Critical evaluation of the available models and progress in international cooperation in the field of cost/benefit assessment of control of trans-boundary air pollution
This report presents the results of an action of coordination -information-analysis concerning European efforts to develop a tool for cost/benefit assessment of air pollution control. Two types of models exist; the modular and the decision tree. Although these models differ in structure, software and outputs, they rely on similar energy use, emission pattern, transport, deposition, and dose-effect relationships. The models cannot tackle as yet issues like health which cannot easily be evaluated in monetary terms. The tool proposed to improve decision making in environmental matters is the "neg-decision". When the decision between multicriteria alternatives seems impossible, the criteria-structure of the opposites ("neg-decisions") may be less complex, and decision making is then simplified. Finally a discussion of the Delphi-like methods shows that there is a continuum starting with arithmetic averaging of "hard" experimental results and ending with "legitimate" Delphi, which is a process of consensus-seeking through feedback applied mostly to sociotechnical systems.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 11860 EN (1988)
Record Number: 198910083 / Last updated on: 1994-12-01
Original language: en
Available languages: en