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In view of the persistent over-production of certain traditional fruit crops and the success of Actinidia, fruit growers of Southern Europe have begun to look for alternative fruit-growing enterprises. Tropical and subtropical species are among the most interesting. Demand for exotic fruits is growing in Europe and North America. All of these fruits require nearly frost free winters and quick transportation to the market. The Mediterranean countries of the EEC enjoy therefore competitive advantages over countries further away from the markets. The most interesting species are avocado, annona, babaco, feijoa, prickly pear, guava, papaya and pecan, the main problem being the adaptability of the species to the climate in the Mediterranean areas. The prime objective is to study the plant/environment relationship, with emphasis on possible industrial uses. Research has already started towards establishing plantations for varietal guidance. Some of these have already been set up in Italy, Spain, Portugal and Greece. This research will help to reduce surplus production of citrus fruits, table grapes and olive oil, and ensure that the quantities of subtropical fruit which are at present imported will be European-grown in future.

Additional information

Authors: FARRE J M, Estacion Experimental "La Mayora", Algarrozo-Costa, Malaga (ES);MONASTRA F (EDITORS), Istituto Sperimentale per la Frutticoltura, Roma (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 11922 FR-EN-ES-IT (1989) FS, 169 pp., ECU 13.75
Availability: (2)
ISBN: ISBN 92-825-9731-8;CD-NA-
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