Competences on R&DI issues
The competences of the Comunidad de Madrid are fixed the article 26.15 of the Regional Autonomy Statute on promotion of research. Out of that, at regional level, the Law 5/98 of Promotion of Scientific Research and Technological Innovation of the Community of Madrid (LEFICIT), approved by the Regional Parliament in 1998, has introduced the definition of a regional strategy beyond the duration of a legislative period. Its acceptance by all the agents of the regional innovation system has allowed the beginning of a policy adapted to the characteristics of Madrid. Additionally, the Organic Law of Universities (6/01) fixes the transfer of Universities functions and services from State Administration to the Community of Madrid.
Even when along the eighties some measures and regional resources have been allocated to regional research, it has been in the very early nineties when the Comunidad de Madrid applied a continuous and important support to science and technology organised around the different Regional Plans of Scientific Research and Technology Innovation (PRICIT), the first of which started 1990.
|I Regional Research Programme||1990-1993||18,83 M€|
|II Regional Research Programme||1994-1997||53,45 M€|
|II Regional Research Programme (extension)||1998-1999||46,14 M€|
|III Regional Scientific Research and Technology Programme||2000-2003||111,9 M€|
|IV Regional Scientific Research and Technology Innovation||2004-2008||220 M€|
Source: Comunidad de Madrid
Institutional frame of Science Policy in the Comunidad de Madrid
According to LEFICYT, the institutional structure is formed by:
- Inter-departmental Commission of Science and Technology.
Its role is evaluation of needs and resources required for the regional Plan and programmes, rules of management of the regional resources, coordination of regional ministries on R&D, unification of proposals of participation in international programmes, as well as articulation of relationships with other institutions.
- Regional Council of Science and Technology (advisory body).
As a consultative body it has to report on the issues proposed by the Inter-departmental Commission and on development of regional actions, to analyse and propose new initiatives of interest for the C.M., to promote relations between research ad industry and to coordinate the regional actions with the activities of the research institutions and community.
- D.G. Universities and Research, depending on the Consejería de Educación (Education regional ministry), acting as the executive body of the Regional Government.
The citizens of the Autonomous Community of Madrid are represented by 120 elected deputies, that sit in the Madrid Regional Parliament (regional legislature). The President of the Autonomous Community of Madrid is elected by the Parliament after the regional election, in which all the citizens registered in the Comunidad the Madrid vote every four years. The Regional Government is formed by the President, 2 Vice-presidents and 13 Consejeros (Regional Ministers).
There are regional responsibilities on research and innovation mainly in the following departments:
- Consejería de Educación - through the Direction General of Universities and Research (DGUI).
It holds the competences of research in the Comunidad de Madrid, planning (PRICIT is one of the main responsibilities of the DGUI), execution and monitoring of the regional policies, coordinating the activities of the different departments, promoting training of researchers, creation of new infrastructures and research centres, cooperation with the research institutions and universities, promotion of science-based industry innovation and coordination with all the Administrations (European, National and other) charged of scientific research.
- Consejería de Economía y Consumo - trhough the D. G. de Innovación
Develop industry innovation programmes and instruments addressed to firms cooperation form innovation towards an increased competitiveness. Development of the Information Society in the Region. Cooperate in the PRICIT preparation and integration in it of the technology innovation activities.
- Consejería de Sanidad - through the Agencia Laín Entralgo.
The Agencia Lain Entralgo is linked to the department of Health, its competences cover Accreditation in Health Systems Quality, Training and Research. The research area activities are mainly addressed to support researchers training, develop research in specific fields (neuroscience, primary attention to patients) and to cooperate with health research institutions.
Two main organisations have been created by the Comunidad de Madrid: Fundación madrimasd (linked to the Consejería de Eduación) and IMADE (linked to the Consejería de Economía).
As already mentioned, a third agency, Agencia Laín Entralgo, is in charge of coordination of the research developed by the Regional Health System, mainly in the large health centers of the region.
Fundación para el Conocimiento MADRI+D
Created 2003, the Fundación para el Conocimiento madri+d (from hereon FCm+d) was established under the motion of the Government Council of the Community of Madrid (General Directorate of Universities and Research. DGUI) to manage and develop a number of programmes included in the Madrid R&D Regional Plan. A couple of Business Associations, CEIM and APD are minority shareholders in FCm+d. Its budget is variable according to the programmes to ber un in a specific year.
Keeping in line with the Plan goals, FCm+d's general framework is aimed towards the following broad objectives:
- Promote scientific quality research.
- Stimulate technology innovation and joint actions between the scientific and business communities.
- Co-ordinate actions with universities and research institutions.
- Develop a framework to encourage the creation of companies from research, development and demonstration projects.
- Co-ordinate scientific research and technology development activities with regional, national and international organisations/institutions.
- Maintain information and communication facilities to link scientific, industrial and technological communities.
- Participate in European R&D programmes and projects.
FCm+d is a member of the regional innovation network madri+d, which aims at promoting/facilitating academic and business communities as part of the global action line established in the Regional R&D Plan. The network has 36 members, including RTD centres, Universities, Trade and industry associations, etc. FCm+d plays an active role in the network coordination (www.madrimasd.org).
FCm+d is a non-profit organisation with three major units:
- European Research Area office,
- Knowledge Transfer office and
- University Spin-offs and Technology-based Entrepreneurship office.
FCm+d has a staff of 16 experts, mainly based in Madrid, with a small office in Brussels, acting in narrow contact with the Madrid Region R&D system (Universities, Public Research institutions and Private sector) and the Community of Madrid Regional Administration (DGUI).
Iinstituto Madrileño de Desarrollo
Created 1984 by a Regional decree, IMADE is a public body (Regional Development Agency) dependent of the Consejería of Economy of the Comunidad de Madrid. It has a staff of about 200 persons and a budget variable according to the size of the projects to implement in a defined period. Being in charge of economic promotion and infrastructures, the resources involved can be usually higher than 10 million euros per year.
The structure of activities of IMADE is as follows:
- Economic development support infrastructures (follow links for further information).
Here can be included the Technology Parks and Clusters Network, the Logistic Centres, the Business Centres and Business Support Centres (providing a friendly environment for development of new business initiatives supplying different support servives), Industry Parks (addressing firms of different industry and services sectors, provide industrial land suitable for a variety of activities and Industrial Areas Restoration.
- Financial support programmes
- Plan de Innovación Empresarial (PIE)
Multiannual programme of RDI support in Madrid firms, cofunded by the ERDF.
- Programme InnoEmpresa
Programme supporting SMEs in cooperation with intermediary institutions, in order to promote technology and management innovationi, co-funded by ERDF and the State Ministry of Industry (MICYT).
- Other IMADE support measures
Programmes approved by the EU to support firm RDI, management and strategic investments for jobs creation and productive development.
- Plan de Innovación Empresarial (PIE)
- Information access services
Business Information Service on support measures and tools for business creation, as well as information for business associations and for other administrations.
One-Stop Business Window, offering full information on business projects and initiatives to start up companies.
Territorial Promotion Offices addressing industrial promotion of different regional areas and providing the relevant information on the spot.
International Cooperation for consolidation of economic activities and extension worldwide - activities mainly developed through the IMADE subsidiary PROMOMADRID.
Strategies and action plans
Madrid regional strategy for science and technology
April 2005 the Comunidad of Madrid Government has approved its current strategy in the IV Regional Plan of Scientific Research and Technological Innovation 2005-2008 (PRICIT), which is guided by principles made coherent with those of the proposal of the "European Research Area" (ERA).
Its elaboration engaged 300 experts and 34 institutions, in addition to a virtual space of debate opened to the citizens of the region, what has allowed reaching a high degree of consensus. The process involves the Department in charge (Education - D. G. Universities and Research), the Science & Technology Council (advisory body), the Regional Government and the Regional Parliament.
IV PRICIT includes a Program of new institutes of advanced research - IMDEA - to perform R&D activities in the fields of water, food, biomedicine, social sciences, energy, mathematics, materials, regenerative medicine, Internet, nanotechnologies and software.
In the definition of its objectives, the regional strategy does not forget cooperation, complementariness and integration at all the levels: interregional, with the State Administration, and European Union R&D policies. Consensus with the national Administration is essential, since it owns most of the R&D resources and infrastructures in Madrid.
In order to get a sound appraisal of the degree of fulfilment of the objectives the IV PRICIT is equipped with monitoring mechanisms and it foresees the evaluation of results and outputs. The Plan allocates a part of its internal resources for the follow-up and the evaluation of the impact of its programs in the regional environment. Thus, it will have to be managed in a flexible way, adapting its features to a changing environment, in order to fulfil the mission defined in the LEFICIT.
Preparation of the Plan is coordinated by a Plan Office (depending on the Consejería de Educación and D.G. Universities and Research, responsible of the whole of the Plan) in charge of organising the work of:
- 20 task groups involving experts and
- the Monitoring Committee, in which are represented the regional all the main R&D stakeholders: Regional Government Departments, the State Administration, Madrid based Universities and Research Institutions, the business community (Associations, Chambers of Commerce) and professional bodies (OPTI, COTEC) as well as the Economic and Social Committee of the Comunidad de Madrid.
Since 2005, the Comunidad de Madrid strategy and objectives in research and development incorporated in the PRICIT are complemented by the Technological Innovation Plan 2005-2007, elaborated by the Consejería de Economía through its D.G. of Innovation. It is directed to promote new initiatives to generate enterprise innovation and qualified industrial investment for manufacturing of high technology goods and services, able to act as leveraging synergies in the industrial and enterprise fabric of the Madrid Region. The development of this Plan has been included in the Agreement for employment and economic growth of the Comunidad de Madrid. In particular two lines of action have been emphasized: technological development infrastructures creation and development of high technology clusters.
This Plan has been developed after the recommendations of the White Book on Innovation in the Madrid Region, prepared by an independent institution (Fundacion COTEC), and is an important element for the development of the Comunidad de Madrid Strategy of Innovation as it is integrated and coordinated with the PRICIT.
Under the coverage of the Technological Innovation Plan 2005-2007, 3 sectoral Plans addressing the strategic industries in the region have been developed: Aerospace, ICT and Biotech. Those plans have been developed with participation of the stakeholders of the sector. As an example, the Aerospace Plan was based in a consensus between the Comunidad de Madrid and the industry, involving as well Local Administration, Universities and Research institutes and business associations (aeronautics- ATECMA, space - Proespacio). One of the main decisions of this Plan was the joint creation of the Aerospace Cluster participated by all the regional stakeholders in the sector.
Early 2008 a second Technology Innovation Plan issue which will cover the period 2008-2011 is under preparation using a similar methodological approach and involving regional stakeholders: out of a previous analysis of Regional needs, the Inter-departmental Commission of Science and Technology launches the process through the Consejería de Economía / D.G. Innovación (in coordination with Consejería de Educación / D. G. Universities and Research). It involves experts groups from the different Regional stakeholders in order to produce a document to be approved by the Council of Regional Ministers.
Public Private Partnerships and Regional policies
Public Private Partnerships / Coordinating processes or organisations
PPP partnership is in the basis of the R&D regional policy, as a couple of examples can show:
The creation of the IMDEA - Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados : 10 regional research institutes under development since 2006, in the frame of the PRICIT, in the following fields: Nanoscience, Water Resources, Materials, Communication Networks, Mathematics, Software, Food, Regenerative Medicine, Social Science and Energy.
The IMDEA is lead by Comunidad de Madrid which supplies resources from the PRICIT, involving all the Regional ministries and the private initiative from the very beginning. Therefore, Administration, industry, universities and research institutions cooperate in knowledge production in the region, engaging a professional and efficient management. One of its priorities is the incorporation of world class researchers.
The Clusters Network, created under the coverage of the Technological Innovation Plan 2005-2007 which is financing the launching and implementation stage of all the clusters.
Strategic clusters are under implementation in the following fields: Aerospace, Biotech, ICT Security, Audiovisual, Logistics, Health, Finance, Automotive, Printing & Publishing. The clusters have under development their Innovation and research agendas, coordinated with other entities such as the Spanish Technology Platforms (mirrors of the European Technology Platforms).
They are currently at different levels of development, being the most advanced:
- Biotech (core firms and entities: Biotools, ZF Biolabs, Agrenvec, Pharmamar, Genetrix, Ingenasa, IMADE).
- Aerospace (core firms and entities: ATECMA, EADS, Universidad Politécnica, IMADE).
- Madrid Logistic Platform, involving the most important companies in the region, which is at the moment developing a Technology Centre of Logistics and Transport.
- Madrid Centro Financiero, which involves most of the main financial entities in the region (Banco Santander, BBA, Caja Madrid, etc.) and is focused towards promoting the Madrid role as a world-class financial centre.
- ICT Security (core firms and entities: Certifying institutions - Fábrica de la Moneda y Timbre, Cámara de Comercio, Centro Criptológico Nacional - IMADE, AETIC, INDRA, GMV, AMPER, TELEFÓNICA I+D, SECUWARE).
- Audiovisual industry (core firms and entities: IMADE, Telemadrid, Philips, TSA, TVE, Grupo Árbol, Infinia, Grupo Kiss, UPM, AETIC ETSIT, FAPAE)
Last updated: 2009-12-10