European Research Cluster on the Internet of Things
The “ European Research Cluster on the Internet of Things – IERC " was established as part of Europe’s ambition to shape a future Internet of Things for its businesses and citizens.
It is managed by the unit "Networked Enterprise and RFID" of the DG Information Society and Media and the role of the cluster coordinator is ensured by Patrick Guillemin (ETSI). Originally, the cluster was founded in 2007 with the aim to reinforce the research on Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) in Europe. It counts in total 33 projects of which 14 belong to the unit.
The wider scope of the Internet of Things includes concepts as IOT Architecture and Technologies, IOT Communication Protocols, Physical-Virtual Worlds interoperability, Distribution of Intelligence, Secure and Open middleware platforms, as well as Legal and Privacy issues, Things Coding and Naming, communication-Spectrum allocation, energy saving issues, business and governance models, harmonized global IOT standardization.
"Internet of Things (IOT) is an integrated part of Future Internet and could be defined as a dynamic global network infrastructure with self configuring capabilities based on standard and interoperable communication protocols where physical and virtual "things" have identities, physical attributes, virtual personalities and use intelligent interfaces, and are seamlessly integrated into the information network.
In the IOT, "things" are expected to become active participants in business, information and social processes where they are enabled to interact and communicate among themselves and with the environment by exchanging data and information "sensed" about the environment, while reacting autonomously to the "real/physical world" events and influencing it by running processes that trigger actions and create services with or without direct human intervention.
The objectives of the cluster are the following:
- facilitate networking of different RFID and IoT-related projects in Europe,
- coordinate research activities among these projects,
- assure coherence of work in Europe,
- leverage expertise, talents, and resources and maximize impact,
- establish synergies between the involved projects.
More information and news about the RFID and the Internet of Things policy can be found on the Europa website at http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/policy/rfid/index_en.htm