STUDY ON THE POSSIBILITIES FOR THE REPLACEMENT OF LEAD IN GASOLINE BY THE ADDITION OF COMPOUNDS
A number of chemical compounds, including methanol, ethanol, the isomers of propanol and butanol, and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), have high octane numbers and can be added to gasoline to compensate for the effects of a reduction in the lead content. In Western Europe only methanol, tertiary butyl alcohol (TBA) and MTBE can be produced at a cost comparable to their value in the gasoline pool. Ethanol, and the normal and iso propanols and butanols cost more than twice their value, and their use would only be attractive if heavily subsidized. The availability of methanol, TBA and MTBE for gasoline use is expected to rise from a current level of about 800 thousand tons/year to between 2.5 and 4 million tons by 1990. This would allow a blending level of 3-5 percent of the gasoline pool, sufficient to compensate for the effects of reducing lead levels to 0.15 grams/litre throughout Europe.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 8739 EN (1984) MF, 126 P., BFR 240, BLOW-UP COPY BFR 630, EUROFFICE, LUXEMBOURG, POB 1003
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Record Number: 1989122044600 / Last updated on: 1987-01-01
Available languages: en