CHRISGASProject reference: 502587
Funded under: FP6-SUSTDEV
Clean Hydrogen-rich Synthesis Gas
Total cost:EUR 16 160 983
EU contribution:EUR 9 500 000
Call for proposal:FP6-2002-ENERGY-1
Funding scheme:IP - Integrated Project
The transport sector represents an increasing share of the total fossil fuel use in the World. In order to fulfil the obligations of the Kyoto Protocol, the World must reduce the transport sector's dependence on oil. One important way of achieving this is to increase the use of vehicle fuels produced from renewable. This project will develop and optimise an energy-efficient and cost-efficient method to produce hydrogen-rich gases from biomass, including residues. This gas can then be upgraded to commercial quality hydrogen or to synthesis gas for further upgrading to liquid fuels such as DME and methanol or Fischer-Tropsch diesel.
The achievable yield of motor fuel from cellulose biomass is higher for fuels derived via the gasification/synthesis gas route than via the hydrolysis/fermentation route as by using the first route all carbon can be converted to fuel whilst through the second route only carbon convertible to sugar can yield motor fuel. This fact also means that the production cost for biomass-derived motor fuels produced via gasification can be expected to be lower than those produced via fermentation.
The hub of the project will be the Varnamo Biomass Gasification Centre in Sweden and the use of the existing and unique biomass-fuelled pressurised IGCC (integrated gasification combined-cycle) CHP (combined heat and power) plant in Varnamo (presently owned by one of the participants in this proposal) as a pilot facility. By building this Centre around this plant, gasification research and demonstration activities can be conducted at a much lower cost than if new equipment were to be built. Within this particular project, new process equipment will be developed and tested and implemented in this pilot facility to produce clean gas, rich in hydrogen, which can be used for vehicle fuel production. Also included in the project are studies related to the large-scale use of such plants and their impact on the environment.