Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Helicopter steering innovation could herald new era for aerial transport

EU-funded researchers are behind a new helicopter steering mechanism that could open the door to ‘flying cars’ and decrease traffic congestion.
Helicopter steering innovation could herald new era for aerial transport
For decades, flying cars have featured in our visions of what futuristic cities might look like. Now EU-funded researchers with the MYCOPTER project have developed a steering system that makes helicopters as easy to control as cars. While having your own personal aerial vehicle (PAV) may still be some way off, the success of the project opens up the possibility that one day flying vehicles could indeed be an integral part of the urban transportation network.

Currently, only pilots who have undergone extensive training can fly a helicopter. Four control axes must be operated in order to maintain a stable position in the air. This requires skill, knowledge and concentration. In order to extend aerial flying to the general public, PAV operation needs to be significantly simplified, with a greater degree of automation introduced.

The MYCOPTER project started in 2011 with the objective of developing a PAV ideally designed for travelling between the home and the workplace. The project envisioned that the vehicle would fly at a low altitude in urban environments, be fully or partially autonomous without requiring ground-based air traffic control and would operate outside controlled airspace. Current air traffic would therefore remain unchanged, ensuring that PAVs could be easily be integrated into the next generation of controlled airspace.

To achieve this, the project replaced the helicopter’s cyclic stick, which is responsible for movements around the longitudinal and transverse axis, with a steering wheel. Pilots simply need to turn the wheel in the intended direction. The MYCOPTER team believes that this represents an important step in making PAVs more accessible to the general public.

Test models were implemented on unmanned aerial vehicles, motion simulators, and a manned helicopter. The project also focused on collision avoidance systems, pilot training and overall streamlining of helicopter control processes. New automation technologies for obstacle avoidance, path planning and formation flying were developed and successfully tested. The MYCOPTER project sought to assess how the benefits of automation could be implemented while still providing the pilot with the ability to feel in control.

The success of the MYCOPTER project suggests that the eventual implementation of a Personal Aerial Transportation System (PATS) could be feasible. Such a system would have a beneficial impact on citizens’ daily lives by helping to resolve issues related to traffic congestion and even environmental pollution.

For example, an aerial transportation network would enable commuters to avoid sitting in traffic queues and instead travel directly between two points. Travelling directly point to point could also save on fuel and help to reduce the stop and go traffic that wastes large amounts of energy.

Outside of this particular project, new battery operated aerial vehicles are currently being developed which could provide further environmental improvements. Less road congestion might also lead to cost savings in terms of road maintenance and associated support structures.

The results of the project, due for completion at the end of 2014, were recently demonstrated and discussed at the German Aerospace Centre (DLR) in Braunschweig, Germany on November 20, 2014.

For further information, please visit:

MYCOPTER
http://www.mycopter.eu/

Related information

Subjects

Transport
Record Number: 122193 / Last updated on: 2014-12-04
Category: Other
Provider: EC