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Abstract

Ar, Kr and Xe can be immobilized in type A zeolites as well as in mordenite and chabazite, when the original crystal structure is hydrothermally vitrified in the presence of the densified gas. Zeolites containing a high percentage of earth alkali metals yield encapsulates that are thermally very stable. Gas fixation conditions are essentially independent of the form of aggregation of the matrix. Noble gas encapsulates were characterized by their specific surface area as well as by microprobe analysis, X-ray analysis and electron diffraction. The results indicate that Kr is immobilized in units smaller than the size of a zeolite crystal. The thermal conductivity of zeolites was determined experimentally in various fluid media. With the data obtained the heat transport through a final storage vessel cooled by natural air convection was calculated. The estimated temperature profiles correlate well with those obtained in experiments simulating a storage containment. To verify the process, active samples having specific activities up to 30 mCi/g have been prepared. Leaching results demonstrate the chemical stability of the Kr/5A encapsulates. A semi-pilot facility based on the one-way autoclave concept has been constructed and demonstrated in operation.

Additional information

Authors: PENZHORN R D, KERNFORSCHUNGSZENTRUM KARLSRUHE GMBH (GERMANY);NOPPEL H E, KERNFORSCHUNGSZENTRUM KARLSRUHE GMBH (GERMANY);DOREA A, KERNFORSCHUNGSZENTRUM KARLSRUHE GMBH (GERMANY);GUENTHER K, KERNFORSCHUNGSZENTRUM KARLSRUHE GMBH (GERMANY);LEITZIG H, KERNFORSCHUNGSZENTRUM KARLSRUHE GMBH (GERMANY);SCHUSTER P KERNFORSCHUNGSZENTRUM KARLSRUHE GMBH (GERMANY), KERNFORSCHUNGSZENTRUM KARLSRUHE GMBH (GERMANY)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 9106 EN (1984) FS, 73 P., BFR 250, EUROFFICE, LUXEMBOURG, POB 1003
Availability: Can be ordered online
Record Number: 1989122096100 / Last updated on: 1987-01-01
Category: PUBLICATION
Available languages: en