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Despite the expenditure of 1,350 million ECUS on pesticides in 1985, European cereal farmers experienced recurring problems with invertebrate pests, diseases and weeds. Public concern is expressed about chemical contamination of food and the environment. There is interest in combining biological, biotechnical and cultural pest control methods with a limited use of pesticides. This is known as the integrated approach to crop protection. Forecasting schemes, natural enemies and partially-resistant varieties of cereal can help to reduce aphid damage. For other pests, control may be possible by mass-trapping using sex pheromones as a lure. Forecasting schemes, bio-assays, seed treatments and the use of a diversity of varieties and fungicides can help control of diseases. Chemical herbicides are at present very extensively used for weed control: initial results of the study of biological control of weeds are promising. The interaction between these various measures and the effects of crop rotations must also be acknowledged.

Additional information

Authors: CAVALLORO R, JRC Ispra Estab. (IT);SUNDERLAND K D (EDITORS), GCRI, Department of Entomology and Insect Pathology of Littlehampton (US)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: Meeting of the EC Experts' Group "Integrated Crop Protection in Cereals", Littlehampton (GB), Nov 25-27, 1986 Proceedings published by A A Balkema, Rotterdam (NL), 1988
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 33907 ORA
Record Number: 198910394 / Last updated on: 1994-12-01
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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