This site has been archived on
The Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS
Information & Communication Technologies

Information and Communication Technologies


Browse by keywords


The ICT theme in FP7 deals with a wide range of topics. Use the keywords list below to find a link to the area of interest to you.

a

Access network

An access network is that part of a communications network which connects subscribers to their immediate service provider. It is contrasted with the core network, for example the Network Switching Subsystem in GSM.
See: The network of the future


Active Safety Systems
In contrast to passive safety system, e.g. a pedestrian-friendly design of a car's bonnet, active safety systems collect data about the state of the car and/or its environment and give information (warnings) and support to the driver or intervene autonomously. Widely known systems would be the 'Anti-lock Braking System (ABS)' or 'Electronic Stability Control (ESC)'.
See: ICT for the intelligent vehicles and mobility services


Adaptive pervasive systems
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Advanced computing architectures
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Ambient Intelligence
Ambient Intelligence. Defined by the EC Information Society Technologies Advisory Group in a vision of the Information Society, Ambient Intelligence emphasises on greater user-friendliness, more efficient services support, user-empowerment, and support for human interactions. Ambient Intelligence builds on three key technologies: Ubiquitous Computing - integrates microprocessors into everyday objects like furniture, clothing, white goods, toys, even paint -, Ubiquitous Communication - enables these objects to communicate with each other and the user by means of ad-hoc and wireless networking -, and Intelligent User Interfaces - enables the inhabitants of the AmI environment to control and interact with the environment in a natural (voice, gestures) and personalised way (preferences, context).
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


Ambient security and dependability
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence deals with the design of intelligent agents and systems which perceive their environment and take actions which maximise its chances of success.
See: Cognitive systems, interaction and robotics


Audio-visual (AV) content, media, multimedia
See: Networked media


Audio-visual networks
See: Networked media

b

Beyond CMOS
Beyond CMOS' targets advanced technologies and functional devices beyond the traditional ITRS shrink path. It involves new non-FET based logic and memory, and its possible integration with CMOS. A matching of integration, manufacturability and system capability requirements shall be demonstrated in industry-guided pilot projects.
See: Next generation nanoelectronics components and electronics integration


Beyond robotics
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Bidirectional interfaces
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Bio-ICT convergence
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Bio-Medical Informatics
BMI is a multidisciplinary field that provides a computational framework for vertical integration of biomedical information obtained at molecular, cellular, organ, individual and population level.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Biometrics
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Biomimetic artefacts
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Bionics
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Biophotonics
This is the application of photonics in life sciences and health care
See: Photonic components and subsystems


Breakthrough research
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Broadband
Dial-up modems are generally only capable of a maximum bit rate of 56 kbit/s (kilobits per second) and require the full use of a telephone line-whereas broadband technologies supply at least double this speed. Although various minimum speeds have been used in definitions of broadband, the OECD Broadband Statistics report is typical in counting only download speeds equal to or faster than 256 kbit/s as broadband. Speeds are defined in terms of maximum download because several common consumer broadband technologies such as ADSL are "asymmetric" - supporting much slower upload speeds than download. "Broadband penetration" is now treated as a key economic indicator.
See: The network of the future

c

Chronic Disease management
Chronic disease represents a challenge for the European Health systems. The majority of healthcare resources are devoted nowadays to the management of chronic diseases, while significant amount of the care a person needs to manage a chronic disease can come directly from the patient. Self-managing one's own health can lead not only to improvements in health outcomes and health status, but also to increased patient satisfaction and reductions in hospitalisations. ICT tools can make chronic disease management more efficient, offering real opportunities for improvements in care quality and reductions in costs.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Cognitive systems
Cognitive systems are different kinds of systems (e.g. robotic systems) which are naturally interacting, robust and flexible. They respond intelligently to situations by filling in gaps in their knowledge and adapting to changing conditions. As a result, they are capable of operating autonomously or in cooperation with humans in a largely unsupervised manner in open-ended environments and situations which have not been specified in their design.
See: Cognitive systems, interaction and robotics


Cognitive vision
Cognitive (computer) vision aims at the automatic and intelligent processing of data acquired by vision systems, covering perception, recognition, categorisation and interpretation.
See: Cognitive systems, interaction and robotics


Collaborative learning
Some ICT projects funded under the technology-enhanced learning objective investigate new forms of collaboration amongst groups of learners or workers, particularly for ambitious complex problem solving. This includes innovative solutions for communities of practice.
See: Technology-enhanced Learning


Communication and Networking
The sciences of connecting users or computers so to allow the transmission of information between any two or more users or points of the network. They are at the basis of the current Internet.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities


Community building, socio-economic research
See: Intelligent content and semantics


Competences and skills
ICTs for learning support the development of competences and skills through problem-solving, innovation and creativity, leading to improvements in performance (e.g. reduced time to competence) for individuals and organisations. This involves the use of technologies that can motivate and engage the learners such as serious games.
See: Technology-enhanced Learning


Complex systems
Complex Systems studies how relationships between parts give rise to the collective behaviors of a (software) system and how the system interacts and forms relationships with its environment.
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Complex systems
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Complex systems for socially intelligent ICT
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Content adaptation
See: Networked media


Content Aware Network
See: Networked media


Content creation, creativity, multimedia authoring
See: Intelligent content and semantics


Content delivery networks

See: Networked media


Content management, content workflow, content tagging, metadata,
See: Intelligent content and semantics


Convergence
Convergence defines a multi-media environment and/or network where signals regardless of type (i.e. voice, quality audio, video, data, etc.) and encoding methodology may be seamlessly exchanged between independent endpoints with similar characteristics.
See: The network of the future


Cooperative networking and living

See: Networked media


Co-operative Systems
Road transport systems are called co-operative when they are built on car-to-car or car-to-infrastructure communication. They aim at higher road safety, e.g. when a broken-down car communicates to other cars on that road that it is there and hidden behind a curve, or to increased traffic efficiency and network capacity, for instance when a traffic management centre (which is part of the infrastructure) gets real-time data on the flow of traffic from cars actually on the roads.
See: ICT for Cooperative Systems


Core network
A core network (or network core) is the central part of a telecom network that provides various services.
See: The network of the future


Critical infrastructures
See: Critical Infrastructure Protection


Cryptology
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures

d

Data driven simulation
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Data protection
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Dependability
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Design for emergence
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Digital culture
Use of leading edge technologies (e.g. from knowledge management, semantic tools, graphics, interfaces) to foster applications that improve the meaningful use and experiences users get from cultural resources.
See: Cultural Heritage


Digital economy
Characterisation of the new global economy dominated by digital infrastructures, i.e. electronic or digital networks based upon ICT infrastructures and especially the Internet. (See also network economy).
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


Digital Ecosystem
Concept emerged in Europe in 2002. A digital ecosystem is a digital environment aimed at supporting the economic development, with special focus on SMEs and local development. The architecture exploits the characteristics of natural ecosystems, evolves and adapts to local conditions with the evolution of its components, allowing sharing and representating the information and services needed to economic development. The digital ecosystems are "populated" by any digitalised information/components expressed in a language (formal or natural), which can be processed (by computers and/or humans), like software components, applications, services, knowledge, business processes and models, training modules, trust relationships, etc.
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


Digital libraries
Digital libraries research aims at improving the accessibility and use of cultural and scientific resources, through scalable and interoperable platforms supporting the digitisation and retrieval of heterogeneous content, in multimedia formats, from distributed collections and across languages.
See: Cultural Heritage


Digital preservation
The rapid pace of change of electronic devices and formats for recording, storage and use represents a threat to the long-term accessibility of digital objects. Research targets methods and systems for ensuring availability of digital resources over time, through novel concepts, techniques and tools. This covers empirical research, needed to develop test-beds and systems capable of supporting long-term access to multi-sourced, multi-formatted and highly distributed resources. Longer-term research addresses the preservation of complex, dynamic and very high volume digital objects, including those with high levels of interactivity (see Web archiving).
See: Cultural Heritage


Digital Repositories
Digital Repositories of scientific information store digital research input and output data using a distributed architecture. All sorts of digital objects associated to the scientific cycle can be archived on a digital repository: (raw) data, measurements and annotations on raw data, models, software, simulations, and ultimately, published papers (it stores human readable objects too but it does not focus on these).
See: e-Infrastructure


Disappearing computer
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )

e

E-commerce
Electronic commerce. Term used to describe transactions that take place online where the buyer and seller are remote from each other.
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


eGovernance
It is now recognised that on-line collaborations have the potential to trigger and shape significant changes in the way future societies will function. Extrapolation of the present exponential growth leads to scenarios where very large percentages of populations could, if equipped with the right tools, simultaneously voice opinions and views on major and minor societal challenges, and thereby herald the transition to a different form of dynamically participative "eSociety".

eGovernance is about appropriate governance models, process flows, or analytical tools with which to properly understand, interpret, visualise and harness the forces that can be unleashed. By 2020 there could be no barriers any more for citizens and businesses to participate in decision making at all levels.
See: ICT for Governance and Policy Modelling


e-Infrastructure
This is ICT-based research infrastructure in support of a new environment in which all researchers - whether working in the context of their home institutions or in national or multinational scientific initiatives - have shared access to unique or distributed scientific facilities, regardless of their type or location in the world.
See: e-Infrastructure


Electronic Health Records
An electronic health record (EHR) refers to an individual patient's health record in digital format. Electronic health record systems co-ordinate the storage and retrieval of individual records with the aid of computers. EHRs are usually accessed on a computer, often over a network. It may be made up of electronic medical records (EMRs) from many locations and/or sources. A variety of types of healthcare-related information may be stored and accessed in this way. EHR systems can help reducing medical errors.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Embodied intelligence
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Emergent properties
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Emerging nano-electronics
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Emerging technologies
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


ENIAC
ENIAC is a Joint Technology Initiative which will address two technological objectives which are a major part of the Strategic Research Agenda of the ENIAC Technology Platform. The first objective is to enhance the further integration and miniaturisation of devices, based on CMOS (the core technology of nanoelectronics). The second objective is to increase the number and diversifying the nature of the functionalities offered on a chip or in a package.
See: Next generation nanoelectronics components and electronics integration


Enterprise knowledge
See: Intelligent content and semantics


eSafety technologies
eSafety technologies denotes all systems and applications for road safety which are based on modern Information and Communication Technologies (ICT).
See: ICT for the intelligent vehicles and mobility services


Experimental facilities
A testing environment for new Internet paradigms and concepts, based on federating testbeds at different levels of maturity, in order to achieve synergies.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities


Experimentally-driven long-term research
A new research methodology in Internet concepts, tightly coupling the research and experimentation of long-term, potentially disruptive Internet concepts. New Internet paradigms require testing in large scale environments in order to adequately assess their potentially far-reaching implications. The results of such testing will then be fed back again as concrete requirements for the long-term research.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities


Exploratory research
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Extended home, home networking

See: Networked media

f

Field Operational Tests (FOTs)
The term denotes tests under real traffic conditions that assess the usefulness, impact, reliability and robustness of active safety systems.
See: ICT for the intelligent vehicles and mobility services


Foundational research
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Future and emerging technologies
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Future and emerging technologies research communities
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Future Internet
Today’s Internet was never designed to be a critical part of the worldwide economy’s infrastructure but it has become exactly that. The future Internet must not be seen as a mere technical entity, but as an integral enabler of the Future Networked Society. New research paradigms need to be explored and more interdisciplinary research is required in this domain to identify the architectures that will overcome long term limitations of the current internet capabilities, architecture and protocols.
See: The network of the future


Future of ICT
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )

g

Gaming

See: Networked media


GÉANT
The high capacity communication infrastructure GÉANT is an EU funded e-Infrastructure that connects the resources of research and academic institutions via national networks in 34 European countries and provides international connections to regional networks beyond Europe, delivering levels of network bandwidth and services unobtainable from the commercial sector.
See: e-Infrastructure


Geni (Global Environment for Network Innovations)
This is a facility concept being explored by the US computing community with support from the National Science Foundation. It is expected that research performed on GENI will lead to capabilities beyond the current Internet.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities


Global computing
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Global Virtual Research Communities
These are groups of individuals having a common objective, who agree to work together and trust each other for sharing their resources to accomplish this objective.
See: e-Infrastructure


Governance toolbox
Advanced tools embodying structural, organisational and new governance models to empower and engage all types of societal groups and communities, enable them to exploit mass cooperation platforms and allow governments to incorporate their input. Based on semantic co-operation platforms, these tools will enable the creation, learning, sharing and tracking of group knowledge that cuts across language and cultural interpretation. They should also facilitate transparency and tracking of inputs to the policy making process. The toolbox must include security, identity and access controls to ensure privacy and, where appropriate, the delineation of constituency domains according to the specific needs of government applications
See: ICT for Governance and Policy Modelling


Grid
A grid is a type of parallel and distributed system that enables the sharing, selection, and aggregation of software and hardware resources distributed across 'multiple' administrative domains. It enables resource virtualization, on-demand provisioning, and service (resource) sharing between organizations
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Grid infrastructure
This fosters the sharing and federation of various resources (computers, data, instruments and applications) to be used for combined efforts of global virtual research communities. There are several types of grids: Computational grids focus primarily on computationally-intensive operations (e.g. in DEISA); Data grids on the controlled sharing and management of large amounts of distributed data (e.g. in EGEE) and Equipment grids having a primary piece of equipment e.g. a telescope, control this equipment remotely and analyze the data produced (e.g. in GridCC).
See: e-Infrastructure

h

HealthGrid
Grid technologies deployed in health care applications. Healthgrids provide environments in which medical data are stored and accessible to different health actors: physicians, healthcare centres and administrations.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


High definition

See: Networked media


High-risk, high-payoff
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Human-computer confluence
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )

i

ICT forever yours
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Identity Management
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Information retrieval
Research projects targeting application areas such as digital libraries and archives are creating methods and tools for (semi-)automatic indexing and semantic annotation of non-textual objects (music, speech, images). At the same time, they aim at improving information and knowledge retrieval through efficient search engines and user interfaces that will be able to deliver results from complex multimedia resources, from distributed collections and across languages.
See: Cultural Heritage


Infrastructure
The physical communication backbone upon which Internet is built.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities


Intelligent agent
A piece of software using artificial intelligence techniques that operates autonomously using a set of rules. A common type of agent is one that roams the Internet and searches out information. Other types filter incoming information and messages for items of relevance to particular users.
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


Intelligent Cars
Intelligent cars are vehicles equipped with systems and applications making extensive use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) that aim at a safer, smarter and cleaner road transport system.
See: ICT for the intelligent vehicles and mobility services


Intelligent Transport Systems ITS
A very generic term denoting advanced systems and applications benefitting from the potential Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have for the management, the operation and the safety of a single transport mode (e.g. road, rail etc.) or of a combination of modes.
See: ICT for the intelligent vehicles and mobility services


Interdependencies
See: Critical Infrastructure Protection


Internet Media
See: Networked media


Internet of Things
The Internet of Things is the technical vision for the integration of any kind of object into a universal digital network.
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


Interoperability
Interoperability is a key concept in the hybrid library which depends upon integration of information resources presented in different formats. The concept of interoperability is simple in theory, complex in practice. It refers to the ability of systems to work seamlessly together and for diverse information resources to be systematically and consistently accessed.
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


Intuitive systems for learning
Targets longer term cross-disciplinary research on the synergies between learning and cognition in humans and machines, aiming at systems able to learn and configure themselves according to their understanding and experience of our behaviour when we are learning. Such systems should identify learners’ requirements, intelligently monitor progress, and exploit learners’ abilities in order to let them learn better. These systems should give purposeful and meaningful advice to both learners and teachers either for self-learning or for learning in a collaborative environment.
See: Technology-enhanced Learning


In-Vehicle Systems
In contrast to 'Co-operative Systems', the term denotes all active safety systems fitted into a car that do not need information sent from outside for their operation. The textbook example for an in-vehicle system would be a collision avoidance system where a radar sensor detects the obstacle on the road, the systems gives a warning to the driver and activates the brakes of the car if the driver does not or not sufficiently brake himself.
See: ICT for the intelligent vehicles and mobility services


IPv6
A network layer protocol for packet-switched internetworks, designated as the successor of IPv4. Its main improvement is a much larger address space that allows greater flexibility in assigning addresses.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities

j

JTI
A Joint Technology Initiative is a public-private partnership using the 'Joint Undertaking' model under Article 171 of the Treaty. The aim is to achieve greater strategic focus by supporting common ambitious research agendas in areas that are crucial for competitiveness and growth, assembling and coordinating at European level a critical mass of research. They therefore draw on all sources of R&D investment - public or private - and couple research tightly to innovation.

Two JTIs, ARTEMIS and ENIAC, were launched in February 2008 in the embedded computing systems and nanoelectronics domains, respectively.
See: JTIs on Europa , ARTEMIS Embedded Computing Systems , ENIAC Nanoelectronics

k

No keywords yet

l

Laser
This stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
See: Photonic components and subsystems


LED
This stands for Light-Emitting-Diode
See: Photonic components and subsystems


Life-like perception systems
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Living Labs
This is an application-driven, user-centric initiative for testing innovative ICT technologies, counting already several EU-funded projects all over Europe.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities


Long term research
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Long-lived systems
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )

m

Machine learning
The design and development of algorithms and techniques that allow automated systems to learn and adapt their behaviour to changing circumstances.
See: Cognitive systems, interaction and robotics


Malware
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Management/ Decision support
Decision support systems are a class of computer-based information systems including knowledge based systems that support decision making activities. It is a computerized system for helping make decisions.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Massive ICT systems
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Media content
See: Intelligent content and semantics


Media creation tools

See: Networked media


Media search and retrieval

See: Networked media


Metadata

See: Networked media


Metamaterials
These are a new class of electromagnetic materials that owe their properties to sub-wavelength details of structure rather than to their chemical composition. Metamaterials enable a new paradigm for the design of structures exhibiting properties of propagation of electromagnetic radiation that are difficult or impossible to find in nature, covering the whole spectrum from optical frequencies down to DC.
See: Photonic components and subsystems


Mind-body co-development and co-evolution
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Mobile radio
Mobile radio or mobiles refer to wireless communications systems and devices which are based on radio frequencies, and where the path of communications is movable on either end.
See: The network of the future


Modelling/Simulation: in-silico simulation, visualisation, modelling of human anatomy and physiology
Provide a better understanding of the anatomy and functions of the human body and organism. In silico is an expression used to mean "performed on computer or via computer simulation".
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


More Moore
This targets nanoelectronics devices beyond 32 nm following the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS). Specific issues are the increasing process variability, and expected physical and reliability limitations of devices and interconnects as well as the need for new circuit architectures and characterisation methods and techniques.
See: Next generation nanoelectronics components and electronics integration


More than Moore
This targets heterogeneous System-on-Chip (SoC) i.e. cost efficient integration of computing, processing and storage with other system functions of various scaling factors (such as analogue, RF [from extremely low frequency up to millimetrewave and beyond], high speed, high power, high voltage, and interface technologies) on a single chip. It also targets System-in-Package (SiP) i.e. integration of different types of chips and devices in a single package or compact subsystem. Specific issues are power consumption, electro-magnetic interference and heat dissipation.
See: Next generation nanoelectronics components and electronics integration


Morphology and behaviour
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Multidisciplinary research
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )

n

Nanoelectronics
This targets the field of microelectronics with critical dimensions below 100 nm
See: Next generation nanoelectronics components and electronics integration


Nanophotonics
This is a science that studies the behaviour of light at length scales comparable to the wavelength of the visible light (400 - 750 nm), down to sizes in the order of a nanometer (the billionth of a meter), to control the emission, the detection, the transport and the manipulation of light
See: Photonic components and subsystems


Nano-scale ICT devices and systems
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Nanotechnology Information Devices
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Network
A telecommunications network is a network of telecommunications links and nodes arranged so that messages may be passed from one part of the network to another over multiple links and through various nodes. Broadband Internet access, often shortened to just "broadband", is high speed Internet access—typically contrasted with dial-up access over modem.
See: The network of the future


Network aware content
See: Networked media


Network economy
Characterisation of the new global economy dominated by networks, i.e. multifarious nodes and connections in contrast to hierarchical and otherwise controlled economies. Normally means the electronic or digital network based upon ICT infrastructures and especially the Internet. (See also digital economy).
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


Network & Electronic Media (NEM)
See: Networked media


Networked media

See: Networked media


Networked societies of artefacts
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Neuroinformatics for "living" artefacts
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


New Paradigms
New approaches for implementing and managing the Internet, as for its architecture, protocols, virtual user communities, etc.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities


Nomadicity of the user and the content
See: Networked media


Non-conventional approaches
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Novel computing paradigms
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Novel scientific principle
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )

o

OLED
This stands for Organic Light-Emitting-Diode
See: Photonic components and subsystems


Open source software
Open source software makes the source code of software available to the general public with relaxed or non-existent intellectual property restrictions. This allows users to create software content through incremental individual effort or through collaboration.
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Optics
This is the branch of physics that deals with the generation, propagation and detection of light
See: Photonic components and subsystems


Optoelectronics
This refers to devices and systems that are essentially electronic in nature but involve light (i.e. LEDs, LCDs and array photodetectors)
See: Photonic components and subsystems

p

Paradigm shift
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Pathfinder
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Peer-to-peer (P2P)
Peer-to-peer networks are typically used for connecting nodes via largely ad hoc connections. Such networks are useful for many purposes. Sharing content files containing audio, video, data or anything in digital format is very common, and realtime data, such as telephony traffic, is also passed using P2P technology. A P2P computer network uses diverse connectivity between participants in a network and the cumulative bandwidth of network participants rather than conventional centralized resources where a relatively low number of servers provide the core value to a service or application. Many forms of participatory television and networked media delivery system with social and collaborative connotation are been developed based on P2P.
See: Networked media


Personalisation of learning
Focus is on the mass-individualisation of learning experiences through use of ICTs, which can adapt to context, age, situation, culture, learning abilities and educational context of the learners.
See: Technology-enhanced Learning


Personalisation, contextualisation, visualisation, immersive consumption
See: Intelligent content and semantics


Personalised monitoring
Patients want to have an increased participation in their own healthcare. They request affordable and readily available personalised health management systems (portable, mobile and even wearable systems), which they can use at their usual living environments to help them live a more normal life. Recent research has taken us a step closer in providing such solutions, however, efforts are still required to address the issues of integration of new technologies into existing health care practices, implications of interoperability of services, analysis of results following large scale clinical evaluations and development of technology which is small, reliable and affordable.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Personalised therapies
The integration of both research data and clinical observations should result in a better understanding of the pathology mechanisms of specific diseases. The use of patient specific data in the modelling systems could ultimately result in patient specific therapies adapted to the patient's conditions.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Pervasive adaptation
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Photonics
This is the science of generating, controlling, detecting and transmitting photons
See: Photonic components and subsystems


Policy Modelling
Real-time opinion visualisation and simulation solutions based on modelling, simulation, visualisation and mixed reality technologies, data and opinion mining, filtering and aggregation. This will encompass novel instruments which allow consideration of options based on the simulated behaviour and wishes of individuals, groups or society as a whole to understand the possible outcomes of government proposals, decisions and legislation.
See: ICT for Governance and Policy Modelling


Policy Simulation
The focus is on advanced tools and technologies to perform large-scale societal simulations integrating all possible variables, parameters, interferences, scenarios necessary to forecast potential outcomes and impacts of proposed policy measures. The solutions will be based on a systems dynamics methodology to analyse and model complex systems, cooperative vs. competitive systems, and also the use of "cloud" computing applications in order to pool web-wide computing resources for large scale data analysis and storage.
See: ICT for Governance and Policy Modelling


Predictive Healthcare
Develop patient-specific computer models to allow personalised healthcare by characterising metabolism at the cellular level to try to detect disease before symptoms appear. This analysis gives doctors a picture of her health status and risk for future disease that can be followed over the years.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Presence research
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Prevention and early diagnosis
Specialised systems for improved prevention or early diagnosis can fight effectively and systematically the development and burden of many diseases and lead to large cost savings. This approach involves: providing vital tools and knowledge to develop and market the information that people want and need to make sound health decisions; creating scalable information infrastructures to enable information exchange between individuals, health care providers and public health authorities; establishing relationships between at-risk populations and their contexts, communication strategies, messages, and behavior change.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Privacy
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Process control
See: Critical Infrastructure Protection

q

Quantum information processing and communication
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Quantum Optics
This studies the quantum and coherence properties of light and provides an explanation of virtually all optical phenomena
See: Photonic components and subsystems


Quantum technologies
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )

r

Research trends
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Resilience
See: Critical Infrastructure Protection


Rethinking the nature of computing and communication
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


RFID
Radio Frequency Identification. RFID is a technology for remotely storing and retrieving data. RFID products read or write data to RF tags (RFID tags) that are present in a radio frequency field projected from RFID reading/writing equipment. Data may be contained in one or more bits for the purpose of providing identification and other information relevant to the object to which the tag is attached. RFID technology uses electromagnetic or electrostatic coupling in the radio frequency portion of the spectrum to communicate to or from a tag through a variety of modulation and encoding schemes. At the heart of RFID technology is the RFID tag, a small device that can be attached to (such as an RFID label) or built into a product. RFID tags have built-in antennas that allow them to receive and respond to radio-frequency queries from the RFID system. Two types of tags are offered by RFID tag manufacturers - passive (have no power supply) and active (have a power source, usually a battery with a life of up to several years).
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


Risk prediction
Combining the different elements of a person's health situation to provide a comprehensive approach to the mystery of the disease: from understanding why it develops, to how it can be diagnosed early, treated effectively and, ultimately, prevented.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare

s

Science and policy
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Scientific data
Research in this area focuses on use of scientific data to recreate objects, sites etc, and also on how to guarantee the future use of such data, through digital preservation and curation.
See: Cultural Heritage


Search Engine
Web search engines are the main tool designed to search for information on the World Wide Web. Information may consist of web pages, images and other types of files. Some search engines also mine data available in newsgroups, databases, or open directories. Unlike Web directories, which are maintained by human editors, search engines operate algorithmically or are a mixture of algorithmic and human input. In this area a complete new generation of audiovisual search platforms is expected to soon start to populate the networked electronic media landscape.
See: Networked media


Security
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Security/privacy in healthcare
Privacy concerns exist wherever uniquely identifiable data relating to a person or persons are collected and stored, in digital form or otherwise. Improper or non-existent disclosure control can be the root cause for privacy issues
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Self* software
Self-adaptive software evaluates its own behavior and changes its behavior when the evaluation indicates that the software does not accomplish what it is intended to do or when better functionality or better performance can be achieved.
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Semiconductor industry (manufacturing 'chips')
This underpins a pyramid of value, through its pervasive nature, making it a key enabler of innovation, growth and jobs. The shift from the past era of microelectronics (1 millionth of a metre) to nanoelectronics (1 billionth of a metre) will make electronics even more pervasive and strategic than it is today.
See: Next generation nanoelectronics components and electronics integration


Service delivery platforms
Service Delivery Platform (SDP) are intended to enable rapid development and deployment of new converged multimedia services in telecommunications infrastructures.
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Situated and autonomic communications
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Social computing
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Social media content
See: Intelligent content and semantics


Social networking
See: Intelligent content and semantics


Software
Computer software is a general term used to describe a collection of computer programs, procedures and documentation that perform some task on a computer system. The term includes middleware which controls and co-ordinates distributed systems.
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Software as a service
Software as a service (SaaS) is a software application delivery model where a software vendor develops software application and hosts and operates the application for use by its customers over the Internet. Customers do not pay for owning the software itself but rather for using it.
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Software development methodology
A software development methodology descibes a variety of tasks or activities that can lead to quality software products. Synonyms include software life cycle and software process.
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Software engineering
Software engineering is the application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Software Oriented Architectures
SOA is a style of software systems that enables the creation of applications that are built by combining loosely coupled and interoperable distributed services.
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Supercomputing
This refers to computing that exploits the capabilities of a supercomputer to achieve the highest possible accuracy of results in the shortest amount of time. Examples of supercomputing applications are fluid dynamics, molecular biology, financial modelling, earthquake simulation, and climate/weather modelling. The term supercomputing is becoming more and more interchangeable with high-performance computing and reflects the purpose and use model of the myriad of existing and evolving architectures, and the supporting ecosystem of software, middleware, storage, networking and tools behind the next generation of applications.
See: e-Infrastructure


System-in-Package
This targets the integration of more system functions in one integrated component
See: Next generation nanoelectronics components and electronics integration


System-on-Chip
This targets the integration of more system functions on one piece of silicon
See: Next generation nanoelectronics components and electronics integration

t

Technology-enhanced learning
This field of study researches how the right use of the right ICTs can improve learning effectiveness in education, training and the workplace, to perform better, to solve problems, to innovate and be creative. Technology-enhanced learning is cross-disciplinary (ICTs, pedagogy, cognitive sciences, neuroscience).
See: Technology-enhanced Learning


Telematics
This generic term denotes all transport related applications and services based on Telecommunications and Informatics.
See: ICT for the intelligent vehicles and mobility services


Testbeds
These are an environment allowing rigorous, transparent and replicable testing and experimentation in research and development projects.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities


Towards a science of information
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Trust
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Trusted computing
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures

u

Universal information ecosystems

See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Unstructured distribution/delivery/storage of media
See: Networked media


User centric media

See: Networked media


User generated content
See: Networked media

v

Virtual heritage
ICTs for capturing, rendering, modelling and visualising cultural artefacts both to support study and creative use of these virtual representations, and their aggregation into virtual collections.
See: Cultural Heritage


Virtual Physiological Human
The Virtual Physiological Human is "a methodological and technological framework that once established will enable the investigation of the human body as a single complex system".
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Virtual reality
See: Networked media


Visionary research
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )

w

Web archiving
Web content plays an increasingly important role in the knowledge-based society, and the preservation and long-term accessibility of Web history has high value (e.g. for scholarly studies, market analyses, intellectual property disputes, etc.). There is strongly growing interest in its preservation by library and archival organisations as well as emerging industrial services. The typical characteristics of Web content - variety of formats, high dynamics, volatility, interactivity and context-dependency - make adequate Web archiving a challenge. Ongoing research will look beyond the pure 'freezing' of Web content snapshots, and develop tools to improve the long-term interpretability and fidelity of Web archives.
See: Cultural Heritage


What it means to be human
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Workplace learning
Research here is aimed at embedding learning seamlessly in the business processes and human resources management systems of organisations. It supports the transformation of learning outcomes into permanent and valuable knowledge assets.
See: Technology-enhanced Learning

xyz

No keywords yet

0

3D

See: Networked media



For any questions, please contact the ICT Information Desk