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Building the Information Society:
the 1996 Esprit Workprogramme

This edition of the workprogramme was valid for the calls for proposals issued on 15 March and 17 September 1996 . The updated 1997 version, valid for calls issued in 1997 , is now available .

Esprit home page | 17 September Call | 1996 InfoPack | Non-EU participation rules | FAQs | (E-mail removed)


Contents

Task and subdomain title index | Task number index

Foreword: Esprit and the Information Society

Introduction

Preparatory, support and transfer activities

Domains

Task and subdomain title index | Task number index


Esprit and the Information Society

A few years short of the millennium, the 1990s are increasingly characterised by the rapid spread of the information society. Both in the workplace and at home, almost every aspect of our lives is being affected in some way by information technology.

Business, organisations and institutions of all sizes are more and more reliant on information which straddles national and linguistic boundaries. Multinational corporations need their communication and information exchange capabilities to function efficiently in a global business environment. Moreover, smaller companies increasingly rely on access to shared information and research facilities which would be financially out-of-reach as an in-house facility.

In our personal lives, we are beginning to comprehend some of the advances that IT can bring in the home (entertainment, security), in transport (safety, efficiency and reduced pollution) and in our own horizons (communication, information and knowledge access). Speed of communication and shared access to information will be as vital here as in the modern office.

The transition to the information society in Europe calls for a broad effort in human resources, in cities and regions, on societal impact, on legal and regulatory affairs, and in developing new services. Esprit is a key part of this effort, in providing new tools and technologies for industry, in spreading best practice, in helping develop standards and as a vehicle for continuous professional training. But this means above all meeting the requirements of the user.

It is for this reason that Esprit is driven by the needs of the user and the market, with keen attention paid to fostering user-supplier collaborations. To this end, Esprit supports a new and broad-based R&D environment, in which research and development are complemented by measures to raise awareness, to facilitate access to technologies and their use.

The programme plans for a variety of awareness raising and promotional elements such a best practice initiatives, first user actions, skills development and support for the rapid take-up of new technologies.

This user and market oriented approach, with emphasis on actions which promote the more effective use of tools and technologies in industry, in the home and in public administration, provides the basis for Esprit's contribution to industrial competitiveness and the building of the information society in Europe.

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Introduction

Programme Implementation

To reflect the dynamic nature of the information technologies, the Esprit workprogramme is implemented as a rolling plan which is revised yearly in the light of evolving needs and on the basis of consultation.

Since its first publication, and as a result of this process, certain tasks have been removed, others added . The numbering of the unchanged tasks remains the same, while numbers for those removed have not been replaced. New tasks are assigned completely new task numbers, so that the number of a task is unique throughout the duration of the programme. The presentation of the programme has also been revised.

The actions through which the programme will be implemented are now grouped under two different headings:

Certain preparatory, support and transfer activities apply to all domains within Esprit, while others are specific to particular domains. Those which apply to all domains now have a task number of their own , commencing with zero, while the activities which are domain-specific are listed immediately after each domain heading.

The programme includes a number of focused clusters in which a group of RTD projects and related preparatory support and transfer activities are bound together by a common well-define industrial goal. Focused clusters cover the areas of Open Microprocessor System Initiative , High-Performance Computing and Networking , Technologies for Business Processes , and Integration in Manufacturing ; drawing upon a number of disciplines and technology areas and involving a wide range of organisations.

The execution of the programme will continue to be based on focused calls, each one addressing a specific part of the programme. For each call, explicit reference will be made to the tasks of the work programme for which proposals are invited, together with deadlines and details of the evaluation.

In addition, there are open calls for preparatory, support and transfer activities that are applicable to all domains and for the LTR theme "Openness to ideas" . Proposals can, in these cases, be submitted continuously during the period of validity of an open call and they will be evaluated at regular intervals.

Evaluation of proposals is typically conducted in either one or two steps. With a two-step evaluation, initial short proposals are invited for fast evaluation. The short proposals are evaluated, and those consortia whose proposals are selected will be requested to submit a full proposal. Full proposals will then be evaluated in a second evaluation and selection step. Each call specifies whether an evaluation will be single-step or two-step.

In the evaluation and selection of proposals addressing aspects of information security, the Commission will consult the Senior Officials Group (SOG-IS) in conformance with Council Decision 92/242/EEC. This applies in particular to selected proposals which may involve the use of cryptographic algorithms. In projects on information security the national security and law enforcement concerns of member states are to be taken into account.

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Inter-Programme Coordination Arrangements

For all programmes adequate consultation will be maintained to ensure proper coordination and information exchange between the programmes. Specific measures for the programmes below, which are closely related to the concerns and activities of the Esprit programme, are as follows:

Advanced Communications Technologies and Services (ACTS)

Close coordination with the ACTS programme relates mainly to the areas of multimedia systems and technologies and high speed networking. Where possible evaluations in the two programmes will be coordinated. There may be some synchronised calls in relevant areas.

Telematics Applications

The area covered by Telematics Applications is significantly more downstream in the R&D value chain than much of what is covered by the Esprit IT programme. Coordination between the programmes is primarily aimed at ensuring satisfactory transfer of results from Esprit to Telematics Applications, and in feeding back requirements to Esprit. In addition where possible evaluations in the two programmes are synchronised, in particular in the areas of multimedia, high-speed networking, language engineering and information engineering.

Industrial and Materials Technologies (IMT)

There is a close relationship between Esprit and the Industrial and Materials Technologies programme in the area of information technologies in industrial production systems, as well as, in certain respects, in microsystems. Synchronised calls and evaluations are where possible used to ensure coordination in these areas. In addition the areas covered by IMT are in general, as for Telematics Applications, downstream relative to Esprit, and further coordination ensures the transfer of results from Esprit and the feedback of results and requirements from IMT.

Targeted Socio-Economic Research (TSER)

Studies of the socio-economic impact of the activities of the programmes, carried out both within RTD projects and as independent activities, are carried out in close cooperation with the programme on Targeted Socio-Economic Research and provide, in turn, input to this programme. Projects may involve socio-economic institutes whose role would be to identify the socio-economic impact of the developed technologies within the projects.

Human Frontier Science Programme (HFSP)

The Commission will ensure that an optimal flow of information is maintained between Esprit and the Human Frontier Science Programme taking into account the areas of common interest . A subvention will be made available to the HFSP for the whole duration of the Esprit programme. Depending on the progress and evaluation of HFSP 96, adaptations may be made to the participation of the Commission in close harmony with the evolving contributions of the member states.

Cooperation with Third Countries and International Organisations (INCO)

There will be continuing coordination based on regular consultation to ensure complementarity of activities in the IT programme and in the programme on Cooperation with Third Countries and International Organisations .

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Preparatory, Support and Transfer Activities

The main body of work supported by Esprit is specific to the eight programme domains , and is described in the following sections. This section ntroduces a number of complementary activities designed to facilitate increased interaction between developers and users, help build trial applications, widen dissemination of results and boost product adoption in the marketplace.

These activities run concurrently with the R&D tasks and are employed to prepare (before), support (during) and facilitate the rapid take-up and transfer (after) of technologies, experiences and know-how gained in the execution of the R&D tasks. For example :

Among the activities to be supported under this heading, proposers should distinguish between those that are specific to particular domains and those which are applicable throughout the whole programme. The latter are described in this chapter while the specific ones are listed and described in the respective domain's section.

0.1 SME Exploratory awards . SME Exploratory awards are foreseen to help industrial SMEs, which are new to the IT programme, to participate. The awards could cover part of the cost of preparing a proposal for an industrial RTD project or for a Cooperative Research - IT project. This could cover partner search, detailed work plan definition, economic impact assessment, and a research feasibility study. Resulting proposals must be submitted in response to a relevant call for proposals of the IT programme.
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0.2 SME Cooperative Research - IT. This task is designed to enable groups of SMEs - with no or inadequate research means of their own - to engage third parties to carry out research in information technologies on their behalf, to solve common technological problems. The objective of the proposed work will be to respond to specific user needs not addressed by commercial vendor products. Work is to be defined and managed by the user partners and executed through contracts with the suppliers and academia. Proposers should clearly demonstrate how the results can be integrated into existing products or processes.
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0.3 Networks of Excellence. A network of excellence brings together industry, users, universities and research centres with a common RTD objective. A network combines the critical mass of centres of excellence with the benefits for training and technology transfer deriving from geographical spread. Networks of excellence can be particularly beneficial for groups and institutions in outlying regions through the channel they provide for training, technology transfer, and access to expertise and resources.
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0.4 User Groups and Working Groups. User groups are intended to coordinate specification of user requirements or monitor implementation of such requirements, related to one or more ongoing projects. Working groups aim at improving the systematic exchange of information and the forging of links between teams which carry out research around a common theme, through short scientific visits and the organisation of seminars, workshops or conferences.
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Domains

1: Software Technologies (ST)

R&D themes

Preparatory, support and transfer activities

2: Technologies for Components and Subsystems (TCS)

R&D themes

Preparatory, support and transfer activities

3: Multimedia Systems (MMS)

R&D themes

Preparatory, support and transfer activities

4: Long-Term Research (LTR)

R&D themes

5: Open Microprocessor Systems Initiative (OMI)

R&D themes

Preparatory, support and transfer activities

6: High-Performance Computing and Networking (HPCN)

R&D themes

Preparatory, support and transfer activities

7: Technologies for Business Processes (TBP)

R&D themes

Preparatory, support and transfer activities

8: Integration in Manufacturing (IIM)

R&D themes

Preparatory, support and transfer activities

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Image Image Software Technologies - domain 1

R&D themes

Preparatory, support and transfer activities

Software is now not only a pervasive feature of "classical" information processing and control systems of all types, but also a key feature of a rapidly growing range of products and services from all sectors of European economic activity. For the majority of IT-based systems, software is the major cost component and increasingly a source of added value. Against this background the overall objective of the domain is to ensure that Europe's professional software developers in all sectors of the economy continue to have the skills, capabilities and key technologies that are needed to provide software intensive systems of outstanding quality and relevance.

This objective is pursued via RTD activities in four sub-domains and technology transfer in two sub domains, one concerned with a set of accompanying actions designed to stimulate Software Best Practice and the second aiming to accelerate through Trial Applications and Leveraging Actions the transfer of innovative software technologies related to the four RTD sub-domains. The latter is considered as a necessary bridge between the development and limited trial of "prototypes" in the classical RTD projects and the subsequent phase of accelerating widespread take up in Best Practice activities.

It is expected that all proposals addressed to the RTD tasks in the following four sub domains should not only have generic potential, but should also be demonstrated in at least one applications context. In this regard the clear identification of "the user" and the user role is essential and the contribution to increased user benefits in terms of effectiveness, efficiency and satisfaction (for example ISO 9241) should be evident.

Software-Intensive Systems Engineering - theme 1

Objectives

To ensure that European professional software developers in both vendor and user organisations have the world class skills and tools necessary to build the increasingly complex and varied systems required by the market place. The RTD activities identified in this sub domain are further complemented by the Software Best Practice actions set out in the fifth sub domain.

1.1 Formal modelling. Demonstration of formal approaches and modelling tools addressing the whole development process from initial needs to product delivery and incorporating enhancements based on the best of current experience. Integration of various design representations into integrated systems engineering environments ensuring automatic consistency checking, change management between various representations and their visualisation. The focus is on the economic and human factors, addressing cost-benefit analysis, ability to scale up and other barriers to adoption. Particular attention will be paid to use in the context of the development of safety critical and/or embedded systems.
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1.2 Requirements engineering. Development and demonstration of requirements engineering methods and techniques to support a better user orientation through, amongst others, change management and sensitivity analysis of evolving systems. Establishment of requirement frameworks which can be reused and be customised for specific applications. Improved flexibility and efficiency should be illustrated in carefully chosen application domains, for example that of safety critical and/or embedded systems.
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1.3 Systems architectures. Development of methods, techniques and tools to support the design of the system architecture from requirements, to demonstrate its future behaviour, to cope with multi-domain composition and integration and to address hardware and software components codevelopment and reuse. Particular attention should be given to non-functional requirements, hardware/software codesign, support for system families and architecture integration and composition (including safety aspects) for large systems operating across various application domains. Provision of architectural models allowing for safe evolution/re-configuration of systems during their operation.
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1.4 Development process and quality. Provision and demonstration, in the context of a changing environment, of methods and tools for systems and software process improvement and reengineering and for integration of process technology with the software production techniques and organisations (be they small or large), paying attention to both the human and economic dimensions as well as to the needs for evolution of the development process. Evolution of methods, techniques and tools to improve product as well as process quality.
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Emerging Software Technologies - theme 2

Objectives

To widen the spectrum of IT supported applications by developing new software technologies and associated tools, techniques and standards providing the basis for tackling a wide range of significant problems currently either poorly supported or not supported at all by conventional information technology.

1.6 Knowledge modelling and management. Integrative frameworks are needed where knowledge captured and managed at various levels of an organisation or application sector will be systematically organised, stored, maintained, shared and enhanced. Models, supporting tools and standards to represent and interoperate various categories and/or levels of abstraction of knowledge will be developed and put into industrial practice including large KBS, flexible simulation and signal understanding. Tools and techniques addressing knowledge identification, modelling and knowledge asset cooperation, distribution, reuse and acquisition, including learning mechanisms, will be further developed and applied to real life (highly complex) situations.
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1.7 Active decision-support systems. To shift from passive decision support systems to active ones, based on emerging software technologies, which deal with the combination of the various levels of complexity inherent in the decision making process and aimed at improving the quality and efficiency of the decisions and decreasing the risks. Development of integrated systems and exploration of all techniques which will contribute to reducing some aspects of the complexity and increasing flexibility are anticipated, for example data mining, decentralised architecture supported by multi-agent reasoning, autonomous agents, adaptable user modelling, constraint propagation, reasoning with and about incomplete/inconsistent information.
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1.8 Intelligent control and optimisation. Further development of the underpinning software technologies, tools and techniques for automated control and optimisation techniques of complex and possibly safety critical systems: issues such as time constraints, flexibility in the operational environment, incompleteness/inconsistency of information together with an evaluation and explanation support for the operators should be addressed. Development of integrative frameworks that support new and existing techniques dealing with large scale optimisation problems, for example. as found in manufacturing or finance, are also expected.
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1.9 Intelligent products and services. Delivery of generic methods, techniques and tools to enable more intelligence to be added to products and services in a wide variety of application domains, for example intelligent sensors, consumer goods, long-living computer-integrated artefacts, business process management and planning. Work should tackle different tasks in different domains but should also overlap in the intelligent capabilities it tries to achieve: for example adaptability to, and cooperation with, user requirements and behaviour, robustness, autonomy, self improvement, prevention of misuse, reduction in maintenance and repair costs, etc. Exploration, development and combination of all techniques (including existing ones) which will contribute to enabling more intelligence are anticipated.
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Distributed Systems and Database Technology - theme 3

Objectives

To improve both the effective and efficient development of, and migration to, systems where functions and data are increasingly distributed. The prime objective in database systems is to develop new technologies and methodologies and to help those in existence reach maturity. A further objective is to contribute to the development of the information infrastructure for the Information Society.

1.13 Modelling and development of distributed systems. Provide models, methods, guidelines and tools that assist developers and providers of distributed systems to define, design and develop systems or solutions, or components. Effective models should cover all aspects of distributed systems and address the complete development cycle or part of it, leading to methods and tools to assist in the transformation from the models to the implementation of working systems.
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1.14 Interoperability. Provide the supporting methods and tools for system integration and interoperability: interworking of new and existing applications to eventually create coherent systems, methods to prescribe how new applications should be developed for easy integration with existing ones into distributed environments, and the actual path for the integration process. System interoperability at application level must be guaranteed. Migration paths and methodologies for a smooth transition should be defined and guidelines adopted.
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1.15 Distributed systems management. Deliver tools for the management of distributed systems as well as methods and tools for defining and describing management policies in federated systems. Methods, guidelines and truly integrated tools to deal efficiently with the basic issues of system management, network management, performance management, configuration management would be developed.
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1.16 Middleware and architectures. Develop services, tools and methods for the middleware of open, distributed and heterogeneous systems. Issues of architectures should be addressed; Application Programming Interfaces as well as low level interfaces need to be defined to allow for different implementations of middleware with identical interfaces.
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Human Comfort and Security - theme 4

Objectives

To make future systems more user friendly, attractive and acceptable to the user through actions that are specifically designed to recognise the ever widening and complex range of interactions that need to be accommodated by software driven systems of all types. These range from sophisticated electronic entertainment to major command and control systems set in both business and industrial contexts. The advanced approaches developed and demonstrated by activities in this sub domain will subsequently be applied across a wide spectrum of industrial and service sectors, and in particular through the Industrial and Materials Technologies, Telematics Applications and Transport programmes.

1.22 User-centred development. Integration of user-centred approaches into methods and tools supporting the design and development of systems. Extension of existing methods and tools applicable at all stages of the life-cycle driven by user-centred concerns and their incorporation into an open "Usability Support Environment" compatible with existing development environments is expected. Another strand of work will focus on techniques and tools supporting the production and optimisation, from user-centred specifications, of user interfaces based on interaction media such as visualisation, natural language and speech dialogues.
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1.23 User-centred quality. Enhance current quality assessment processes by incorporating user-centred design methods and techniques covering all phases in product and services development; these enhancements must be integrated into existing development processes. Provide methods and tools, including certification procedures, which help to predict and/or measure the match to user needs, be they individuals or groups.
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1.24 Usability. Approaches and supporting tools to identify the user and organisation needs (technical, social, organisational and financial elements) and to design appropriate work organisations that maximise usability. In addition, techniques and tools improving the involvement and feedback of users such as early story-board prototyping, simulations to evaluate user reactions, user profile analysis are to be addressed.
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1.25 User interface technologies. Accelerate the development of new or existing user interface components technologies and techniques which will improve individual interaction thus increasing efficiency, flexibility, safety and acceptance. Further RTD activities are needed, for example in the field of virtual reality, to design novel input devices, to propose new metaphors and paradigms including multimodal and multimedia interaction, to improve natural language and speech interfaces, and to develop portable devices.
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Software Best Practice - activity 1

Objectives

To promote best practice to improve the software development process in industry, through the take-up of well founded and established but insufficiently deployed technological support, so as to achieve greater efficiency, higher quality, and greater economy. This is to be accomplished by applying state-of-the-art in software engineering techniques in a wide range of industries, taking into account moving targets and changing cultures in this rapidly evolving area. The full impact for Europe will be achieved through a multiplier effect, with the dissemination of results across national borders and across industrial sectors.
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1.27 Stand-alone assessments. These actions are aimed at companies at the lowest levels of maturity. These assessments will give users a baseline by measuring their current software development process. This baseline will give a comparison with other companies and will also provide a means of measuring future improvements.
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1.28 Process Improvement Experiments (PIEs). PIEs are aimed at demonstrating software process improvement and will form the bulk of the Best Practice initiative. These will follow a generic model and will demonstrate the effectiveness of software process improvement experiments on an underlying baseline project that is tackling a real development need for the proposing organisation. It is expected that proposers of PIEs will have assessed their current software practices and processes and will have an outline plan of the improvements that are needed. PIE proposals are not required to be prescriptive on quality, but PIE proposers must show that they know that quality is an issue and should state what Quality Assurance is for them.
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1.29 Dissemination actions. The objective is to raise the awareness and promote the adoption of software best practice. Actions will range from the dissemination of information about the effectiveness of the process improvement that has been successfully demonstrated in the PIEs, to the dissemination of generally useful software engineering material. Actions will provide software producing organisations with information concerning the practical introduction of software best practice, how it can contribute to meeting business needs and how those organisations can benefit.
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1.30 Experience networks and/or user networks. The encouragement of a European software supply industry cannot be achieved simply by funding the RTD activities of the suppliers. There is also a need for the user industries in the forefront of development to coordinate their requirements and to send some clear messages to the suppliers. User and supplier networks are thus needed to share and communicate experience. The motivation for the user is risk reduction and avoidance of dependence on just one supplier. For the software supplier it provides a customer environment that is easier to predict.
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Technology Transfer - activity 2

Objectives

To foster the adoption of leading-edge software technologies by demonstrating their suitability and viability to build real domain applications for which these technologies, although potentially suitable, still present some level of risk.

1.32 Trial Applications. Development and deployment of applications into real operational contexts, integrating one or several leading-edge software technologies in order to achieve demonstrable qualitative and quantitative benefits. Trial Applications should feature substantial user drive and demonstrate the potential for exploitation of the chosen technologies in different application domains. Enhancements of the technologies are to be pursued as required to meet the applications needs. Depending on the market needs and the maturity of the technology, Trial Applications may be conducted through small scale experiments, where the focus is on the application of a single technology, or large scale demonstrators addressing the integration of several technologies.
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1.33 Leveraging Actions. Development of suitable mechanisms to foster user-supplier relationships, increasing take-up and confidence in the use of technologies developed in RTD and Trial Applications. These will be achieved by, but not limited to, proactively raising awareness in users on technical achievements, providing user requirements and feedback to suppliers concerning innovative software technologies and characterising the business drivers and impediments to the take-up of the technology.
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Image Image Technologies for Components and Subsystems - domain 2

R&D themes

Preparatory, support and transfer activities

R&D activities in this domain are structured around three technical themes: semiconductor components and subsystems; microsystems; peripherals. The general approach is system oriented and application driven, and aims at reinforcing strengths and at exploiting technological opportunities.

In semiconductor components and subsystems the major directions are stimulation of demand, accessibility of manufacturing and reduction in the cost of manufacturing and equipment. These directions imply a selective approach for further technology and manufacturing development.

In microsystems, the focus is on stimulating transfer of competence from research to industrial use. For the purpose of this workprogramme, a microsystem is defined as an intelligent miniaturised system comprising sensing, processing or actuating functions. These would normally combine two of the following: electrical, mechanical, optical, chemical, biological, magnetic or other properties, integrated onto a single chip or a multichip hybrid.

The proposed peripherals activities focus on flat panel displays and on advanced mass storage technologies in accordance with priorities of the industries and their commitments.

The R&D activities are complemented by best practice, cooperative R&D and technology assessment measures in selected areas.

Finally, academic support and basic services for components and subsystems will be supported at a pan-European critical level. An action for first users designed to reinforce support for technology transfer is designed for broadening the use of new technologies.

Semiconductor Components and Subsystems - theme 1

Objectives

To stimulate product innovation with emphasis on communications, automotive, consumer electronics, and industrial applications.

To improve competences in advanced design, manufacturing and equipment, and testing, with demonstrable impact on time to market, functionality and cost per electronic function.

To prepare for the longer term through advanced industrial process technology development.

The components addressed are based on silicon in the first place and, where necessary or appropriate, e.g. for high frequency or optoelectronic applications, compound semiconductors (e.g. GaAs, InP, SiGe).

Application competences and design

2.1 Portability. Development of components and subsystems for portable systems characterised by light weight, low power and/or wireless communication (for example cellular phones, personal digital assistants and chip cards).
Background information on this task
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2.2 High performance. Development of multifunctional components and subsystems for systems characterised by high system complexity and/or performance (for example broad band networking equipment and terminals, car safety systems and advanced consumer electronic equipment).
Background information on this task
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2.3 Endurance. Development of components and subsystems for systems characterised by resistance to hostile environments, in terms of reliability and endurance (for example for automotive electronic systems, environmental control, industrial automation, and medical systems).
Background information on this task
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2.4 Measurement and control. Development of components and subsystems for power control applications, building and home automation systems (for example for industrial automation, lighting and energy management, and electrical appliances).
Background information on this task
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Enhancement of technology and manufacturing base

2.8 Equipment and materials. Development of equipment modules, including improved lithography, in-situ metrology and diagnostic tools. Work to improve the necessary materials (in particular resists, gases and chemicals) and to meet clean manufacturing requirements is expected to be included.
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2.10 Interconnect and packaging. Development of fine line, multilayer PCB manufacturing techniques and advanced device interconnection processes including optical interconnect.
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Microsystems - theme 2

Objectives

To expand the application potential of microsystem technologies.

To overcome the high entry cost currently associated with the design, manufacturing and use of microsystems.

To contribute to the establishment of an industrially oriented microsystem supply base.

2.16 Applications. Demonstration of hybrid-integrated as well as monolithic-integrated microsystems based on industrially available technologies and with viable market perspectives as well as their application into systems or subsystems. The emphasis will be on higher volume applications, on applications advancing integration and miniaturisation, or on innovative system aspects.
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2.18 Manufacturing. Developments improving the industrialisation and the manufacturing capabilities of micro-engineering technology and microsystems-related assembling and packaging. Activities address flexible manufacturing, testing, characterisation and equipment for low cost microsystems manufacturing.
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2.19 Advanced research. Industrially defined advanced research contributing to the enhancement of the technology and manufacturing base for longer term applications of microsystems. The work should demonstrate the validity of concepts, processes or applications; which may result in small volume prototype series of microsystems, the validity of which may be assessed in field trials.
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Peripherals - theme 3

Objectives

To create new or enhance existing European capabilities to produce selected peripheral components and subsystems needed to meet large market requirements in the professional and consumer markets of the late 1990s.

2.20 Displays. Development and demonstration of flat-panel display technologies.
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2.22 Mass storage. Development and demonstration of technologies for magnetic, optical and magneto-optical mass-storage systems, capable of providing exchangeability, high density/low cost media for both read-only and rewritable products.
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2.23 Home systems . Development and demonstration of bus attachments, interfaces and remote control facilities for appliances relating to, for example, alarm, lighting, heating and ventilation systems. The emphasis is on applications where industrialisation of the results is expected to commence within three years or less.
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2.24 Home systems integration . Integration and demonstration of clusters of building and home appliances, supporting the open modular connection of different systems and the inclusion of related services. Conformance testing and development of installation and maintenance tools should be addressed.
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Best Practice, Cooperative R&D and Technology Assessment - activity 1

Objectives

To spread best practice and to establish effective links between technology users and suppliers.

2.7 Electronic Systems Design (ESD) best practice. Establishment of a best practice action encompassing improved utilisation of existing state of the art design tools and methods, and stimulating broad re-use of building blocks and macrocells. Work designed to validate prototype tools is also envisaged. (E-mail removed)
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2.27 ESD Cooperative Research. Development of design and/or test methodologies and tools. The emphasis will be on work in system level and mixed signal design. The objectives of the proposed work will be to respond to specific user needs not addressed by commercial vendor products. Work is to be defined and managed by user-partners and executed through contracts with suppliers and academia. Proposers should clearly demonstrate how the results can be integrated into existing design flows and define both project-internal and project-external exploitation mechanisms. (E-mail removed)
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2.9 Semiconductor Equipment Assessment (SEA) Assessment of prototype equipment, to be organised in the context of a network encompassing research and industrial sites. Network nodes may cover lithography, deposition and cleaning, as well as specialised equipment for low cost production. (E-mail removed)
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Basic Services and First Users Action - activity 2

Objectives

To facilitate access to, and demonstration of, new technologies and relevant know-how.

2.25 Basic Services (EUROPRACTICE). Provision of academic support and industrially oriented basic services. The services will provide training; design software; organise prototyping, chip and multi-chip module manufacturing and testing activities; and facilitate or establish flexible access to microassembly, microengineering and advanced interconnect technologies. The creation of favourable conditions for small volume production will be an objective. (E-mail removed)
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2.26 First User Action (FUSE). Stimulating the access of small and medium sized enterprises to the use of technologies for electronic systems and microsystems, in the context of an action for first users. The aim is to support projects devised by individual companies, acting alone or in collaboration with service providers of their own choosing. The duration of individual projects is expected to be of the order of one year. To facilitate later exploitation of the results, the projects should be in line with the primary products of enterprises. (E-mail removed)
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Image Image Multimedia Systems - domain 3

R&D themes

Preparatory, support and transfer activities

The Multimedia Systems domain aims to provide technologies and tools to allow industry to integrate multimedia end-user systems. The domain covers the development and integration of advanced multimedia technologies into systems, and their demonstration in systems integration pilots targeted at applications in industry, commerce, and the home. Important issues such as standards, media ownership, technology transfer and dissemination are addressed.

The Multimedia Systems domain will interact and coordinate its efforts with other complementary actions taking place in the framework of European RTD programmes and elsewhere. Particularly relevant are the Advanced Communications Technologies and Services (ACTS) programme, working on the future broad band telecommunications infrastructure, and the Telematics Applications programme, applying existing multimedia technology to public services such as medicine, transport, education and libraries. Multimedia systems will provide the next generation of multimedia technologies which may be taken up in future phases of the ICT Programmes, particularly in focused clusters such as Integration In Manufacturing , Technologies for Business Processes and High-Performance Computing and Networking , and in Telematics Applications .

A European coordination of national and sectorial special interest groups on multimedia is being set up to provide industrial guidance to the Multimedia Systems domain, involving technology suppliers, creative artists and users. Amongst the tasks assigned to these special interest groups, is the analysis of requirements by user sector, for example publishing, broadcasting, music and movie industries. The European coordination will coordinate the Multimedia Systems constituency with their counterparts in Telecommunications and Telematics. It will guide collaboration worldwide, especially on standards and content remuneration.

Multimedia Technology - theme 1

Objectives

To develop and integrate technologies to allow the creation, manipulation, display, access and storage of multimedia information (high quality image, text, motion-video animation and high fidelity sound). The work will cover both multimedia software tools and multimedia systems.

To build on existing standards, contributing to creating new standards only where no appropriate industrial standards exist.

To identify new strategies of information provision and presentation satisfying user needs for multimedia solutions.

3.2 Multimedia standards. Provide the appropriate standards and specifications for multimedia systems. This includes standards for multimedia storage, representation, compression and decompression, data exchange and distribution format. Standards should take into account those already existing and should aim at world-wide acceptance. They should be demonstrated through suitable prototypes, for example in desktop video publishing. To provide a reference model showing how existing standards interrelate, and which require further work.
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3.4 Multimedia storage and retrieval. Support fast storage, access and processing of multimedia information, including full motion video documents. Tools are required to access and store multimedia objects, using technologies such as high speed connections, compression/decompression, distributed architectures, and intelligent user assistants and profilers. They should support navigation, browsing, pre-viewing, enquiring, and dealing with authors rights and remuneration.
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3.5 Multimedia interfaces. Provide enhanced ease of use of multimedia systems, as a precondition for their rapid and wide acceptability. Work includes mixed-initiative systems, dialogue control, multimodal user interfaces, cooperative work, and the applicability of single interfaces to heterogeneous information systems. Virtual device interfaces, intelligent agents, virtual reality, and the adaptation of multimedia systems to user preferences and culture should be taken into account. The participation of publishers, education content providers and authors is encouraged.
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3.6 Multimedia access to the information society. Provide interfaces to allow multimedia systems (information "appliances") to tap into telecommunications services (the information "utility"). Interfaces should provide transparent access for multimedia systems users to existing communications infrastructures such as digital broadcasting, cabled or wireless networks, and home and building buses.
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Multimedia Objects Trading and Intellectual Property Rights Management - theme 2

Objectives

To develop, integrate and apply technologies in view of building an appropriate open environment for distribution, trading and use of digital multimedia objects. Such an environment should enable wide and easy access to and use of digital material thus allowing business on a large scale while, at the same time, providing an appropriate protection of intellectual property rights.

The work will be based on the various business models needed in the different application sectors and will focus on developing common rules and standards ensuring world wide interoperability across different users platforms, different media and different application domains.

The work should build on existing projects to ensure convergence of objectives and should cooperate with the coordination mechanisms already in place for this sub-domain. International cooperation is encouraged to secure the widest consensus possible. Users, consumers issues, including privacy protection, should be carefully considered in all facets of the tasks.

3.16 IPR management and trading technologies. To develop technologies and standards that provide appropriate technical mechanisms to protect Intellectual Property Rights and allow multimedia objects trading on a large scale. This includes work on indelible "tattooing" of digital material comprising identifiers, usage possibilities and conditions attached to these usages; and "black-boxes" embedded in hardware to identify protected material, ensure users' interface and prevent unauthorised use. Research in this task should take into account the need for flexibility to accommodate various trading strategies covering off-line as well as on-line applications, and focus on getting international consensus for common basic rules and standards.
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3.17 IPR and trading management systems . To develop, integrate and adapt technologies for "IPR and trading management systems" including automatic licensing systems, payment systems and management of the remuneration flows that could have generic applicability in the global information society. The work of this task should take into account the potential social and societal impacts.
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3.18 IPR and trading management pilots. To implement significant representative sectorial pilot applications demonstrating the effective use of technologies and systems for multimedia objects trading and IPR management. Such pilots should involve appropriate business models, implement collection of payment, identify and demonstrate benefits in order to achieve acceptability across a wide range of different sectors. Cooperation between several organisations involved in the same business sector is encouraged to secure sectorial acceptability of the results.
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Multimedia Systems Pilots - activity 1

Objectives

To integrate advanced technologies and standards into multimedia systems solutions with a view to stimulating their uptake in the information infrastructure. Pilots may be either wide-area, or local but scalable.

To demonstrate the integration and use of advanced, heterogeneous multimedia systems and appropriate standards.

To contribute results as appropriate to a library of multimedia content in standard interchange format.

To demonstrate collaboration between users, either individually or as market domain client groups, and technology providers in all multimedia systems pilots, so as to ensure the market applicability of results.

To set up on-site trials, substantial both in size and scope, allowing to demonstrate the adequacy of innovative multimedia solutions to stated user problems. To this end, Multimedia pilots s hould allocate more emphasis to trials and assessment than to technology and/or application developments.

3.8 Multimedia pilots in business. Demonstrate the applicability, integration and use of advanced multimedia systems in the industrial and commercial enterprise. Of particular importance are standalone, portable or networked multimedia workplace systems integrating multimedia information "appliances" and subsystems (such as video conferencing, distributed systems, multimedia information and transaction services, multimedia publishing, multimedia mail, industrial process monitoring, teleoperation, complex sensors, and messaging systems) with appropriate applications software. A simple and secure user interface should be demonstrated.
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3.10 Multimedia pilots for authoring. Demonstrate the integration and use of advanced multimedia systems for the production and delivery of multimedia content by publishers, educational content providers and authors. Of particular importance are multimedia authoring and digital distribution systems and creativity tools for authors and professionals. Areas of application include multimedia studios covering publishing, entertainment, education, advertising, journalism, museums, movies, music, and other entertainment.
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3.19 Multimedia pilots in the home and on the move. Demonstrate the integration and use of advanced multimedia in consumer applications for the home or on the move. Of particular importance are the integration and use in the home of interactive services such as entertainment, shopping and banking, personalised news and travel support and systems for home management, as well as the integration and use of advanced portable multimedia "appliances" linking personal and professional life.
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Multimedia Support Networks - activity 2

Objectives

To set up provide support networks to provide a range of services that support identified and quantifiable needs of European organisations producing multimedia systems, multimedia content and/or multimedia applications on a continuing basis

To define and implement multimedia best practice.

To identify and support the provision of services as accompanying actions to help the uptake of multimedia systems in industrial activities. Potential service-providers must plan for, and have a reasonable expectation of achieving, a profitable or self-sustaining commercial basis by the end of the funding period, while recognising that the needs being addressed may be sector- and/or region-specific and are likely to vary over time. Example of services could be to demonstrate, exhibit, and disseminate multimedia systems, as well as produce a pool of multimedia content. They could also help third parties with training, business and legal issues, information, contacts and distribution channels etc..

3.12 Multimedia support networks. Provision of multimedia support networks bringing together existing organisations. Individual networks, which may have special expertise, will be linked to form a European multimedia support network. The support networks should pay particular attention to the needs of SMEs. SMEs themselves (for example education and entertainment content publishers) are especially encouraged to participate.
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Image Image Long-Term Research - domain 4

R&D themes

The general objectives of the LTR domain are to ensure that, at any one time, the potential for the next wave of innovation is maintained and that the scarce expertise underpinning European information technology RTD is replenished in those areas where it is most needed.

To reflect its general objectives, participation in LTR must be:

Activities in LTR are correspondingly grouped into three subdomains which aim to address each of the above three requirements in an optimal way

Openness to Ideas - theme 1

Objectives

To ensure openness to new people and new ideas in IT related areas with a potential for industrial application.

4.1 Innovative RTD in any IT-related area. Proposals may be submitted in a simplified form at any time to a permanent "guichet" service. The most promising proposals would be funded for a short period, typically six months, to assess the feasibility of the research proposed or evaluate the risks involved. Following this "short-phase", and depending on its outcome, some of these projects would continue as sustained research projects. It would be quite usual, at this stage, to re-configure the membership of the consortium; for example wholly academic participation in the first phase might well attract industrial participation following a clear demonstration of the industrial significance of the expected results. The industrial sponsorship of a project through an "uncle" scheme, would be an additional criterion in assessing the industrial relevance of a second phase project. The two-step mechanism is expected to reduce the effective cost of making a proposal and, through an appropriate mechanism of building consortia, it should help reinforce industry/academia collaboration and increase the industrial impact of the research.
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Reactiveness to Industrial Needs - theme 2

Objectives

To respond to the industrial needs for the complementary long-term research required by the downstream domains of the programme.

4.2 Complementary long-term research work in areas addressed within other domains of the programme.
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Proactiveness - theme 3

Objectives

To ensure that a lead is obtained in key future technologies in a timely fashion, concentrating on a very small number of strategic areas with a strong impact on future competitiveness.

RTD activities in each of the areas covered will consist of closely coordinated projects and other actions. The coordination will be obtained via an appropriate structure such as a Network of Excellence. Implementation of the tasks specified will follow an initial intensive development phase to ensure a well-coordinated effort.

4.3 Advanced Research Initiative in Microelectronics. To develop those future microelectronics technologies that are likely to shape the markets of the next decade through focused and coordinated RTD activities.
It is anticipated that early in the next century the limits of current CMOS technology will have been reached, with circuit feature size below 0.25 microns and probably approaching 0.10 microns. Further progress may be limited by several factors including lithographic capability, device physics, interconnect problems and high investment costs. Sustaining a continuing improvement in functionality and cost will depend on technological breakthroughs that will give rise to new device generations based on, for example, quantum physics, quantum optoelectronic interconnects, molecular materials, nano-fabrication techniques, etc. If the European industry is to achieve a leadership position by that time, a strengthening and coordination of the RTD effort in the most promising of these emerging technologies is necessary.
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4.4 Intelligent Information Interfaces initiative. To develop novel and intelligent interfaces to heterogeneous information systems so as to enable access on the part of the broadest community of users to the global information infrastructure. Access to information from various sources is seen as a major factor in competitiveness in most industrial sectors. Although large amounts of useful information are made available through world-wide information infrastructures, their effective use remains a difficult and time-consuming task. A coordinated RTD effort in new concepts for information interfaces is needed if the advantages of information infrastructures are to be reaped. It would involve different disciplines including cognitive sciences, ergonomics, human computer interfaces and machine learning. Aspects to be considered include accessibility to the broad population, natural and intuitive usability, independence of location, flexibility and interoperability, empowerment of the citizen.
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Image Image Open Microprocessor Systems Initiative - domain 5

R&D themes

Preparatory, support and transfer activities

The goal of OMI is to provide Europe with a recognised capability in microprocessor systems and to maintain and increase European industry's level of product quality and market share. The OMI domain addresses the design and development of microprocessor and microcontroller based systems, hardware and software, with emphasis on embedded applications. It supports innovation in the design of systems that address new applications or provide new functionality.

The approach is two-fold. On the one hand the programme supports suppliers in the development of the technology necessary for higher performance and higher integration systems while also supporting users in applying best practice design methods, modernising their products and exploring new application areas. The unifying concept is that of open systems at all levels, from silicon to applications.

Complementary dissemination and coordination actions provide exchange of information and experience between new technological developments and potential users.

Particular emphasis is given to product and process innovation in SME's.

Systems Technology - theme 1

Objectives

To promote innovation in the components of embedded microprocessor systems, including software, tools and methodology. Inter-operability and re-usability of the components play a major role in the OMI open systems approach. These developments should create and promote a complete, open, integrated and inter-operable environment. Systems users should be involved in the technology work to demonstrate and validate results.

Hardware Components

5.1 Cells. Contribute new cells to the library, including microprocessors, microcontrollers, DSP and application specific supercells. New cell developments should lead to a non exclusive result, open for licensing to third parties, or contribute non-synthesisable models enabling third parties to design peripheral cells and/or systems.
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5.2 Interconnection. Update or complement existing schemes for scalable, high performance, heterogeneous interconnect (bandwidth, data path etc.); enhance support for multiprocessing and heterogeneous architectures; introduce processor interchangeability in system implementation.
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5.14 Evolutionary design support. Develop an evolutionary path from discrete elements to integrated chip, supporting rapid prototype generation and low to medium volume production. This could consist of, for instance, the design and implementation of OMI soft macrocells targeted at FPGA or similar implementation, which would then form the basis of a rapid prototyping library focused towards maximum reusability. Whatever technological choices are proposed, the evolutionary path should be demonstrated on real industrial applications.
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5.7 Library Standards. Pursue work on OMI standards for embedded processor systems (both hardware and software). Define and demonstrate recommendations towards macrocell formats and views to ensure that different libraries can be used within one or more evaluation environments. This task should build on the existing specifications and libraries to finalise the recommendations, and be backed by industrial partners. Demonstrate the realisation of this target by interfacing existing libraries within one environment. Complete existing cell descriptions to include all the views specified in this recommendation. Promote the quality, reliability and performance of OMI technology.
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Software Components

5.3 Distribution, portability and micro-kernels. Development of portability mechanisms and architectures oriented to distribution of software components over heterogeneous systems. Areas of work include investigation of the limits of portability for embedded systems; provision for new architectures, parallel/concurrent, distributed and object-oriented programming; promotion of standardisation world-wide and of the creation of an open market for compilers; investigation of new, emerging areas of application; support for new functions such as testing, verification and proof; implementation of new producers and installers.
Development and consolidation of real-time kernels, promoting interface standardisation at all levels, enhancing aspects like dynamic configuration and resource management, supporting heterogeneous distributed architectures, scalability and modularity, integrating new techniques such as schedulability analysis and performance evaluation. Increase availability of kernels in evaluation environments.
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5.4 Application Support. Provide a systems software environment, including support for multiple Application Programming Interfaces (APIs). Development of re-usable, inter-operable application specific software modules for different application sectors, such as smart cards, graphics, telecommunications, etc. They may cover, among others, aspects like macrocell and DSP support, BIOS-like services, interfaces to drivers, to application and systems programming (APIs, SPIs).
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Tools and Methodology

5.5 Monitoring, debugging and testing tools. Provide systems compilation, modelling, debugging, and monitoring tools for embedded processor systems, linked to various representations of the system, ranging from virtual software only prototypes to real-world physical systems. Increase the automation of testing approaches.
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5.6 Codesign, evaluation and top-down design flow tools. Develop or enhance tools that support high-level system design and hardware / software codesign using various functional building blocks, for fast exploration of design options. Provide simulation tools, and support for trade-off analysis of different cost functions at system level (size, power consumption, performance etc.). Depending on the approach, open interfaces to and from these tools should be accessible and maintained. Provide tools for fast exploration of integration possibilities of cells, combined with dedicated hardware.
Provide analysis, synthesis and validation tools from behavioural specification to register transfer level for embedded models of cells. Provide interfaces between software oriented high-level tools to hardware synthesis environments.
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5.15 Embedded system design methodologies. Develop and demonstrate real-time embedded system design methodologies for the complete top-down design flow, starting from high-level system design and based on existing approaches, tools and libraries.
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Enabling Core Technologies

5.8 Processor core developments. Investigate innovative advanced technologies for future embedded processors that provide higher performance, higher integration and new types of architectures such as low power systems, parallel, asynchronous, real-time, safety-critical and new types of processors.
Development of application-specific processors, including hardware and software, that provide a high level of integration for specific application requirements such as smart cards, graphics, high performance/parallelism, low power, multimedia and telecommunication processors. This includes the development of custom and semi-custom processors, multifunction cores, combining processor and, for instance, DSP functions, and application specific instruction set processors.
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Systems Integration and Applications - theme 2

Objectives

Provide a "vertical" integration chain of technology suppliers and users and demonstrate the benefits of the application of open microprocessor systems technologies in systems industries. Systems industries should take a leading role in proposals.

This area covers innovative developments of embedded systems for new, high-potential applications as well as improvements, such as higher integration, lower power consumption, higher performance or improved functionality in the design of existing systems. Proposals should demonstrate a clear market potential and route to exploitation for the intended application. New supercells or software may be provided to the libraries as a result of the pilot experiments.

5.9 Embedded systems applications. Demonstrate and validate the vertical integration of hardware and/or systems software into embedded processing systems.This task supports developments for the following application areas:


Image Image High-Performance Computing and Networking - domain 6

R&D themes

Preparatory, support and transfer activities

By providing levels of functionality and performance previously either not technologically attainable or not economically viable, high-performance computing and networking (HPCN) has a central role to play in increasing the competitiveness of all aspects of European industrial activity in both the goods and services sectors.

HPCN is interpreted as "HPCN at large", going beyond what was traditionally referred to as "Supercomputing". It includes scalable, distributed, parallel computing such as Massively Parallel Processing (MPP) systems, Symmetric or Shared Memory Processing (SMP) systems and hybrid systems, as well as high-performance workstation clusters, computer networks, and heterogeneous architectures with multiple processors.

The aim of the work in the HPCN domain is to expand the application potential of HPCN by spreading an HPCN culture in Europe, that is: increasing the awareness and activity of industrial users; raising the competence and number of HPCN supply and service industries (both hardware and software); improving the availability, accessibility and usability of HPCN computing and communication facilities. The target is to permit European industry to exploit the opportunities enabled by HPCN to enhance its competitiveness.

A priority is to establish the necessary vertical relationships, cooperations or collaborations in the chain between user and supplier - whether it be between user and application developer, between application developer and (hardware or software) platform supplier ,or between all three.

The provision and reusability of HPCN building blocks is emphasised: it is important for productivity reasons, because it eliminates the need to redundantly develop new components, and for quality reasons, because it allows the use of tested and proven components.

The integration of HPCN applications a nd building blocks into the overall product, enterprise and social IT infrastructure is key to exploiting all the opportunities enabled by HPCN. This implies that distributed and heterogeneous systems (both applications and platforms) are an integral part of the domain. Similarly the use of advanced networking services, being an enabler for such integration, is ubiquitous throughout the domain.

R&D THEMES

R&D projects are expected to undertake HPCN R&D as identified by applications requirements and supporting the transition to an operational environment and to the industrialisation of the results.

Simulation - theme 1

Objectives

To expand the application of HPCN in simulation since HPCN helps achieve increased quality and/or efficiency in design, shorter time to market, and reduced development costs.

Priority is given both to the enhancement of existing capabilities and to problems not traditionally addressed using HPCN simulation or applications in industrial sectors which previously made little or no use of HPCN in simulation.

6.18 Simulation applications. HPCN simulation for design and engineering applications (in particular coupled, inverse and multi-disciplinary problems); for optimisation applications (in particular planning, operation, and control) and for training of equipment operators (including virtual reality).
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6.3 Simulation environments. In particular, this includes pre-and post-processing (advanced mesh generation, data reduction, visualisation techniques and tools), and the integration of computer-aided-design and simulation systems.
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Embedded Systems - theme 2

Objectives

To expand the application of HPCN embedded systems to a wide range of products and processes, where HPCN enables real-time processing of large volumes of data to achieve new levels of functionality, usability, intelligence and therefore added value.

To deliver applications on parallel platforms, built from off-the-shelf components and subsystems.

To exploit high-level development systems and methods to reduce development costs and preserve the investment in applications over successive generations of system hardware and software.

6.19 Large data throughput applications. This includes quality control, document processing, surveillance, real-time video image processing and medical imaging.
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6.5 Time-critical and safety critical applications. The ability to guarantee the temporal, behavioural and reliability properties is a priority. Projects may complement application-oriented work with development of required technology for fault-tolerance.
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Information Management and Decision Support - theme 3

Objectives

To expand the application of HPCN in information management and decision support - since HPCN helps achieve not only higher levels of sophistication in IT support for existing processes but also entirely new processes (business/industrial, administrative and social); this is generally referred to as commercial parallel processing.

To add value to data retrieval, analysis and decision making systems, both on top of business intelligence tools (including work on information visualisation) and on top of operational systems such as database management systems or transaction processing systems.

To demonstrate HPCN as an enabling technology in large database applications and in decision support systems.

6.7 HPCN information management applications. High-volume/distributed information storage/access/communication. This also includes work on multimedia database servers and systems.
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6.8 HPCN decision support applications. Complex analytic systems, data mining and business simulations. This also includes planning, scheduling and optimisation.
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Networked Multi-Site Applications - theme 4

Objectives

To facilitate and accelerate the application of HPCN in industry at large, by exploiting the potential of using advanced networking services.

To contribute further to the objectives set out for the three sub-domains above, particularly for applications which exploit networking services between multiple locations.

To integrate HPCN applications in the context of the information society and the virtual enterprise, contributing to the understanding of future practices bringing competitive advantages.

6.20 Networked multi-site applications. This includes concurrent engineering, distributed simulation and visualisation, cooperative work, remote process monitoring and control of embedded system, and remote access to distributed information servers. Priority will be given to applications exploiting increased interactivity, and hence effectiveness, in multi-site working practices. These activities should lead to real scale experiments with HPCN multi-site applications.
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Development and Execution Environments - theme 5

Objectives

To enhance and expand the HPCN software and systems technology base as identified by applications requirements.

Projects are expected to include work on HPCN applications, involving professional users, to identify the requirements on and demonstrate the applications of the technology developed.

The development of new custom components (both hardware and software) can only be justified by clear benefits over existing off-the-shelf components.

6.9 Application development environments. Enhancement and expansion of HPCN-specific application development techniques, including tools, libraries, compilers and programming languages. Work on tools and integrated environments is a priority. The aim is to make the HPCN technology in application development transparent.
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6.10 Application execution environments. Enhancement and expansion of HPCN application execution platforms, including hardware, operating systems, and systems management. Work on input/output and storage technologies (both devices and the associated data structures and access methods, including network connections) is a priority.
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PREPARATORY SUPPORT AND TRANSFER ACTIVITIES

Preparatory, support and transfer activities are expected to concurrently complement R&D Themes to employ several parallel measures from user requirements definition and analysis - through solution and implementation to transfer, installation, demonstration and training in an operational environment. Actions may tackle one or more of these phases, pursuing one or more of the following objectives:

The target is to bring HPCN to new application domains and new users, in particular SMEs.
Preparatory, support and transfer activities will be organised as clusters. A cluster is an application specific or industry sector specific set of actions where each action may be carried out on a regional, national or European level.

Preparatory and First Users Actions - activity 1

Objectives

To assess the potential gains of use of HPCN technologies and advanced networking services for candidate users to give them a baseline for their eventual take-up of HPCN. Assessments can be coordination of user requirements, feasibility studies or early prototyping.

To broadly promote success stories and hereby increase awareness of the benefits of using HPCN technologies and relevant know-how to enhance industrial competitiveness.

To facilitate access to HPCN expertise and technology for candidate users.

6.21 Stand-alone assessments. These should be carried out by industrial users acting in collaboration with experts and/or technology providers. Actions are expected to be of short duration and limited volume.
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6.22 Awareness creation campaigns including assessments. Campaigns should be based on success stories to promote the potential gains of the use of HPCN technology, and followed up by a set of assessments with potential industrial users, of short duration and limited volume. Actions are expected to be carried out by individual companies or industrial sector associations acting in collaboration with HPCN experts. (E-mail removed) .
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Demonstration and Best Practice Actions - activity 2

Objectives

To demonstrate the use of HPCN technologies and advanced networking services. The target is to bridge the gap between suppliers and potential users and to lower the risk of early adopters.

To promote and transfer best practice in the use of HPCN to achieve measurable improvements in business processes, operation and working modalities in industry.

To disseminate the results (e.g. the lessons learned and the user benefits obtained) across national borders and across industrial sectors.

6.23 Demonstrations of the use of HPCN technologies and services. This possibly includes porting, setting up of facilities and field tests. Actions are expected to tackle real requirements from industrial users. (E-mail removed)
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6.24 Best Practice. Actions to adopt, transfer and ensure take-up of mature and proven HPCN applications and practices in new environments under real working conditions. This could include re-engineering, installation, acceptance testing, operations, maintenance and training. Actions are expected to bring industrial users together with the necessary technology providers and experts. In particular, technology transfer from large enterprises to SMEs is addressed. (E-mail removed)
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Technology Transfer Nodes - activity 3

Objectives

To establish a European network of Technology Transfer Nodes (TTNs). Each TTN is a service node for a number of Preparatory and First User Actions or Demonstration and Best Practice Actions.

To provide services to participants in a cluster so that the activities contribute to the achievement of the global goals of the specific cluster and so that cross TTN cooperation is initiated and maintained.

To stimulate further participation of industry by promoting success stories and transferring expertise within clusters and across the network of TTNs.

6.25 Technology Transfer Nodes. Establishment of a TTN for the provision of services which are of common interest and use to participants in a cluster. Only services that can better and more cost-effectively be procured centrally shall be proposed. This includes coordination, exploitation of synergy, and dissemination of results within clusters and across the network of TTNs. (E-mail removed)
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Image Image Technologies for Business Processes - domain 7

R & D themes

Preparatory, support and transfer activities

The aim of the Technologies for Business Processes domain is to support the change and transformation of European enterprises to compete effectively world wide. Successful business transformation is based on the acceptance and deployment of best practice in three complementary domains: the catalysing and enabling role of information technologies, business process engineering, and human resources in an appropriate environment. TBP will take into account all three vectors of change to stimulate the efficient uptake of information technology in European business.

The TBP domain addresses transformation and change in a broad range of private or public enterprises from all business sectors and of all sizes. Business users will take a leading role. Work in the domain will consist of three components: pilots of business best practice in user installations, research and development of advanced systems integration tools, metrics and methodologies; and mechanisms for technology transfer and dissemination of results to a broad business community across Europe.

The TBP domain includes the rapidly emerging field of Electronic Commerce, which will have a major impact on many businesses across Europe and lead to further integration of European business. Electronic Commerce encompasses all forms of business engineering based on electronic support for business-to-business or business-to-consumer transactions, including marketing, ordering and payment, information exchange, and cooperative working.

A forum of senior managers from a broad spectrum of end-user businesses and technology suppliers will help to formulate the strategy of the domain. The aim is to ensure a close link between the requirements of businesses, technology suppliers, and the results coming from TBP.

Business Best Practice Pilots - theme 1

Objectives

To demonstrate the effective transformation of one or more business processes at the user site, under the leadership and with the full commitment at CEO level of the end-user business in support of existing and new industrial paradigms.

To demonstrate Electronic Commerce both within Europe and between Europe and its current and emerging global trading partners. Electronic Commerce pilots must be transnational and involve two or more user companies linked by trading relationships. Where appropriate, pilots should be multi-language or multi-cultural.

To take into account advanced information technologies and their application and use, business methodologies and human resources.

To make available generic results to aid enterprise transformation throughout Europe.

7.1 Business Pilots. Pilots to demonstrate the transformation of any private or public European business through the application and use of advanced information technologies to meet clear, quantifiable business goals. They must show a European dimension, either through the involvement of businesses from more than one country, or by demonstrating a multi-national business operation. Pilots contribute with their results to the support centres and networks as called in task 7.8 .
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Enterprise Systems Integration - theme 2

Objectives

To apply, integrate and adapt the next generation of technologies to sophisticated enterprise systems in support of existing and new industrial paradigms. Integration across the tasks below is encouraged in line with the business objectives of the consortium members.

To develop advanced methodologies, metrics and tools for enterprise engineering.

To take into account the smooth evolution from current enterprise systems to those of the future.

To harmonise user interfaces across heterogeneous systems.

To adopt and use accepted industrial and business standards, developing new standards only when no suitable standard exists.

To involve end-users business to set requirements and demonstrate results.

7.2 Business cooperation technologies. Integrate and adapt advanced technologies such as computer-supported cooperative working (CSCW), groupware, case handling and workflow management, to support business operations in the distributed, multilingual, multimedia environment.
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7.3 Advanced document handling. Provide the next generation of document handling systems, integrated with systems such as electronic data interchange (EDI) and other operational information systems, to support business operations in the distributed, multilingual, multimedia environment.
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7.4 Management support. Integrate and adapt tools to support business modelling and decision making. Case-based reasoning, the experience of prior cases, simulation and what-if systems are examples. Tools should be integrated with operational information systems.
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7.11 Electronic commerce technologies. Integrate and adapt advanced technologies and standards to support interoperability, particularly in areas such as transfer of rights, intellectual property rights and electronic payments. Multilinguality and multi-cultural aspects are important. The task is closely linked to the tasks in the domain of Multimedia Systems , particularly tasks 3.15 and 3.16 to 3.18 .
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Business Best Practice Networks - activity 1

Objectives

To set up a network of support centres, established in existing organisations such as business schools, to gather and disseminate widely the state of the art in business best practice, IT products, services and systems and the results of national programmes.

To promote awareness of the TBP action.

7.8 Business Best Practice Networks. Provide TBP support centres within existing organisations to disseminate widely the state of the art during and as a result of the TBP action. The centres will be linked to form a business best practice network which will create awareness, make accessible the generic results of TBP RTD and best practice pilots, as well as provide experience consolidation, publications, conferences, working groups, training, and assistance to business organisations in using results.
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Image Image Integration in Manufacturing - domain 8

R&D themes

Preparatory, support and transfer activities

The goal of activities in the focused cluster Integration in Manufacturing is, through the development of new IT solutions, to accelerate and enhance the ability of European manufacturing industry to capitalise on the emergence of a powerful global Information Infrastructure and to integrate the various strands of work as part of a strategic initiative for the European manufacturing industries. Concrete objectives which are expected to be achieved within the duration of the programme are:

In general, the proposed research tasks are needed to provide an information infrastructure which enables the transition from traditional engineering to a concurrent engineering environment. Activities will also support the concept of time compression in all design, production and distribution functions. The term manufacturing is used in this workprogramme to cover the full life-cycle of products from design to recycling and refers not only to discrete manufactured products but also, for example, to large scale engineering projects and the process and other related industries. The collaborative RTD projects, which fall into three subdomains, may deal with all phases of development, ranging from requirements definition through implementation to validation and test of results. In such cases the consortium must contain the necessary resources to address all of these issues.

In addition to collaborative RTD projects the cluster includes activities intended to provide the means for participation in the programme by organisations, in particular SMEs, wishing to concentrate on particular parts of the development cycle. Organisations with wide-ranging RTD requirements or development activities could combine a number of modalities to form a family of projects in line with their specific needs - for example participation in requirements-oriented activities in broadly based user groups, collaborative RTD, and provision of bench-marking facilities in suitable test environments.

Work in this domain will be complementary to work undertaken in the IMT programme, where the emphasis is on the application and adaptation of existing or emerging IT solutions.

Information Technology for Product and Process Data Modelling - theme 1

Objectives

To ensure that manufacturing and process industries have access to interoperable building blocks for their future IT systems, taking into account ongoing developments in the field of standardisation, such as STEP, EDI, ODA.

To provide an Information Infrastructure for Manufacturing supporting rapid development of high quality products, design for manufacturing and the environment, codesign, concurrent engineering, plant design and construction, and product development across the distributed enterprise.

8.1 Data Management. Development of new IT tools for the management of all data, at the highest possible semantic level, relating to products, processes, work flow, quality and project cost through the full product life cycle, based on enhanced engineering data management systems and simulation.
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8.2 IT Platforms. Design of new IT platforms, including tools for migration and upgrade, in order to provide a full IT support service to all design, engineering, manufacturing and production activities.
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8.3 Knowledge Engineering. Development of methods and tools for systematisation of engineering knowledge, enterprise knowledge capture and sharing, maintenance of the corporate technical memory, including the provision of standardised component libraries capable of use within and between enterprises.
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8.4 Collaborative Engineering Design. Provision of innovative information technology support to all engineering design functions conducted by distributed teams, using distributed databases, groupware, multimedia, simulation technology, virtual reality, and advanced network services.
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Logistics in the Virtual Enterprise - theme 2

Objectives

To enable global cooperation in production activities in a volatile business environment; to provide IT support for management of enterprise change, total quality management, systems for distributed management, and provision of the IT infrastructure to support global integration of manufacturing processes.

To achieve an "information logistics" infrastructure providing the required data at every step of the business process, to underpin the logistics of the supply and distribution of materials and components.

8.5 Total Quality Management. Development of new IT-based tools for total quality management methodologies in flexible manufacturing, and in continuous process production.
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8.6 Logistic Process Improvement. Development of methods and tools to support continuous business process improvement combining technologies for communication, information management, decision making and human interaction.
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8.7 Virtual Enterprise Management. Development of innovative IT-based tools to model, facilitate and coordinate the interaction between companies forming an extended or virtual enterprise based on a distributed concurrent engineering and codesign approach, and covering all phases of the product life cycle.
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8.8 Simulation. Development of innovative IT simulation tools supporting distributed concurrent planning, logistics and resource management across multi-site, multi-business operations.
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Intelligent Production Systems and Equipment - theme 3

Objectives

To develop new IT solutions which support the rapid adaptation of production processes to rapidly changing business requirements and to provide optimal decision-support capability in a human-centred production environment with a highly developed and distributed decision-making structure and taking full account of usability considerations and the need for on-line quality monitoring.

8.11 Shop-Floor Control. Development of enhanced man-machine IT interfaces for control systems and shop-floor control, for example those based on underpinning technology developments in multimedia.
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8.12 Distributed Control Systems. Development of distributed computing environments supporting novel control and decision support methods, for control of manufacturing processes.
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8.13 Multivariate Control. Development of new IT solutions for dealing with advanced multivariate modelling techniques and sensor-based systems in a distributed computing environment, for clean manufacturing with minimal energy consumption.
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8.14 Intelligent Production Systems. New developments in IT components and subsystems and embedded microdevices, and their integration, for open, intelligent, autonomous mechatronic systems.
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Best Practice in IT-based Engineering and Manufacturing - activity 1

Objectives

To promote within SMEs best practice in use of IT in the design, engineering and manufacture of products. To facilitate access of SMEs to new IT and relevant know-how in the domain. To assist the transition process of traditional engineering and manufacture to IT-based environments.

8.20 Best Practice in Manufacturing. SMEs in the manufacturing and production sectors are encouraged to submit proposals for rationalisation and improvement of the productivity of their operations based on the use of advanced IT. This may necessitate the involvement of appropriate centres of competence if the companies themselves do not have the necessary human resources. The projects may consist of collaborating groups or networks of SMEs forming a "Virtual Enterprise". They may also entail collaboration between large companies and SMEs in the supply chain but obviously the main beneficiaries should be the SMEs. These productivity improvement experiments are aimed at demonstrating the use of IT and its integration into knowledge intensive/people-centred design, engineering and production environments. It is expected that there would be a focus on one of the main themes of IiM (i.e. product and process data modelling, logistics for the virtual enterprise, or intelligent production systems and equipment).
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Task number index

Tasks added compared to the 1994 workprogramme : 0.1 to 0.8; 1.32, 1.33, 1.34; 2.27; 3.13 to 3.19; 5.14, 5.15, 5.16; 6.18 to 6.25; 7.10, 7.11; 8.20. Tasks removed: 2.14, 2.15, 2.17, 2.21; 3.1, 3.3, 3.9, 3.11; 5.10, 5.12; 6.1, 6.2, 6.4, 6.6, 6.11 to 6.17; 7.9; 8.16 to 8.19.

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0.1 , 0.2 , 0.3 , 0.4 , 0.5 , 0.6 , 0.7 , 0.8

1.1 , 1.2 , 1.3 , 1.4 , 1.5 , 1.6 , 1.7 , 1.8 , 1.9 , 1.10 , 1.11 , 1.12 , 1.13 , 1.14 , 1.15 , 1.16 , 1.17 , 1.18 , 1.19 , 1.20 , 1.21 , 1.22 , 1.23 , 1.24 , 1.25 , 1.26 , 1.27 , 1.28 , 1.29 , 1.30 , 1.31 , 1.32 , 1.33 , 1.34

2.1 , 2.2 , 2.3 , 2.4 , 2.5 , 2.6 , 2.7 , 2.8 , 2.9 , 2.10 , 2.11 , 2.12 , 2.13 , 2.16 , 2.18 , 2.19 , 2.20 , 2.22 , 2.23 , 2.24 , 2.25 , 2.26 , 2.27

3.2 , 3.4 , 3.5 , 3.6 , 3.7 , 3.8 , 3.10 , 3.12 , 3.13 , 3.14 , 3.15 , 3.16 , 3.17 , 3.18 , 3.19

4.1 , 4.2 , 4.3 , 4.4

5.1 , 5.2 , 5.3 , 5.4 , 5.5 , 5.6 , 5.7 , 5.8 , 5.9 , 5.11 , 5.12 , 5.14 , 5.15 , 5.16

6.3 , 6.5 , 6.7 , 6.8 , 6.9 , 6.10 , 6.18 , 6.19 , 6.20 , 6.21 , 6.22 , 6.23 , 6.24 , 6.25

7.1 , 7.2 , 7.3 , 7.4 , 7.5 , 7.6 , 7.7 , 7.8 , 7.10 , 7.11

8.1 , 8.2 , 8.3 , 8.4 , 8.5 , 8.6 , 8.7 , 8.8 , 8.9 , 8.10 , 8.11 , 8.12 , 8.13 , 8.14 , 8.15 , 8.20

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Task and >subdomain title index

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A - B - C - D - E - F - H - I - K - L - M
N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W

Active decision-support systems
Advanced circuit design
Advanced document handling
Advanced process technology
Advanced Research Initiative in Microelectronics
Advanced system level design
> Application Competences and Design
Application development environments, HPCN
Application execution environments, HPCN
Application user interface interaction
ARI-MEL

Basic Services (EUROPRACTICE)
> Basic Services and First User Actions in TCS
Best practice in HPCN
> Best Practice in IT-based Engineering and Manufacturing
Best Practice in Manufacturing
> Best Practice, Cooperative R&D and Technology Assessment in TCS
Business Best Practice Networks
> Business Best Practice Pilots
Business cooperation technologies
Business measurement
Business methodologies
Business modelling, management support for
Business pilots

Cells (OMI)
Circuit design, advanced
CMOS, 0.18 micron
Codesign,evaluation and top-down design flow tools
Collaborative engineering design
Complementary long-term research work
Complex business systems
Concerted actions

Data management
DBS applications, environments for
DBSs, future integrated
DBMSs functionalities, extension of
DDBMS, high-performing
Decision-support applications, HPCN
Demonstration actions
> Demonstration and Best Practice Actions, HPCN
Demonstration of the use of HPCN technologies
> Development and Execution Environments, HPCN
Development process and quality, software
Displays, flat-panel
Dissemination actions, software best practice
Dissemination and awareness actions
Distributed control systems
> Distributed Systems and Database Technology
Distributed systems management
Distributed systems, modelling and development of
Distribution, portability and micro-kernels
Document handling, advanced

Electronic commerce, multimedia for
Electronic commerce pilots
Electronic commerce technologies
Electronic systems design best practice
> Embedded Systems
Embedded systems applications
Embedded systems design methodologies
> Emerging Software Technologies
> Enhancement of Technology and Manufacturing Base
> Enterprise Systems Integration
Environments for DBS applications
Equipment modules, development of
ESD cooperative research - ESD best practice
EUROPRACTICE
Evolutionary design support (OMI
Experience networks and user networks in the software supply industry
Extension of DBMSs functionalities

First User Action (FUSE)
Flexible manufacturing
Flexible manufacturing systems, real-time monitoring of
Flow tools - codesign, evaluation and top-down design
Formal modelling
Future integrated DBSs

High-performance systems, components and subsystems for
HPCN decision-support applications
HPCN information management applications Home systems
Home systems integration
> Human Comfort and Security

I-Cubed initiative
- see also Multimedia interfaces and User interface technologies
> Information Management and Decision Support
Information management applications, HPCN
> Information Technology for Product and Process Data Modelling
Innovative RTD in any IT-related area
Integrated environments for statistics
> Intellectual Property Rights Management, Multimedia
Intelligent control and optimisation
Intelligent Information Interfaces initiative
- see also Multimedia interfaces and User interface technologies
Intelligent production systems
> Intelligent Production Systems and Equipment
Intelligent products and services
Interconnect and packaging
Intuitive access to information
IPR and trading management systems
IPR management and trading technologies
IPR and trading management pilots
IT platforms for manufacturing
IT Project Traineeships

Knowledge engineering
Knowledge modelling and management

Large data-throughput applications
Leveraging actions, software technologies
Library standards, embedded processor systems
Logistic process improvement
> Logistics in the Virtual Enterprise

Management organisation of OMI
Management support for business modelling
Manufacturing microsystems
Mass storage systems technologies
Measurement and control
MEL-ARI
> Microsystems
Middleware and architectures
Modelling and development of distributed systems
Monitoring, debugging and testing tools
Multimedia access to the information society
Multimedia development tools and systems
Multimedia for electronic commerce
Multimedia interfaces
- see also I-Cubed initiative and User interface technologies
Multimedia in the home
> Multimedia Objects Trading and Intellectual Property Rights Management
Multimedia pilots for authoring
Multimedia pilots in business
Multimedia pilots in the home and on the move
Multimedia standards
Multimedia storage and retrieval
Multimedia support networks
> Multimedia Support Networks
> Multimedia Systems Pilots
> Multimedia Technology
Multivariate modelling and control

Networked multi-site applications, HPCN
Networks of Excellence

> Openness to Ideas

> Peripherals
PIEs
Portability
> Preparatory and First User Actions, HPCN
> Proactiveness
Process Improvement Experiments (PIEs)
Processor core developments
> Product and Process Data Modelling

Quality for IT, EST-based components

> Reactiveness to Industrial Needs
Real-time monitoring of flexible manufacturing systems
Requirements engineering
Resource management in virtual enterprises

Safety-critical applications
SEA
> Semiconductor Components and Subsystems
Semiconductor Equipment Assessment (SEA) initiative
Simulation of virtual enterprises
> Simulation
Simulation applications, HPCN
Simulation environments, HPCN
Shop-floor control
Small demonstrator projects for SMEs
SME cooperative research
SME exploratory awards
> Software Best Practice
> Software-Intensive Systems Engineering
Statistical knowledge modelling and management
Stand-alone assessments, HPCN
Stand-alone assessments, ST
Statistics, integrated environments for
Supply-chain management
System evolution and reuse
Systems architectures
Systems development, user-centred
> Systems Integration and Applications, OMI
> Systems Technology, OMI

Technology Transfer Nodes, HPCN
> Technology Transfer, Software
Time-critical and safety-critical applications
Total Quality Management
Traineeships, IT Project
Training actions, software technologies
Trial applications, software technologies
TTNs

Usability
User groups
User interface technologies
- see also I-Cubed initiative and Multimedia interfaces
User-centred systems development
User support network, OMI

> Virtual Enterprise Logistics
Virtual enterprise management
Virtual enterprises, resource management in
Virtual enterprises, simulation of

Working groups

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