Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Previous programme

ET-COMETT 2

Successor programme

ET-LEONARDO DA VINCI 2

Programme funding

EUR 620 million

Official Journal Reference

L 340 of 1994-12-29

Legislative Reference

94/819/CE of 1994-12-06
To ensure the implementation of a vocational training policy which will support and supplement the action of the Member States and to foster cooperation between Member States so that an open European area for vocational training and qualifications can be gradually achieved.

Abstract

The proposal respects the principle of subsidiarity and includes two complementary parts: a Common Framework of Objectives to promote the coherent development of vocational training in the Community and a set of Community measures to support and supplement action taken by and in the Member States.

The Common Framework of Objectives is designed to promote greater cooperation between the Member States to ensure coherent development of a Community vocational training policy and will comprise of:

- Facilitating adaptation to industrial changes, especially, through vocational training and retraining;

- Improving initial vocational training and continuing training in order to facilitate integration and reintegration into the labour market;

- Facilitating access to vocational training and encouraging mobility of instructors and trainees, and especially young people;

- Stimulating cooperation on training between training establishments and firms;

- Supporting exchanges of information and experience on issues common to the training systems of the Member States.

The Commission programme for Community measures is intended to simplify the multiplicity of current actions, to ensure better transparency and better targeting and to improve its impact.

Subdivision

Four Strands:

Strand I-Support for the improvement of vocational training systems and arrangements in the Member States:

- Design and implementation of transnational projects:
Community support for devising, developing and testing transnational pilot projects covering cooperation in the following areas:
. Improving the quality of initial vocational training and the transition of young people to working life;
. Improving the quality of the Member States continuing vocational training arrangements;
. Vocational information and guidance;
. Promotion of equal opportunities for men and women in vocational training;
. Improving the quality of vocational training arrangements for persons disadvantaged in the labour market;

- Transnational placement and exchange programmes:
Support for the following transnational placement and training programmes:
. Transnational placement programmes for young people undergoing initial vocational training;
. Transnational placement programmes for young workers;
. Transnational exchange programmes for instructors;

Strand II-Support for the improvement of vocational training measures including university/industry cooperation, concerning undertakings and workers:

- Design and implementation of transnational pilot projects:
Community support for devising, developing and testing transnational pilot projects covering cooperation in the following areas:
. Innovation in vocational training, with a view to taking into account technological change and its impact on work and the necessary qualifications and skills;
. Investment in continuing vocational training for workers;
. Transfer of technological innovation in the context of cooperation between undertakings and universities in the field of continuing vocational training;
. Promotion of equal opportunities for men and women in vocational training by the implementation of projects related to developing women's career prospects, in particular where women are under-represented;

- Transnational placement and exchange programmes:
Community support for devising, developing and testing transnational pilot projects covering cooperation in the following areas:
. Transnational placement and exchange programmes:
. Transnational programmes for exchanges between undertakings and universities and/or training bodies;
. Transnational programmes for exchange of people in charge of training;

Strand III- Support for the development of language skills, knowledge and the dissemination of innovation in the field of vocational training:

- Cooperation with a view to improving language skills:
. Design and implementation of transnational projects (covering such areas as the development and dissemination of techniques for the assessment of language skill requirements; the design of joint curricula and innovative teaching aids, including the recognition of linguistic accomplishments; the development of educational materials adapted to the specific needs of each vocation area or economic sector and self-teaching methods for foreign languages; transnational projects aimed at drawing up linguistic audits for undertakings);
. Transnational exchange programmes for instructors and tutors in the area of language skills between undertakings and specialist language training bodies;

- Development of knowledge in the field of vocational training:
. Surveys and analyses in the field of vocational training;
. Exchange of comparable data in the sphere of vocational training;

- Development of the dissemination of innovation in the field of vocational training:
. Multiplier-effect projects;
. Transnational exchange programmes;

Strand IV-Support Measures:

- Cooperation network Between the Member States:
Community support is granted for:
. Activities of the structures to be set up in the Member States to ensure the national coordination and organization of the implementation of the programme;
. Initiatives taken by the member States to set up transnational vocational training partnerships in order to present transnational pilot projects;
. Initiatives taken by the Member States to ensure the openness of this programme, facilitate access to it, strengthen the dissemination and transfer of the methods, products and tools devised and the results obtained from the Community measures;

- Information, monitoring and assessment measures for which Community support will be granted on a partnership basis encompassing the Commission, the Member States and national structures.

Implementation

The Community will contribute to the funding of expenditure connected with the measures. The financial contribution to transnational projects may amount to 75% of expenditure with a ceiling of ECU 100 000 per year. The ceilings for the Community's financial contribution to the placement and exchange programmes will be between ECU 5000 and 10 000 per beneficiary. The financial contribution to expenditure for the network may vary between 50% and 100% and up to 100% of expenditure for surveys and analyses, actions related to language and support measures. The Commission will be assisted by an Advisory Committee composed of two representatives from each Member State and chaired by a representative of the Commission. Twelve representatives of the social partners will participate in the work of the committee as observers. The Commission will aim to ensure overall consistency between the programme and the Community programmes on education and will set up the appropriate operational links between the programme and the activities within the Social Dialogue Framework at Community level. In implementing the programme the Commission will be assisted by the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (CEDEFOP). The programme will be evaluated at regular intervals through a partnership involving the Commission and the Member States. The results of Community measures will be evaluated by outside bodies at regular intervals. The Member States will forward to the Commission a report on vocational training on 31 December 1995 and then every two years. The Commission will submit an interim report on the launch phase to the Council, the European Parliament and the Economic and Social Committee before 30 June 1998, and before 30 June 2000 a report on implementation of the programme.
Record Number: 452 / Last updated on: 2014-03-05