ENERGY CONSERVATION BY ENERGY STORAGE. ADVANCED BATTERIES AND FUEL CELLS
Battery and fuel cell R&D in the European Community's second energy R&D programme (1979 - 1983) is carried out in the subprogramme "Energy conservation R & D" and consists of 10 projects in which 16 laboratories participate. The total cost of this programme is around 8 million ECU of which the EC pays 40 %. The progress of this battery and fuel cell work was discussed at the third Contractors Meeting on 25 and 26 April 1983. The proceedings contain the papers presented during this meeting. Advanced batteries form the major part of this programme and the objective is here to develop batteries with an energy and power density of 150 Wh/kg and 100 W/kg respectively., Work is being carried out on high temperature Na/S and Li/S batteries which operate at 350 and 450 degrees C. This high temperature is a serious drawback and therefore simultaneously R&D is done to develop batteries which have a high power and energy density at lower temperatures. This work is now focused on "all solid" batteries with Li/Al-2O-3 and polymers with lithium salts as electrolytes and insertion electrodes is going on. Promising cells with polymer electrolytes have been identified and excellent sulphur glass electrolytes have been developed. Integrated design of electrical vehicles is a second focal point in this programme. Main topics of this work are design of battery modules including temperature control for an electrical van and the design of a high frequency on-board battery charger (25,000-50,000 hertz). Work on fuel cells is limited. A porous matrix for the liquid electrolyte of a H-2/air alkaline fuel cell is being developed. Also papers on future R&D requirements for batteries and fuel cells have been presented.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 8660 EN (1984) FS, 181 P., BFR 450, EUROFFICE, LUXEMBOURG, POB 1003
Availability: Can be ordered online
Record Number: 1989122034600 / Last updated on: 1987-01-01
Available languages: en