Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Programme funding

EUR 2,9 million

Official Journal Reference

L 38 of 1994-02-09

Legislative Reference

94/78/CE of 1994-01-24
To develop and implement a European statistical information system for research, development and innovation.

Abstract

On 22 July 1993, the Council adopted a framework programme for priority actions in the field of statistical information (1993-1997) in response to the general demand for accurate and comparable statistical information. The present programme, which focuses more particularly on statistics relating to research, development and innovation, forms part of this overall framework.

The programme provides a coherent framework for the development of Community statistics on research, development and innovation in order to provide sound statistical information (which enables comparisons to be made between Member States, their regions and between the European Union and its trading partners) required for the formulation of programmes and policies, including:

- The Fourth RTD Framework Programme (1994-1998) and the specific programmes implemented under it;
- Management of the Structural Funds;
- Promotion of technological innovation;
- Coordination of national R&D policies.

To this end, the specific objectives of the programme are focused on:

- Setting out a Community reference framework for statistics on research, development and innovation defining the most appropriate concepts and methods for supporting the corresponding Community policies, and for satisfying the needs of national, regional and local administrations, international organizations, economic operators, professional associations and the general public;

- Establishing a Community statistical information system for research, development and innovation;

- Promoting and supporting harmonization of statistics on research, development and innovation in the Member States;

- Facilitating the dissemination of comparable information.

Subdivision

Six areas:

- Analysis and evaluation of user demand, subject to its feasibility and based on cost efficiency, in order to define actions and priorities, for statistics on research, development and innovation:
To collect information on, and analyse the requirements of, the main users, i.e. the Community institutions, CREST, the national, regional and local administrations, international organizations and economic operators;

- Improvement, where necessary, of the existing methodological framework:
To develop a reference framework for statistics on research, development and innovation, both for existing data at national level and for additional data collection at Community level in order to increase the comparability of data between the Member States (the framework is also to be developed in collaboration with the OECD);

- Identification of existing statistical information on research, development and innovation:
To support the development of the methodological framework by examining the extent of accessible information on research, development and innovation in the Member States and to facilitate comparisons;

- Setting up the organizational and technical components of a Community statistical information system for research, development and innovation, including statistics of Community-funded research and development activities. Priority is to be given to:
. Resources (modes of financing R&D activities (both private and public), R&D personnel, R&D expenditure by sector);
. Results (technological innovation in businesses, exchange of goods and services of high technology);
. Work, on a circumstantial basis, which is to be undertaken on the direct repercussions of the research on patents and bibliography;

- Pilot surveys:
To support the feasibility of certain data-collection exercises in the context of the development of the methodological framework;

- Developing basic statistical tools:
To simplify, as far as possible, data-collection procedures for suppliers and, in particular, to minimize the burden placed on businesses whilst maintaining the quality of the data. The statistical tools are to include registers, Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) techniques, classification systems, sampling, questionnaires, survey processing tools, and data-analysis systems.

Implementation

The Commission is responsible for implementing the multiannual programme for the development of Community statistics on research, development and innovation in accordance with the provisions set out in the framework programme for priority actions in the field of statistical information (Decision 93/464/EEC Official Journal No L 219 of 28.8.1993). The Commission is assisted by the Statistical Programme Committee which was established under Decision 93/464/EEC.

In implementing the specific actions under the programme, the Commission will draw on the expertise of national experts, in particular those active in the field of research and technological development. For their part, the Member States were required to ascertain and analyse the needs of the national users for Community data on research, technological development and innovation statistics and to transmit appropriate information, where available, to the Commission before October 1994. The Commission was responsible for coordinating this activity.

In order to assist the Commission in implementing the specific actions under the programme (see the "Subdivisions" section of this record), the Member States are required to transmit existing statistics on research, development and innovation and information concerning the methodology used for collecting such statistics, including the data declared as confidential by the Member States under applicable national and Community rules.

On 14 February 1996, the Commission presented an interim report on progress made in the implementation of the programme (COM(96) 42). A final evaluation report will be compiled by the Commission upon completion of the programme.
Record Number: 592 / Last updated on: 2014-03-05