Utilisation of the results of public research and development in the Federal Republic of Germany
This report reviews government support for R & D in the Federal Republic of Germany and assesses the extent to which the results contribute to economic and social progress, with the aim of proposing policies, on both national and Community levels, for improving the effectiveness of such activities. The proportion of state-funded R & D in the industrial and public sectors is less than that provided by comparable western industrialized states, when related to the total national expenditure on R & D. This is to some extent compensated by the intensive use of publicly funded R & D results. There are still some weak areas of technology transfer. First, there is considerable variation in the potential spin-off from different research projects; second, the objectives of research support are not restricted to their commercial use, but should also involve the advance of science; third, the quantitative technology transfer between industrial companies is more extensive and intensive than between public research institutions and industry. The general weaknesses lie in the lack of motivation for consultative activities for scientists at state-funded research establishments and the restrictions on mobility associated with the civil-service sector.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 11532 DE (1989) 122 pp.
Record Number: 198910275 / Last updated on: 1994-12-01
Original language: de
Available languages: de