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IST in FP6
Related Activities

Find the most recent information on EU Funding activities in the field of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) by visiting our ICT in FP7 website , which covers ICT in the 7 th Framework Programme (FP7) 2007 - 2013.



The Information Society is increasingly dependent on critical information infrastructures. Initiatives for protecting the critical infrastructures against accidental failures and deliberate acts, including malicious attacks, have been launched within the EU, the USA, China, Australia and other countries.

Because of the pervasiveness and tight connectivity realised by information infrastructures the conventional infrastructures like transport, energy, health care, financial services, commerce, are becoming more and more inter-dependent as a Global Information Supply Chain takes formation. In parallel these infrastructures are undergoing major changes in their organisational and technical configurations mainly driven by liberalisation, deregulation and global market forces. Thus, systems complexity is rapidly increasing in a number of dimensions including size and unbounded nature, interconnection in systems-of-systems, interdependence, multiplicity of actors involved, decentralised management and enhanced functionality. This evolution together with the increasing use of "open" information infrastructures for communications (e.g. Internet), freeware software and common applications allow the introduction of new vulnerabilities and threats, both accidental and deliberate, that need better understanding, assessment and control.

The objectives of the CPA on dependability is to develop and validate new approaches and technologies aimed at enhancing the dependability and survivability of the global information infrastructure, including requirements of and applicability to application domains of general interest (e.g. environment monitoring, transport, health etc.).

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Projects & Clusters

This theme encompassed 4 calls and resulted in 16 projects having a combined funding support of ~30M€
1999 Call 1 CPA2: Dependability in services and technologies 7 projects
2000 Call 3 CPA4: Large scale systems survivability 6 projects
2000 Call 4 CPA4: Large scale systems survivability 1 projects
2001 Call 6 CPA4: Towards dependable and survivable systems and infrastructures 2 projects

The table below lists all the projects in this theme, the call they resulted from, a project reference and acronym. Project titles will be displayed if you hover over the project acronyms and links are provided to the CORDIS project-fact-sheet database.
call Project Reference Acronym Factsheet
1 IST-1999-10748 FIT Fact Sheet
1 IST-1999-10913 SAFEAIR Fact Sheet
1 IST-1999-10923 HARP Fact Sheet
1 IST-1999-11435 MATISSE Fact Sheet
1 IST-1999-11583 MAFTIA Fact Sheet
1 IST-1999-11585 DSoS Fact Sheet
1 IST-1999-11762 AMATISTA Fact Sheet
3 IST-2000-25031 CORAS Fact Sheet
3 IST-2000-25088 CABERNET Fact Sheet
3 IST-2000-25352 CAUTION Fact Sheet
3 IST-2000-25425 DBENCH Fact Sheet
3 IST-2000-25434 DEPAUDE Fact Sheet
3 IST-2000-26119 EXAMINE Fact Sheet
4 IST-2000-29202 DDSI Fact Sheet
6 IST-2001-32685 SAFEGUARD Fact Sheet
6 IST-2001-33387 SAFE-PC Fact Sheet

News, events, documents and links

  • The IST-funded projects participate in DEPPY - "The European Dependability Initiative"
    for more information on news & events see also DEPPY Forum
  • "Towards a dependable Information Society for the EU"
    ( short presentation ), ( security and dependability roadmap projects )
  • FP5 IST Key Action II "New methods of work and electronic commerce"
    ( Reports, policy, workshops, conference proceedings )
  • Short paper on " Dependability in the Information Society: getting ready for the FP6 "
    Published in "Computer Safety, Reliability and Security", Proceedings of 21st Int. Conference,
    SAFECOMP 2002, October 2002, Eds. S. Anderson et alt., Springer-Verlag 2002, LNCS Vol. 2434"
  • Workshop on "Dependability in the Information Society" - future scenarios and R&D challenges
    LAAS-CNRS in Toulouse December 2001 ( website ), ( report )
  • Workshop "R&D Strategy for a Dependable Information Society" EU-US Collaboration
    held in Dusseldorf December 2001 ( DEPPY Forum ) and its report published as ERCIM Strategic Workshop report ( pdf )
  • EU-US Workshop "R&D Strategy For Sustaining An Information Society - Dependability Of Infrastructures And Interdependencies - US-EU Collaboration",
    National Conference Center, Lansdowne, VA on September 2002. ( website ), ( website )
  • eEurope2002 "Action on Dependability of Information Infrastructures and the Co-ordination of computer emergency response teams" ( link )


The background to the Dependability Initiative (called "Deppy") is provided in the paragraphs below.

Deppy in the IST 1999 Workprogramme

In the WP1999 dependability was specifically addressed in the CPA2 whose focus was:

  • the development of technologies, methods and tools to meet the emerging dependability requirements,
  • the ubiquity and volume of embedded and networked systems and services,
  • the global and complex nature of large-scale information and communication infrastructures,
  • the wide scalability and heterogeneity of requirements and operating environments,
  • risk and incident management tools as well as on privacy enhancing technologies,
  • self-monitoring, self-healing infrastructures and services.

The response to this CPA2 was high and with very high quality proposals. Out of the nearly twenty proposals which were finally evaluated 7 were retained for funding. Altogether these proposals address the full range of Key Actions and the technology supply chain, however, overall the proposals retained did not provide sufficient coverage of all issues at stake. Precisely, the issues related to improving the ability to understand and manage large scale vulnerabilities (especially wrt to critical information infrastructures), or to cope with extensively deployed and networked embedded systems, or to master information assurance were nearly untouched.

Deppy in the IST 2000 Workprogramme

Building on the experience gained in the WP1999, the focus of the dependability CPA (i.e. V.1.4 CPA4) in the WP2000 was on promoting RTD activities in technical areas like:

  • Large scale vulnerabilities in multi-jurisdictional and unbounded systems;
  • Information assurance;
  • Survivable systems relying on self organising and self-diagnostic capabilities;
  • Dependability of extensively deployed and tightly networked embedded systems;
  • Risk management of largely distributed and open systems-of-systems;
  • Methods for workable characterisation of affordable dependability.

Once again one of the objectives of this CPA4 was to ease and support the international dialogue and collaboration on the dependability issues which are global by definition or by construction.

As a result of the specific Call, 6 proposals (5 RTD and 1 NoE) were retained. These proposals address a diverse range of topics regarding dependability of large scale distributed systems, precisely:

  • The development of dependability benchmarks for COTS products.
  • The enhancement of security of global network communications.
  • The development of methods and tools for assuring dependability.

Deppy in 2001

The objectives for 2001 were closely related to the action on dependability of information infrastructures that was part of the "Secure networks and smart cards" objective of the eEurope 2002 Action Plan. Such an action aimed to "stimulate public/private co-operation on dependability of information infrastructures (including the development of early warning systems) and improve co-operation amongst national 'computer mergency response teams'". In this respect, the technical objectives for 2001 focussed on developing:

  • innovative and multidisciplinary approaches, methods and technologies to build and manage dependability properties of large-scale infrastructures composed of tightly networked embedded systems.
  • methods and technologies to model and manage dependability and survivability of globally interdependent systems and highly interconnected critical infra-structures.
  • technologies to measure, verify and monitor dependability properties and behaviours of large-scale unbounded systems.

Out of the three projects funded as result of the Call, the project Dependability Development Support Initiative contributes to raise awareness that making the information infrastructure dependable would mean protecting our industry wealth and investments in information and communication technologies as well as in other intangible assets.

Towards FP6: the Roadmap Projects

To prepare the ground for research initiatives in the FP6 , with particular attention to the new instruments of Integrated Projects (IP) and Networks of Excellence (NoE), seven Roadmap projects on security and dependability have recently been launched with the goals:

  • to identify the research challenges in the respective area, to assess Europe's competitive position and potential, and to derive a strategic roadmaps for ap-plied research driven by visionary scenarios;
  • to build constituencies and reach consensus by means of feedback loops with the stakeholders at all relevant levels.

The projects address issues around securing infrastructures, securing mobile services, dependability, personal trusted devices, privacy and basic security technologies. Among these projects three address dependability, in particular: AMSD, which focuses on a global and holistic view of dependability; ACIP, which tackles the area of simulation and modelling for critical infrastructure protection; WG-ALPINE, which looks at survivability and loss prevention aspects. More information on these roadmaps can be found ( here ).

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Last updated: 22 | 10 | 2002

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