The Seventh Framework Programme of the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) for nuclear research and training activities (2007 to 2011)
Euratom energy research activities are carried out under the treaty with the same name, which in 1957 established the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). Euratom is legally separated from the European Community (EC) and has its own Framework Research Programme, however managed by the common Community institutions.
Although Member States retain most competencies in energy policy, whether based on nuclear or other sources, the Euratom Treaty has achieved an important degree of harmonisation at European level. It legislates for a number of specific tasks for the management of nuclear resources and research activities.
The Council Decision 2006/970/Euratom of 18 December 2006 concerning the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) for nuclear research and training activities (2007 to 2011) [PDF] includes a budget of EUR 2 751 million to be spent over five years (2007-2011).
In FP7 Euratom there are two associated specific programmes, one covering indirect actions in the fields of fusion energy research and nuclear fission and radiation protection, the other covering direct actions in the nuclear field undertaken by the Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC). The JRC was initially established by the Euratom Treaty and has since become a leading institute of nuclear research in Europe.
Euratom indirect actions are managed by the Commission's Directorate-General for Research (DG RTD). The specific programmes allocate EUR 1 947 million to fusion energy research and EUR 287 million for nuclear fission and radiation protection. EUR 517 million are reserved for nuclear activities of the JRC. The JRC is also a partner in many of the consortia implementing indirect actions in the fission area.
FP7 Euratom aims to address the major issues and challenges in nuclear research and to contribute to the further consolidation of the European Research Area in the nuclear energy sector. It also supports existing Community policies while at the same time responding to new policy requirements.
This Framework Programme enhances the creation of a critical mass and new structures in key research fields at the European level as well as the promotion of the free movement of ideas, knowledge and researchers. In general terms, the Euratom research programme aims to develop and assemble knowledge and to improve scientific and technical competences and know-how in support of safety, security, reliability, sustainability and cost-effectiveness of nuclear energy.
Last updated on: 2010-12-21