Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Abstract

The plasma facing surfaces in TEXTOR consist of hydrogen (H/D)-rich carbon. The near surface H/D and oxygen concentrations at the start of a tokamak shot depend on the preceding tokamak or conditioning discharges and on the wall temperature. The subsurface layers - which are essentially free of oxygen after carbonisation - collect significant amounts (5-10% per collected C atom) of oxygen during the tokamak discharges. This affects the plasma contamination. The amounts of O in the plasma and in the wall are similar during H, D and He shots. Short (e.g. 15 min long) RG discharges in He decrease the near surface O concentration and reduce the O radiation by a factor of about 4 in the following tokamak shots. Similarly RG discharges in He and/or prolonged bake-out at 350-400 C reduce the subsurface concentration of H/D and affect its recycling in the next shots. The implications of these and related measurements concerning the recycling mechanisms of D and of O during tokamak operation are discussed. At low wall temperatures ( <=200 C ), the D and O inventories in the near surface layer are dominated by implantation and particle induced desorption events which occur during the discharge. At higher temperature ( >=300 C ), the thermal release of D(2) between discharges becomes more important. The near surface carbon layer is found to act as a buffer for oxygen of which the primary source is not on the plasma-facing surfaces but elsewhere in the vacuum vessel.

Additional information

Authors: WAELBROECK F, Kernforschungsanlage Jülich GmbH, Postfach 1913, D-5170 Jülich (DE);BANNO T, Kernforschungsanlage Jülich GmbH, Postfach 1913, D-5170 Jülich (DE);ESSER H G, Kernforschungsanlage Jülich GmbH, Postfach 1913, D-5170 Jülich (DE);KÖNEN L, Kernforschungsanlage Jülich GmbH, Postfach 1913, D-5170 Jülich (DE);WIENHOLD P, Kernforschungsanlage Jülich GmbH, Postfach 1913, D-5170 Jülich (DE);WINTER J, Kernforschungsanlage Jülich GmbH, Postfach 1913, D-5170 Jülich (DE);PHILIPPS V, University of Tokyo (JP);KONEN L, Kernforschungsanlage Julich GmbH, Postfach 1913, D-5170 Julich (DE)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 162-164 (1989), pp. 496-502
Record Number: 198911040 / Last updated on: 1994-12-01
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en