EEC PROJECTS FOR THE SATELLITE SURVEY OF EUROPE'S AGRICULTURE RESOURCES
Continents such as Europe, with a high consumption of agricultural resources, are constantly seeking to improve systems for the gathering and processing of data on a sufficiently large scale to provide the precise, up to date and comprehensive information needed to help maximize the efficiency of food cultivation programmes. The latest satellite survey technology is a crucial development in this context for it provides the high degree of detail and processing speed required. The familiar mosaics in Landsat pictures of the earth have been reconstituted from an electromechanical scanning system (MSS) on board a satellite transmitting almost a million bits of information a second about an area of 185 square kilometers on the ground. A comparison of successive images of exactly the same area has enabled a continuous inventory of the earth's agricultural production to be made with such accuracy that it is possible to distinguish between two types of rice crop. Moreover satellite survey in combination with weather data can provide the basis for crop yield forecasts, flood control and fire prevention. It can even enable the detection of plant diseases before they become visible to the naked eye. It is part of the EEC's agricultural policy to apply such techniques to improving crop yields in quality and quantity both by limiting losses due to drought, disease, weeds and fires and by maximizing the efficient use of land under cultivation.
Bibliographic Reference: L'ITALIA AGRICOLA, VOL. 120 (1983), NO. 3, PP. 42-62
Record Number: 1989122068500 / Last updated on: 1987-01-01
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