This site has been archived on
The Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS
Information & Communication Technologies

Information and Communication Technologies


Browse by keywords


The ICT theme in FP7 deals with a wide range of topics. Use the keywords list below to find a link to the area of interest to you.



Access network
An access network is that part of a communications networkwhich connects subscribers to their immediate service provider.It is contrasted with the core network, for example the NetworkSwitching Subsystem in GSM.
See: The network of the future


Active Safety Systems
In contrast topassive safety system, e.g. a pedestrian-friendly design of acar's bonnet, active safety systems collect data about thestate of the car and/or its environment and give information(warnings) and support to the driver or intervene autonomously.Widely known systems would be the 'Anti-lock Braking System(ABS)' or 'Electronic Stability Control (ESC)'.
See: ICT for the intelligent vehicles and mobility services


Adaptive pervasive systems
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Advanced computing architectures
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Ambient Intelligence
Ambient Intelligence. Defined by the EC Information SocietyTechnologies Advisory Group in a vision of the InformationSociety, Ambient Intelligence emphasises on greateruser-friendliness, more efficient services support,user-empowerment, and support for human interactions. AmbientIntelligence builds on three key technologies: UbiquitousComputing - integrates microprocessors into everyday objectslike furniture, clothing, white goods, toys, even paint -,Ubiquitous Communication - enables these objects to communicatewith each other and the user by means of ad-hoc and wirelessnetworking -, and Intelligent User Interfaces - enables theinhabitants of the AmI environment to control and interact withthe environment in a natural (voice, gestures) and personalisedway (preferences, context).
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


Ambient security and dependability
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Artificial intelligence
Artificialintelligence deals with the design of intelligent agents andsystems which perceive their environment and take actions whichmaximise its chances of success.
See: Cognitive systems, interaction and robotics


Audio-visual (AV) content, media, multimedia
See: Networked media


Audio-visual networks
See: Networked media


Beyond CMOS
Beyond CMOS' targetsadvanced technologies and functional devices beyond thetraditional ITRS shrink path. It involves new non-FET basedlogic and memory, and its possible integration with CMOS. Amatching of integration, manufacturability and systemcapability requirements shall be demonstrated inindustry-guided pilot projects.
See: Next generation nanoelectronics components and electronics integration


Beyond robotics
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Bidirectional interfaces
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Bio-ICT convergence
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Bio-Medical Informatics
BMI is amultidisciplinary field that provides a computational frameworkfor vertical integration of biomedical information obtained atmolecular, cellular, organ, individual and population level.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Biometrics
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Biomimetic artefacts
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Bionics
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Biophotonics
This is the application ofphotonics in life sciences and health care
See: Photonic components and subsystems


Breakthrough research
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Broadband
Dial-up modems are generallyonly capable of a maximum bit rate of 56 kbit/s (kilobits persecond) and require the full use of a telephone line-whereasbroadband technologies supply at least double this speed.Although various minimum speeds have been used in definitionsof broadband, the OECD Broadband Statistics report is typicalin counting only download speeds equal to or faster than 256kbit/s as broadband. Speeds are defined in terms of maximumdownload because several common consumer broadband technologiessuch as ADSL are "asymmetric" - supporting much slower uploadspeeds than download. "Broadband penetration" is now treated asa key economic indicator.
See: The network of the future


Chronic Disease management
Chronicdisease represents a challenge for the European Health systems.The majority of healthcare resources are devoted nowadays tothe management of chronic diseases, while significant amount ofthe care a person needs to manage a chronic disease can comedirectly from the patient. Self-managing one's own health canlead not only to improvements in health outcomes and healthstatus, but also to increased patient satisfaction andreductions in hospitalisations. ICT tools can make chronicdisease management more efficient, offering real opportunitiesfor improvements in care quality and reductions in costs.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Cognitive systems
Cognitive systems aredifferent kinds of systems (e.g. robotic systems) which arenaturally interacting, robust and flexible. They respondintelligently to situations by filling in gaps in theirknowledge and adapting to changing conditions. As a result,they are capable of operating autonomously or in cooperationwith humans in a largely unsupervised manner in open-endedenvironments and situations which have not been specified intheir design.
See: Cognitive systems, interaction and robotics


Cognitive vision
Cognitive (computer)vision aims at the automatic and intelligent processing of dataacquired by vision systems, covering perception, recognition,categorisation and interpretation.
See: Cognitive systems, interaction and robotics


Collaborative learning
Some ICT projectsfunded under the technology-enhanced learning objectiveinvestigate new forms of collaboration amongst groups oflearners or workers, particularly for ambitious complex problemsolving. This includes innovative solutions for communities ofpractice.
See: Technology-enhanced Learning


Communication and Networking
Thesciences of connecting users or computers so to allow thetransmission of information between any two or more users orpoints of the network. They are at the basis of the currentInternet.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities


Community building, socio-economic research
See: Intelligent content and semantics


Competences and skills
ICTs for learningsupport the development of competences and skills throughproblem-solving, innovation and creativity, leading toimprovements in performance (e.g. reduced time to competence)for individuals and organisations. This involves the use oftechnologies that can motivate and engage the learners such asserious games.
See: Technology-enhanced Learning


Complex systems
Complex Systems studieshow relationships between parts give rise to the collectivebehaviors of a (software) system and how the system interactsand forms relationships with its environment.
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Complex systems
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Complex systems for socially intelligent ICT
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Content adaptation
See: Networked media


Content Aware Network
See: Networked media


Content creation, creativity, multimedia authoring
See: Intelligent content and semantics


Content delivery networks

See: Networked media


Content management, content workflow, content tagging, metadata,
See: Intelligent content and semantics


Convergence
Convergence defines amulti-media environment and/or network where signals regardlessof type (i.e. voice, quality audio, video, data, etc.) andencoding methodology may be seamlessly exchanged betweenindependent endpoints with similar characteristics.
See: The network of the future


Cooperative networking and living

See: Networked media


Co-operative Systems
Road transportsystems are called co-operative when they are built oncar-to-car or car-to-infrastructure communication. They aim athigher road safety, e.g. when a broken-down car communicates toother cars on that road that it is there and hidden behind acurve, or to increased traffic efficiency and network capacity,for instance when a traffic management centre (which is part ofthe infrastructure) gets real-time data on the flow of trafficfrom cars actually on the roads.
See: ICT for Cooperative Systems


Core network
A core network (or networkcore) is the central part of a telecom network that providesvarious services.
See: The network of the future


Critical infrastructures
See: Critical Infrastructure Protection


Cryptology
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Data driven simulation
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Data protection
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Dependability
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Design for emergence
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Digital culture
Use of leading edgetechnologies (e.g. from knowledge management, semantic tools,graphics, interfaces) to foster applications that improve themeaningful use and experiences users get from culturalresources.
See: Cultural Heritage


Digital economy
Characterisation of thenew global economy dominated by digital infrastructures, i.e.electronic or digital networks based upon ICT infrastructuresand especially the Internet. (See also network economy).
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


Digital Ecosystem
Concept emerged inEurope in 2002. A digital ecosystem is a digital environmentaimed at supporting the economic development, with specialfocus on SMEs and local development. The architecture exploitsthe characteristics of natural ecosystems, evolves and adaptsto local conditions with the evolution of its components,allowing sharing and representating the information andservices needed to economic development. The digital ecosystemsare "populated" by any digitalised information/componentsexpressed in a language (formal or natural), which can beprocessed (by computers and/or humans), like softwarecomponents, applications, services, knowledge, businessprocesses and models, training modules, trust relationships,etc.
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


Digital libraries
Digital librariesresearch aims at improving the accessibility and use ofcultural and scientific resources, through scalable andinteroperable platforms supporting the digitisation andretrieval of heterogeneous content, in multimedia formats, fromdistributed collections and across languages.
See: Cultural Heritage


Digital preservation
The rapid pace ofchange of electronic devices and formats for recording, storageand use represents a threat to the long-term accessibility ofdigital objects. Research targets methods and systems forensuring availability of digital resources over time, throughnovel concepts, techniques and tools. This covers empiricalresearch, needed to develop test-beds and systems capable ofsupporting long-term access to multi-sourced, multi-formattedand highly distributed resources. Longer-term researchaddresses the preservation of complex, dynamic and very highvolume digital objects, including those with high levels ofinteractivity (see Web archiving).
See: Cultural Heritage


Digital Repositories
DigitalRepositories of scientific information store digital researchinput and output data using a distributed architecture. Allsorts of digital objects associated to the scientific cycle canbe archived on a digital repository: (raw) data, measurementsand annotations on raw data, models, software, simulations, andultimately, published papers (it stores human readable objectstoo but it does not focus on these).
See: e-Infrastructure


Disappearing computer
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


E-commerce
Electronic commerce. Termused to describe transactions that take place online where thebuyer and seller are remote from each other.
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


eGovernance
It is now recognised thaton-line collaborations have the potential to trigger and shapesignificant changes in the way future societies will function.Extrapolation of the present exponential growth leads toscenarios where very large percentages of populations could, ifequipped with the right tools, simultaneously voice opinionsand views on major and minor societal challenges, and therebyherald the transition to a different form of dynamicallyparticipative "eSociety".

eGovernance is about appropriate governance models,process flows, or analytical tools with which to properlyunderstand, interpret, visualise and harness the forces thatcan be unleashed. By 2020 there could be no barriers any morefor citizens and businesses to participate in decision makingat all levels.
See: ICT for Governance and Policy Modelling


e-Infrastructure
This is ICT-basedresearch infrastructure in support of a new environment inwhich all researchers - whether working in the context of theirhome institutions or in national or multinational scientificinitiatives - have shared access to unique or distributedscientific facilities, regardless of their type or location inthe world.
See: e-Infrastructure


Electronic Health Records
An electronichealth record (EHR) refers to an individual patient's healthrecord in digital format. Electronic health record systemsco-ordinate the storage and retrieval of individual recordswith the aid of computers. EHRs are usually accessed on acomputer, often over a network. It may be made up of electronicmedical records (EMRs) from many locations and/or sources. Avariety of types of healthcare-related information may bestored and accessed in this way. EHR systems can help reducingmedical errors.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Embodied intelligence
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Emergent properties
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Emerging nano-electronics
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Emerging technologies
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


ENIAC
ENIAC is a Joint TechnologyInitiative which will address two technological objectiveswhich are a major part of the Strategic Research Agenda of theENIAC Technology Platform. The first objective is to enhancethe further integration and miniaturisation of devices, basedon CMOS (the core technology of nanoelectronics). The secondobjective is to increase the number and diversifying the natureof the functionalities offered on a chip or in a package.
See: Next generation nanoelectronics components and electronics integration


Enterprise knowledge
See: Intelligent content and semantics


eSafety technologies
eSafetytechnologies denotes all systems and applications for roadsafety which are based on modern Information and CommunicationTechnologies (ICT).
See: ICT for the intelligent vehicles and mobility services


Experimental facilities
A testingenvironment for new Internet paradigms and concepts, based onfederating testbeds at different levels of maturity, in orderto achieve synergies.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities


Experimentally-driven long-term research
A new research methodology in Internet concepts, tightlycoupling the research and experimentation of long-term,potentially disruptive Internet concepts. New Internetparadigms require testing in large scale environments in orderto adequately assess their potentially far-reachingimplications. The results of such testing will then be fed backagain as concrete requirements for the long-term research.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities


Exploratory research
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Extended home, home networking

See: Networked media


Field Operational Tests (FOTs)
The termdenotes tests under real traffic conditions that assess theusefulness, impact, reliability and robustness of active safetysystems.
See: ICT for the intelligent vehicles and mobility services


Foundational research
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Future and emerging technologies
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Future and emerging technologies research communities
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Future Internet
Today’s Internet wasnever designed to be a critical part of the worldwide economy’sinfrastructure but it has become exactly that. The futureInternet must not be seen as a mere technical entity, but as anintegral enabler of the Future Networked Society. New researchparadigms need to be explored and more interdisciplinaryresearch is required in this domain to identify thearchitectures that will overcome long term limitations of thecurrent internet capabilities, architecture and protocols.
See: The network of the future


Future of ICT
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Gaming

See: Networked media


GÉANT
The high capacity communicationinfrastructure GÉANT is an EU funded e-Infrastructure thatconnects the resources of research and academic institutionsvia national networks in 34 European countries and providesinternational connections to regional networks beyond Europe,delivering levels of network bandwidth and servicesunobtainable from the commercial sector.
See: e-Infrastructure


Geni (Global Environment for Network Innovations)
This is a facility concept being exploredby the US computing community with support from the NationalScience Foundation. It is expected that research performed onGENI will lead to capabilities beyond the current Internet.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities


Global computing
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Global Virtual Research Communities
These are groups of individuals having a common objective, whoagree to work together and trust each other for sharing theirresources to accomplish this objective.
See: e-Infrastructure


Governance toolbox
Advanced toolsembodying structural, organisational and new governance modelsto empower and engage all types of societal groups andcommunities, enable them to exploit mass cooperation platformsand allow governments to incorporate their input. Based onsemantic co-operation platforms, these tools will enable thecreation, learning, sharing and tracking of group knowledgethat cuts across language and cultural interpretation. Theyshould also facilitate transparency and tracking of inputs tothe policy making process. The toolbox must include security,identity and access controls to ensure privacy and, whereappropriate, the delineation of constituency domains accordingto the specific needs of government applications
See: ICT for Governance and Policy Modelling


Grid
A grid is a type of parallel anddistributed system that enables the sharing, selection, andaggregation of software and hardware resources distributedacross 'multiple' administrative domains. It enables resourcevirtualization, on-demand provisioning, and service (resource)sharing between organizations
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Grid infrastructure
This fosters thesharing and federation of various resources (computers, data,instruments and applications) to be used for combined effortsof global virtual research communities. There are several typesof grids: Computational grids focus primarily oncomputationally-intensive operations (e.g. in DEISA); Datagrids on the controlled sharing and management of large amountsof distributed data (e.g. in EGEE) and Equipment grids having aprimary piece of equipment e.g. a telescope, control thisequipment remotely and analyze the data produced (e.g. inGridCC).
See: e-Infrastructure


HealthGrid
Grid technologies deployed inhealth care applications. Healthgrids provide environments inwhich medical data are stored and accessible to differenthealth actors: physicians, healthcare centres andadministrations.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


High definition

See: Networked media


High-risk, high-payoff
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Human-computer confluence
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


ICT forever yours
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Identity Management
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Information retrieval
Research projectstargeting application areas such as digital libraries andarchives are creating methods and tools for (semi-)automaticindexing and semantic annotation of non-textual objects (music,speech, images). At the same time, they aim at improvinginformation and knowledge retrieval through efficient searchengines and user interfaces that will be able to deliverresults from complex multimedia resources, from distributedcollections and across languages.
See: Cultural Heritage


Infrastructure
The physicalcommunication backbone upon which Internet is built.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities


Intelligent agent
A piece of softwareusing artificial intelligence techniques that operatesautonomously using a set of rules. A common type of agent isone that roams the Internet and searches out information. Othertypes filter incoming information and messages for items ofrelevance to particular users.
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


Intelligent Cars
Intelligent cars arevehicles equipped with systems and applications makingextensive use of Information and Communication Technologies(ICT) that aim at a safer, smarter and cleaner road transportsystem.
See: ICT for the intelligent vehicles and mobility services


Intelligent Transport Systems ITS
A verygeneric term denoting advanced systems and applicationsbenefitting from the potential Information and CommunicationTechnologies (ICT) have for the management, the operation andthe safety of a single transport mode (e.g. road, rail etc.) orof a combination of modes.
See: ICT for the intelligent vehicles and mobility services


Interdependencies
See: Critical Infrastructure Protection


Internet Media
See: Networked media


Internet of Things
The Internet ofThings is the technical vision for the integration of any kindof object into a universal digital network.
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


Interoperability
Interoperability is akey concept in the hybrid library which depends uponintegration of information resources presented in differentformats. The concept of interoperability is simple in theory,complex in practice. It refers to the ability of systems towork seamlessly together and for diverse information resourcesto be systematically and consistently accessed.
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


Intuitive systems for learning
Targetslonger term cross-disciplinary research on the synergiesbetween learning and cognition in humans and machines, aimingat systems able to learn and configure themselves according totheir understanding and experience of our behaviour when we arelearning. Such systems should identify learners’ requirements,intelligently monitor progress, and exploit learners’ abilitiesin order to let them learn better. These systems should givepurposeful and meaningful advice to both learners and teacherseither for self-learning or for learning in a collaborativeenvironment.
See: Technology-enhanced Learning


In-Vehicle Systems
In contrast to'Co-operative Systems', the term denotes all active safetysystems fitted into a car that do not need information sentfrom outside for their operation. The textbook example for anin-vehicle system would be a collision avoidance system where aradar sensor detects the obstacle on the road, the systemsgives a warning to the driver and activates the brakes of thecar if the driver does not or not sufficiently brake himself.
See: ICT for the intelligent vehicles and mobility services


IPv6
A network layer protocol forpacket-switched internetworks, designated as the successor ofIPv4. Its main improvement is a much larger address space thatallows greater flexibility in assigning addresses.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities


JTI
A Joint Technology Initiative is apublic-private partnership using the 'Joint Undertaking' modelunder Article 171 of the Treaty. The aim is to achieve greaterstrategic focus by supporting common ambitious research agendasin areas that are crucial for competitiveness and growth,assembling and coordinating at European level a critical massof research. They therefore draw on all sources of R&Dinvestment - public or private - and couple research tightly toinnovation.

Two JTIs, ARTEMIS and ENIAC, were launched in February2008 in the embedded computing systems and nanoelectronicsdomains, respectively.
See: JTIs on Europa , ARTEMIS Embedded Computing Systems , ENIAC Nanoelectronics


No keywords yet


Laser
This stands for LightAmplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
See: Photonic components and subsystems


LED
This stands for Light-Emitting-Diode
See: Photonic components and subsystems


Life-like perception systems
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Living Labs
This is anapplication-driven, user-centric initiative for testinginnovative ICT technologies, counting already several EU-fundedprojects all over Europe.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities


Long term research
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Long-lived systems
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Machine learning
The design anddevelopment of algorithms and techniques that allow automatedsystems to learn and adapt their behaviour to changingcircumstances.
See: Cognitive systems, interaction and robotics


Malware
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Management/ Decision support
Decisionsupport systems are a class of computer-based informationsystems including knowledge based systems that support decisionmaking activities. It is a computerized system for helping makedecisions.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Massive ICT systems
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Media content
See: Intelligent content and semantics


Media creation tools

See: Networked media


Media search and retrieval

See: Networked media


Metadata

See: Networked media


Metamaterials
These are a new class ofelectromagnetic materials that owe their properties tosub-wavelength details of structure rather than to theirchemical composition. Metamaterials enable a new paradigm forthe design of structures exhibiting properties of propagationof electromagnetic radiation that are difficult or impossibleto find in nature, covering the whole spectrum from opticalfrequencies down to DC.
See: Photonic components and subsystems


Mind-body co-development and co-evolution
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Mobile radio
Mobile radio or mobilesrefer to wireless communications systems and devices which arebased on radio frequencies, and where the path ofcommunications is movable on either end.
See: The network of the future


Modelling/Simulation: in-silico simulation, visualisation, modelling of human anatomy and physiology
Provide a better understanding of the anatomy and functions ofthe human body and organism. In silico is an expression used tomean "performed on computer or via computer simulation".
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


More Moore
This targets nanoelectronicsdevices beyond 32 nm following the International TechnologyRoadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS). Specific issues are theincreasing process variability, and expected physical andreliability limitations of devices and interconnects as well asthe need for new circuit architectures and characterisationmethods and techniques.
See: Next generation nanoelectronics components and electronics integration


More than Moore
This targetsheterogeneous System-on-Chip (SoC) i.e. cost efficientintegration of computing, processing and storage with othersystem functions of various scaling factors (such as analogue,RF [from extremely low frequency up to millimetrewave andbeyond], high speed, high power, high voltage, and interfacetechnologies) on a single chip. It also targetsSystem-in-Package (SiP) i.e. integration of different types ofchips and devices in a single package or compact subsystem.Specific issues are power consumption, electro-magneticinterference and heat dissipation.
See: Next generation nanoelectronics components and electronics integration


Morphology and behaviour
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Multidisciplinary research
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Nanoelectronics
This targets the fieldof microelectronics with critical dimensions below 100 nm
See: Next generation nanoelectronics components and electronics integration


Nanophotonics
This is a science thatstudies the behaviour of light at length scales comparable tothe wavelength of the visible light (400 - 750 nm), down tosizes in the order of a nanometer (the billionth of a meter),to control the emission, the detection, the transport and themanipulation of light
See: Photonic components and subsystems


Nano-scale ICT devices and systems
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Nanotechnology Information Devices
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Network
A telecommunications network isa network of telecommunications links and nodes arranged sothat messages may be passed from one part of the network toanother over multiple links and through various nodes.Broadband Internet access, often shortened to just "broadband",is high speed Internet access—typically contrasted with dial-upaccess over modem.
See: The network of the future


Network aware content
See: Networked media


Network economy
Characterisation of thenew global economy dominated by networks, i.e. multifariousnodes and connections in contrast to hierarchical and otherwisecontrolled economies. Normally means the electronic or digitalnetwork based upon ICT infrastructures and especially theInternet. (See also digital economy).
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


Network & Electronic Media (NEM)
See: Networked media


Networked media

See: Networked media


Networked societies of artefacts
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Neuroinformatics for "living" artefacts
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


New Paradigms
New approaches forimplementing and managing the Internet, as for itsarchitecture, protocols, virtual user communities, etc.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities


Nomadicity of the user and the content
See: Networked media


Non-conventional approaches
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Novel computing paradigms
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Novel scientific principle
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


OLED
This stands for OrganicLight-Emitting-Diode
See: Photonic components and subsystems


Open source software
Open sourcesoftware makes the source code of software available to thegeneral public with relaxed or non-existent intellectualproperty restrictions. This allows users to create softwarecontent through incremental individual effort or throughcollaboration.
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Optics
This is the branch of physicsthat deals with the generation, propagation and detection oflight
See: Photonic components and subsystems


Optoelectronics
This refers to devicesand systems that are essentially electronic in nature butinvolve light (i.e. LEDs, LCDs and array photodetectors)
See: Photonic components and subsystems


Paradigm shift
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Pathfinder
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Peer-to-peer (P2P)
Peer-to-peer networksare typically used for connecting nodes via largely ad hocconnections. Such networks are useful for many purposes.Sharing content files containing audio, video, data or anythingin digital format is very common, and realtime data, such astelephony traffic, is also passed using P2P technology. A P2Pcomputer network uses diverse connectivity between participantsin a network and the cumulative bandwidth of networkparticipants rather than conventional centralized resourceswhere a relatively low number of servers provide the core valueto a service or application. Many forms of participatorytelevision and networked media delivery system with social andcollaborative connotation are been developed based on P2P.
See: Networked media


Personalisation of learning
Focus is onthe mass-individualisation of learning experiences through useof ICTs, which can adapt to context, age, situation, culture,learning abilities and educational context of the learners.
See: Technology-enhanced Learning


Personalisation, contextualisation, visualisation, immersive consumption
See: Intelligent content and semantics


Personalised monitoring
Patients want tohave an increased participation in their own healthcare. Theyrequest affordable and readily available personalised healthmanagement systems (portable, mobile and even wearablesystems), which they can use at their usual living environmentsto help them live a more normal life. Recent research has takenus a step closer in providing such solutions, however, effortsare still required to address the issues of integration of newtechnologies into existing health care practices, implicationsof interoperability of services, analysis of results followinglarge scale clinical evaluations and development of technologywhich is small, reliable and affordable.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Personalised therapies
The integrationof both research data and clinical observations should resultin a better understanding of the pathology mechanisms ofspecific diseases. The use of patient specific data in themodelling systems could ultimately result in patient specifictherapies adapted to the patient's conditions.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Pervasive adaptation
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Photonics
This is the science ofgenerating, controlling, detecting and transmitting photons
See: Photonic components and subsystems


Policy Modelling
Real-time opinionvisualisation and simulation solutions based on modelling,simulation, visualisation and mixed reality technologies, dataand opinion mining, filtering and aggregation. This willencompass novel instruments which allow consideration ofoptions based on the simulated behaviour and wishes ofindividuals, groups or society as a whole to understand thepossible outcomes of government proposals, decisions andlegislation.
See: ICT for Governance and Policy Modelling


Policy Simulation
The focus is onadvanced tools and technologies to perform large-scale societalsimulations integrating all possible variables, parameters,interferences, scenarios necessary to forecast potentialoutcomes and impacts of proposed policy measures. The solutionswill be based on a systems dynamics methodology to analyse andmodel complex systems, cooperative vs. competitive systems, andalso the use of "cloud" computing applications in order to poolweb-wide computing resources for large scale data analysis andstorage.
See: ICT for Governance and Policy Modelling


Predictive Healthcare
Developpatient-specific computer models to allow personalisedhealthcare by characterising metabolism at the cellular levelto try to detect disease before symptoms appear. This analysisgives doctors a picture of her health status and risk forfuture disease that can be followed over the years.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Presence research
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Prevention and early diagnosis
Specialised systems for improved prevention or early diagnosiscan fight effectively and systematically the development andburden of many diseases and lead to large cost savings. Thisapproach involves: providing vital tools and knowledge todevelop and market the information that people want and need tomake sound health decisions; creating scalable informationinfrastructures to enable information exchange betweenindividuals, health care providers and public healthauthorities; establishing relationships between at-riskpopulations and their contexts, communication strategies,messages, and behavior change.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Privacy
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Process control
See: Critical Infrastructure Protection


Quantum information processing and communication
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Quantum Optics
This studies the quantumand coherence properties of light and provides an explanationof virtually all optical phenomena
See: Photonic components and subsystems


Quantum technologies
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Research trends
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Resilience
See: Critical Infrastructure Protection


Rethinking the nature of computing and communication
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


RFID
Radio Frequency Identification.RFID is a technology for remotely storing and retrieving data.RFID products read or write data to RF tags (RFID tags) thatare present in a radio frequency field projected from RFIDreading/writing equipment. Data may be contained in one or morebits for the purpose of providing identification and otherinformation relevant to the object to which the tag isattached. RFID technology uses electromagnetic or electrostaticcoupling in the radio frequency portion of the spectrum tocommunicate to or from a tag through a variety of modulationand encoding schemes. At the heart of RFID technology is theRFID tag, a small device that can be attached to (such as anRFID label) or built into a product. RFID tags have built-inantennas that allow them to receive and respond toradio-frequency queries from the RFID system. Two types of tagsare offered by RFID tag manufacturers - passive (have no powersupply) and active (have a power source, usually a battery witha life of up to several years).
See: ICT in support of the networked enterprise


Risk prediction
Combining the differentelements of a person's health situation to provide acomprehensive approach to the mystery of the disease: fromunderstanding why it develops, to how it can be diagnosedearly, treated effectively and, ultimately, prevented.
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Science and policy
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Scientific data
Research in this areafocuses on use of scientific data to recreate objects, sitesetc, and also on how to guarantee the future use of such data,through digital preservation and curation.
See: Cultural Heritage


Search Engine
Web search engines are themain tool designed to search for information on the World WideWeb. Information may consist of web pages, images and othertypes of files. Some search engines also mine data available innewsgroups, databases, or open directories. Unlike Webdirectories, which are maintained by human editors, searchengines operate algorithmically or are a mixture of algorithmicand human input. In this area a complete new generation ofaudiovisual search platforms is expected to soon start topopulate the networked electronic media landscape.
See: Networked media


Security
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Security/privacy in healthcare
Privacyconcerns exist wherever uniquely identifiable data relating toa person or persons are collected and stored, in digital formor otherwise. Improper or non-existent disclosure control canbe the root cause for privacy issues
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Self* software
Self-adaptive softwareevaluates its own behavior and changes its behavior when theevaluation indicates that the software does not accomplish whatit is intended to do or when better functionality or betterperformance can be achieved.
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Semiconductor industry (manufacturing 'chips')
This underpins a pyramid of value, through its pervasivenature, making it a key enabler of innovation, growth and jobs.The shift from the past era of microelectronics (1 millionth ofa metre) to nanoelectronics (1 billionth of a metre) will makeelectronics even more pervasive and strategic than it is today.
See: Next generation nanoelectronics components and electronics integration


Service delivery platforms
ServiceDelivery Platform (SDP) are intended to enable rapiddevelopment and deployment of new converged multimedia servicesin telecommunications infrastructures.
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Situated and autonomic communications
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Social computing
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Social media content
See: Intelligent content and semantics


Social networking
See: Intelligent content and semantics


Software
Computer software is a generalterm used to describe a collection of computer programs,procedures and documentation that perform some task on acomputer system. The term includes middleware which controlsand co-ordinates distributed systems.
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Software as a service
Software as aservice (SaaS) is a software application delivery model where asoftware vendor develops software application and hosts andoperates the application for use by its customers over theInternet. Customers do not pay for owning the software itselfbut rather for using it.
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Software development methodology
Asoftware development methodology descibes a variety of tasks oractivities that can lead to quality software products. Synonymsinclude software life cycle and software process.
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Software engineering
Softwareengineering is the application of a systematic, disciplined,quantifiable approach to the development, operation, andmaintenance of software
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Software Oriented Architectures
SOA is astyle of software systems that enables the creation ofapplications that are built by combining loosely coupled andinteroperable distributed services.
See: Service and software architectures, infrastructures and engineering


Supercomputing
This refers to computingthat exploits the capabilities of a supercomputer to achievethe highest possible accuracy of results in the shortest amountof time. Examples of supercomputing applications are fluiddynamics, molecular biology, financial modelling, earthquakesimulation, and climate/weather modelling. The termsupercomputing is becoming more and more interchangeable withhigh-performance computing and reflects the purpose and usemodel of the myriad of existing and evolving architectures, andthe supporting ecosystem of software, middleware, storage,networking and tools behind the next generation ofapplications.
See: e-Infrastructure


System-in-Package
This targets theintegration of more system functions in one integratedcomponent
See: Next generation nanoelectronics components and electronics integration


System-on-Chip
This targets theintegration of more system functions on one piece of silicon
See: Next generation nanoelectronics components and electronics integration


Technology-enhanced learning
This fieldof study researches how the right use of the right ICTs canimprove learning effectiveness in education, training and theworkplace, to perform better, to solve problems, to innovateand be creative. Technology-enhanced learning iscross-disciplinary (ICTs, pedagogy, cognitive sciences,neuroscience).
See: Technology-enhanced Learning


Telematics
This generic term denotes alltransport related applications and services based onTelecommunications and Informatics.
See: ICT for the intelligent vehicles and mobility services


Testbeds
These are an environmentallowing rigorous, transparent and replicable testing andexperimentation in research and development projects.
See: New Paradigms and Experimental Facilities


Towards a science of information
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Trust
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Trusted computing
See: Secure, dependable and trusted infrastructures


Universal information ecosystems

See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Unstructured distribution/delivery/storage of media
See: Networked media


User centric media

See: Networked media


User generated content
See: Networked media


Virtual heritage
ICTs for capturing,rendering, modelling and visualising cultural artefacts both tosupport study and creative use of these virtualrepresentations, and their aggregation into virtualcollections.
See: Cultural Heritage


Virtual Physiological Human
The VirtualPhysiological Human is "a methodological and technologicalframework that once established will enable the investigationof the human body as a single complex system".
See: Sustainable and personalised healthcare


Virtual reality
See: Networked media


Visionary research
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Web archiving
Web content plays anincreasingly important role in the knowledge-based society, andthe preservation and long-term accessibility of Web history hashigh value (e.g. for scholarly studies, market analyses,intellectual property disputes, etc.). There is stronglygrowing interest in its preservation by library and archivalorganisations as well as emerging industrial services. Thetypical characteristics of Web content - variety of formats,high dynamics, volatility, interactivity and context-dependency- make adequate Web archiving a challenge. Ongoing researchwill look beyond the pure 'freezing' of Web content snapshots,and develop tools to improve the long-term interpretability andfidelity of Web archives.
See: Cultural Heritage


What it means to be human
See: Future and emerging technologies (FET )


Workplace learning
Research here isaimed at embedding learning seamlessly in the businessprocesses and human resources management systems oforganisations. It supports the transformation of learningoutcomes into permanent and valuable knowledge assets.
See: Technology-enhanced Learning


No keywords yet


3D

See: Networked media



For any questions, please contact the ICT Information Desk