THE ROLE OF THE E.C. IN CONSERVING WILDERNESS AREAS
What is wilderness? What place has man in it? These are fundamental questions that must be addressed. But the objective of the paper is more limited - to consider the role of the European Community in relation to the protection of wild places. In all Community countries the importance of conservation has been increasingly recognized. The Community's Third Environmental Action Programme, adopted in February 1983, stressed that the resources of the environment are the basis of - but also set the limits to - economic and social development. It also accepts the central theme of the World Conservation Strategy viz. that environmental and development needs must be reconciled. Much Community action to date has been legislative. The proposal for a Directive on environmental impact assessment is seen as key for the preventive approach emphasised by the Third Programme. Such procedures must also apply to other Community policies e.g. the Common Agricultural Policy. Legislation - to protect birds, habitats, whales and baby seals; and to control trade in endangered species - has also been important. So too have studies undertaken on coastal, mountainous and protected areas. And the "ecological mapping" project, aimed at establishing a Community environmental information system, is of great long-term significance. Much has therefore been done. In future limited funds are likely to be available for environmental actions in several fields - including the protection of sensitive zones. So one can hope that the Community will continue to contribute to conservation; and to the protection of wilderness.
Bibliographic Reference: THE 3RD WORLD WILDERNESS CONGRESS, INVERNESS (SCOTLAND), OCT. 8-15, 1983 WRITE TO CEC LUXEMBOURG, DG XIII/A2, POB 1907 MENTIONING PAPER E 31358 ORA
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Record Number: 1989122059200 / Last updated on: 1987-01-01
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