Opportunities for energy saving through the development of large industrial heat pumps
This document reports on a major investigation into the potential for large industrial heat pumps in Europe. A review was made of the technical success and market penetration of existing heat pumps. This was followed by an assessment of future potential in the key industries of each Member State. There are approximately 850 large industrial heat pumps in the Community. Over 50% of these are in the food and drink industry. France has nearly 50% of all installations. This success is due mainly to low electricity prices. The rate of heat pump installations grew steadily in the 1970s and peaked in the early 1980s. Since the oil price drop in 1985 there has been a significant decline in new projects. The technical and economic success of existing heat pumps was found to be very varied. Many closed-cycle heat pumps suffered from major problems. Oversizing was a particularly common fault. Open-cycle heat pumps (especially steam re-compression systems) were generally more successful and have established a good reputation in the market place. It was found that previous estimates of heat pump market size were very optimistic. The estimates showed an overall potential for energy savings of around 2 million toe/year. This target can only be achieved if oil prices return to 1984 levels.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 11977 EN (1989) FS, 95 pp., ECU 8.75
Record Number: 198910306 / Last updated on: 1994-12-01
Original language: en
Available languages: en