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NEMIAC

Project reference: 288670
Funded under

Nano-Electro-Mechanical Integration And Computation

From 2011-09-01 to 2014-12-31

Project details

Total cost:

EUR 3 890 325

EU contribution:

EUR 2 440 000

Coordinated in:

Switzerland

Call for proposal:

FP7-ICT-2011-7See other projects for this call

Funding scheme:

CP - Collaborative project (generic)

NEMIAC aims to replace CMOS switches with a new digital logic technology based on nano-electromechanical (NEM) switches, which can be integrated with CMOS processing to provide low power processors.

The first fully electronic vacuum tube based computer ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Calculator) consumed 200 kW of power. Since then power consumption has become the major bottleneck in state-of-the-art microelectronic technology as leakage power is approaching dynamic power in nanometer technologies. This is particularly an issue for emerging applications for smart components such as autonomous sensor nodes, wireless communications devices, and novel mobile computers which all require logic circuits with dramatically improved energy efficiency. The NEMIAC (Nano-Electro-Mechanical Integration And Computation) project proposes a solution to this challenge based on nano-electromechanical (NEM) switches with practically zero leakage, abrupt switching and high on-current suitable for stand-alone embedded systems as well as 3-D integration with CMOS. The potential benefits of a mature technology are an order of magnitude improvement in energy efficiency with no performance penalty in a variety of processing applications, and radiation-resistant and higher temperature operation than CMOS. Within NEMIAC, NEM switches suitable for digital logic design will be explored and developed, along with innovative circuit architectures for low power smart components and smart systems applications. The new switches will have a footprint below 3μm×3μm and targeted switching times of the order of 10 ns. Functional logic blocks based on NEM relays will then be implemented. Design and simulation methodologies will be developed for the new mechanical logic elements and used to explore the design-space for the target applications and demonstrate a small microprocessor.

Objective

The first fully electronic vacuum tube based computer ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Calculator) consumed 200 kW of power. Since then power consumption has become the major bottleneck in state-of-the-art microelectronic technology as leakage power is approaching dynamic power in nanometer technologies. This is particularly an issue for emerging applications for smart components such as autonomous sensor nodes, wireless communications devices, and novel mobile computers which all require logic circuits with dramatically improved energy efficiency.NEMIAC (Nano-Electro-Mechanical Integration And Computation) proposes a solution based on nano-electromechanical (NEM) switches with practically zero leakage, abrupt switching and high on-current suitable for stand-alone embedded systems as well as 3-D integration with CMOS. The potential benefits of a mature technology are an order of magnitude improvement in energy efficiency with no performance penalty in a variety of processing applications, and radiation-resistant and higher temperature operation than CMOS.Within NEMIAC, NEM switches suitable for digital logic design will be explored and developed, along with innovative circuit architectures for low power smart components and smart systems applications. The new switches will have a footprint below 3μm×3μm and targeted switching times of the order of 10 ns. Functional logic blocks based on NEM relays will then be implemented. Design and simulation methodologies will be developed for the new mechanical logic elements and used to explore the design-space for the target applications and demonstrate a small microprocessor.

Related information

Coordinator

IBM RESEARCH GMBH
Switzerland

EU contribution: EUR 849 978


SAEUMERSTRASSE 4
8803 RUESCHLIKON
Switzerland
Administrative contact: Catherine Trachsel
Tel.: +41 44 724 8289
Fax: +41 44 724 8578
E-mail

Participants

ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE
Switzerland

EU contribution: EUR 404 703


BATIMENT CE 3316 STATION 1
1015 LAUSANNE
Switzerland
Administrative contact: Adrian IONESCU
Tel.: +4121 693 3978
Fax: +4121 693 3640
E-mail
STMICROELECTRONICS SRL
Italy

EU contribution: EUR 287 830


VIA C.OLIVETTI 2
20864 AGRATE BRIANZA
Italy
Administrative contact: Sara Loi
Tel.: +39 0396037685
Fax: +39 0396035910
E-mail
KUNGLIGA TEKNISKA HOEGSKOLAN
Sweden

EU contribution: EUR 515 154


BRINELLVAGEN 8
100 44 STOCKHOLM
Sweden
Administrative contact: Appel Erika
Tel.: +46 8 7907786
Fax: +46 8 100858
E-mail
LANCASTER UNIVERSITY
United Kingdom

EU contribution: EUR 66 724


BAILRIGG
LA1 4YW LANCASTER
United Kingdom
Administrative contact: Jane Sherriff
Tel.: +44 1524 594729
Fax: +44 1524 843087
E-mail
UNIVERSITY OF BRISTOL
United Kingdom

EU contribution: EUR 315 611


SENATE HOUSE, TYNDALL AVENUE
BS8 1TH BRISTOL
United Kingdom
Administrative contact: Julie Coombs
Tel.: +44 117 3315535
E-mail
Record Number: 102484 / Last updated on: 2016-09-08