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Abstract

Tritium is produced in appreciable amounts in nuclear installations and some of it is released during normal operation of reactors and during reprocessing. Unplanned discharges may occur during accidents. Moreover, the amounts of tritium which must be handled will increase substantially when nuclear fusion becomes operative. Although tritium is not considered a particularly toxic radionuclide, it possesses certain characteristics which need more detailed study: tritium is transported readily through the environment and, in this process, can be incorporated into organic molecules whose metabolism in the body and dose distribution in the cell may differ markedly from that of tritium water. Moreover, tritium may also be released in elementary form and undergoes various chemical and metabolic transformations. In view of the diversified aspects of the possible impact of tritium on man, close cooperation is required between persons planning nuclear development, radioecologists, scientists carrying out dosimetry and radiobiologists. The European seminar on the risks from tritium exposure which was organized jointly by the Commission of the European Communities and the Belgian Nuclear Centre (Mol, Belgium, 22-24 November 1982) has brought together scientists from all these disciplines and covered the entire range of problems connected with tritium risks. The present proceedings of the seminar should help to define those areas where our knowledge is still deficient, i.e. pathways of organic and elementary tritium to man, and hopefully should also stimulate cooperation between different countries.

Additional information

Authors: GERBER G, CEC BRUXELLES (BELGIUM);MYTTENAERE C CEC BRUXELLES (BELGIUM), CEC BRUXELLES (BELGIUM)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 9065 EN (1984) FS, 351 P., BFR 1200, EUROFFICE, LUXEMBOURG, POB 1003
Availability: Can be ordered online
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