Summary, analysis and conclusions about the UNECE meetings in 1986 and 1987 concerning costs and benefits of the control of long range transboundary air pollution
This report presents the state-of-the-art of end 1987, concerning damage functions, cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis, applied to transboundary air pollution. It discusses the effects of air pollutants on agriculture, forestry, water, soil, aquatic ecosystems, materials, human health and visibility. Current desulphurization and denitrification technologies are reviewed. Fluidized bed combustion emerges as a very promising method for emission control. It is estimated that in 1987 a new power plants' pollution control systems account for up to 40% of total capital outlay. Retrofit systems carry a cost penalty of about 30%. Analysis in some countries indicates that a large reduction in energy consumption is feasible, possibly by a factor of 2 or 3 or even more. This depends largely on government policies for the electric-utility industry. This would create greater flexibility in selecting energy paths and avoiding troublesome, costly and environmentally disruptive energy sources. In Europe the willingness-to-pay method is preferred over behaviour-based approaches to cost-benefit analysis. It is unlikely that an integrated cost benefit analysis can be achieved in foreseeable time without the application of this method.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 11861 EN (1988)
Record Number: 198910085 / Last updated on: 1994-12-01
Original language: en
Available languages: en