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FP6 SECOQC logo

SECOQC

Project ID: 506813
Funded under

Development of a Global Network for Secure Communication based on Quantum Cryptography

From 2004-04-01 to 2008-09-30, closed project | SECOQC Website

Project details

Total cost:

EUR 16 823 437

EU contribution:

EUR 11 352 183

Coordinated in:

Austria

Call for proposal:

FP6-2002-IST-1See other projects for this call

Funding scheme:

IP - Integrated Project

Description

Protecting personal data with the laws of physics

Cryptographic technology underpins most data security, allowing banks, governments, companies and individual citizens to exchange information securely. But advances in computing power are making traditional cryptographic techniques less secure, potentially exposing personal data to criminals.

The answer, say researchers working in the SECOQC project, lies in a new generation of cryptography using quantum mechanics to protect the data. While classical cryptography employs mathematical techniques to encrypt messages, quantum cryptography uses the laws of physics to protect the information.

Modern cryptography relies on the use of digital ‘keys’ to encrypt data before sending it over a network, and to decrypt it at the other end. The receiver must have a version of the key code used by the sender in order to decrypt and access the data.

However, as computer-processing power has increased in recent years, criminals have found it increasingly easy to crack cryptographic keys.

The 512-bit RSA public-key cryptosystem, developed in 1977, can now be broken by university students in a matter of months and even more advanced encryption methods may not be secure for long.

‘Unbreakable’ light

Meanwhile, quantum cryptography makes use of the properties of light to underpin a method of encryption that is theoretically unbreakable.

Typically, a sending optical device puts photons into a particular state, which is then observed by a receiving device at the other end of a fibre-optic connection. Since it is impossible to intercept a light transmission without changing it, important information can be exchanged with great security.

The team behind the SECOQC project set out to design and validate a network for dependable and secure long-range communication built upon quantum key distribution (QKD) technology.

Toward securer communications networks

Combining the expertise of quantum physicists, network specialists and experts in the fields of cryptography, electronics, IT security, and software development, the team developed devices to generate keys and built the technological architecture to share them over a fibre-optic network.

Their goal is to provide citizens, companies and public institutions with an efficient means of improving security standards in electronic communication and data exchange via public channels.

This could lead to a quantum communications network similar to the then nascent internet network in the United States back in the 1970s.

The world’s first quantum bank transfer

In the course of the project, the technology was used to perform the world’s first-ever bank transfer using quantum cryptography by sending €3 000 over a 1.45-km fibre-optic link between Vienna City Hall and the headquarters of Bank-Austria Creditanstalt.

In October 2007, it was also used to provide a secure line for counting votes cast in Geneva in the Swiss national elections, marking the first real-world use of the technology.

One of the project partners, id Quantique, a spin-off company from the University of Geneva, is now working on deploying a quantum communications network in Geneva, known as SwissQuantum.

Objective

Secure communication is an essential need for companies, public institutions and in particular the individual citizen. Currently used encryption systems are vulnerable due to the increasing power of computer technology, the emergence of new code-breaking algorithms, and the imperfections of public key infrastructures. Methods considered as acceptably secure today will have a significant risk of becoming weak tomorrow. On the other hand, with quantum cryptography a technology has been developed within the last decade that is provably secure against arbitrary computing power, and even against quantum computer attacks. When becoming operational quantum cryptography will raise communication security on an essentially higher level. The vision of SECOQC is to provide European citizens, companies and institutions with a tool that allows facing the threats of future interception technologies, thus creating significant advantages for European economy. With SECOQC the basis will be laid for a long-range high security communication network that combines the entirely novel technology of quantum key distribution with components of classical computer science and cryptography. Within the project the following goals will be achieved: - Realisation of a fully functional, real-time, ready-to-market Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) point-to-point communication technology; - Development of an abstract level architecture allowing high security long-range communication by integrating the QKD technology and a set of cryptographic protocols; - Design of a real-life, user-oriented network for practical implementation of QKD based long range secure communication. To achieve this goal, all experience and resources available within the European Research Area are to be integrated and combined with the expertise of developers and companies within the fields of network integration, cryptography, electronics, security, and software development.

Coordinator contact

Christian Monyk, (Project Coordinator)

Coordinator

AIT AUSTRIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY GMBH
Austria

EU contribution: EUR 2 239 261


DONAU CITY STRASSE 1 TECH GATE VIENNA
1220 WIEN
Austria
Activity type: Research Organisations
Administrative contact: Christian Monyk
Tel.: +43 50550 4152
Fax: +43 50550 4190
E-mail

Participants

UNIVERSITAET KLAGENFURT
Austria

EU contribution: EUR 60 200


UNIVERSITAETSSTRASSE 65-67
9020 KLAGENFURT
Austria
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Patrick Horster
Tel.: +43 46327003702
Fax: +43 46327003799
E-mail
UNIVERSITAT WIEN
Austria

EU contribution: EUR 451 500


UNIVERSITATSRING 1
1010 WIEN
Austria
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: ANDREAS POPPE
Tel.: +43 1 427751201
Fax: +43 1 4277 9512
E-mail
UNIVERSITAET KLAGENFURT
Austria

EU contribution: EUR 138 635


UNIVERSITAETSSTRASSE 65-67
9020 KLAGENFURT
Austria
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: J�rgen Pilz
Tel.: +4346327003113
Fax: +4346327003199
STEINBEIS TECHNOLOGIETRANSFER GMBH
Austria

EU contribution: EUR 9 975


AM HEUMARKT 7/14
1030 WIEN
Austria
Activity type: Other
Administrative contact: Albrecht Gebhardt
Tel.: +4346327003118
Fax: +4346327003199
E-mail
AVENTEC HANDELS, PRODUKTIONS- UND BERATUNGSGESELLSCHAFT MBH
Participation ended
Austria

EU contribution: EUR 0


8 - MAI-STRASSE 5/1
9020 KLAGENFURT
Austria
Activity type: Other
Administrative contact: Martin Peschaut
Tel.: +436763427094
Fax: +4346359493320
E-mail
SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT OESTERREICH
Austria

EU contribution: EUR 220 000


SIEMENSSTRASSE 90
1210 WIEN
Austria
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative contact: Ilse Wimberger
Tel.: +43 51707 26876
Fax: +43 51707 54760
E-mail
BEARINGPOINT INFONOVA GMBH
Austria

EU contribution: EUR 240 000


AM SEERING 6
8141 UNTERPREMSTAETTEN
Austria
Activity type: Other
Administrative contact: Rainer Boehm
Tel.: +43 316 8003 0
Fax: +433168003 1080
E-mail
ARC SEIBERSDORF RESEARCH GMBH
Participation ended
Austria

EU contribution: EUR 0


KRAMERGASSE 1
1010 WIEN
Austria
Activity type: Research Organisations
Administrative contact: Christian Monyk
Tel.: +43 50550 4152
Fax: +43 50550 4150
E-mail
UNIVERSITE LIBRE DE BRUXELLES
Belgium

EU contribution: EUR 230 000


Avenue Franklin Roosevelt 50
1050 BRUXELLES
Belgium
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Nicolas Cerf
Tel.: +32 2 650 28 58
Fax: +32 2 650 29 41
E-mail
UNIVERSITE DE LAUSANNE
Switzerland

EU contribution: EUR 394 200


Quartier Unil-Centre Bâtiment Unicentre
1015 LAUSANNE
Switzerland
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Solange Ghernaouti-H�e
Tel.: +41 21 6923421
Fax: +41 21 6923405
E-mail
UNIVERSITE DE GENEVE
Switzerland

EU contribution: EUR 723 000


RUE DU GENERAL DUFOUR 24
1211 GENEVE
Switzerland
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Nicolas Gisin
Tel.: +41 22 379 6597
Fax: +41 22 781 0980
E-mail
ID QUANTIQUE SA
Switzerland

EU contribution: EUR 577 500


CHEMIN DE LA MARBRERIE 3
1227 CAROUGE GENEVE
Switzerland
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative contact: Gr�ire Ribordy
Tel.: +41 22 321 4464
Fax: +41 22 321 4465
E-mail
UNIVERZITA PALACKEHO V OLOMOUCI
Czech Republic

EU contribution: EUR 102 000


KRIZKOVSKEHO 8
771 47 OLOMOUC
Czech Republic
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Miloslav Dusek
Tel.: +420 585634272
Fax: +420 585634253
E-mail
ERNST & YOUNG AG WIRTSCHAFTSPRUEFUNGSGESELLSCHAFT
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 140 000


MITTLERER PFAD 15
70499 STUTTGART
Germany
Activity type: Other
Administrative contact: Hans-Christoph Capellaro
Tel.: +49891433113123
Fax: +49891433113257
E-mail
HEINRICH-HEINE-UNIVERSITAET DUESSELDORF
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 111 000


UNIVERSITAETSSTRASSE 1
40225 DUESSELDORF
Germany
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Dagmar Bruss
Tel.: +49 5117623375
Fax: +49 5117624945
E-mail
UNIVERSITAET KARLSRUHE (TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE)
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 65 000


KAISERSTRASSE
76131 KARLSRUHE
Germany
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Joern Mueller-Quade
Tel.: +49 721 6084327
Fax: +49 721 6085022
TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAT DARMSTADT
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 139 000


Karolinenplatz 5
64289 DARMSTADT
Germany
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Gernot Alber
Tel.: +496151164802
Fax: +496151163279
E-mail
LUDWIG-MAXIMILIANS-UNIVERSITAET MUENCHEN
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 411 750


GESCHWISTER SCHOLL PLATZ 1
80539 MUENCHEN
Germany
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Harald Weinfurter
Tel.: +49 8921802044
Fax: +49 8921805032
E-mail
FRIEDRICH-ALEXANDER-UNIVERSITAT ERLANGEN NURNBERG
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 258 000


SCHLOSSPLATZ 4
91054 ERLANGEN
Germany
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Norbert L�tkenhaus
Tel.: +4991318528375
Fax: +49913113508
E-mail
FRIEDRICH-ALEXANDER-UNIVERSITAET ERLANGEN NUERNBERG
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 187 500


SCHLOSSPLATZ 4
91054 ERLANGEN
Germany
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Gerd Leuchs
Tel.: +4991318528371
Fax: +49913113508
GOTTFRIED WILHELM LEIBNIZ UNIVERSITAET HANNOVER
Participation ended
Germany

EU contribution: EUR 0


Welfengarten 1
30167 HANNOVER
Germany
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Dagmar Bruss
Tel.: +49 5117623375
Fax: +49 5117624945
E-mail
KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET
Denmark

EU contribution: EUR 207 000


NORREGADE 10
1165 KOBENHAVN
Denmark
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Poul Erik Lindelof
Tel.: +45 35320451
Fax: +45 35320460
E-mail
AARHUS UNIVERSITET
Denmark

EU contribution: EUR 295 000


Nordre Ringgade 1
8000 AARHUS C
Denmark
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Ivan Damgaard
Tel.: +45 8942 3380
Fax: +45 8942 3255
E-mail
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
France

EU contribution: EUR 285 000


3, RUE MICHEL-ANGE
75794 PARIS CEDEX 16
France
Activity type: Research Organisations
Administrative contact: Philippe Grangier
Tel.: +33 169 358766
Fax: +33 169 368700
E-mail
THALES COMMUNICATIONS & SECURITY SAS
France

EU contribution: EUR 116 000


AVENUE DES LOUVRESSES 4
92230 GENNEVILLIERS
France
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative contact: PHILIPPE PAINCHAULT
Tel.: +33146133595
Fax: +33146132100
E-mail
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France

EU contribution: EUR 180 000


RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
75794 PARIS
France
Activity type: Research Organisations
Administrative contact: Pascal BALDI
Tel.: +334 9207 67 52
Fax: +334 9207 67 54
E-mail
THALES SA
France

EU contribution: EUR 345 000


TOUR CARPE DIEM PLACE DES COROLLES ESPLANADE NORD
92200 COURBEVOIE
France
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative contact: Thierry DEBUISSCHERT
Tel.: +33 1 69339185
Fax: +33 1 69339127
E-mail
INSTITUT MINES-TELECOM
France

EU contribution: EUR 421 200


37-39 RUE DAREAU
75014 PARIS
France
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Michel RIGUIDEL
Tel.: +33 145817302
Fax: +33 145813119
POLITECNICO DI MILANO
Italy

EU contribution: EUR 135 000


PIAZZA LEONARDO DA VINCI 32
20133 MILANO
Italy
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Sergio Cova
Tel.: +39 02 23996103
Fax: +39 02 2367604
E-mail
SCUOLA NORMALE SUPERIORE
Italy

EU contribution: EUR 264 000


PIAZZA DEI CAVALIERI 7
56126 PISA
Italy
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Fabio Beltram
Tel.: +39 050 509065
Fax: +39 050 509295
E-mail
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PAVIA
Italy

EU contribution: EUR 93 000


STRADA NUOVA 65
27100 PAVIA
Italy
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Chiara Macchiavello
Tel.: +390382507674
Fax: +390382507563
E-mail
CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Italy

EU contribution: EUR 135 000


PIAZZALE ALDO MORO 7
00185 ROMA
Italy
Activity type: Research Organisations
Administrative contact: Piera Maccagnani
Tel.: +39 51 6399104
Fax: +39 51 6399112
E-mail
BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGIES
Russia

EU contribution: EUR 117 250


MOSFILMOVSKAYA STREET, 17B
119330 MOSCOW
Russia
Activity type: Other
Administrative contact: Oleg Mikhailovich Chernomordick
Tel.: +70959399560
Fax: +70959399560
E-mail
KUNGLIGA TEKNISKA HOEGSKOLAN
Sweden

EU contribution: EUR 310 000


BRINELLVAGEN 8
100 44 STOCKHOLM
Sweden
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Anders Erik Karlsson
Tel.: +46 8 752 1272
Fax: +46 8 752 1240
E-mail
QinetiQ Ltd
United Kingdom

EU contribution: EUR 35 083


CODY TECHNOLOGY PARK IVELY ROAD
GU14 0LX FARNBOROUGH
United Kingdom
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative contact: Caroline Prince
Tel.: +44 1684 89 5071
Fax: +44 1684 89 6113
E-mail
UNIVERSITY OF BRISTOL
United Kingdom

EU contribution: EUR 321 500


TYNDALL AVENUE SENATE HOUSE
BS8 1TH BRISTOL
United Kingdom
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: John Rarity
Tel.: +441179545646
Fax: +441179545206
E-mail
TOSHIBA RESEARCH EUROPE LIMITED
United Kingdom

EU contribution: EUR 512 000


MILTON ROAD 208 CAMBRIDGE SCIENCE PARK
CB4 0GZ CAMBRIDGE
United Kingdom
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative contact: Andrew Shields
Tel.: +44 1223 436900
Fax: +44 1223 436909
E-mail
THE UNIVERSITY OF WARWICK
United Kingdom

EU contribution: EUR 117 708


Kirby Corner Road - University House
CV4 8UW COVENTRY
United Kingdom
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Rajagopal Nagarajan
Tel.: +442476523682
Fax: +442476573024
E-mail
THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
United Kingdom

EU contribution: EUR 264 000


TRINITY LANE THE OLD SCHOOLS
CB2 1TN CAMBRIDGE
United Kingdom
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: David Ritchie
Tel.: +44 1223 337331
E-mail
THE UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD
United Kingdom

EU contribution: EUR 90 000


FIRTH COURT WESTERN BANK
S10 2TN SHEFFIELD
United Kingdom
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: John David
Tel.: +44 1142225185
Fax: +44 1142726391
E-mail
HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY
United Kingdom

EU contribution: EUR 135 000


Riccarton
EH144AS EDINBURGH
United Kingdom
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative contact: Gerald Buller
Tel.: +44 131 4513069
Fax: +44 131 4518083
E-mail
HEWLETT-PACKARD LIMITED
United Kingdom

EU contribution: EUR 48 750


CAIN ROAD
RG12 1HN BRACKNELL
United Kingdom
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative contact: William John Munro
Tel.: +44 1173127012
Fax: +44 1173129870
E-mail
TO BE DEFINED

EU contribution: EUR 226 171


INSTITUT D'OPTIQUE THEORIQUE ET APPLIQUEE IOTA - SUPOPTIQUE
France

EU contribution: EUR 0


AVENUE AUGUSTIN FRESNEL - CAMPUS POLYTECHNIQUE - RD 128 2
91120 PALAISEAU
France
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITE DE NICE SOPHIA ANTIPOLIS
France

EU contribution: EUR 0


AVENUE VALROSE 28 GRAND CHATEAU
06100 NICE
France
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITE PARIS-SUD
France

EU contribution: EUR 0


RUE GEORGES CLEMENCEAU 15
91405 ORSAY CEDEX
France
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
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