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FP6 SECOQC logo

SECOQC

Project ID: 506813
Finanziato nell'ambito di

Development of a Global Network for Secure Communication based on Quantum Cryptography

Dal 2004-04-01 al 2008-09-30, progetto concluso | SECOQC Sito web

Dettagli del progetto

Costo totale:

EUR 16 823 437

Contributo UE:

EUR 11 352 183

Coordinato in:

Austria

Invito a presentare proposte:

FP6-2002-IST-1See other projects for this call

Meccanismo di finanziamento:

IP - Integrated Project

Description

Protecting personal data with the laws of physics

Cryptographic technology underpins most data security, allowing banks, governments, companies and individual citizens to exchange information securely. But advances in computing power are making traditional cryptographic techniques less secure, potentially exposing personal data to criminals.

The answer, say researchers working in the SECOQC project, lies in a new generation of cryptography using quantum mechanics to protect the data. While classical cryptography employs mathematical techniques to encrypt messages, quantum cryptography uses the laws of physics to protect the information.

Modern cryptography relies on the use of digital ‘keys’ to encrypt data before sending it over a network, and to decrypt it at the other end. The receiver must have a version of the key code used by the sender in order to decrypt and access the data.

However, as computer-processing power has increased in recent years, criminals have found it increasingly easy to crack cryptographic keys.

The 512-bit RSA public-key cryptosystem, developed in 1977, can now be broken by university students in a matter of months and even more advanced encryption methods may not be secure for long.

‘Unbreakable’ light

Meanwhile, quantum cryptography makes use of the properties of light to underpin a method of encryption that is theoretically unbreakable.

Typically, a sending optical device puts photons into a particular state, which is then observed by a receiving device at the other end of a fibre-optic connection. Since it is impossible to intercept a light transmission without changing it, important information can be exchanged with great security.

The team behind the SECOQC project set out to design and validate a network for dependable and secure long-range communication built upon quantum key distribution (QKD) technology.

Toward securer communications networks

Combining the expertise of quantum physicists, network specialists and experts in the fields of cryptography, electronics, IT security, and software development, the team developed devices to generate keys and built the technological architecture to share them over a fibre-optic network.

Their goal is to provide citizens, companies and public institutions with an efficient means of improving security standards in electronic communication and data exchange via public channels.

This could lead to a quantum communications network similar to the then nascent internet network in the United States back in the 1970s.

The world’s first quantum bank transfer

In the course of the project, the technology was used to perform the world’s first-ever bank transfer using quantum cryptography by sending €3 000 over a 1.45-km fibre-optic link between Vienna City Hall and the headquarters of Bank-Austria Creditanstalt.

In October 2007, it was also used to provide a secure line for counting votes cast in Geneva in the Swiss national elections, marking the first real-world use of the technology.

One of the project partners, id Quantique, a spin-off company from the University of Geneva, is now working on deploying a quantum communications network in Geneva, known as SwissQuantum.

Obiettivo

Secure communication is an essential need for companies, public institutions and in particular the individual citizen. Currently used encryption systems are vulnerable due to the increasing power of computer technology, the emergence of new code-breaking algorithms, and the imperfections of public key infrastructures. Methods considered as acceptably secure today will have a significant risk of becoming weak tomorrow. On the other hand, with quantum cryptography a technology has been developed within the last decade that is provably secure against arbitrary computing power, and even against quantum computer attacks. When becoming operational quantum cryptography will raise communication security on an essentially higher level. The vision of SECOQC is to provide European citizens, companies and institutions with a tool that allows facing the threats of future interception technologies, thus creating significant advantages for European economy. With SECOQC the basis will be laid for a long-range high security communication network that combines the entirely novel technology of quantum key distribution with components of classical computer science and cryptography. Within the project the following goals will be achieved: - Realisation of a fully functional, real-time, ready-to-market Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) point-to-point communication technology; - Development of an abstract level architecture allowing high security long-range communication by integrating the QKD technology and a set of cryptographic protocols; - Design of a real-life, user-oriented network for practical implementation of QKD based long range secure communication. To achieve this goal, all experience and resources available within the European Research Area are to be integrated and combined with the expertise of developers and companies within the fields of network integration, cryptography, electronics, security, and software development.

Contatto coordinatore

Christian Monyk, (Project Coordinator)

Coordinatore

AIT AUSTRIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY GMBH
Austria

Contributo UE: EUR 2 239 261


DONAU CITY STRASSE 1 TECH GATE VIENNA
1220 WIEN
Austria
Activity type: Research Organisations
Contatto amministrativo: Christian Monyk
Tel.: +43 50550 4152
Fax: +43 50550 4190
E-mail

Partecipanti

UNIVERSITAET KLAGENFURT
Austria

Contributo UE: EUR 60 200


UNIVERSITAETSSTRASSE 65-67
9020 KLAGENFURT
Austria
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Patrick Horster
Tel.: +43 46327003702
Fax: +43 46327003799
E-mail
UNIVERSITAT WIEN
Austria

Contributo UE: EUR 451 500


UNIVERSITATSRING 1
1010 WIEN
Austria
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: ANDREAS POPPE
Tel.: +43 1 427751201
Fax: +43 1 4277 9512
E-mail
UNIVERSITAET KLAGENFURT
Austria

Contributo UE: EUR 138 635


UNIVERSITAETSSTRASSE 65-67
9020 KLAGENFURT
Austria
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: J�rgen Pilz
Tel.: +4346327003113
Fax: +4346327003199
STEINBEIS TECHNOLOGIETRANSFER GMBH
Austria

Contributo UE: EUR 9 975


AM HEUMARKT 7/14
1030 WIEN
Austria
Activity type: Other
Contatto amministrativo: Albrecht Gebhardt
Tel.: +4346327003118
Fax: +4346327003199
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AVENTEC HANDELS, PRODUKTIONS- UND BERATUNGSGESELLSCHAFT MBH
Partecipazione terminata
Austria

Contributo UE: EUR 0


8 - MAI-STRASSE 5/1
9020 KLAGENFURT
Austria
Activity type: Other
Contatto amministrativo: Martin Peschaut
Tel.: +436763427094
Fax: +4346359493320
E-mail
SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT OESTERREICH
Austria

Contributo UE: EUR 220 000


SIEMENSSTRASSE 90
1210 WIEN
Austria
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Contatto amministrativo: Ilse Wimberger
Tel.: +43 51707 26876
Fax: +43 51707 54760
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BEARINGPOINT INFONOVA GMBH
Austria

Contributo UE: EUR 240 000


AM SEERING 6
8141 UNTERPREMSTAETTEN
Austria
Activity type: Other
Contatto amministrativo: Rainer Boehm
Tel.: +43 316 8003 0
Fax: +433168003 1080
E-mail
ARC SEIBERSDORF RESEARCH GMBH
Partecipazione terminata
Austria

Contributo UE: EUR 0


KRAMERGASSE 1
1010 WIEN
Austria
Activity type: Research Organisations
Contatto amministrativo: Christian Monyk
Tel.: +43 50550 4152
Fax: +43 50550 4150
E-mail
UNIVERSITE LIBRE DE BRUXELLES
Belgium

Contributo UE: EUR 230 000


Avenue Franklin Roosevelt 50
1050 BRUXELLES
Belgium
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Nicolas Cerf
Tel.: +32 2 650 28 58
Fax: +32 2 650 29 41
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UNIVERSITE DE LAUSANNE
Switzerland

Contributo UE: EUR 394 200


Quartier Unil-Centre Bâtiment Unicentre
1015 LAUSANNE
Switzerland
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Solange Ghernaouti-H�e
Tel.: +41 21 6923421
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UNIVERSITE DE GENEVE
Switzerland

Contributo UE: EUR 723 000


RUE DU GENERAL DUFOUR 24
1211 GENEVE
Switzerland
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Nicolas Gisin
Tel.: +41 22 379 6597
Fax: +41 22 781 0980
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ID QUANTIQUE SA
Switzerland

Contributo UE: EUR 577 500


CHEMIN DE LA MARBRERIE 3
1227 CAROUGE GENEVE
Switzerland
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Contatto amministrativo: Gr�ire Ribordy
Tel.: +41 22 321 4464
Fax: +41 22 321 4465
E-mail
UNIVERZITA PALACKEHO V OLOMOUCI
Czech Republic

Contributo UE: EUR 102 000


KRIZKOVSKEHO 8
771 47 OLOMOUC
Czech Republic
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Miloslav Dusek
Tel.: +420 585634272
Fax: +420 585634253
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ERNST & YOUNG AG WIRTSCHAFTSPRUEFUNGSGESELLSCHAFT
Germany

Contributo UE: EUR 140 000


MITTLERER PFAD 15
70499 STUTTGART
Germany
Activity type: Other
Contatto amministrativo: Hans-Christoph Capellaro
Tel.: +49891433113123
Fax: +49891433113257
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HEINRICH-HEINE-UNIVERSITAET DUESSELDORF
Germany

Contributo UE: EUR 111 000


UNIVERSITAETSSTRASSE 1
40225 DUSSELDORF
Germany
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Dagmar Bruss
Tel.: +49 5117623375
Fax: +49 5117624945
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UNIVERSITAET KARLSRUHE (TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE)
Germany

Contributo UE: EUR 65 000


KAISERSTRASSE
76131 KARLSRUHE
Germany
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Joern Mueller-Quade
Tel.: +49 721 6084327
Fax: +49 721 6085022
TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAT DARMSTADT
Germany

Contributo UE: EUR 139 000


KAROLINENPLATZ 5
64289 DARMSTADT
Germany
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Gernot Alber
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LUDWIG-MAXIMILIANS-UNIVERSITAET MUENCHEN
Germany

Contributo UE: EUR 411 750


GESCHWISTER SCHOLL PLATZ 1
80539 MUENCHEN
Germany
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Harald Weinfurter
Tel.: +49 8921802044
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FRIEDRICH-ALEXANDER-UNIVERSITAT ERLANGEN NURNBERG
Germany

Contributo UE: EUR 258 000


SCHLOSSPLATZ 4
91054 ERLANGEN
Germany
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Contatto amministrativo: Norbert L�tkenhaus
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FRIEDRICH-ALEXANDER-UNIVERSITAET ERLANGEN NUERNBERG
Germany

Contributo UE: EUR 187 500


SCHLOSSPLATZ 4
91054 ERLANGEN
Germany
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Gerd Leuchs
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GOTTFRIED WILHELM LEIBNIZ UNIVERSITAET HANNOVER
Partecipazione terminata
Germany

Contributo UE: EUR 0


Welfengarten 1
30167 HANNOVER
Germany
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Contatto amministrativo: Dagmar Bruss
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KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET
Denmark

Contributo UE: EUR 207 000


NORREGADE 10
1165 KOBENHAVN
Denmark
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Contatto amministrativo: Poul Erik Lindelof
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Fax: +45 35320460
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AARHUS UNIVERSITET
Denmark

Contributo UE: EUR 295 000


NORDRE RINGGADE 1
8000 AARHUS C
Denmark
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Ivan Damgaard
Tel.: +45 8942 3380
Fax: +45 8942 3255
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CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
France

Contributo UE: EUR 285 000


3, RUE MICHEL-ANGE
75794 PARIS CEDEX 16
France
Activity type: Research Organisations
Contatto amministrativo: Philippe Grangier
Tel.: +33 169 358766
Fax: +33 169 368700
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THALES COMMUNICATIONS & SECURITY SAS
France

Contributo UE: EUR 116 000


AVENUE DES LOUVRESSES 4
92230 GENNEVILLIERS
France
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Contatto amministrativo: PHILIPPE PAINCHAULT
Tel.: +33146133595
Fax: +33146132100
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CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France

Contributo UE: EUR 180 000


RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
75794 PARIS
France
Activity type: Research Organisations
Contatto amministrativo: Pascal BALDI
Tel.: +334 9207 67 52
Fax: +334 9207 67 54
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THALES SA
France

Contributo UE: EUR 345 000


TOUR CARPE DIEM PLACE DES COROLLES ESPLANADE NORD
92200 COURBEVOIE
France
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Contatto amministrativo: Thierry DEBUISSCHERT
Tel.: +33 1 69339185
Fax: +33 1 69339127
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Institut Telecom
France

Contributo UE: EUR 421 200


RUE BARRAULT 46
75634 PARIS 13
France
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Michel RIGUIDEL
Tel.: +33 145817302
Fax: +33 145813119
POLITECNICO DI MILANO
Italy

Contributo UE: EUR 135 000


PIAZZA LEONARDO DA VINCI 32
20133 MILANO
Italy
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Sergio Cova
Tel.: +39 02 23996103
Fax: +39 02 2367604
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SCUOLA NORMALE SUPERIORE
Italy

Contributo UE: EUR 264 000


PIAZZA DEI CAVALIERI 7
56126 PISA
Italy
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Fabio Beltram
Tel.: +39 050 509065
Fax: +39 050 509295
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UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PAVIA
Italy

Contributo UE: EUR 93 000


STRADA NUOVA 65
27100 PAVIA
Italy
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Chiara Macchiavello
Tel.: +390382507674
Fax: +390382507563
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CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Italy

Contributo UE: EUR 135 000


PIAZZALE ALDO MORO 7
00185 ROMA
Italy
Activity type: Research Organisations
Contatto amministrativo: Piera Maccagnani
Tel.: +39 51 6399104
Fax: +39 51 6399112
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BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGIES
Russia

Contributo UE: EUR 117 250


MOSFILMOVSKAYA STREET, 17B
119330 MOSCOW
Russia
Activity type: Other
Contatto amministrativo: Oleg Mikhailovich Chernomordick
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KUNGLIGA TEKNISKA HOEGSKOLAN
Sweden

Contributo UE: EUR 310 000


BRINELLVAGEN 8
100 44 STOCKHOLM
Sweden
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Anders Erik Karlsson
Tel.: +46 8 752 1272
Fax: +46 8 752 1240
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QINETIQ LIMITED
United Kingdom

Contributo UE: EUR 35 083


CODY TECHNOLOGY PARK IVELY ROAD
GU140LX FARNBOROUGH
United Kingdom
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Contatto amministrativo: Caroline Prince
Tel.: +44 1684 89 5071
Fax: +44 1684 89 6113
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UNIVERSITY OF BRISTOL
United Kingdom

Contributo UE: EUR 321 500


TYNDALL AVENUE SENATE HOUSE
BS8 1TH BRISTOL
United Kingdom
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: John Rarity
Tel.: +441179545646
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TOSHIBA RESEARCH EUROPE LIMITED
United Kingdom

Contributo UE: EUR 512 000


MILTON ROAD 208 CAMBRIDGE SCIENCE PARK
CB4 0GZ CAMBRIDGE
United Kingdom
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
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Tel.: +44 1223 436900
Fax: +44 1223 436909
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THE UNIVERSITY OF WARWICK
United Kingdom

Contributo UE: EUR 117 708


Kirby Corner Road - University House
CV4 8UW COVENTRY
United Kingdom
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Rajagopal Nagarajan
Tel.: +442476523682
Fax: +442476573024
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THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
United Kingdom

Contributo UE: EUR 264 000


TRINITY LANE THE OLD SCHOOLS
CB2 1TN CAMBRIDGE
United Kingdom
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: David Ritchie
Tel.: +44 1223 337331
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THE UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD
United Kingdom

Contributo UE: EUR 90 000


FIRTH COURT WESTERN BANK
S10 2TN SHEFFIELD
United Kingdom
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: John David
Tel.: +44 1142225185
Fax: +44 1142726391
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HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY
United Kingdom

Contributo UE: EUR 135 000


Riccarton
EH144AS EDINBURGH
United Kingdom
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contatto amministrativo: Gerald Buller
Tel.: +44 131 4513069
Fax: +44 131 4518083
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HEWLETT-PACKARD LIMITED
United Kingdom

Contributo UE: EUR 48 750


CAIN ROAD
RG12 1HN BRACKNELL
United Kingdom
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TO BE DEFINED

Contributo UE: EUR 226 171


INSTITUT D'OPTIQUE THEORIQUE ET APPLIQUEE IOTA - SUPOPTIQUE
France

Contributo UE: EUR 0


AVENUE AUGUSTIN FRESNEL - CAMPUS POLYTECHNIQUE - RD 128 2
91120 PALAISEAU
France
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITE DE NICE SOPHIA ANTIPOLIS
France

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AVENUE VALROSE 28 GRAND CHATEAU
06100 NICE
France
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UNIVERSITE PARIS-SUD
France

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RUE GEORGES CLEMENCEAU 15
91405 ORSAY CEDEX
France
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments