JRC-SAFEFM 7C - Specific research programmes (Euratom) to be implemented by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) - Safeguards and Fissile Materials Management -, 1995-1998
From 1995-01-01 to 1998-12-31| See all projects funded under this programme / topic
Framework programmeEAEC-FWP-EAEC 1C
Previous programmeJRC-SAFEFM 6C
Official Journal ReferenceL 361 of 1994-12-31
Legislative Reference94/919/Euratom of 1994-12-15
To carry out enabling research to develop new safeguards methods and techniques which, once proved feasible, may be used in direct support to inspectorates and plant operators; to contribute to the performance of the tasks assigned to the Commission and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
AbstractThe Safeguard and Fissile Materials Management Programme is one of three specific programmes to be implemented by the JRC in support of the specific programme on Nuclear Safety and Safeguards under the Framework Programme of Community activities in the field of research and training for the European Atomic Energy Community (1994 to 1998); the other two concern Reactor Safety and Fuel Cycle Safety.
Research activities conducted under the programme will make use of the JRC's experimental installations at Perla (Performance and training laboratory), Tame (Tank measurement) and Lasco (Surveillance and containment).
Work carried out by the JRC under the safeguards and fissile materials management programme contributes towards international cooperation conducted by the Community, in Europe through ESCARDA (European Safeguards Research and Development Association) and with the United States, Russia and Japan. Support is also provided to safeguards development in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and in the new independent states of the former Soviet Union.
In addition to the institutional research activities covered by this programme, the JRC also contributes to the implementation of the specific programme on Nuclear Safety and Safeguards through institutional scientific and technical support activities. These comprise activities which are necessary for the formulation and implementation of Community policies and the tasks assigned to the Commission under the Treaty which necessitate the neutrality of the JRC.
- Improvement of Non-Destructive Assay (NDA) techniques (neutron, gamma and calorimetry) for monitoring performances of bulk waste and scrap nuclear materials and spent fuel; development of a new generation of miniaturized NDA instruments with higher performances, low weight and consumption, including testing and development of special detectors for spent fuel monitoring; and assessment in the Perla laboratory of the performance of NDA techniques for different applications;
- Performance assessment of volume and weight measurements in liquid tanks for reprocessing plants, to be carried out in the Tame installation. Interpretation models for analysing influencing factors on management are also to be investigated;
- Study of sealing/identification techniques and new tagging systems for nuclear material items or containers;
- Development of surveillance systems based on digital image storage and processing to facilitate automated reviewing and for improved recording in long-term unattended operation;
- Application of mobile robotics technology to perform remote verification tasks in advanced storage areas which are difficult for inspectors to access;
- Testing containment and surveillance techniques under simulated field conditions and the continuous updating of laboratory testing capabilities to satisfy new requests for environmental, mechanical and electrical tests;
- Development of integrated safeguards measurements systems (including studies on the integration of NDA, surveillance, sealing and accountancy systems);
- Intensification of studies of the analysis of safeguards features in the fuel cycle in the context of the changes in the applications of safeguards in the nuclear fuel cycle and the 1995 review of the Non-Proliferation Treaty.
ImplementationThe JRC programme on Safeguards and Fissile Materials Management is established under the framework of the specific programme of research, technological development and demonstration to be implemented by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) for the European Atomic Energy Community (1995-1998).
The Commission, assisted by the Board of Governors of the JRC, is responsible for implementing the direct actions covered by the programme. The activities relating to these actions are performed in the relevant institutes of the JRC.
The programme comprises institutional research activities implemented through shared-cost projects, concerted actions and direct research activities. Provision is made for a number of accompanying measures, including:
- The organization of visits to JRC institutes of grant holders, visiting scientists and seconded experts;
- Organization of the secondment of JRC staff to national laboratories, industrial laboratories and universities;
- Systematic exchange of information, through the organization of scientific seminars, workshops, colloquia, scientific publications, etc.;
- Specialized training with an emphasis on multidisciplinarity;
- The independent scientific and strategic evaluation of the performance of the projects and programmes.
In the implementation of its research activities, the JRC is required to participate in, or organize networks of, public and private laboratories in the Member States or European research consortia, whenever this is appropriate or feasible. Particular attention must also be paid to cooperation with industry, especially with small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).
On the basis of the criterion of mutual benefit, the JRC may, at the request of the Commission, execute projects with legal entities established in third countries provided this is deemed to make an effective contribution to the implementation of JRC activities. Where applicable, cooperation on projects may also take place within the framework of agreements for S&T cooperation between the Community and third countries. Particular attention is paid to cooperation with research laboratories and institutes in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and in the independent states of the former Soviet Union.
The total funds estimated as necessary for the execution of the JRC's three Nuclear Safety and Safeguards programmes (Reactor Safety, Fuel Cycle Safety and Safeguards and Fissile Materials Management) amount to ECU 254 million, of which ECU 87 million is estimated as necessary for institutional support activities. This is drawn from the overall operational budget of ECU 300 million allocated to JRC activities under the Framework Programme of Community activities in the field of research and training for the European Atomic Energy Community (1994 to 1998), of which a sum equivalent to approximately 6% is reserved for exploratory research. The overall operational budget includes the resources necessary for the JRC to participate in shared-cost actions.
Knowledge gained through the implementation of the projects under the programme is to be disseminated by the JRC itself.
The Commission is required to submit an annual report on the implementation of the JRC actions under the specific programme of research, technological development and demonstration to be implemented by the JRC for the European Atomic Energy Community (1995-1998) to the Council, the European Parliament and the Economic and Social Committee before 15 April each year. In addition, regular assessments of the activities covered by the specific programme will be conducted by independent experts who, upon completion of the programme, will carry out a final evaluation of the results achieved compared to initial objectives. A report of this final evaluation will be communicated to the Council, the European Parliament and the Economic and Social Committee.
Record Number: 510 / Last updated on: 2014-03-05