Forschungs- & Entwicklungsinformationsdienst der Gemeinschaft - CORDIS

FP6 SECOQC logo

SECOQC

Project ID: 506813
Gefördert unter

Development of a Global Network for Secure Communication based on Quantum Cryptography

Von 2004-04-01 bis 2008-09-30, Abgeschlossenes Projekt | SECOQC Website

Projektdetails

Gesamtkosten:

EUR 16 823 437

EU-Beitrag:

EUR 11 352 183

Koordiniert in:

Austria

Aufruf zur Vorschlagseinreichung:

FP6-2002-IST-1See other projects for this call

Finanzierungsprogramm:

IP - Integrated Project

Description

Protecting personal data with the laws of physics

Cryptographic technology underpins most data security, allowing banks, governments, companies and individual citizens to exchange information securely. But advances in computing power are making traditional cryptographic techniques less secure, potentially exposing personal data to criminals.

The answer, say researchers working in the SECOQC project, lies in a new generation of cryptography using quantum mechanics to protect the data. While classical cryptography employs mathematical techniques to encrypt messages, quantum cryptography uses the laws of physics to protect the information.

Modern cryptography relies on the use of digital ‘keys’ to encrypt data before sending it over a network, and to decrypt it at the other end. The receiver must have a version of the key code used by the sender in order to decrypt and access the data.

However, as computer-processing power has increased in recent years, criminals have found it increasingly easy to crack cryptographic keys.

The 512-bit RSA public-key cryptosystem, developed in 1977, can now be broken by university students in a matter of months and even more advanced encryption methods may not be secure for long.

‘Unbreakable’ light

Meanwhile, quantum cryptography makes use of the properties of light to underpin a method of encryption that is theoretically unbreakable.

Typically, a sending optical device puts photons into a particular state, which is then observed by a receiving device at the other end of a fibre-optic connection. Since it is impossible to intercept a light transmission without changing it, important information can be exchanged with great security.

The team behind the SECOQC project set out to design and validate a network for dependable and secure long-range communication built upon quantum key distribution (QKD) technology.

Toward securer communications networks

Combining the expertise of quantum physicists, network specialists and experts in the fields of cryptography, electronics, IT security, and software development, the team developed devices to generate keys and built the technological architecture to share them over a fibre-optic network.

Their goal is to provide citizens, companies and public institutions with an efficient means of improving security standards in electronic communication and data exchange via public channels.

This could lead to a quantum communications network similar to the then nascent internet network in the United States back in the 1970s.

The world’s first quantum bank transfer

In the course of the project, the technology was used to perform the world’s first-ever bank transfer using quantum cryptography by sending €3 000 over a 1.45-km fibre-optic link between Vienna City Hall and the headquarters of Bank-Austria Creditanstalt.

In October 2007, it was also used to provide a secure line for counting votes cast in Geneva in the Swiss national elections, marking the first real-world use of the technology.

One of the project partners, id Quantique, a spin-off company from the University of Geneva, is now working on deploying a quantum communications network in Geneva, known as SwissQuantum.

Ziel

Secure communication is an essential need for companies, public institutions and in particular the individual citizen. Currently used encryption systems are vulnerable due to the increasing power of computer technology, the emergence of new code-breaking algorithms, and the imperfections of public key infrastructures. Methods considered as acceptably secure today will have a significant risk of becoming weak tomorrow. On the other hand, with quantum cryptography a technology has been developed within the last decade that is provably secure against arbitrary computing power, and even against quantum computer attacks. When becoming operational quantum cryptography will raise communication security on an essentially higher level. The vision of SECOQC is to provide European citizens, companies and institutions with a tool that allows facing the threats of future interception technologies, thus creating significant advantages for European economy. With SECOQC the basis will be laid for a long-range high security communication network that combines the entirely novel technology of quantum key distribution with components of classical computer science and cryptography. Within the project the following goals will be achieved: - Realisation of a fully functional, real-time, ready-to-market Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) point-to-point communication technology; - Development of an abstract level architecture allowing high security long-range communication by integrating the QKD technology and a set of cryptographic protocols; - Design of a real-life, user-oriented network for practical implementation of QKD based long range secure communication. To achieve this goal, all experience and resources available within the European Research Area are to be integrated and combined with the expertise of developers and companies within the fields of network integration, cryptography, electronics, security, and software development.

Kontaktangaben des Koordinators

Christian Monyk, (Project Coordinator)

Koordinator

AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH
Austria

EU-Beitrag: EUR 2 239 261


Donau-City-Strasse 1
1220 WIEN
Austria
Activity type: Research Organisations
Administrative Kontaktangaben: Christian Monyk
Tel.: +43 50550 4152
Fax: +43 50550 4190
E-Mail-Adresse

Teilnehmer

UNIVERSITAET KLAGENFURT
Austria

EU-Beitrag: EUR 60 200


UNIVERSITAETSSTRASSE 65-67
9020 KLAGENFURT
Austria
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UNIVERSITAT WIEN
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Austria
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UNIVERSITAETSSTRASSE 65-67
9020 KLAGENFURT
Austria
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
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Tel.: +4346327003113
Fax: +4346327003199
STEINBEIS TECHNOLOGIETRANSFER GMBH
Austria

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AM HEUMARKT 7/14
1030 WIEN
Austria
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Austria

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8 - MAI-STRASSE 5/1
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Austria
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SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT OESTERREICH
Austria

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SIEMENSSTRASSE 90
1210 WIEN
Austria
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BEARINGPOINT INFONOVA GMBH
Austria

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AM SEERING 6
8141 UNTERPREMSTAETTEN
Austria
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ARC SEIBERSDORF RESEARCH GMBH
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Austria

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KRAMERGASSE 1
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UNIVERSITE LIBRE DE BRUXELLES
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Avenue Franklin Roosevelt 50
1050 BRUXELLES
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1015 LAUSANNE
Switzerland
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RUE DU GENERAL DUFOUR 24
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ID QUANTIQUE SA
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CHEMIN DE LA MARBRERIE 3
1227 CAROUGE GENEVE
Switzerland
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NORREGADE 10
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AARHUS UNIVERSITET
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Nordre Ringgade 1
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3, RUE MICHEL-ANGE
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THALES COMMUNICATIONS & SECURITY SAS
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AVENUE DES LOUVRESSES 4
92230 GENNEVILLIERS
France
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CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
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EU-Beitrag: EUR 180 000


Rue Michel -Ange 3
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France
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THALES SA
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EU-Beitrag: EUR 345 000


TOUR CARPE DIEM PLACE DES COROLLES ESPLANADE NORD
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Administrative Kontaktangaben: Thierry DEBUISSCHERT
Tel.: +33 1 69339185
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INSTITUT MINES-TELECOM
France

EU-Beitrag: EUR 421 200


37-39 RUE DAREAU
75014 PARIS
France
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Tel.: +33 145817302
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POLITECNICO DI MILANO
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PIAZZA LEONARDO DA VINCI 32
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PIAZZA DEI CAVALIERI 7
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UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PAVIA
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STRADA NUOVA 65
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Italy

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PIAZZALE ALDO MORO 7
00185 ROMA
Italy
Activity type: Research Organisations
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BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGIES
Russia

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MOSFILMOVSKAYA STREET, 17B
119330 MOSCOW
Russia
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Sweden

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BRINELLVAGEN 8
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Sweden
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QINETIQ LIMITED
United Kingdom

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CODY TECHNOLOGY PARK IVELY ROAD
GU14 0LX FARNBOROUGH
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UNIVERSITY OF BRISTOL
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TYNDALL AVENUE SENATE HOUSE
BS8 1TH BRISTOL
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TOSHIBA RESEARCH EUROPE LIMITED
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MILTON ROAD 208 CAMBRIDGE SCIENCE PARK
CB4 0GZ CAMBRIDGE
United Kingdom
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Administrative Kontaktangaben: Andrew Shields
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THE UNIVERSITY OF WARWICK
United Kingdom

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Kirby Corner Road - University House
CV4 8UW COVENTRY
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The Chancellor, Masters and Scholars of the University of Cambridge
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Madingley Road
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THE UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD
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FIRTH COURT WESTERN BANK
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Riccarton
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TO BE DEFINED

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INSTITUT D'OPTIQUE THEORIQUE ET APPLIQUEE IOTA - SUPOPTIQUE
France

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AVENUE AUGUSTIN FRESNEL - CAMPUS POLYTECHNIQUE - RD 128 2
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UNIVERSITE DE NICE - SOPHIA ANTIPOLIS
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UNIVERSITE PARIS-SUD
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