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The particle-guiding centre motion across a strong magnetic field caused by a time-dependent electrostatic field is studied using two different non-linear Hamiltonian systems of 1.5 degrees of freedom. The Hamiltonian is proportional to the electrostatic potential, which is defined through its spatial Fourier spectrum in two-dimensions. A k(-3) power-law spectrum (k is the wave vector) and random phase shifts have been chosen to model the spatial dependence of the electrostatic drift-wave turbulence observed in several tokamaks. The equations of motion have been solved numerically. When the average electric field amplitude is larger than a threshold value, the particle trajectories become chaotic at large scale and diffusion across the magnetic field sets in. The diffusion coefficient D has been measured for different values of the average electric field amplitude A. The classical (quasilinear) scaling has been found at small A, (D varies as A2), while a transition to the Bohm scaling is found at higher amplitudes, (D varies as A). A recent theoretical treatment of the same problem has been applied and the theoretical predictions have been compared to the results of numerical simulations. For relative diffusion, the theoretical prediction of the so-called "clump effect" has been well confirmed by numerical simulations. Theory and simulation are in qualitative agreement for the dependence of D on A, but some quantitative discrepancies exist.

Additional information

Authors: PETTINI M, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri and Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Firenze (IT);VULPIANI A, Università di Roma I, Roma (IT);MISGUICH J H, CEA, Département de Recherches sur la Fusion Contrôlée, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (FR);DE LEENER M, État Belge and Faculté des Sciences, Université Libre de Bruxelles (BE);ORBAN J, État Belge and Faculté des Sciences, Université Libre de Bruxelles (BE);BALESCU R, État Belge and Faculté des Sciences, Université Libre de Bruxelles (BE)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Physical Review A, Vol. 38 (1988), No. 1, pp. 344-363
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