R&D in Malopolska
The research and development sector in Malopolska is among the assets of the Region. Apart from schools of higher education, Malopolska possesses a group of very active business institutes (R&D; units)and institutes of the Polish Academy of Science. There is a consensus that the potential of the institutions creating (or able to create) innovations in Malopolska is strong, and this makes it an outstanding region in relation to other regions.
Strengths of the Region in the SWOT analysis confirm this picture. One of the most commonly used measures of innovation is the number of patents. In this area we can clearly see a decrease during the years 2001-2003; the number of patents registered in 2003 by the R&D; units in Malopolska decreased by almost 25%compared to the year 2001. In 2001, there were 59 registered patents, while in 2003 there were only 47. On average, one R&D; unit registers approximately 4 patents per year. During 2001-2003, from amongst the innovative solutions developed in R&D; units, almost 20% were sold as patents, utility designs or registered licenses.
A good prognosis for the innovation development in Malopolska is the fact that over 50 % of the surveyed R&D; units benefit from domestic and international programs of innovation support (over 1/3 of them are part of different programs). Approximately 64 % of these, the projects implemented within the framework of these programs are worldwide projects. Of these projects, 35% are at a prototypical level, while 34% of the projects were completed, and are fully implemented. Most of the R&D; projects are still financed by the state budget (39%). The units’ own resources finance the projects in 34%. Only 23 % comes from the private sector (business). Only 4% of funds come from the EU budget.
Malopolska is among the regions characterized by a great number of institutions involved in the development and the supporting of entrepreneurship. These institutions present lucrative offers for clients, partly complementing those of other companies and partly overlapping with them. Most of these institutions take part in promoting and the transfer of innovations.
The main institution supporting regional development is the Regional Development Agency of Malopolska (MARR), performing the role of the Regional Financing Institution, involved in a wide range of activities directed towards SMEs.
Among the biggest remaining institutions developing innovation processes in Malopolska are:
- The Technology Transfer Center Cracow University of Technology which is also the Innovation Relay Center of the European Union for Southern Poland(specializing in cross-border transfer of technologies) and the Regional Contact Point for Framework Programs (specializing in supporting the participation of institutions and inhabitants of Malopolska in Framework Programs of the European Union);
- the Center of Innovation, Technology Transfer & Development of the Jagiellonian University, specializing in supporting the university entrepreneurship and the transfer of technologies from the university to economy;
- Krakow Technological Park PLC, which is a company managing the Special Economic Zone;
- Euro Info Center at the Chamber of Industry and Commerce, serving the small and medium-sized enterprises in the area of integration with the European Union;
- the Partnership for Environment Foundation specializing in issues of environmental protection;
- Progress & Business Foundation, involved in the transfer of technologies and innovations, created by the Jagiellonian University (UJ) and the Academy of Mining and Metallurgy (AGH);
- the Institute of Territorial Self-Government and Administration of Malopolska (MISTIA) specializing in training of the self-governments among other things.
Within the group of institutions substantially influencing the development of the transfer of technologies, there are:
- the Industrial Cluster of Tarnow
- the Plastic Valley
- and the Energy & Environment Agency of Malopolska.
Looking at the mission of the aforementioned institutions and many others, we can clearly see that they have their own specified goals, specializations and unique features, but they operate in the area of innovation and support entrepreneurship. Each one of the aforementioned institutions was involved in domestic and foreign projects, possesses material resources, trained personnel and updated databases.The potential of the members – institutions of the National Service System for Small and Medium Enterprises of the Polish Entrepreneurship Development Agency of Malopolska, accredited for PHARE programs, institutions of Malopolska and accreditations for the National Innovation System which is under construction, was researched and described – by a few foreign experts among others.
The Malopolska Region concluded a number of international contracts and agreements such as the:
- Joint Declaration of Malopolska and Thuringia (1999),
- Agreement on international cooperation between Malopolska and Tuscany (2000),
- Agreement on regional cooperation between Malopolska and Copenhagen County (2001),
- Agreement on regional cooperation between Malopolska and the Autonomous Region of Madrid (2003),
- Agreement on cooperation between Malopolska and the Presov Region (Slovakia) (2003- continuation of agreement of 2001),
- Agreement on regional cooperation between Malopolska and Zylina Region (Slovakia) (2003 – continuation of agreement of 2001),
- Joint Declaration of Cooperation between Malopolska and Lvov District in Ukraine (2004),
- Agreement on regional cooperation between Malopolska and the Central Region (France) (2004),
- Agreement on cooperation between Malopolska and Copenhagen County (signing of the agreement) (2004),
- Agreement on regional cooperation between Malopolska and Fionia County (2004 – continuation of agreement of 2000),
- Declaration of cooperation between Malopolska and Jiang Su Province (People's Republic of China) (2004),
- Agreement on regional cooperation between Malopolska and Rhône-Alpes Region (2004 – continuation of the agreement of 2001),
- Agreement on cooperation between Malopolska and Cluj District (2005),
- Declaration of cooperation between Malopolska and Andhra Pradesh State (Republic of India) (2005).
The Malopolska Region is engaged in various international projects in the field of education, culture, tourism, structural funds, economy, agriculture and protection of the natural environment.
All the information presented above comes from ‘Regional Innovation Strategy of the Malopolska Region for 2005-2013’ and reports presented within ‘Enhancing Regional Innovation Strategy – RIS Malopolska’ project financed by the 6th Framework Program.
Last updated: 2010-01-22