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Abstract

Radiation damage in UO(2) and UN implanted with different doses of light (Kr) and heavy fission product ions (Te, Xe, Cs) in the energy range of 40 - 500 keV was studied in the as-implanted state (at 77 K and at room temperature) as well as following isochronal anneals up to 1440 C with Rutherford-backscattering (RBS)-channeling techniques and with transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The largely ionic UO(2) showed a damage peak coinciding with the range profile of the implanted ions. No long range migration of defects was seen. In contrast, the largely metallic UN showed the dechanneling knees known from metals proving the migration of U-atoms into the undamaged crystal, even at liquid N(2) temperature. The number of displaced U-atoms in UO(2) per implanted ion decreased with ion dose and approached 1, indicating important instantaneous defect recombination. The thermal recovery showed stages which can be interpreted in terms of the defect structure observed in TEM. The defect structure was also investigated by measuring the energy dependence of RBS (for UN). TEM showed the development of a dislocation network between the distorted and the virgin regions of UN crystals. The lattice location of the heavy ions was also determined. The implication of these results for the use of UO(2) and UN as nuclear fuels is discussed.

Additional information

Authors: MATZKE H J, JRC Karlsruhe, Institute for Transuranium Elements, Postfach 2340, D-7500 Karlsruhe (DE);TUROS A, Kernforschungsanlage Karlsruhe, Institute for Nuclear Solid State Physics, Postfach 3640, D-7500 Karlsruhe (DE)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: Radiation Effects in Insulators, Hamilton (CN), June 1989
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 34826 ORA
Record Number: 198911086 / Last updated on: 1994-12-01
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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