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NEMIAC

Project reference: 288670
Funded under: FP7-ICT

Nano-Electro-Mechanical Integration And Computation [Print to PDF] [Print to RTF]

From 2011-09-01 to 2014-12-31

Project details

Total cost:

EUR 3 890 325

EU contribution:

EUR 2 440 000

Coordinated in:

Switzerland

Call for proposal:

FP7-ICT-2011-7

Funding scheme:

CP - Collaborative project (generic)

NEMIAC aims to replace CMOS switches with a new digital logic technology based on nano-electromechanical (NEM) switches, which can be integrated with CMOS processing to provide low power processors.

The first fully electronic vacuum tube based computer ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Calculator) consumed 200 kW of power. Since then power consumption has become the major bottleneck in state-of-the-art microelectronic technology as leakage power is approaching dynamic power in nanometer technologies. This is particularly an issue for emerging applications for smart components such as autonomous sensor nodes, wireless communications devices, and novel mobile computers which all require logic circuits with dramatically improved energy efficiency. The NEMIAC (Nano-Electro-Mechanical Integration And Computation) project proposes a solution to this challenge based on nano-electromechanical (NEM) switches with practically zero leakage, abrupt switching and high on-current suitable for stand-alone embedded systems as well as 3-D integration with CMOS. The potential benefits of a mature technology are an order of magnitude improvement in energy efficiency with no performance penalty in a variety of processing applications, and radiation-resistant and higher temperature operation than CMOS. Within NEMIAC, NEM switches suitable for digital logic design will be explored and developed, along with innovative circuit architectures for low power smart components and smart systems applications. The new switches will have a footprint below 3μm×3μm and targeted switching times of the order of 10 ns. Functional logic blocks based on NEM relays will then be implemented. Design and simulation methodologies will be developed for the new mechanical logic elements and used to explore the design-space for the target applications and demonstrate a small microprocessor.

Objective

The first fully electronic vacuum tube based computer ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Calculator) consumed 200 kW of power. Since then power consumption has become the major bottleneck in state-of-the-art microelectronic technology as leakage power is approaching dynamic power in nanometer technologies. This is particularly an issue for emerging applications for smart components such as autonomous sensor nodes, wireless communications devices, and novel mobile computers which all require logic circuits with dramatically improved energy efficiency.\nNEMIAC (Nano-Electro-Mechanical Integration And Computation) proposes a solution based on nano-electromechanical (NEM) switches with practically zero leakage, abrupt switching and high on-current suitable for stand-alone embedded systems as well as 3-D integration with CMOS. The potential benefits of a mature technology are an order of magnitude improvement in energy efficiency with no performance penalty in a variety of processing applications, and radiation-resistant and higher temperature operation than CMOS.\nWithin NEMIAC, NEM switches suitable for digital logic design will be explored and developed, along with innovative circuit architectures for low power smart components and smart systems applications. The new switches will have a footprint below 3μm×3μm and targeted switching times of the order of 10 ns. Functional logic blocks based on NEM relays will then be implemented. Design and simulation methodologies will be developed for the new mechanical logic elements and used to explore the design-space for the target applications and demonstrate a small microprocessor.

Related information

Coordinator

IBM RESEARCH GMBH
Switzerland
SAEUMERSTRASSE 4
RUESCHLIKON, Switzerland
Administrative contact: Catherine Trachsel
Tel.: +41 44 724 8289
Fax: +41 44 724 8578
E-mail

Participants

ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE
Switzerland
BATIMENT CE 3316 STATION 1
LAUSANNE, Switzerland
Administrative contact: Adrian IONESCU
Tel.: +4121 693 3978
Fax: +4121 693 3640
E-mail
STMICROELECTRONICS SRL
Italy
VIA C.OLIVETTI 2
AGRATE BRIANZA, Italy
Administrative contact: Sara Loi
Tel.: +39 0396037685
Fax: +39 0396035910
E-mail
KUNGLIGA TEKNISKA HOEGSKOLAN
Sweden
BRINELLVAGEN 8
STOCKHOLM, Sweden
Administrative contact: Appel Erika
Tel.: +46 8 7907786
Fax: +46 8 100858
E-mail
LANCASTER UNIVERSITY
United Kingdom
BAILRIGG
LANCASTER, United Kingdom
Administrative contact: Jane Sherriff
Tel.: +44 1524 594729
Fax: +44 1524 843087
E-mail
UNIVERSITY OF BRISTOL
United Kingdom
SENATE HOUSE, TYNDALL AVENUE
BRISTOL, United Kingdom
Administrative contact: Julie Coombs
Tel.: +44 117 3315535
E-mail
Record Number: 102484 / Last updated on: 2014-09-03