Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Abstract

The distribution, retention and biotransformation of arsenobetaine, the most common organic arsenic compound in fish and crustacea, have been studied in mice, rats and rabbits by use of synthesized 73-As labelled arsenobetaine. Orally administered arsenobetaine was almost completely absorbed from the gastro-intestinal tract in mice. The urinary excretion for 3 days following intravenous injection was about 75 % of the dose in the rabbits and more than 98 % in the mice and rats. The rate of excretion in mice was independent of the dose level in the range 4 to 400 mg As/kg body weight. In both animal species the tissue distribution differed widely from that observed following exposure to inorganic arsenic. The clearance of arsenobetaine from plasma and most tissues was fast (somewhat faster in mice than in rabbits) and seemed to testes, epididymis, and in the rabbits also the muscles, was slower and consisted of more than one phase. 73-As arsenobetaine was the only labelled arsenic compound detected in urine and soluble extract of tissues, indicating that no biotransformation occurred.

Additional information

Authors: VAHTER M NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, STOCKHOLM (SWEDEN) MARAFANTE E JRC ISPRA ESTAB. (ITALY) DENCKER L UNIVERSITY OF UPPSALA (SWEDEN) , NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, STOCKHOLM (SWEDEN);JRC ISPRA ESTAB. (ITALY);UNIVERSITY OF UPPSALA (SWEDEN)
Bibliographic Reference: THE SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, VOL. 30 (1983), PP. 197-211
Record Number: 1989122025800 / Last updated on: 1987-01-01
Category: PUBLICATION
Available languages: en