GASTRO-INTESTINAL DISEASES IN THE YOUNG PIG AND CALF
Amongst the main conclusions reached in this seminar is that first of all, our present concept of diarrhoea is different from what is was some fifteen years ago. Nowadays, septicaemia is considered to be an infrequent complication affecting only colostrum deprived animals, and the general symptoms of diarrhoea are not related to a general infection, but to secondary dehydration. New etiologic agents have progressively invaded the columns of scientific newspapers: various intestinal bacteria, followed by rotavirus, then by coronavirus and in recent years protozoa, especially cryptosporidia. Secondly, the biochemistry and the genetics of these pathogens have made enormous progress over the last years, and the isolation of their antigens is a rapidly developing subject. The third point concerns the prevention of the disease. The necessity of colostrum is now universally acknowledged, and there is general agreement on its use. The hygienic aspects of management are now better understood, but a great amount of work remains to be done on the popularization of these management methods. The fourth point deals with the therapy of gastro-intestinal diseases in the young animal. Here also, progress has been really impressive, as regards better knowledge of the newborn metabolism of energy and minerals. The evolution is clearly towards early oral treatment which is almost prophylaxis, because it is applied as soon as the very first symptoms appear. Antibiotic therapy faces a generalization of specific agent resistances and the important role of various viruses.
Bibliographic Reference: SEMINAR OF COORDINATION OF RESEARCH ON ANIMAL PATHOLOGY, THEIX, BEAUMONT/F, DEC. 1-3, 1982. PUBL. AS SPECIAL ISSUE OF ANNALES DE RECHERCHES VETERINAIRES, VOL. 14 (1983), NO. 4, PP 341-561, FF 110, AVAILABLE BY: INRA-CNRA, ROUTE DE ST CYR, 78000 VERSAILLES
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Record Number: 1989122053600 / Last updated on: 1987-01-01
Available languages: en