The competences of the Comunidad de Madrid are fixed the article 26.15 of the Regional Autonomy Statute on promotion of research. Out of that, at regional level, the Law 5/98 of Promotion of Scientific Research and Technological Innovation of the Community of Madrid (LEFICIT), approved by the Regional Parliament in 1998, has introduced the definition of a regional strategy beyond the duration of a legislative period. Its acceptance by all the agents of the regional innovation system has allowed the beginning of a policy adapted to the characteristics of Madrid. Additionally, the Organic Law of Universities (6/01) fixes the transfer of Universities functions and services from State Administration to the Community of Madrid.
Even when along the eighties some measures and regional resources have been allocated to regional research, it has been in the very early nineties when the Comunidad de Madrid applied a continuous and important support to science and technology organised around the different Regional Plans of Scientific Research and Technology Innovation (PRICIT), the first of which started 1990.
|I Regional Research Programme||1990-1993||18,83 M€|
|II Regional Research Programme||1994-1997||53,45 M€|
|II Regional Research Programme (extension)||1998-1999||46,14 M€|
|III Regional Scientific Research and Technology Programme||2000-2003||111,9 M€|
|IV Regional Scientific Research and Technology Innovation||2004-2008||220 M€|
Source: Comunidad de Madrid
According to LEFICYT, the institutional structure is formed by:
The citizens of the Autonomous Community of Madrid are represented by 120 elected deputies, that sit in the Madrid Regional Parliament (regional legislature). The President of the Autonomous Community of Madrid is elected by the Parliament after the regional election, in which all the citizens registered in the Comunidad the Madrid vote every four years. The Regional Government is formed by the President, 2 Vice-presidents and 13 Consejeros (Regional Ministers).
There are regional responsibilities on research and innovation mainly in the following departments:
Two main organisations have been created by the Comunidad de Madrid: Fundación madrimasd (linked to the Consejería de Eduación) and IMADE (linked to the Consejería de Economía).
As already mentioned, a third agency, Agencia Laín Entralgo, is in charge of coordination of the research developed by the Regional Health System, mainly in the large health centers of the region.
Created 2003, the Fundación para el Conocimiento madri+d (from hereon FCm+d) was established under the motion of the Government Council of the Community of Madrid (General Directorate of Universities and Research. DGUI) to manage and develop a number of programmes included in the Madrid R&D Regional Plan. A couple of Business Associations, CEIM and APD are minority shareholders in FCm+d. Its budget is variable according to the programmes to ber un in a specific year.
Keeping in line with the Plan goals, FCm+d's general framework is aimed towards the following broad objectives:
FCm+d is a member of the regional innovation network madri+d, which aims at promoting/facilitating academic and business communities as part of the global action line established in the Regional R&D Plan. The network has 36 members, including RTD centres, Universities, Trade and industry associations, etc. FCm+d plays an active role in the network coordination (www.madrimasd.org).
FCm+d is a non-profit organisation with three major units:
FCm+d has a staff of 16 experts, mainly based in Madrid, with a small office in Brussels, acting in narrow contact with the Madrid Region R&D system (Universities, Public Research institutions and Private sector) and the Community of Madrid Regional Administration (DGUI).
Created 1984 by a Regional decree, IMADE is a public body (Regional Development Agency) dependent of the Consejería of Economy of the Comunidad de Madrid. It has a staff of about 200 persons and a budget variable according to the size of the projects to implement in a defined period. Being in charge of economic promotion and infrastructures, the resources involved can be usually higher than 10 million euros per year.
The structure of activities of IMADE is as follows:
April 2005 the Comunidad of Madrid Government has approved its current strategy in the IV Regional Plan of Scientific Research and Technological Innovation 2005-2008 (PRICIT), which is guided by principles made coherent with those of the proposal of the "European Research Area" (ERA).
Its elaboration engaged 300 experts and 34 institutions, in addition to a virtual space of debate opened to the citizens of the region, what has allowed reaching a high degree of consensus. The process involves the Department in charge (Education - D. G. Universities and Research), the Science & Technology Council (advisory body), the Regional Government and the Regional Parliament.
IV PRICIT includes a Program of new institutes of advanced research - IMDEA - to perform R&D activities in the fields of water, food, biomedicine, social sciences, energy, mathematics, materials, regenerative medicine, Internet, nanotechnologies and software.
In the definition of its objectives, the regional strategy does not forget cooperation, complementariness and integration at all the levels: interregional, with the State Administration, and European Union R&D policies. Consensus with the national Administration is essential, since it owns most of the R&D resources and infrastructures in Madrid.
In order to get a sound appraisal of the degree of fulfilment of the objectives the IV PRICIT is equipped with monitoring mechanisms and it foresees the evaluation of results and outputs . The Plan allocates a part of its internal resources for the follow-up and the evaluation of the impact of its programs in the regional environment. Thus, it will have to be managed in a flexible way, adapting its features to a changing environment, in order to fulfil the mission defined in the LEFICIT.
Preparation of the Plan is coordinated by a Plan Office (depending on the Consejería de Educación and D.G. Universities and Research, responsible of the whole of the Plan) in charge of organising the work of:
Since 2005, the Comunidad de Madrid strategy and objectives in research and development incorporated in the PRICIT are complemented by the Technological Innovation Plan 2005-2007 , elaborated by the Consejería de Economía through its D.G. of Innovation. It is directed to promote new initiatives to generate enterprise innovation and qualified industrial investment for manufacturing of high technology goods and services, able to act as leveraging synergies in the industrial and enterprise fabric of the Madrid Region. The development of this Plan has been included in the Agreement for employment and economic growth of the Comunidad de Madrid. In particular two lines of action have been emphasized: technological development infrastructures creation and development of high technology clusters.
This Plan has been developed after the recommendations of the White Book on Innovation in the Madrid Region, prepared by an independent institution (Fundacion COTEC), and is an important element for the development of the Comunidad de Madrid Strategy of Innovation as it is integrated and coordinated with the PRICIT.
Under the coverage of the Technological Innovation Plan 2005-2007, 3 sectoral Plans addressing the strategic industries in the region have been developed: Aerospace, ICT and Biotech. Those plans have been developed with participation of the stakeholders of the sector. As an example, the Aerospace Plan was based in a consensus between the Comunidad de Madrid and the industry, involving as well Local Administration, Universities and Research institutes and business associations (aeronautics- ATECMA, space - Proespacio). One of the main decisions of this Plan was the joint creation of the Aerospace Cluster participated by all the regional stakeholders in the sector.
Early 2008 a second Technology Innovation Plan issue which will cover the period 2008-2011 is under preparation using a similar methodological approach and involving regional stakeholders: out of a previous analysis of Regional needs, the Inter-departmental Commission of Science and Technology launches the process through the Consejería de Economía / D.G. Innovación (in coordination with Consejería de Educación / D. G. Universities and Research). It involves experts groups from the different Regional stakeholders in order to produce a document to be approved by the Council of Regional Ministers.
PPP partnership is in the basis of the R&D regional policy, as a couple of examples can show:
The creation of the IMDEA - Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados : 10 regional research institutes under development since 2006, in the frame of the PRICIT, in the following fields: Nanoscience, Water Resources, Materials, Communication Networks, Mathematics, Software, Food, Regenerative Medicine, Social Science and Energy.
The IMDEA is lead by Comunidad de Madrid which supplies resources from the PRICIT, involving all the Regional ministries and the private initiative from the very beginning. Therefore, Administration, industry, universities and research institutions cooperate in knowledge production in the region, engaging a professional and efficient management. One of its priorities is the incorporation of world class researchers.
The Clusters Network, created under the coverage of the Technological Innovation Plan 2005-2007 which is financing the launching and implementation stage of all the clusters.
Strategic clusters are under implementation in the following fields: Aerospace, Biotech, ICT Security, Audiovisual, Logistics, Health, Finance, Automotive, Printing & Publishing. The clusters have under development their Innovation and research agendas, coordinated with other entities such as the Spanish Technology Platforms (mirrors of the European Technology Platforms).
They are currently at different levels of development, being the most advanced:
Last updated: 2009-12-10