Utilization of the results of public research and development in ItalyFunded under: IS-SPRINT 0
The report analyses publicly-funded R & D in Italy with particular reference to the transfer of results. Current policies, strategies and financing of the main Italian R & D bodies are examined. Universities are allocated 26% of public financing whereas ENEA and CNR together receive 42%. Two case-studies illustrate these strategies: the Finalized Transport Project at CNR and the "Hard Wheat Creso" case at ENEA. The former presents many aspects of industrial involvement, including the high cost of the industrialisation phase of an innovative product and the unexpectedly low level of commercialisation of results. The latter project demonstrates a successful transfer of R & D results, due to its inherent commercial viability and the many communication channels exploited in its promotion. Companies need know-how, investment capability, and an innovative culture in order to exploit research results. SMEs, lacking these, are not well represented in research programmes; they complain of delays in receiving information and strongly feel the lack of supporting structures and financing. Many researchers and institutions value the cognitive aspects of research more highly than the innovative. There is therefore an absence of economic and cultural motivation for researchers to promote utilisation of their results.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 11535 EN (1989) FS, 148 pp., ECU 12.50
ISBN: ISBN 92-825-9062-3;CD-NA-
Record Number: 198910276 / Last updated on: 1994-12-01
Original language: en
Available languages: en