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The flux of impurity atoms into plasmas from limiting surfaces is considered. It is shown how the flux of an impurity released from a surface can be derived from spectroscopic measurements along a line-of-sight directed at the surface. A theoretical atomic level population model is developed to obtain the "ionisation per emitted photon" quantities which link the spectroscopic measurement to the flux. Metastable states and finite density plasma effects are taken into account and observations at visible wavelengths are emphasised. Detailed studies and calculations are performed for C(+1), C(+2), O(+1), O(+2), Cr, Cr(+1), Fe, Fe(+1), Ni and Ni(+1). Tabulations and graphs of relevant quantities are provided. The application of the theory to impurity influxes in the JET tokamak is described.

Additional information

Authors: BEHRINGER K, Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Garching bei München (DE);DENNE B, JET Joint Undertaking, Abingdon, Oxon. (GB);FORREST M, JET Joint Undertaking, Abingdon, Oxon. (GB);STAMP M, JET Joint Undertaking, Abingdon, Oxon. (GB);SUMMERS H P, JET Joint Undertaking, Abingdon, Oxon. (GB)
Bibliographic Reference: Report: JET-P(89)05 EN (1989)
Availability: Available from the Publications Officer, JET Joint Undertaking, Abingdon, Oxon. OX14 3EA (GB)
Record Number: 198910767 / Last updated on: 1994-12-01
Original language: en
Available languages: en