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Growing children are considered to be most at risk from exposure to xenobiotics through food and the environment. In Italy, the presence of pesticides and PCBs residue was measured in the breast milk of women living in the Milan area. In research carried out in the Province of Pavia, concentrations of organophosphoric pesticides were found in human milk as well as traces of organochlorinated pesticides. During the period June 1987 - February 1988, nine samples of breast milk were collected in order to create a composite sample. Three methods were used, all of which produced consistent results. The data show that there is a higher degree of contamination by pesticides and a lower degree of contamination by polychlorinated biphenyls. As regards DDT and metabolics, the dose does not exceed the ADI (Acceptable Daily Intake) levels. As for other organochlorinated pesticides, their levels of presence in breast milk give no cause for concern. As regards PCBs, the content in milk fat does not exceed 1mg/kg (0.71 ppm). The high concentration of chlorobenzenes is worthy of more detailed consideration as is more careful verification of data relating to the origin of these substances and the extent to which they endanger the health of children.

Additional information

Authors: LARSEN B, JRC Ispra, Istituto dell'Ambiente, 21020 Ispra (VA) (IT);FACCHETTI S, JRC Ispra, Istituto dell'Ambiente, 21020 Ispra (VA) (IT);MONTAGNA M, Università di Pavia (IT);DANESINO P, Università di Pavia (IT);PAGANELLI A, Università di Pavia (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: XXX Congresso Nationale della Società Italiana di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni, Bari (IT), Sept. 27-30, 1989
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper IT 35030 ORA
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