Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Previous programme


Programme funding

EUR 1 150 million

Official Journal Reference

L 146 of 1999-06-11

Legislative Reference

1999/382/EC of 1999-04-26
To improve and strengthen the social and occupational integration of young people; to expand and develop access to lifelong skills, particularly to consolidate technological and organisational innovation, and investment in training; to support the vocational training systems to assist those in difficult circumstances, owing to inadequate or outdated skills, to find employment and to insert themselves in the labour market.


The extension of the Leonardo programme is part of a series implementing the new generation of programmes in the field of education (SOCRATES), training (LEONARDO DA VINCI) and youth. All the programmes will start on 1 January 2000 and run until 31 December 2006.

The overall budget for the programmes will be EUR 3,520 million of which 1,850 would go to the second phase of the SOCRATES programme, EUR 1,150 would go to the second phase of the LEONARDO DA VINCI programme and EUR 520 million for the implementation of the Community Action Plan "Youth".

The decisions involve a genuine reshaping of the current programmes and the concentration of Community interventions around a limited number of objectives, as well as simplified procedures. In line with the communication "Towards a Europe of knowledge" and the recommendations contained in Agenda 2000, the focus of the decisions is on the necessity to ensure lifelong opportunities for every European citizen.


The programme comprises 7 actions:

- Physical Mobility:

. Support for transnational physical mobility programmes (including placements and exchanges) for people undergoing training and for trainers and training organisers;
. Demonstration actions relating to the organisation and implementation of multiannual transnational placement programmes organised among regions and/or sectors in European work-linked training and apprenticeship networks;

-Virtual Mobility:

. Support for actions to promote the new information and communication technologies (ICT) and designed to develop virtual mobility, including distance training networks and teleworking;
. Demonstration actions, experimental pilots to promote ICT specifically targeted towards the development of European arrangements for guidance/counselling/training in business-related services;

- Innovatory Pilot Projects:

. Support for transnational pilot training projects to develop aptitude to innovation, its transfer and entrepeneurship, and the development of innovation and its transfer in training;
. Demonstration Actions, relating to: the implementation (at European level) of new forms of accreditation skills; and 'second chance' training actions especially in problem urban districts;

- Community Networks:

. Support for Community networks of Community expertise and dissemination, bringing together, in the Member States at the regional or sectoral level, the public and private players concerned, including researchers;
. Demonstration actions, support relating to the development and networking of multi-player training consortia organised regionally or sectorally and fulfilling the role of centres providing services, advice and information to validated training methods and products;
- Language Skills:

Support for actions to promote language and cultural skills in training, to design, test and validate, assess and disseminate teaching material tailored to the specific needs of each occupational area and economic sector, including through the use of language audits. Also transnational programmes and exchanges between language training establishments of language trainers and mentors;

- Reference material:

. Support for the developmentand updating of reference material through support for surveys and analyses, the establishment and updating of comparable data on vocational training systems and the observation and dissemination of good practices and the comprehensive exchange of information.

- Joint actions:

Community support may be provided for joint actions with other actions, particularly Community education and youth programmes designed to widen access to knowledge. Coordination of the programmes can be achieved by common calls for proposals. European knowledge centres will be set up to ensure regional and local contact and interaction between players taking part in the programme and in education and youth-related programmes.

- Accompanying measures:

. Support for coordination and monitoring activities by Member States;
. Information, monitoring, organisation assessment and dissemination activities by the Member States and the Commission to facilitate access to the programme, consolidate the transfer of methods, products and tools, and the results obtained by Community measures.

The actions of the programme will be supported by the following measures, which may be used in combination:
-Support for the mobility of people undergoing vocational training;
- Promotion of virtual mobility in the context of vocational training, particularly by promoting access to educational multimedia;
- Support for the development of European level cooperation networks permitting mutual exchange of experience and good practice;
- Promotion of language skills and understanding of different cultures;
- Support for innovatory pilot projects based on transnational partnerships designed to develop innovation and quality in vocational training in order to create training products, instruments of skills, accreditation or in order to test out any new approach.


The Commission, with the Member States, will ensure the implementation of the actions covered by the programme and to make the best of what has been achieved under the first phase of the Leonardo programme.

The Commission is required to ensure complementarity with other relevant Community policies, instruments and actions, particularly aspects of the European Social Fund relating to education, vocational training, youth, RTD and innovation.

Member States will be responsible for organising the coordination and follow-up needed to attain the objectives of the programme, in accordance with national practice. To do this, they will establish an integrated management structure for the implementation of the programme, this will, among other things, provide effective information and publicity on the programme.

The programme's measures may be implemented as joint actions, with other Community actions forming part of the knowledge policy, particularly Community programmes in the area of education and youth-related matters. The Commission will arrange for the assistance of the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop).

The Commission will be assisted by a Committee made up of Member State representatives and chaired by a Commission representative. Representatives from both sides of industry will be appointed by the Commission and will participate in the work of the Committee. The opinion of the Committee will be sought on measures such as: the arrangements for implementing the programme, including the annual work plan; the criteria for establishing the breakdown of funds among the Member States for the decentralised parts of the programme; and the arrangements for evaluating the programme.

The Programme will be open to all public and private bodies involved in vocational training, in particular: training establishments, centres and bodies at all levels, including universities, and higher education establishments; research centres and bodies; companies and consortia, particularly SMEs; Trade organisations, including Chambers of Commerce; Organisations of both sides of industry; and Local and regional bodies and organisations and associations. Participation will be open to Central and Eastern European countries (CEEs), Cyprus, Malta, the countries of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), Turkey and Malta, subject to the existing or anticipated arrangements laid down for their participation in Community programmes.

The programme will have two Selection procedures:

- Decentralised selection procedure, applying to all Community actions and measures, carried out under a under a general call for proposals. Proposals are submitted by the coordinators of projects to the Member State's Leonardo management structure, with liaison between the Member State and the Commission. The management structure assesses proposals for funding from an amount allocated to each Member State by the Commission on an annual basis;

- Centralised Selection Procedure, applying to the Community demonstration actions, carried out under a general call for proposals. Project coordinators submit preproposals to the Commission and, for information, to the Leonardo management structure in their Member State. The Commission examines the proposals and makes a decision on a final selection.

The Commission and the Member States will continually monitor the programme. Member States will submit to the Commission by 31 December 2003 and 30 June 2007, respectively, reports on the implementation and impact of the programme and on the vocational training systems, which exist in the Member States.
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