JANEProject reference: 303933
Funded under :
Judicial Accountability in New Europe
Total cost:EUR 50 000
EU contribution:EUR 50 000
Coordinated in:Czech Republic
Call for proposal:FP7-PEOPLE-2011-CIGSee other projects for this call
Funding scheme:MC-CIG - Support for training and career development of researcher (CIG)
"This research project deals with mechanisms of judicial accountability in Central and Eastern Europe and the impact of introducing a judicial council on the use of these mechanisms. However, these issues cannot be studied in the abstract. For this reason, the project examines the use of mechanisms of judicial accountability in the Czech Republic and Slovakia as well as the impact of introducing the Judicial Council of Slovak Republic on the use of these mechanisms.
The empirical part of the project is built around four central hypotheses. First, in both countries the executive branch and/or the court presidents are dominant “accounting agents” (principals) of judges, whereas the public is a marginal “accounting agent” (principal) of judges. Second, in both countries mechanisms of judicial accountability that allow the dominant “accounting agents” to hold judges to account are preferred to other available mechanisms of judicial accountability. Third, in both countries de facto judicial accountability significantly differs from de iure judicial accountability. Fourth, introduction of a judicial council in Slovakia enhanced overall judicial accountability, enhanced accountability of judges to their respective court presidents, and increased the gap between de facto judicial accountability and de iure judicial accountability.
The project is divided into three parts. Part I defines the notion of judicial accountability, identifies mechanisms of judicial accountability and provides a typology of models of the court administration in Europe. Parts II focuses exclusively on the Czech Republic and Slovakia and tests the four hypotheses mentioned above. It first identifies the mechanisms of judicial accountability employed by each country between 1993 and 2010 and subsequently measures them against to the criteria developed earlier in the chapter. Part III looks beyond the borders of the Czech Republic and Slovakia and addresses the broader normative implications."
EU contribution: EUR 50 000
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