Monitoring, Assessment and Evaluation
The Commission is called upon to carry out certain monitoring, assessment and evaluation activities by article 4 of Council Decision 94/802/EC of 23 November 1994 adopting the specific programme for research and technological development in the field of information technologies (Esprit).
The Commission is charged with continuously monitoring the programme in light of the objectives set out in the Council Decision in order to determine whether the objectives, priorities and financial resources are still appropriate given the changing situation. The monitoring is carried out on an annual basis with the assistance of independent, external experts selected by the Commission. They are essentially technical experts, with a very good knowledge of the programme. The Director of Esprit, acting on behalf of the Commission, responds to the list of recommendations to adapt or supplement the programme which is included in the panel's report. The Esprit continuous monitoring report for 1996 was published in March 1997.
The set of continuous monitoring reports from the 18 specific programmes was used by the panel of experts, chaired by Prof. U. Colombo, former Minister of Universities Science and Technology of Italy, responsible for the 1996 continuous monitoring exercise for the overall Framework Programme. They issued their report in May 1997.
The Commission is instructed to have an external assessment, conducted by independent, qualified experts, of the activities carried out within the Esprit programme and the management of those activities during the five preceding years.
This five-year assessment exercise is of a more strategic nature than the continuous monitoring. It addresses essentially the relevance of the objectives, the efficiency and the effectiveness of the programme. In 1996 Esprit conducted this exercise with a group of external, independent experts chaired by Professor R. Carneiro, former Minister of Education and Sports of Portugal. The resulting report "Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Information Society" will be published in July 1997.
The set of five-year assessment reports of the 18 specific programmes was used as a basis for the five-year assessment of the overall Framework Programme carried out by an independent panel chaired by Viscount E. Davignon. The resulting report was published in February 1997.
At the end of the specific programme an independent final evaluation is carried out to compare the results achieved with the initial objectives. For Esprit III this exercise was performed in 1996 by a group of experts led by Prof. U. Colombo. The resulting report "Making progress happen through development, application and diffusion of Information Technologies" was issued in November 1996.
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