Servicio de Información Comunitario sobre Investigación y Desarrollo - CORDIS

FP6

EURITRACK

Project ID: 511471
Financiado con arreglo a

EURopean Illicit TRAfficking Countermeasures Kit

Desde 2004-10-01 hasta 2008-02-29, proyecto cerrado | EURITRACK Sitio web

Detalles del proyecto

Coste total:

EUR 4 198 566

Aportación de la UE:

EUR 2 450 000

Coordinado en:

France

Convocatoria de propuestas:

FP6-2003-IST-2See other projects for this call

Régimen de financiación:

STREP - Specific Targeted Research Project

Description

Protecting shipping containers from terrorists

A special detection kit developed by European researchers will help protect Europe’s ports from being used by terrorists for attacks on the continent.

A massive 200 million shipping containers a year are moved between the world’s major seaports, with much of the traffic inbound to Europe. The problems associated with securing such a vast number of containers provide terrorists with perhaps their best opportunity to smuggle weapons and explosives into the EU.

However, this scenario is set to become a lot less likely as a special detection kit, developed by researchers in the EURITRACK project, is deployed in ports around the continent.

The project team focused on the development and testing of a non-intrusive kit able to determine the chemical composition of objects in sealed containers, without having to open them.

Risk is too high

The most common system in place for checking the content of containers is simply not always capable of distinguishing between benign and threatening material, meaning the risk of terrorists smuggling in explosives or even ‘dirty’ bombs is quite high.

Until the new system tested by the project is deployed, inspections of containers at our seaports will continue to be based on X-ray systems, which provide limited information, such as shape and density, about objects in containers.

However, terrorists are becoming increasingly sophisticated and are able to disguise weapons and explosives from the current inspection methods.

More stringent checks

Rather than reinventing the wheel, the EURITRACK researchers decided to use the existing X-ray detection system. They added to its effectiveness by providing additional information on the type of objects that could be suspected of being terrorist threats

They specifically added information about chemical compositions of objects which cannot be disguised. A system providing details of an object’s chemical composition can identify any substance, including dangerous ones. As an added bonus, the device can identify drugs, which are also often smuggled in containers.

The researchers also decided that a two-pronged approach was needed to make the system even more sophisticated in detecting suspect materials. They developed the hardware able to conduct more stringent searches and the software to guide the system.

Simplicity of operation

Simplicity of use needed to be built in as the equipment would be manned by non-expert controllers, such as customs officials. Due to the sheer volume of container traffic, searches would also need to be conducted as quickly as possible.

EURITRACK came up with a prototype device, called the Tagged Neuron Inspection System. The device uses neutrons, tiny subatomic particles, to do the searching and identifying of potentially dangerous goods in containers. oftware specially developed for the device analyses the readings and compares them to a central database containing those given off by a range of known hazardous substances.

Making Europe safer

The research demonstrated the whole system of hardware and software, named the European Illicit Trafficking Countermeasures Kit, at a conference held in Rijeka, Croatia in September 2007.

The demonstration showed that the system could be operated by customs officers without difficulty. The full inspection of a container, including X-ray inspection using the kit, took less than 15 minutes.

The rollout will help make Europe a more secure place and will also assist EU exporters sending goods to comply with the rules set by security conscious destinations.

Objetivo

Shipping is a key international industry; 95% of the world cargo is moved by ship corresponding to over 200 million containers per year exchanged between major seaports. This huge movement leads to a risk that a container could be used by a terrorist group. As a result, the maritime industry must consider very seriously any potential threat for disruption of the trade. Today, inspections of containers are largely based on X-or Gamma Ray systems but they provide limited information about contained objects such as their shape and density. Controllers can not always distinguish between benign and threat materials and need additional information about the chemical composition of suspect items in order to detect illicit materials such as explosives, drugs or dirty bombs. The 3-year EURITRACK STREP aims at increasing the security of the seaports by developing a European Illicit Trafficking Countermeasures Kit to non-intrusively detect explosives or other threat materials concealed in shipping containers. The project will offer to end-users a very useful tool, more advanced than commercial-off-the-shelf equipment in order to optimise the time needed for inspection. The system will consist of an innovative Tagged Neutron Inspection System (TNIS) that will non-intrusively permit an assay of the chemical composition of suspect contents located by X-Ray radiography. Software development is also a crucial part of the project since the innovation in the control system relies on the combination of two complementary techniques. An embedded information system will implement decision-making algorithms taking also into account data from electronic seals. The complete concept will be validated in the largest French container seaport (Le Havre) by the end- users themselves : French Customs as leaders of a European Custom Expert Group.

Información relacionada

Contacto del coordinador

Jean-Louis SZABO, (Project Coordinator)
Tel.: +33 1 69083371
Fax: +33 1 69087819

Coordinador

COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES
France

Aportación de la UE: EUR 1 046 333


RUE LEBLANC 25
75015 PARIS 15
France
Activity type: Research Organisations
Contacto administrativo: Jean-Louis Szabo
Tel.: +33169083371
Fax: +33169087819
Correo electrónico

Participantes

JRC -JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE- EUROPEAN COMMISSION
Belgium

Aportación de la UE: EUR 215 380


Rue de la Loi 200
1049 BRUSSELS
Belgium
Activity type: Public bodies (excluding Research Organisations and Secondary or Higher Education Establishments)
Contacto administrativo: Paolo Peerani
Tel.: ++39-0332785625
Fax: ++39-0332785072
Correo electrónico
SAPHYMO SA
France

Aportación de la UE: EUR 55 600


5 rue du Th�re
91300 Massy
France
Activity type: Other
Contacto administrativo: Jean-Claude Martin
Tel.: +33169537346
Fax: +33169537301
Correo electrónico
DIRECTION GENERALE DES DOUANES ET DROITS INDIRECTS
France

Aportación de la UE: EUR 35 840


23 bis, rue de l'Universite
75700 Paris
France
Activity type: Other
Contacto administrativo: Anne-Laure Ducher
Tel.: +33144744428
Fax: +33155046546
Correo electrónico
SODERN SA
France

Aportación de la UE: EUR 268 700


AV. DESCARTES 20
94450 LIMEIL-BREVANNES
France
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Contacto administrativo: Philippe Le Tourneur
Tel.: 33145957004
Fax: 33145957070
Correo electrónico
RUDER BOSKOVIC INSTITUTE
Croatia

Aportación de la UE: EUR 179 000


Bijenicka cesta 54
10000 ZAGREB
Croatia
Activity type: Research Organisations
Contacto administrativo: Vladivoj Valkovic
Tel.: +385-1-468-0101
Fax: +385-1-468-0239
Correo electrónico
ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DI FISICA NUCLEARE
Italy

Aportación de la UE: EUR 192 000


Via Enrico Fermi 40
00044 FRASCATI
Italy
Activity type: Research Organisations
Contacto administrativo: Giuseppe Viesti
Tel.: +39 049 8277124
Fax: +39 049 8277124
Correo electrónico
COSTRUZIONI APPARECCHIATURE ELETTRONICHE NUCLEARI C.A.E.N. SPA
Italy

Aportación de la UE: EUR 240 947


VIA VETRAIA 11
55049 VIAREGGIO
Italy
Activity type: Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Contacto administrativo: Annamaria Colonna
Tel.: +39 0584 388398
Fax: +39 0584 388959
Correo electrónico
INSTYTUT PROBLEMOW JADROWYCH IM.ANDRZEJA SOLTANA
Poland

Aportación de la UE: EUR 168 000


IPJ
05400 Swier/Otwock
Poland
Activity type: Research Organisations
Contacto administrativo: Marek Moszynski
Tel.: +48 22 718 0586
Fax: +48 22 779 3481
Correo electrónico
KUNGLIGA TEKNISKA HOEGSKOLAN
Sweden

Aportación de la UE: EUR 48 200


BRINELLVAGEN 8
100 44 STOCKHOLM
Sweden
Activity type: Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contacto administrativo: Wlodzimierz Klamra
Tel.: +46 8 5537 8196
Fax: +46 8 5537 8216
Correo electrónico
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