BIGPOWERProject reference: 19761
Funded under: FP6-SUSTDEV
Advanced Biomass Gasification for High-Efficiency Power
Total cost:EUR 2 943 402
EU contribution:EUR 1 700 000
Call for proposal:FP6-2004-ENERGY-3
Funding scheme:IP - Integrated Project
The BiGPower project aims to develop reliable, cost-effective and fuel flexible gasification technologies for high-efficiency small-to-medium scale (1-100 MWe ) power production from biomass. The project is designed to create the fundamental and technical basis for successful industrial follow-up developments and demonstration projects aiming to commercial breakthrough by 2010-20. This overall aim is approached by carrying out in a pre-competitive manner well-focused R&D activities on the key bottleneck s of advanced biomass gasification power systems. Three promising European gasification technologies in this target size range have been selected to form the basis for the development of the 2nd generation processes: 1) Air-blow novel fixed-bed gasifier for size range of 0.5-5 MWe, 2) Steam gasification in a dual-fluidised-bed gasifier for 5-50 MWe and 3) Air-blown pressurised fluidised-bed gasification technology for 5-100 MWe. In all biomass gasification processes, the product gas contains several t ypes of gas contaminants, which have to be efficiently removed before utilising the gas in advanced power systems. The key technical solutions to be developed are: a) High-temperature catalytic removal of tars and ammonia by new catalytic methods, and b) D evelopment of innovative low cost gas filtration and the control of different gas contaminants by sorbents (HCl, and alkali/heavy metals). Three most potential power production cycle alternatives are examined and developed: 1) gas engines, 2) molten car bonate fuel cells (MCFC) and 3) the simplified Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) process. The performance and techno-economic feasibility of these advanced gasification-to-power concepts will be examined by carrying out detailed case studies in different European regions.