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Abstract

Hypotheses about the interactions of effectors with conformations of allosteric enzymes having cooperative kinetics can be tested simply and exactly without knowledge of the nature of the inter-subunit cooperativity by using a linkage approach to the analysis of steady state kinetics. Applying this approach to competition for substrate sites in the allosteric enzyme donkey spleen dCMP aminohydrolase, we show that the kinetics are consistent with the hypothesis that the substrate dCMP and the competitor dAMP, as well as the allosteric activator dCTP, bind exclusively to the same conformation of the enzyme subunits. The linkage test can be applied in the presence of other effectors without knowledge of how these interact with the enzyme. Our tests showed that dCMP and dAMP are still bound exclusively to this same conformation in the presence of the product dUMP or of the allosteric inhibitor dTTP. We give evidence that dUMP binds to the same conformation as dCMP, but that it is also bound to other conformation(s). The advantages of the linkage approach, and some general problems in steady state kinetics of allosteric enzymes, are discussed.

Additional information

Authors: MASTRANTONIO S, INST.OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF ROMA;CNR INTERN.INST.OF GENETICS & BIOPHYSICS, NAPOLI;INST.OF ORGANIC & BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF NAPOLI (ITALY);CEC-BRUXELLES (BELGIUM);MUCCI R, INST.OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF ROMA;CNR INTERN.INST.OF GENETICS & BIOPHYSICS, NAPOLI;INST.OF ORGANIC & BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF NAPOLI (ITALY);CEC-BRUXELLES (BELGIUM);VACCARO C, INST.OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF ROMA;CNR INTERN.INST.OF GENETICS & BIOPHYSICS, NAPOLI;INST.OF ORGANIC & BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF NAPOLI (ITALY);CEC-BRUXELLES (BELGIUM);ROSSI M, INST.OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF ROMA;CNR INTERN.INST.OF GENETICS & BIOPHYSICS, NAPOLI;INST.OF ORGANIC & BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF NAPOLI (ITALY);CEC-BRUXELLES (BELGIUM);WHITEHEAD E P INST.OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF ROMA, INST.OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF ROMA;CNR INTERN.INST.OF GENETICS & BIOPHYSICS, NAPOLI;INST.OF ORGANIC & BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF NAPOLI (ITALY);CEC-BRUXELLES (BELGIUM);CNR INTERN.INST.OF GENETICS & BIOPHYSICS, NAPOLI, INST.OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF ROMA;CNR INTERN.INST.OF GENETICS & BIOPHYSICS, NAPOLI;INST.OF ORGANIC & BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF NAPOLI (ITALY);CEC-BRUXELLES (BELGIUM);INST.OF ORGANIC & BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF NAPOLI (ITALY), INST.OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF ROMA;CNR INTERN.INST.OF GENETICS & BIOPHYSICS, NAPOLI;INST.OF ORGANIC & BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF NAPOLI (ITALY);CEC-BRUXELLES (BELGIUM);CEC-BRUXELLES (BELGIUM), INST.OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF ROMA;CNR INTERN.INST.OF GENETICS & BIOPHYSICS, NAPOLI;INST.OF ORGANIC & BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIV.OF NAPOLI (ITALY);CEC-BRUXELLES (BELGIUM)
Bibliographic Reference: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY, VOL. 137 (1983), PP. 421-427
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