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SPARC

Project reference: 507859
Funded under

Secure Propulsion using Advanced Redundant Control

From 2004-01-01 to 2007-07-31

Project details

Total cost:

EUR 12 598 247

EU contribution:

EUR 6 499 985

Coordinated in:

Germany

Call for proposal:

FP6-2002-IST-1See other projects for this call

Funding scheme:

STREP - Specific Targeted Research Project

Virtual co-pilot to reduce road deaths

Vehicles that can foresee dangers and respond automatically to changing road conditions, traffic and driver mistakes could start rolling along Europe’s roads in the near future.

Though still prototypes, the vehicles developed by researchers working in the SPARC project sit on the cusp of a new generation of cars and trucks that promise to improve road safety dramatically.

Using a combination of sensors, automated decision-support systems and innovative control mechanisms, the smart vehicles help counteract the single biggest cause of traffic accidents: driver error.

Correcting human error

Mistakes by drivers – whether brought on by inattention, fatigue, drinking or simply carelessness – are estimated to cause 95% of the 40 000 fatal accidents that occur on Europe’s roads each year.

Preventing or correcting mistakes by drivers is therefore seen as the single most important way of reducing the number of accidents and meeting the EU’s target of cutting the number of road deaths by half over the coming years. The technology developed in the SPARC project would help achieve that once it makes its way onto the market.

Tested in cars and trucks

The SPARC system has so far been deployed in two prototype vehicles: a Mercedes-Benz Actros truck and a small Smart car built by project coordinator DaimlerChrysler.

Unlike most modern vehicles that use mechanical components to control the vehicle, both prototypes were designed with electromechanical systems.

Known as ‘x-by-wire’ or ‘drive-by-wire’, the electronic control system is similar to the technology used to fly aircraft with high precision by turning driver commands into electronic signals that are fed through an onboard computer.

X-by-wire not only gives drivers more control over their vehicles, they also allow automated systems to lend a helping hand.

Virtual co-pilot

A control system that can make decisions constitutes a kind of virtual co-pilot. Using information gathered from several sources – such as cameras, radar, GPS and a human-machine interface – the SPARC system can reliably monitor road conditions and driver behaviour.

It can predict upcoming hazards and respond to them if the driver does not. The system could, for example, slow the car down if the driver is approaching a sharp bend too fast, or pull the truck over to the side of the road if it detects that the driver has fallen asleep.

Cars driving themselves?

Though the system leaves the driver in control for most of the journey, it instantly steps in and takes corrective measures as soon as it detects an imminent risk – be it a braking car in front or an erratic turn of the wheel.

However, much of the technology developed by the researchers in the SPARC project could contribute to the development of vehicles that drive themselves. In theory, fully automated vehicles that take the human driver out of the equation could be even safer still.

Objective

The goal of SPARC is to substantially improve traffic safety and efficiency for heavy goods vehicles usingintelligent x-by-wire technologies in the powertrain. To prove this standardised concept a SW/HW platform will bedeveloped that is scalable down to small passenger cars (sPC) and be integrated therein.Natural motion is described by a vector (direction and velocity). The driver creates the desired motion vector,while being supported by an exchangeable HMI. Additionally a safety assistance and evaluation system (basedon an interactive display information system using satellite navigation systems (GPS) and a smart camera toinspect the environment) creates another motion vector in parallel (the redundant vector).Both vectors are input to the Safety Decision Control System (DCS). The DCS will run on a central redundantcabin-ECU. The DCS will avoid accidents by compensating for driver failure probability (driver incapacity, deadman state) by generating a secure motion vector based on a comparison of both vectors. This secure vector willbe passed onto the extended X-by-Wire powertrain. The switch from reactive active safety to preventive active safety created by the SPARC- vehicles will constitutea breakthrough in road safety technology by pursuing the following main technical objectives:1. Development of an accident-avoiding vehicle using a DCS, which compensates driver failure probability (driverincapacity, dead man state, etc.).2. Extend concept of heavy goods vehicle to full tractor-trailer combination.3. Describe and validate clear SW/HW-interfaces for automotive redundant control systems to combine resultsfrom PReVENT, AIDE and PEIT.4. Validate the scalability of the concept by transferring it from heavy-duty trucks to small passenger cars. Twovalidator vehicles will be built up.5. Describe a harmonised homologation path for scalable SPARC safety system.6. Ensure European technology leadership for intext truncated for the purposes of the ESR

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Coordinator

DAIMLER AG
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 1 771 833


Mercedesstr. 137
D-70327 Stuttgart
Germany
Administrative contact: Armin Sulzmann
Tel.: +49-7111754095
Fax: +49-7111759911
E-mail

Participants

AUSTRIAMICROSYSTEMS AG
Austria

EU contribution: EUR 0


SCHLOSS PREMSTAETTEN, TOBELBADERSTRASSE 30
8141 UNTERPREMSTAETTEN
Austria
Administrative contact: Harald Gall
Tel.: +43-31-365 005953
Fax: +43-31-365 005693
E-mail
ENGINEERING CENTER STEYR GMBH & CO KG
Austria

EU contribution: EUR 163 000


STEYRER STRASSE 32
4300 ST. VALENTIN
Austria
Administrative contact: Josef Leitner
Tel.: +437435501401
Fax: +437435501404
E-mail
ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE
Switzerland

EU contribution: EUR 0


ECUBLENS
1015 LAUSANNE
Switzerland
Administrative contact: Roland Siegwart
Tel.: +41 21 6933850
Fax: +41 21 6937807
E-mail
EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZURICH
Switzerland

EU contribution: EUR 0


TANNENSTRASSE 3
8092 ZUERICH
Switzerland
Administrative contact: Roland Siegwart
Tel.: +41-44-6322358
Fax: +41-86-0792144927
E-mail
RUDOLF SCHADOW GMBH
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 100 010


HOLZHAUSERSTRASSE 26-32
13059 BERLIN
Germany
Administrative contact: Joachim Meyer-Quade
Tel.: +49 30 43999176
Fax: +49 30 43999160
E-mail
JULIUS-MAXIMILIANS UNIVERSITAET WUERZBURG
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 69 000


ROENTGENRING 11
97070 WUERZBURG
Germany
Administrative contact: Hans-Peter Krüger
Tel.: +49-931-312 653
Fax: +49-931-312 616
E-mail
IRION MANAGEMENT CONSULTING GMBH
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 210 000


TAEGERMOOSSTRASSE 10
KONSTANZ
Germany
Administrative contact: Joachim K. Irion
Tel.: +49 7531 914784
Fax: +49 7531 24964
E-mail
SIMTEC, SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY GMBH
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 175 000


HERMANN-BLENK-STRASSE 34
38108 BRAUNSCHWEIG
Germany
Administrative contact: Bernd Kaufmann
Tel.: +49-531-215390
Fax: +49-531-215399
E-mail
DUERR ASSEMBLY PRODUCTS GMBH
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 225 000


KOELLNERSTRASSE 122-128
66346 PUETTLINGEN
Germany
Administrative contact: Thomas Tentrup
Tel.: +49-68986925885
Fax: +49-68986925777
E-mail
UNIVERSITAET STUTTGART
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 794 388


PFAFFENWALDRING 27
70569 STUTTGART
Germany
Administrative contact: Reinhard Reichel
Tel.: +49-711 685 7090
Fax: +49-711 685 3591
E-mail
CONTINENTAL TEVES AG & CO. OHG
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 0


GUERICKESTRASSE 7
D-60488 FRANKFURT AM MAIN
Germany
Administrative contact: Bernward Bayer
Tel.: +49-69-76033710
Fax: +49-69-76033816
E-mail
MOTOROLA GMBH
Participation ended
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 216 041


LILIENTHALSTRASSE 15
85579 NEUBIBERG
Germany
Administrative contact: André Peine
Tel.: 49-89-9608-1713
Fax: 49-89-9608-1266
E-mail
SIEMENS AG
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 159 894


SIEMENSSTRASSE
93026 REGENSBURG
Germany

VDO AUTOMOTIVE AG
Participation ended
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 414 722


WITTELSBACHERPLATZ 2
80333 MUENCHEN
Germany
Administrative contact: Dirk Zittlau
Tel.: (49-941)7903651
Fax: (49-941)7905714
E-mail
IQ POWER DEUTSCHLAND GMBH
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 278 000


INSELKAMMERSTRASSE 2-4
82008 UNTERHACHING
Germany
Administrative contact: Winfried Rickert
Tel.: +49-89-61448320
Fax: +49-89-61448340
E-mail
ETAS ENTWICKLUNGS-UND APPLIKATIONWERKZEUGE FUER ELEKTRONISCHE SYSTEME GMBH & CO.KG
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 198 000


BORSIGSTRASSE 10
70469 STUTTGART
Germany
Administrative contact: Wolfgang Eismann
Tel.: +49-71189661189
Fax: +49-71189661273
E-mail
KOEGEL FAHRZEUGWERKE GMBH
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 112 000


DAIMLERSTRASSE14
89079 ULM
Germany
Administrative contact: Heiner Loop
Tel.: +497319454510
Fax: +497319454495
E-mail
ESTOP ENGINEERING GMBH & CO. KG.
Participation ended
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 0


AN DER HARTMUEHLE 10
82229 SEEFELD
Germany
Administrative contact: Henry Hartmann
Tel.: +49-8152-993615
Fax: +49-8152-993611
E-mail
FREESCALE HALBLEITER DEUTSCHLAND GMBH
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 117 612


SCHATZBOGEN 7
81829 MUENCHEN
Germany
Administrative contact: Bernd Rucha
Tel.: +49-89-92 10 33 95
Fax: +49-89-92 10 38 20
E-mail
GEORG FISCHER VERKEHRSTECHNIK GMBH
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 0


JULIUS-BUEHRER-STRASSE 12
78224 SINGEN
Germany
Administrative contact: Frank Hurst
Tel.: +49-773-1886713
Fax: +49-773-188698713
E-mail
DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUER LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 153 027


LILIENTHALPLATZ 7
38022 Braunschweig
Germany
Administrative contact: Reiner Suikat
Tel.: +49-531-2953434
Fax: +49-531-2953402
E-mail
CAS MUENCHEN GMBH
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 39 951


LILLIENTHALSTR. 15
85579 Neubiberg
Germany
Administrative contact: Matthias Schütz
Tel.: +49-896-78053179
Fax: +49-896-78053266
E-mail
SIEMENS VDO AUTOMOTIVE
Participation ended
France

EU contribution: EUR 0


1 AVENUE PAUL OURLIAC
31036 TOULOUSE
France
Administrative contact: Jean-Marc Heller (acting)
Tel.: +33 5 6119 8283
Fax: +33 5 6119 2541
E-mail
MANUFACTURE FRANCAISE DES PNEUMATIQUES MICHELIN
France

EU contribution: EUR 50 000


23 PLACE DES CARMES
63000 CLERMONT FERRAND
France
Administrative contact: Antoine Pinneau
Tel.: +33-4 73107718
Fax: +33-4 73108531
E-mail
KNORR-BREMSE FEKRENDSZEREK KFT
Hungary

EU contribution: EUR 342 000


MAJOR UTCA 69
H-1119 BUDAPEST
Hungary
Administrative contact: Bence Csak
Tel.: +36-1-3829-841
Fax: +36-1-3829-810
E-mail
YAMAR ELECTRONICS LTD
Israel

EU contribution: EUR 178 000


SHIMON HARATSI 17
62492 TEL AVIV
Israel
Administrative contact: Amir Rubin
Tel.: +972-3-5445294
Fax: +972-3-5445279
E-mail
CENTRO RICERCHE FIAT SCPA
Italy

EU contribution: EUR 252 000


STRADA TORINO 50
10043 ORBASSANO (TO)
Italy
Administrative contact: Mauro Montiglio
Tel.: +39-011-9083341
Fax: +39-011-9083699
E-mail
SKF INDUSTRIE S.P.A.
Netherlands

EU contribution: EUR 202 575


KELVINBAAN 16
3430 Niewegein
Netherlands
Administrative contact: Edward Holweg
Tel.: +31 30 6075882
Fax: +32 30 6075747
E-mail
HALDEX BRAKE PRODUCTS AB
Sweden

EU contribution: EUR 277 932


Instrumentgatan 15
26124 Landskrona
Sweden
Administrative contact: Sverker Stomrud
Tel.: +46 418 476000
Fax: +46 418 476001
E-mail
Record Number: 71258 / Last updated on: 2016-04-11