WIND ENERGY EVALUATION FOR THE EC.
Subsequent to the 1973 oil price rises, a number of countries initiated substantial wind energy programmes. These sustained programmes have led to rapid progress in the development of reliable, cost effective wind turbines. System integration studies, in Europe and the USA, have also shown that utility grid systems can accept 10 % to 20 %, and possibly more, of their total electricity needs from wind energy systems, without the need for any energy storage. Wind turbines are now becoming available at prices in the range USD 1-2 per watt. As a result the commercial applications of smaller wind turbines are already starting to emerge, in locations where the wind regime is good and government encouragement (e.g. via subsidies or tax credits) is provided. The development time scale for larger wind turbines is inevitably rather longer, but 10 multi-megawatt machines have already been constructed and several more will be completed in the next three years. The European Community's wind energy resource is very large, and a realistic goal for wind energy systems for the year 2000 would be to provide 10 % of EC electricity needs. Priorities for a CEC wind energy demonstration programme have been discussed with wind energy experts throughout the Community and recommendations are made in this report for a programme covering the three year period 1983 - 1985.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 8996 EN (1984) FS, 136 P., BFR 450, EUROFFICE, LUXEMBOURG, POB 1003
Availability: Can be ordered online
Record Number: 1989122044100 / Last updated on: 1987-01-01
Available languages: en