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European Commission:

The Directorate-General for Research is responsible for managing EC funding of fusion research.

Laboratories of the European Fusion Associations:

Fusion research in Europe is carried out in the laboratories of the European Fusion Associations. There are Associations in all EU Member States plus Switzerland. Bulgaria, the Slovak republic and Slovenia participate by means of Cost-sharing contracts on specific projects:

 Austria: The Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW)
 Belgium: The Royal Military School (ERM/KMS)
The Free University of Brussels (ULB)
The Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK/CEN)
 Bulgaria: Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy – IRNE
Sofia Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski
Bulgarian Academy of Science
 France: CEA Cadarache
 Czech Republic: Institute of Plasma Physics
 Denmark: RISØ National Laboratory
 Finland: National Technology Agency (TEKES)
 Germany: Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics
Forschungszentrum Jülich, Institute for Plasma Physics
Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Programme Nuclear Fusion
 Greece: Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas, Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser
National Technical University of Athens, Dept of Electrical and Computer Engineering
University of Ioannina, Dept of Physics
 Hungary: KFKI-RMKI Dept of Plasma Physics
Budapest University of Technology and Economics
 Ireland: Dublin City University, School of Physical Sciences
University College Cork, ASL, EEM and Physics Depts
 Italy: ENEA - Fusion , official ENEA Fusion web site
FTU: Frascati Tokamak Upgrade
CNR-Milan, Institute for Plasma Physics
Consorzio RFX
 Latvia: Latvia: Institute of Solid state physics, University of Latvia, Riga
Institute of physics, University of Latvia, Salaspils
 Lithuania:: Lithuanian Energy Institute
 Netherlands: FOM Institute for Plasma Physics "Rijnhuizen" NRG Petten
 Poland: Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion (IPPLM) in Warsaw
 Portugal: Instituto Superior Técnico, Centro de Fusão Nuclear
 Romania: Innovation Ministry for Education and Research (MEC) Institute of Atomic Physics
 Slovak Republic: Comenius University Bratislava, Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics
Slovak University of technology
Slovak academy of Sciences, Institute of Electrical Engineering
 Slovenia: Jožef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana
 Spain: CIEMAT, National Fusion Laboratory
 Sweden: The Swedish Research Council
The Royal Institute of Technology, Alfvén Laboratory
 Switzerland: EPFL, Centre for Plasma Physics research (CRPP)
 United Kingdom: UKAEA - Culham Science Centre

European Fusion Development Agreement (EFDA)

EFDA guarantees a smooth continuation of the JET operation and supports preparations for an efficient start of ITER construction at the European site.


ITER is a fusion research project involving the EU, Japan, Russia, People's Republic of China, India, Republic of Korea and the USA.

European Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy ('Fusion for Energy' – F4E)

The European organisation 'Fusion for Energy' helps to realise fusion as a future source of energy. Its objectives are threefold:

  • Provide Europe’s contribution to the ITER international fusion energy project
  • Implement the Broader Approach agreement between Euratom and Japan. This broader approach aims to complement the ITER project and to accelerate the realisation of fusion energy by carrying out R&D; and developing some advanced technologies for DEMO;
  • Prepare for the construction of demonstration fusion reactors (DEMO).

Last updated on: 2010-06-08