A COMPARATIVE STUDY FOR THE COMMUNITY ON CANDIDATE TECHNOLOGIES TO RELIEVE THE EUROPEAN ENERGY SYSTEM
The EFOM-12C model is presented in the light of this case study. Each national energy system is represented by a unified oriented network. The different energy transformation processes are represented on the links and all the technico-economic information is contained in the European energy data base. Simulation, as well as optimization, are the two operating modes of this model. Similar case studies on the penetration of new technologies in the energy field were made by each of the Member States. To this end, a high price scenario was adopted for the primary supplies of energy and a series of dynamic optimizations were conducted over the period 1980 - 2020 with the objective of minimizing the total system cost. Additional runs were then made utilizing small deviations (1 % and 3 %) about this optimized minima, now used as a constraint, while minimizing the cost of imported primary energy fuels as the new objective function. Candidate technologies were subject to special start-up constraints so that commercial capacity would not penetrate the market prior to an expensive R&D phase incorporating a high learning factor. The unit cost was calculated for all of these runs, for eight countries, for six time periods and for the technologies retained by each country. Very detailed reports on this case study were produced by the national implementation teams based upon the EFOM-12C model. The elasticity of the total system cost, as a function of the commercial capacity, is the basis for calculating the utility of each of the technologies. Their relevance may be evaluated from a ranked table indicating which technology was retained by which country, its mean utility as well as its deviation when a comparison is made between the countries.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 8908 EN (1984) ES, 144 P., BFR 450, EUROFFICE, LUXEMBOURG, POB 1003
Availability: Can be ordered online
Record Number: 1989122069000 / Last updated on: 1987-01-01
Available languages: en