Keywords: Broadband, interactive, residential services project
Technical: Wireless LANs, Copper Access (xDSL), Interactive Multimedia, STB’s
User: Residential, SOHO
Sector: Multimedia Systems


The objective of the project named MAD is to develop a system that allows residential multimedia systems to tap into telecommunication services for high bit-rate interactive applications. This system will use the existing copper infrastructure to reach the home consumer (as well as Small Office Home Office environments) and emerging Wireless LAN (W-LAN) standard for the distribution of information among the information appliances such as PCs etc. The W-LAN mode (Hiperlan Type-2) for which components and system be developed within MAD, is under standardisation at ETSI’s BRAN project, and can support both high quality interactive television through the Set-top-Box (STB), as well as Internet access and WWW using the Wireless Access Point. Furthermore it is compliant with the work of ATM Forum for Wireless ATM and the support of Mobility, thereby providing an outlet for another market segment. The main focus is on the design and implementation of the corresponding system components:

Two boards: The first is the hybrid Network Interface Unit that is integrating the Wireless Data Link Control (W-DLC), the Radio Physical (R-PHY) Layer and the Interworking Function (IWF). The second is the xDSL modem board. The two boards will be integrated into a Wireless Access Point platform, which will be connected with the STB through the IEEE 1394 serial bus. The band of operation for the R-PHY will be 5.2 GHz, using OFDM modulation, providing more than 20 Mbps capacity to the wireless link, while the W-DLC will be capable to efficiently accommodate both ATM and IP traffic over the wireless link, supporting guaranteed QoS over the unreliable wireless link, both for ATM and IPv6 The IWF will bridge the Wireless and the Copper links and will support the transparency of two protocol suites, as well as the distribution of information flows, as per DAVIC’s recommendations.

A board, part of the hybrid Network Interface Unit, with the W-DLC and the R-PHY functionality’s which will be appropriately redesigned for inclusion and integration into a PC platform.

The approach to the work

The project will have two main action lines:

The development of the IWF, W-DLC and R-PHY modules.

The development of a demonstrator for Concurrent Video and data applications which includes:

appropriate Control Software for the end-to-end support of communication links

customisation and IP/ATM Multimedia applications

integration of the boards within Wireless Access Points (WAP) and PCs; integration with a vendor independent STB will be done by use of IEEE 1394 serial bus

The needs for the MAD system is confirmed by various emerging new requirements and trends such as:

Networked Multimedia, the main driver and integrator of computers and telecommunications (DAVIC).

The use of Internet not only for WWW, but also as the business communication environment - Intranet.

The eventual replacement of separate circuit and packet switching networks by ATM technology.

The introduction of guaranteed QoS within the Internet protocol suite (RSVP/IPv4, IPv6)

The introduction of mobility attributes within both the Internet protocol suite (Mobile IP, Mobility support of IPv6) and the ATM world (ATM Forum, W-ATM WG)

The need for unified ATM/IP end-to-end networking, supporting high bit-rates (Gbps at the backbone, Mbps at the users) for wireline and mobile terminals.

The problems emerging from wiring inside the residential market.

The deployment of ADSL by various operators for commercial services.

Contact Point

Mr. Nikos B. Pronios, Ph.D
INTRACOM S.A. Tel.: +30 -1 6860339
19.5 km Markopoulou Ave. Fax: +30 -1 6860312
GR - 19002 Peania E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role

Centre Swiss d’ Electronique et de Microtechnique CH P

Start Date Duration

TBC 24 months

ESPRIT Project 28387 - NETCAM
Multi-purpose Network Digital Camera

Technical -
MPEG-2 compression, MPEG-2 encoding/decoding, video compression
User - remote monitoring, security, surveillance, network camera, video camera
Sector – digital video, broadcasted video, video recording


The overall objective of NetCam is to develop video-camera related products that enable more efficient and more convenient video recording, so that a greater number of home and industrial users can take advantage of the many applications to which video cameras can be put – thus achieving a number of innovations in goods, services and processes.


Vitec will develop a low cost single chip MPEG-2 encoder for standalone devices such as cameras and video recorders. It will probably include a CPU (RISC processor), as well as software for it.

Vitec will also develop and implement a compression algorithm – "MPEG-VS" (MPEG Video-Security) – optimised for video-security applications and still compatible with standard MPEG decoders. The purpose is to compress more than the generic MPEG algorithm and therefore either use less bandwidth on the network or transmit more frames per second with low bit-rate networks. Vitec’s third objective is to develop a module for camera control and signal pre-processing.

Axis will use the above components to develop a network enabled camera which is able to deliver broadcasted video over a network, as well as a small, free-standing MPEG Compression Box (MCB) that inputs an analogue video signal from a video camera (in PAL or NTSC format), digitises it, compresses it using state-of-the-art MPEG-2 compression with motion estimation, and outputs the data either to a USB connector (for use with a PC) or to a serial port (for connection to a modem, for example) or via Ethernet. To enable these products, Axis will also develop the required network interface chip.

Visual Tools’ primary objective is to evaluate the products developed in the project in real video security installations and to contribute towards tuning the programming interface of the products and the video compression algorithm for security images (MPEG-VS), by providing input requirements in the early phases of the project. They will also integrate the units developed in NetCam into their current digital video security system – "VideoTrans " – and set up a demonstrator.

Expected results

The NetCam work will result in a 3rd generation of network/modem/USB connected cameras and camera servers. These will be sold by Vitec and Axis as both components and ‘plug & play’ products for attaching all sorts of cameras to PC’s or to computer networks, with a high level of compression – making it possible to record for long periods on a conventional hard disk.

The products will be low cost enough to be sold to home users as well as industry, where possible applications include: home video editing systems; remote monitoring by home users of vacation homes or boats; remote monitoring by industrial users of production lines, warehouses or hazardous areas; various security, surveillance, military and law-enforcement applications where high-speed and high compression is required for efficient data collection over extended periods.

Visual Tools will install a pilot demonstrator in a representative security installation (chosen from the company’s existing customer base). The project developments will allow them to meet their high-end customer requirements with respect to digital video recording and video transmission capacity.

Contact Point

Dr. Nigel Mackintosh

Mackintosh Consultants +44 -1244-819797

The Chase, Pinfold Lane Fax: +44 -1244-819796

Northop Hall, Mold E-mail: email removed

UK–Flintshire CH7 6HE WWW:

Participants Country Role


Start Date Duration

01 September 1998 24 months

ESPRIT Project 28389 - GRAVITI
Groupware Post-Production Server for Audio-Video Editing & Publishing

Technical - Digital audio/video, MPEG, PCI bus, disk storage, video editing, video server
User - Multimedia authoring, post-production, video servers
Sector – Video publishing, video distribution, groupworking


The overall objective of GrAViti is to build on the video editing technology and systems produced in the AMAS project (EP #20922) by developing and integrating an innovative groupware post-production server for audio and video editing and publishing.


FAST Multimedia is a German SME with a world-famous expertise in PC-based digital linear and non-linear video editing. They will be the co-ordinating contractor, and their main development tasks will involve a Video Server Box – particularly the Shared Memory aspects and the Server Operating System – and a High Bit-Rate Subsystem (both the hardware and software), as well as overall Project Management .

Optibase – an Israeli SME which specialises in MPEG video distribution, networking and publishing – will develop the publishing part of the server. This will be the hardware and software for a Low Bit-Rate codec board – featuring an innovative real-time variable bit-rate MPEG-2 encoding algorithm – that will enable the user to finish the editing process in the digital domain and then to start the publishing phase using the digital data on the server, without the need to convert formats and thus lose quality.

It is expected that one (or more) of FAST’s existing post-production users will be subcontracted to help define the detailed specification of the server and also to provide a competitive analysis and detailed report on the usability of the finished system. Furthermore, a close co-operation with leading storage companies is envisaged.

Expected results

The server will allow post-production users to adopt the efficient methods of working that are currently seen in CAD groupworking situations – allowing random access, guaranteed bandwidth, transparent video stream handling of 8 video streams for connected workstations, a hierarchical video storage system and a variable video compression rate from 1:1 down to 1:100. The system will also offer MPEG-2 4:2:2P@ML, I-frame only and IPB (MP@ML), dual bi-directional SDI CCIR656, etc., at a price below $100,000. A modular and flexible upgradeable structure will offer a user the ability to choose the perfect configuration to meet current needs – and the freedom to grow in the future.

By offering all the required functions at such a competitive price, cost savings for users can be realised, workflow can be optimised and a growth path to new technologies exists. From the video publishing aspect, the revolutionary concept in this proposal is the close integration between the editing system and the publishing system. Having the ability to edit the source material and then publish it using the same server and saving a single copy of the material at any stage is a huge improvement over the current situation. There is no loss of quality in the transition and expensive resources such as disk space, MPEG encoders, D1 tape decks, etc. may be shared on the network – a huge saving in cost.

Contact Point

Dr. Nigel Mackintosh

Mackintosh Consultants +44 -1244-819797

The Chase, Pinfold Lane Fax: +44 -1244-819796

Northop Hall, Mold E-mail: email removed

UK–Flintshire CH7 6HE WWW:

Participants Country Role


Start Date Duration

1 July 1998 21 months

ESPRIT Project 28423 - FILIGRANE
Flexible IPR for software agent reliance

Keywords : Multimedia Software Agent's Trading, Intellectual Property Rights Management
Technical - Mobile Reusable Software Components, Software protection , Security, ERMS
- Software providers, Smart Cards Vendors, Security Added Value ServicesSector - Trading Technologies, Software distribution, Online downloading


The provision of multimedia information by means of networking and notably via the Internet has been rapidly becoming widespread for a few years. This is particularly true for images, movies, sounds and hypertexts. However the new challenge, presented as a revolution for the software industry, is the exchange/trading of active objects through mobile software components and agents, executable on any platform (smart card, PC, NC) connected to any network in the world. The increasing development of new electronic commerce services relying on these technologies makes security questions becoming ever more compelling. The outgrowth of Applets, JavaBeans or ActiveX components implies a huge problem of authors' rights protection and piracy prevention. The main difficulties with the proliferation of Applets or JavaBeans are the identification of initial authors and the management of the property rights on a global network. In this new context, security issues involved are:

reliability in software components: trends in software engineering evolve more and more towards software components reuse and integration. Reliability in off-the-shelf components (i.e. origin, integrity, rights to use) are essential for the whole software development industry competitiveness;

IPR protection and management: new fee collecting mechanisms and potential abuse detection have to be updated to a volatile environment (networking).

This is FILIGRANE objective to complete ongoing European multimedia content protection actions by proposing a secure system for mobile software trading and developing solutions for software component authentication and integrity. FILIGRANE will produce a framework, from specifications to operational implementation, of a high level regulation mechanism answering to the increasing demand for software components trusted exchanges in the Information Society. Issues addressed in FILIGRANE encompass:

mobile software IPRs guaranteeing to the right holders the proper use of their production,

security mechanisms authenticating the mobile software origin and the authorised user, certifying software integrity,

secure protocol for software downloading from server to user support (PC, NC or smart card - namely, a JavaCard).

FILIGRANE framework integrates several key components:

Software component registration : a registration of the software component by the component provider is performed to a registration authority acting as a trusted third party. This enables software component identification and authentication.

Content protection : software components protection to ensure software components integrity and IPR checking.

Components circulation protection : security protocols through a public key infrastructure shall be integrated and will interoperate with a JavaCard.

IPR Management/ERMS : manages IPRs for the component provider. A Registration Authority can track all software authentication requests allowing the provider to identify and measure component usage (e.g. for fee collecting purposes).

FILIGRANE framework will be validated into two stages. The first stage consists in an infrastructure with Java Applets protected with the FILIGRANE system. These Applets are provided by Dados Novos, software editor on the Internet and by Gemplus. Then, technologies will be integrated into a FIPA compliant agent platform, which will assure a wide visibility and applicability of FILIGRANE results to standardisation bodies and therefore to the whole leading mobile software industry.

Contact Point

Dr Catherine Simon

Thomson-CSF Communications

Direction Technique

66, rue du fossé blanc - BP 156

F - 92 231 Gennevilliers Cedex

France e-mail email removed

Participants Country Role

THOMSON-CSF Communications f C







Start Date Duration

1 September 1998 24 months

ESPRIT Project 28706 - ADVISOR
Advanced Instruction Technology for
Services Organisations

Keywords: IT for Learning and Training in Industry
Technical – Business Process Re-engineering, ADONIS
User - Insurance
Sector – Finance and Insurance

Frequent changes of business processes, resulting from new products and the adaptation of existing products to new market situations, require tool-based methods in order to provide individuals and teams quickly with the appropriate information for their tasks. In addition, measures for (re-)training staff should be derivable in a just-in-time manner. In order to capitalise employees’ knowledge, creativity and experience, they should be enabled to provide input to their company’s knowledge in a systematic and motivating manner.

Therefore three main issues are addressed in the ADVISOR project

Improved access for employees to company and performance related information ,

Rapid, semi-automatic production of training materials,

Knowledge acquisition for organisational learning.

The first objective is to provide methods and tools, which allow for a holistic approach to information access, training and learning by closely coupling business reengineering measures with training/learning measures. The second objective is to improve upon the psychological and organisational measures, which are necessary to change the attitude towards continuous learning and to lead to better acceptance of new technology and processes. Both objectives will be realised on three levels of learning: individual, team, and organisation.

The main technical approach is to start from existing methods and software tools in the business process management (BPM) sector and to extend these methods and tools towards supporting training and organisational learning.

The results of ADVISOR are twofold: One result will be the software tool ADONIS-ADVISOR a tool that integrates business process management with training management and that provides means for user-adapted information access and knowledge capturing. The starting point of the software tool ADONIS-ADVISOR is the already existing business process management toolkit ADONIS, not only because it provides state-of-the-art technology, but also because it is already used by all insurance companies within the consortium. The second result will be a methodology for integrating business-reengineering activities with training and learning measures in organisations. Both types of results will be exploited within the end-user organisations and marketed by BOC as well as the consulting partners in the consortium.

In ADVISOR seven partners from four EU-countries co-operate: Three insurance end-user organisations, Cesce (E), Gothaer (D) and Irish Life (IRL), Cesce concentrating on group learning issues, Irish Life dealing with topics concerning individual information access and support on the job and Gothaer using ADONIS as a knowledge platform for continuous knowledge management. Because of the introduction of real user trials the end-users will be supported by the three management and IT consulting companies BOC (A), Ibermatica (E), and KnowledgeTrade (IRL), who will give both methodological support on the focused approach of the particular end-user and will help define the technical end-user requirements for customising the IT-system. The University of Heidelberg (D) – being an expert within the learning psychology field - will investigate the social and psychological aspects of the methodology and tool requirements. BOC (A) will act as the co-ordinator of the ADVISOR-project, consolidating the experience from the three end-users and, as the IT-provider, will supply ADONIS for the project work.

Contact Point

Prof. Dr. Dimitris Karagiannis
BOC Information Technologies Consulting Tel.: - 0
Baeckerstr. 5/3 Fax: - 5
A – 1010 Vienna E-mail: email removed
Austria http://

Participants Country Role





Start Date Duration

01 October 1998 24 months

ESPRIT Project 28770 - DFILM - Digital film support network

Keywords : Multimedia Network Support Centre

Technical Databank, Thesauri, Annotations, Olympics, Film Restoration, Cyber Cinema, Education, IPR Clearance MPEG-2 streams, Digital Cinema.
User - Publishers, Multimedia Producers, Archives, Advertising Agencies, Broadcast
Sector - Multimedia Industry.

The objective of DFILM is to extend the conventional value chain in the Film World (studio to cinema box office).

DFILM creates a user support network platform for the following digital film services :

Film digitisation, annotation and databank

Legal (IPR and copyright) services

Film restoration

Digital Cinema

Olympics film and education

Thesauri (software for film annotation)

DFILM consists in a Front Office ; offering access to its services as a one-stop shop implemented at all partners sites, represented electronically through a Web Site .

A Back Office (at DFC EU) handles databank transactions, security, and copyright remuneration, AV content files transfer, subcontracting, licensing, brokerage and secure payments.

The Project Office is the bureau of the DFILM Association that executes the day-to-day activities, supported by the partners and members.

All of the DFILM partners are bringing previous developments and fresh services to the DFILM consortium. Europäisches Filmzentrum Babelsberg has prepared the Cyber Cinema and Joanneum Research and HsArt have developed a film restoration system. DFC Europe BV has built up Digital Film Center . It has demonstrated the feasibility of providing MPEG-2 digitising services, content , and copyright clearing services and subscriptions via Internet. DRIGHTS is a law firm with considerable expertise in Copyright law and IPR issues for digital distribution of content. Systema Informatics contributes to the on-going development of thesauri and the Lambrakis Research Foundation contributes in the Olympics theme and educational services. Panamo will create the DFILM Association office and the contributions to the newsletter. Bookmark will enhance the marketing portals and community creation.

The commercial result of the DFILM project consists in the provision of services by an association. The services are offered to its members and to the Web-site users. The DFILM Association is an entity comprising partners and members. Several conventions are organised presenting knowledge and information from industry, science and arts institutions.

DFILM has the clear goal to develop next to the DFILM Association a Societé Anonyme called DFILM World. This entity will be the financial body to become the binding factor in the Pan European financial structure and the global exploitation.

Contact Point

DFC Europe BV

Drs. Floris Kolvenbach

Simon Stevinweg 27 ,

PO Box 1234

NL 6801 BE ARNHEM fax +31 - 26 3819676

Netherlands e-mail email removed

Participants Country Role

Digital Film Centre Europe NL C










Start Date Duration

1 October 1998 24 months

ESPRIT Project 28793 - CUIDAD
European Working Group on Content Processing of Music (Working group)

Keywords : Music, multimedia, content processing
Technica l - Indexing, retrieval, databases management, synthesis, processing, representation, visualisation, control, interaction
User - Listeners, perfomers, composers, production, post-production, database management
Sector - Music on demand, publishing, education and libraries, broadcasting, on-line services


The growing emergence of network services and of Internet users drives the development of content access services and among them music applications. Limited bandwidth and information overload now call for the development of smarter data representation schemes precisely based on contents. The objective of the CUIDAD working group is to precise and meet industrial and user needs by helping technologies in content processing of music to be developed for on-line applications and other music applications. CUIDAD is active in connecting activities at 3 levels:

Description level (audio, music, semantics)

Functional level:

Interest group 1: Synthesis, processing and architectures

Interest group 2: Representation, visualisation, languages, control and interaction

Interest group 3: Retrieval and database management

Application level (realtime and multimodal systems, instruments and simulation; production and post-produciton; broadcasting and on-line services; publishing of sheet music, recorded music and multimedia, education and libraries).

The activities of the working group will concentrate on open concertation (by meetings, seminars, documentations, conferences), and dissemination. A particular emphasis will be put on

Information collection, analysis and dissemination

User needs evaluation, surveys and marketing studies

Concertation meetings, exchanges and project drafts

Publications, methodologies, formats and standards contributions (in particular in MPEG7)

Testbed sites funded by industry partners

Contact Point

Vincent Puig

IRCAM Tel. +33 1 44 78 49 59

1 place Igor Stravinsly Fax. +33 1 44 78 15 40

F-75004 Paris e-mail. (E-mail removed)

Participants Country Role







University Pompeu Fabra SP P


Start Date Duration

01 September 1998 18 months

ESPRIT Project 28798 - AVIR
Audio Visual indexing and Retrieval for non-IT- expert users

Keywords : TV information access
– Video indexing, MPEG7, multimedia databases, EPG, filtering agents, information retrieval, multimodal interfaces, home storage .
User – Broadcasters, TV magazines, service providers, video archives, electronics manufacturers, home users.
Sector – Television, digital broadcast services, video archiving, TV-guide publishing, , consumer receivers and recorders .


The AVIR project originates from the demand for new solutions allowing common users to easily access, store and retrieve relevant audio-visual information from the vast amounts of resources at their disposal. The next generation of television systems will be connected to many sources of information and entertainment (TV and radio from air, cable or satellite, video and audio libraries, video tape/disk recorders, Internet). Literally hundreds of channels will soon be offered to the user, which could be disoriented by this overload of information.

Users will not pay for just more extra channels, but will appreciate if the content in the channels is easily accessible and, more importantly, can be easily selected according to the user's personal interest. This can only be achieved if a service provider delivers meta-data describing the actual content in sufficient detail enabling for automatic handling by agents residing on the end user's system.

The objective of the AVIR project is therefore to investigate and experiment end-to-end solutions for delivering new added value services on top of digital video broadcast services, which will enable a better exploitation of multimedia information resources by non-IT experts. The project will create and demonstrate an infrastructure for provision of distributed interactive services, intended to:

provide intuitive modalities for naive users to search audio-visual information by exploiting content descriptors

enhance the quality and visibility of broadcast services by providing new interesting features and more interactivity at a unique low operational cost structure.

Intelligent agents based on a user interest profile will help the user to browse and access most relevant programmes via an intelligent, personal electronic programme guide. A low cost, high capacity home storage device, will also be used to increment the capabilities of the consumer system. A visual navigation system, a search engine and filtering agents will help the user identify video material of interest on the home video-recorder, transforming it into a personal multimedia repository.

The project will be end-user driven, focusing on the user interaction aspects of the consumer system. However, support for such applications is needed throughout the whole service delivery chain. Descriptors will be generated by the content and service provider. AVIR will investigate on novel procedures for automatic analysis and indexing of audio-visual information, specifically meant to support consumer services. The indexing process will generate a set of content descriptors (or meta-data), according to an open standard specification to guarantee full interoperability. We will therefore contribute to existing standardisation bodies to define new standards or improve existing ones (MPEG-7, DVB, SMPTE etc.).

The meta-data will be streamed, multiplexed and distributed along with the associated content. The consumer system will extract these descriptors from the distributed service and help the user in finding interesting audio-visual material, by exploiting the descriptors to search through currently transmitted or stored programs.

As a result the project will deliver a prototype service user platform and will demonstrate its feasibility on a broadcast delivery chain. It takes into account automatic generation of high quality meta-data and electronic delivery of meta-data associated to audio-visual content, including adaptation of consumer receivers and recorders towards a personalised multimedia repository.

Contact Point

Marco Ceccarelli

Philips Research

Prof. Holstlaan 4

5656 AA Eindhoven

The Netherlands e-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role








Start Date Duration

01 September 1998 24 months

ESPRIT Project 28831 - MAPPA
Multimedia Access through Personal Persistent Agents

Keywords: retail description language, internet-enabled mobile devices, human computer interaction
Technical - agents, multimedia, common object model, XML, user interface, on-line information systems, legacy databases, java
User - retailers, service suppliers to retailers
Sector - retail, service supplier

MAPPA involves the convergence of research and technology in a number of domains such as common object description, software agents and multimedia user interfaces. These technologies will be integrated in a generic way and applied in the retail industry. This will be done through the implementation of personalised agents which will filter information for customers, draw on behaviour patterns for focused marketing of products and track reward schemes whereby loyal customers are rewarded by retail chains for their continued custom.

Research issues to be addressed include: Personalised information, to provide user context driven services (including user profiles); Persistence of context, to provide an extension to personalised information which maintains the client’s current interests and supports off-line information and service gathering; Open services, to allow the extension of services without requiring changes to the interface; Platform independence, to enable multiple alternative system access points through multimedia document structuring and an intelligent agent architecture infrastructure; Personality-based intelligent interfaces, to support the delivery of targeted persistent services and information access.

Three key components form the backbone to MAPPA the Object Description, the Adaptive Presentation System and the Intelligent Agent Architecture. The integration of these three components enables software agents to search a domain ontology for data and information and present it, using multimedia assets where necessary, through an intuitive user interface.

The MAPPA project is targeted on improving European competitiveness in the global commerce for retail and services. We observe that in an era of aggressive marketing, many retail companies are attempting to retain and increase market share through brand loyalty, whereby casual customers are encouraged to become regular customers and regular customers are rewarded for their loyalty. It is also the case, in the retail industry, that product specifications change rapidly and can be customised for a particular individual, product lines are updated in line with the latest developments, and effective stock control can be critical to maintaining profit margins.

MAPPA technology will enable an organisation to improve efficiency and productivity in product or service deployment and maintenance, while targeting their sales and advertising to the most appropriate audience. An organisation’s customers will be issued with a "loyalty card", which will be a new form of smart card. When a customer uses his/her card, typically at a kiosk-like device, it will activate their personal agent. This agent will be able to tell the customer how many loyalty points have been accumulated, allow redemption of some or all of the points, and issue a voucher to redeem that amount. However, the MAPPA system goes further, by informing customers about specific products in which they have shown an interest, offering information about new or in-store promotions, and keeping them informed about new products and services.

The new technology that MAPPA will research, develop and evaluate includes

A Common Object Description, based on EXtended Mark-up Language (XML). MAPPA will use XML to ensure that data and meta-data will have relevance to the customer (product description, pricing details, availability, etc.), to the agents (domain model, task relevance and rendering requirements, etc.) and to the store itself (number of customers accessing, number making positive choices, timing of access, etc.). In other words, information will be capable of "re-presentation" in a number of different contexts.

An Adaptive Presentation System, target implementation language Java. This system will be able to manipulate XML-structured data to allow users to access information through an intuitive user interface that adapts to their regular usage pattern. Using a mobile device, a regular user will have mobility of use and may even carry out transactions without actually having to visit a store, facilitating access by users with special needs. The MAPPA system will therefore be well placed to take advantage of the increasing development of electronic commerce through use of smart cards and electronic purses.

An Intelligent Agent Architecture. The MAPPA system architecture will support heterogeneous agents communicating in a standard agent communication language about information represented in XML. The architecture will support client context, information filtering and disconnected operations. The results will contribute to standardisation efforts, and seek to support multiple domains via a single smart card, so the relation between user cards and service organisations is one to many rather than one to one.

Resulting commercial products/services.

A retail industry description language as a DTD (Document Type Definition) of XML

An agent infrastructure that is open and extensible

A distributed system available through mobile devices

A pilot application in a retail environment with real data and real users

An intuitive multimedia user interface

Contact Point

Mr. Olle Olsson
SICS Tel.: + 46 -8 752 15 00
Box 1263 Fax: + 46 -8 751 72 30
S – 164 29 Kista E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role

Imperial College UK P
Trinity College Dublin IRL P

Digital Equipment International IRL P

Independent Telecoms Group IRL P
Nortel UK P

Start Date Duration

1 November 1998 24 months

ESPRIT Project 28848 - EMMUS
European Multi Media Usability Services

Keywords: Multimedia, Usability
Technical – Multimedia, New Media ,World Wide Web, New Technologies, Media Synergy, Support Network,
User – Multimedia Developers, New Media Developers, IT Industry
Sector – Multimedia Industry

Multimedia and New Media Applications are rapidly increasing in the information society. Through the rapidness of growth the importance of their usability and suitability of media is often overseen. The major objective of EMMUS is to set up a network of organisations, which will support EC Multimedia projects as well as the European multimedia industry in general related to two highly relevant and widely neglected questions in multimedia design and development:

Usability – Ease of use

User Oriented Media Synergy – Quality and harmony of simultaneous or assembled media

The proposed support network will provide innovative services to the European multimedia industry and EC funded projects in the field of multimedia usability engineering. These services will help the target groups to develop new skills and methods of working, namely usability engineering methods for multimedia, which will contribute to the creation and commercial exploitation of more usable and user oriented multimedia systems and contents. The services will consist of consultancies, seminars, workshops, support materials and co-operative pilot projects. The services will further foster the opportunities for the industry to learn ways of identifying innovation potentials regarding the concepts and strategies for competitive multimedia user interfaces.

Like any other application or system, multimedia systems must be easy to use, otherwise they won't be used successfully by the intended target group. Especially multimedia applications bare the risk that fancy graphic design and media integration seems more important to the designer than optimised usability and suitability. Therefore the network will also serve as a co-operation as well as discussion platform to bring together multimedia designers and usability specialists to raise the awareness that usability and multimedia design can be perfectly integrated by appropriate methodologies existing and to be developed in EMMUS.

The consortium of EMMUS consists of a wide spectrum of organisations who perfectly complement each other to fulfil the network objectives. Multimedia developers and producers are included as well as usability experts. The products include electronic publishing, web development, edutainment, educational multimedia as well as kiosk applications. The organisations representing the Multimedia industry are Pixelpark (Germany), Comunicacion Interactiva (Spain), Edinburgh Multimedia (Scotland) Digital Equipment International (Ireland) and Cara Broadbent &. Jegher Associes (CB&J, France)

Usability Experts are represented by Multimedia Communication Glasgow (MCG, Scotland), Human Factors Research Group (HFRG, Ireland), the Husat Research Institute (HUSAT, England) and the Centre for Usability Research and Engineering (CURE, Austria).

The project will result in the definition of a set of multimedia usability services, which will be provided by the project partners to a wide range of companies in the multimedia field and other organisations of the industrial, consultancy, scientific and educational sector. The services will help to improve the quality of multimedia products and support competitiveness of the European multimedia business.

Contact Point

Mr. Manfred Tscheligi


Center for Usability Research and Engineering. Tel.: + 43 -1 408 63 66 - 21

Lenaugasse 2/8. Fax: + 43 -1 408 04 50
A – 1080 Vienna E-mail: email removed
AUSTRIA http://

Participants Country Role

CB & J F P

Start Date Duration

01 November 1998 24 months

ESPRIT Project 28902 - WEBTOUR
Multimedia for Electronic Travel Sales

Keywords: Tourism, Multimedia, INTERNET, Worldwide Web, Business Best Practice Pilot
Technical - Multimedia, INTERNET, Worldwide Web
User - Tourism Industry, Information Technologies Organisations, Publishers
Sector - Tourism, Information Technologies, Multimedia

WEBTOUR is part of an overall effort to revolutionise the European Tourism industry. An overall process consisting of two phases is envisaged The first phase, which is the object of the present project , will define the requirements and will validate them through a mock-up of the WEBTOUR system to be created. This will be achieved in six months. The second phase, to be carried out after the successful conclusion of the present project, will perform detailed specifications and design and it will actually create and deploy the WEBTOUR system.

WEBTOUR overall Strategic objective is to go beyond simple promotion of tourism resources, to enable effective access to such resources, by leveraging on the integration among the actors in the tourism supply chain and particularly focusing on the needs of the SME players. More specifically, WEBTOUR aims to integrate the actors in the tourism supply-chain to:

Make it possible for SMEs offering tourism resources to publish and update material (including multimedia promotional applications), information and special offers, which will be automatically web-cast to all interested customers;

Make it possible for Local Authorities to publish general information on the special cultural or natural attractions of a given area;

Make it possible for Travel Agents and providers of tourism resources to reach their customers with the relevant information through personalised , dynamically generated messages and web-pages;

Make it possible for tourists to define their requirements and wishes , being sure that they will be automatically and selectively web-cast to all the potentially interested parties;

Make it possible for customers and for Travel Agents to perform targeted and intelligent searches for information, without the burden of surfing through a large number of independent and non homogeneous information outlets.

Make it possible for customers and Travel Agents to build themselves their own customised travel package , performing on-line booking of the selected tourism resources and automatically receiving back on-line (possibly off-line) confirmation of the reservation, irrespectively of the physical location.

WEBTOUR will link all the key players in the tourism supply-chain and will bring benefits to all of them :

Customers : individual or professionals which will have direct, easy and customised access to information and booking facilities for their private or business tourism needs. They will also be able to book a variety of leisure products (theatre tickets, restaurants, museums, historical sites, local transport, etc.) at the destination before their arrival and will get personalised, high-quality holidays packages.

Providers of tourism resources: especially SMEs offering local travel arrangements, local accommodation, facilities (e.g. restaurants, shops, theatres, transport), etc. which are often excluded from the main tourism routes by the bigger Tour Operators. They will have cost-effective access to entirely new, very wide, international markets.

Local Authorities : they will provide additional information on the cultural and social aspects of the various areas, which will be linked with the information coming from individual providers of tourism resources. They will enhance their capability of fostering the development of tourism and of the overall economy in their regions.

Travel Agents : the traditional role of the Travel Agents has been to advise customers of travel and tourism options and to reserve and purchase packages on behalf of the customer. In this role the Travel Agent acts as an advisor and receives a commission as a result of a successful booking. WEBTOUR will allow Travel Agents to perform this role much more effectively than it has been possible so far, providing a cost-effective access to a much wider range of options and information, well beyond the possibility offered by standardised travel packages by big Tour Operators. They will have new means to oppose the widespread attempt to bypass the travel agency community (usually very small enterprises) by providing new added-value, high-quality services for the increasing number of customers who want to go outside the traditional routes of the mass-tourism.

Specific Technical Objectives and Results of the present 6-month pilot project are the elicitation and validation of detailed requirements and mock-up design of an innovative IT platform which, once created in the follow-on project, will offer the following key functionality:

An object-oriented repository of inter-related information on leisure products, tourism resources, key business processes in the tourism business and customer profiles.

A set of end-user functionality to create , update and maintain the content of the repository, including the cost-effective creation of static multimedia advertising presentations (workflow support, intelligent searches, webcasting, user profiling, creation of personalised packages).

Contact Point

Ms. Anna M. Assimakopoulos

ODYSSIA-Multimedia Tourism, EEIG Tel.: +30-661-49701
Marasli & Zafiropoulou st. Fax: +30-661-49702
GR - 49100 Corfu E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role

ODYSSIA Multimedia Tourism, EEIG GR C
Epsilon Software, S.A. HGR P
R&S Informatica, Srl. IT P
SMD Informatica, S.A. PR P

Start Date Duration

01 October 1998 6 months

ESPRIT Project 28982 - WINDS World-wide Instant Newspapers Distribution Services


Technical: – Broadcasting of newspapers, Automatic generation, Electronic commerce, Satellite, Publishing on demand, Thematic publishing, Virtual kiosks

User: Newspapers, Service providers, Single end-users (readers)

Sector : Industrial application-Newspapers

Newspapers’ distribution is a problem, especially when it addresses remote international markets. The traditional distribution systems have weakened the newspapers’ market in the last years, since it is unable to cope with the evolution of the readers that followed from the economical, social and cultural changes.

The main weaknesses of traditional distribution are:

the very long delays and high costs of distribution

the lack of flexibility and of efficient information access to the newspapers contents, revealed by the take-off of on-line electronic information services.

WINDS is using the latest developments in telecommunications, especially in the domain of broadcasting, to develop new distribution models and services matching the needs of the newspapers market. In order to enable the appropriation of these services by the customers (readers), WINDS eases the access and purchase of newspapers by implementing an electronic-commerce platform. It is the concept of a virtual and on demand kiosk.

WINDS enables the creation of electronic newspapers distribution systems with a high level of added value services, as well as the creation of a new kind of business: thematic multi-source newspaper brokers.

WINDS implements and deploys two pilot services of newspaper electronic distribution:

the first service is an electronic commerce platform for newspaper purchase and distribution (visualisation of cover page, thematic arrangement of publications, single copy purchase, payment etc.).

the second is the automatic generation of on demand thematic newspapers.

The project relies on the ability to broadcast newspapers content on TV channels (both analogue and digital DVB, and both satellite and cable TV), for which reception systems are very cheap and already widespread.

WINDS co-operates with an ongoing ACTS project, PRINT-IT, in order to run a short trial in newspapers satellite real time distribution. The aim is to allow the customer to have a concrete opinion on the concept and to assess the users’ needs.

The most important step is the field trial itself. It allows the assessment of the customers’ feedback as well as an economic analysis of the services.

One of WINDS’ impacts is the safeguard of the European culture and diversity. The rapid development of Internet services in all sectors and countries will inevitably have an impact on the European cultures. WINDS will counterbalance this effect by disseminating European newspapers instantly in the world. The experiment made by some of WINDS’ partners in the Francophonie Summit in Hanoi, in 1997, has proven the importance for the Asian community to get access to French information, in real time.

The editors expect another impact from WINDS: the Newspapers’ providers will be able to provide their customers with a variety of services, including on demand services. This will increase the number of newspaper sold as well as their market by enriching the readers-target. The European newspaper providers will thus increase their competitiveness. Thematic publishing, in various languages, will open a wider readership for the European Newspapers Industry.

From a technical point of view, WINDS brings together the content providers and the IT industry. This accelerates the resolution of technical problems and allows the content providers to find the tools matching their daily production concerns.

WINDS leads up to the creation of world-wide information distribution services, in a real commercial environment, that associate the quality and diversity of content, with efficient transmission means and the flexibility of electronic commerce, in order to fully satisfy the needs of readers.

Contact Point

Mr. Antonio Boezio

Il Sole 24 Ore S.p.A. Tel.: + 39 -02 30 22 25 86

Via Paolo Lomazzo, 52 Fax.: + 39 -02 30 22 22 03

I - 20154 MILANO E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role


Start Date Duration

1 September 1998 24 months

ESPRIT Project 29082 - InTraSys
Intelligent Training System in Technical Assistance

Keywords: Technical - Intelligent Training System, Case based Reasoning, Problem Solving , Mathematical simulation, VRML, Internet/Intranet .
User – Hi-tech S.M.E. and industries with continuous training needs
Sector – Training Services

Up to date expertise of industrial staff is a key factor for the quality of the services and products in hi-tech industries. Effective training services are thus mandatory. Even the senior personnel needs continuous re-skilling integrating, from time to time, the experience acquired by colleagues.

InTraSys is an Advanced Training System for training and learning in HI-tech SME and Industry. It incorporates VR and Graphical and Analytical Simulation environments. It is a suitable tool to reach the following business objectives: a substantial improvement of training and learning effectiveness, a decrease in the training costs and an increase of the industrial intellectual capital retention. It includes a "Computer Network Technical Assistance" pilot case with the purpose to give the learners the fundamental skills to design a new network, both to monitor network traffic and do a "what-if" analysis when a problem arises.

The technical objectives are:

the realisation of an open and integrated IT based "vehicle of communication" to provide and share specialised knowledge among individual users and working teams.

the realisation of a low-cost integrated platform following the Internet/Intranet paradigm with scaleable bandwidth requirements for the deployment of training sessions within different network scenarios.

the set-up of validation criteria and procedures to assess in which extent the expected goals have been reached.

The expected technical results are:

Automatic tailoring of the training course based upon a particular user profile.

Simulation with mathematical engine that allows to realise numerical, symbolic and graphics elaboration with a high level abstraction.

Integration of CBR-technology and ITS to allow a continuous knowledge upgrading and intellectual capital retention.

Control and communication of the training session by the teacher and learners

Access via WEB browser to didactic content in the Internet/Intranet framework.

Internet/Intranet scaleable system suitable for band-width adaptability.

The InTraSys system architecture is modular and consists of six principal sub-systems: Knowledge Base Management Component, Intelligent Tutoring System, Real Case Solving System, Working Scenarios Simulation Component, Didactic Administration Framework, Learner Agent interface.

The principal innovative aspects are 1) the development and integration of advanced technologies to realise a platform managing the knowledge (ITS, CBR, VRML, MATH SOFT, Internet/Intranet) 2) Knowledge Asset Management for industrial intellectual capital retention.

InTraSys brings to a pre-market stage a vital new technology at present underdeveloped in the EU.

Our final purpose is, indeed, to realise and sell a complete solution (tool, methodologies and services), able to directly perform the training activity.

Contact Point

Prof. Saverio Salerno

C.R.M.P.A. Centre of Research in Pure and Applied Mathematics

c/o DIIMA, University of Salerno Tel.: + 39 –089 964189
Street Via Ponte Don Melillo . Fax: + 39 –089 964191
84084 Fisciano –SA (Italy) E-mail: email removed

Participants Country Role

C.R.M.P.A. I C
Italdata S.p.A. I P
THE Teleregion Company Ltd. UK P

Siemens Nixdorf Training&Service D P


(Dept Lee Valley Centre) UK P

Start Date Duration

1 October 1998 18 months

ESPRIT Project 29147 - CAMP2
A Multimedia Project for Cultural Organisations

Technical -
Media Server, Intelligent Search Engine, Catalogue System, Document Archiving, Document Retrieval
User - Archivists, Researchers, Students, Publishers
Sector - Digital Archives, Public Sector

CAMP2 is a pilot targeted to cultural organisations, to all Holocaust memorials and museums. The main goal is the uptake of modern information infrastructure into the daily business of these museums and their collaboration partner. This uptake will allow them to be more present in the public, will ensure the highest possible standard of multimedia processing within the group and to the outside and is - with respect to the contents of the collections - a politically very necessary activity.

The CAMP2 as a wide-area pilot, unites 7 participants from UK, DK, NL, D, and ISR in the first round. A second extended user group will bring significantly more participants from PL, D, A, F and probably more countries.

It is envisaged that a complex multimedia project will require input from a number of individuals. Therefore, any system supporting a multimedia project must be capable of supporting the co-operative efforts of a team of individuals. Furthermore, since those individuals are likely to be at physically separated locations, the Media Server must support remote working over the Internet or private Intranet.

The Media Server extends the concept of an asset from a primitive media type (e.g. picture, text, sound etc.) to include composite assets (page containing pictures and text etc.). Furthermore, the Media Server allows composite assets to be constructed through the use of templates, thereby increasing the efficiency with which multimedia projects can be delivered, and providing a mechanism by which value can be added to existing assets in the Media Server. It is not intended to be project specific. Rather, it is intended to be used as a general repository of assets that can be reused across projects.

In essence, the CAMP2 project clearly focuses on the integration and use of advanced multimedia systems for creative production and delivery of multimedia content. The product to be developed and installed by the project CAMP2 consists of a database, access tools, and multimedia productions. It will support each museum to work on an individual workspace, creating their own multimedia archive. Software tools will manage control access to prevent unauthorised use of the material and protect the collections with digital watermarking techniques.

CAMP2 will support collaborative working allowing the exchange of material between museums with software tools to the search in multilingual assets and to preview them in low resolution.

The establishment of the European Multimedia Archive about the Holocaust is politically very necessary and more than urgently required. Digital storage of valuable historical documents will enable access, distribution and conservation for future generations.

Contact Point

Pixelpark Multimedia-Agentur GmbH

Juergen Buerstenbinder

Reuchlinstr. 10-11

D-10553 Berlin

Germany e-mail email removed

Participants Country Role

Pixelpark Multimedia-Agentur GmbH d c

Stiftung Brandenburgische Gedenkstätten D P

Yad Vashem, The Holocaust Martyrs' and

Heroes' Remembrance Authority isr P

Oxford computer consultants UK P

The museum of danish resistance 1940-1945 dk P

Stichting Nationaal Monument Kamp Vught nl P

Start Date Duration

01 November 1998 24 months

ESPRIT Project 29176 - COSEPPA
Co-operative Server for Exalting and Promoting Plastic Arts

Keywords :Business Best Practice Pilot
Technica l-IPR management and trading, Multimedia 3D, VRML .

User - Artists, Museum
Sector – Plastic arts, market of art, art gallery, cultural heritage .


The goal of the project is to implement and work up a pilot for the electronic commerce of artworks with the objective to foster co-operation between individual artists. This pilot will enable testing the different commercial dimensions of this domain in view of a cost-effective commercial exploitation of the implemented services by 1999.

The pilot will be applied to plastic arts (sculptures) and will be set-up in co-operation with a group of European artists from AIAP (Association Internationale des Arts Plastiques) association, which is sponsored by the UNESCO world organisation. The project will achieve the following objectives:

the implementation of a web server including an electronic rights management system, an electronic catalogue, an online payment system and an automated indexing data system.

the mounting of a non profit association which will operate as the legal agent acting on behalf of artists for promoting their works and protecting their interest.

the online selling of services and virtual objects and especially the letting-out of artworks, the licensing of reproduction rights.

the implementation of intelligent assistants which will electronically provide help in the animation and the development of the marketplace and the sales while facilitating contacts between individual artists and economic actors.

Expected benefits will come from subscriptions, and commercial services: advertisement, IPR protection, sales, market animation, mediation between artists and art galleries or other entities with the same interest.

The automated indexing part of the search engine supported by the pilot will be made available for free to artists from less favoured countries. It is the aim of CoSEPPA to propel a new dynamic, which will federate individual artists under a quality label defined by AIAP/UNESCO.

The project is articulated around three strongly connected dimensions :

The legal dimension with the task of setting-up the legal agent which will define legal rules governing the Co-operative server and will manage subscription, contract negotiations, distribution or royalties.

The Technical dimension with the task of implementing and deploying the technologies enabling the pilot goals : electronic catalogue, indexer facility, information retrieval system, electronic rights management system, VRML, etc.

The commercial dimension with the task of promoting, marketing and selling the content managed by the CoSEPPA trading platform according to a pragmatic business model to be defined by the project.

The pilot will be built upon existing technologies and standard tools on the world wide web.

Contact Point

Jean-François BOISSON


12, Avenue des Prés. Bat. Pomopole.

F-78180 Montigny-le-Bretonneux. E-mail: email removed


Participants Country Role

Euritis F C


Datamark UK A

IL Tridente I A

Start Date Duration

01 October 1998 18 months

The URL of this page is /esprit/src/mm-syn2.htm.
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