Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Abstract

A repository in a salt dome is to be backfilled with the mined salt. Geochemical and geophysical retention properties of the backfill have not as yet been considered in the risk assessment codes due to lack of data. Columns were prepared by pressing crushed salt from the Asse mine to simulate the change in the free volume and structure of the backfill with time. Integrated percolation experiments were carried out using the doped glass R7T7 (with Tc, Np, Pu and Am) as a continuous radionuclide source. The hydrodynamic parameters of the columns were determined from the shape and delay of the elution curves of tritiated brine. First measurements were carried out under oxidizing conditions at room temperature. Hardly any retention could be observed for Tc and Np. The elution curve of Pu seemed to be influenced by kinetic effects indicating a retardation factor of about ten. In the case of Am, a high retardation factor ( approx. 100) was measured. This was verified in a diffusion experiment assuming a non-linear isotherm. The parameters of the isotherm were in agreement with data obtained from static adsorption experiments.

Additional information

Authors: OFFERMANN P, Hahn-Meitner Institut Berlin (DE);BIDOGLIO G, JRC Ispra Estab. (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Radiochimica Acta, Vol. 44/45 (1988), pp. 271-276
Record Number: 198910182 / Last updated on: 1994-12-01
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en